Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1106624 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 11, 1914
Filing dateMar 10, 1913
Priority dateMar 10, 1913
Publication numberUS 1106624 A, US 1106624A, US-A-1106624, US1106624 A, US1106624A
InventorsLewis T Cadwallader, Howard E Anthony
Original AssigneeLewis T Cadwallader, Howard E Anthony
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Protective covering for orchards.
US 1106624 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


1,106,624. Patented Aug. 11, 1914.

law's l t%wa.zlaa i ioaeea.


To all whom it may concern Be it known that we, LEWIsT. CADWAL- LADER and-HOWARD E. ANTHONY, citizens of the United States, and residing'in the city of Los Angeles, county of-Los Angeles, and State of California, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Protective Coverings for Orchards, of which the following is a specification. This invention relates to protective coverings for orchards, andthe principahobject is to provide a flexible covering whichunay be drawn above and form a temporary roof for an orchard.

It is a further object to provide a supporting frame work for such a protective covering together with rolls upon which the fabric may be wound, and suitable drums to wind the cable in drawing the protective covering over the frame work.

in the drawings accompanying this speci ficationFigure 1 is a perspective 'view of a small section of an orchard showing the covering drawn over a portion of the frame work. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the frame work and the operating mechanism. Fig.3 is a side elevation on an enlarged scale show ing an end view of one of the corner rolls. Fig. 4: is a front elevation of one of the corner rolls.

More specifically in the drawings, 5 designates the ground upon which are growing the treesG which require a certain amount of protection from low temperature and ex cessive winds. Preferably erected outside the margin of the grove at a point from which the worst winds occur, are erected the uprights 7 upon which is secured the cross frame 8, the timbers being high enough to reach above the top' of mature trees.

The outer and upper corners of the cross timber 8 have spaced thereonat suitable intervals the corrugated rollers 9, these rollers being so disposed upon the cross beam 8 that the fabric 10 carried thereover will clear the timbers completely.

At the opposite end of the orchard are erected the uprights 11 spaced in any desired manner to support the winding drums 12 in line with the cable 14 which is preferably connected by means of the Spreaders 15 to the free end of one of the fabric strips or curtains 10. v

To brace the uprights 11 the cross bar 16 is preferably secured to their tops being on the same level with the cross bar 8. Inter- Specification of Letters Patent.


Patented Aug. 11, 1914:.

Application filedMarch 10,-1913. Serial No. 753,223.

mediate of the uprights 7 and 11 are placed the uprights 17 spaced any suitable distance in the orchard to assist in sup orting the guide wires 18 connectingthe ars 8 and 16 by means of the cross wires 19 stretched transversely between a pair or more of up- 7 -rights 17.

Winding drums 20 preferably of greater diameter than the rolls 9 are provided, lo-

cated outside and beyond the uprights 7 so an inclined curtain face is provided, and preferably -mounted upon frame work 21 having a journal 22 thereon through which is carried the axle 23 provided on its termi' 'nal end with a crank handle 24,

To regulate the movement of the drum 20, a ratchet 25 is preferably secured rigidly to the axle which engages with the pivoted pawl 26 mounted on the frame work 21 in suitable relation to the ratchet pinion.

Pinions and ratchets may be also secured to the shaft of the winding drum 12 which are supported in suitable brackets 30, the drums also having a crank handle 31.

To keep the fabric stretched in the proper plane, transverse battens 32 and 33 are placed at desired intervals on either side of the fabric which is preferably of light canvas, a pair of these battens being secured by suitable nails or rivets passed through the battens and the fabric 10.

To secure the fabric intermediate the frames 8 and 16 guy wires 34 have hooks 35 adapted to be engaged around the outer end of the battens and through openings in the fabric at proper intervals, and are connected to suitable stake pins 36 which may be driven in the ground at'a proper location to put tension on the guy w1re 34, so as to hold the battens with the fabric firmly to the guide wires 18.

What we claim is: i

1. A protective covering for orchards, comprising a supporting frame work, guide wires connecting said frame, a movable cur tain reinforcing battens for said curtain, a roll to support said curtain, and means to draw said curtain on said guide wires.

2. A protective covering for orchards, comprising a frame, guide wires sup orted on said frame, a movable curtain a apted to be supported on said guide wires transverse battens secured to said curtain, a curtain supporting roll supported adjacent one end of said frame, a winding drum adjacent the oppositely disposed end of said-frame,

and a cable connected to said curtain and adapted to be wound on said drum.

3. A protectix e covering for orchards, comprising a frame, ide wires supported 5 on said frame, a move. 1e curtain adapted to be supported on said guide wires, a roll supported adjacent one end of said frame, a winding drum adjacent the oppositely disposed end of said frame, corrugated rollers 10 to guide said curtain mounted on said frame,

and a cable secured to said curtain and carried over said rollers to said winding drum.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2844915 *Apr 11, 1955Jul 29, 1958Eugene E LairdPlant protector
US2859756 *Sep 14, 1956Nov 11, 1958Hix W BarnesTent shelter
US3292685 *Sep 9, 1963Dec 20, 1966Guaranteed Weather IncWeatherproof retractable wall
US3665997 *Feb 20, 1970May 30, 1972Overhead Door CorpAdjustable dock seal assembly
US3922822 *Aug 2, 1974Dec 2, 1975Mollinger SebastianRoofing assembly of flexible material
US3932958 *Oct 11, 1973Jan 20, 1976John Kistler & Associates, Inc.Plant shelter
US4068404 *Dec 17, 1975Jan 17, 1978Sheldon Robert TShade-producing structure and method
US4259819 *Oct 5, 1978Apr 7, 1981Wemyss George AMethod and apparatus for anchoring sheet material to a framework
US4296568 *Nov 5, 1979Oct 27, 1981Dukes Jesse MAgricultural crop cover
US4528785 *Aug 20, 1982Jul 16, 1985Jager Johannes A DeDisplaceable roof structure
US4736785 *Jul 30, 1986Apr 12, 1988Kurt SeusterRoll-up
US4763440 *Jul 1, 1983Aug 16, 1988James Gregory SSystem and method for protecting plants from freeze damage
US4827957 *Dec 28, 1987May 9, 1989Chang Te ChengShelter used to protect plants or crops from adverse environmental conditions
US4834128 *Sep 2, 1987May 30, 1989Burgess Joseph MAutomobile cover device
US5083396 *Apr 16, 1991Jan 28, 1992Traut Emma LCrop protection system
US5241782 *Aug 21, 1991Sep 7, 1993Better Wire Products, Inc.Wire-form crop cover support
US5519965 *Mar 24, 1994May 28, 1996Robinson; Michael D.Protective canopy
US5794679 *Jan 15, 1997Aug 18, 1998Marvingardens, Ltd.Canopy structure for sun shade
US6006809 *Aug 17, 1998Dec 28, 1999Certainteed Shade Systems, L.L.C.Shade canopy
US6421954 *May 25, 2001Jul 23, 2002Ming-Hsien KoSunshade for agricultural use
US6453621 *Nov 20, 2000Sep 24, 2002Walter H. Bundy, Jr.Wind protection system
US6532701Sep 20, 2001Mar 18, 2003Robert Edward WilliamsShelter system of clustered modular enclosures
US6820373 *Aug 28, 2002Nov 23, 2004Walter H. Bundy, Jr.Fire protection system
US6886299 *May 14, 2002May 3, 2005Targus International, Inc.Blast curtain
US7243459Dec 20, 2004Jul 17, 2007Fw Enviro, LlcMethod of cultivation and components for use therewith
US7802605 *Feb 9, 2004Sep 28, 2010Primac LimitedRetractable barrier system
US7937187Jul 19, 2010May 3, 2011Fw Enviro, LlcComputer controlled fertigation system and method
US8051866Dec 21, 2005Nov 8, 2011Daniel CutlerCovering system
US8205393 *Jul 14, 2009Jun 26, 2012Con-Wal Inc.Coupler for landfill tarp
US8375643 *Jun 21, 2012Feb 19, 2013Con-Wal, Inc.Coupler for landfill tarp
US8572901 *Jan 21, 2011Nov 5, 2013Thomas A. HolstromCompost cover tie-down system
US8615923 *Apr 3, 2012Dec 31, 2013Karen PerriconeCrop protector
US8777516 *Jun 15, 2012Jul 15, 2014Jmw Welding & Manufacturing, Inc.Tarp and ballast system
US9168572Jul 15, 2014Oct 27, 2015Jmw Welding & Manufacturing, Inc.Tarp and ballast system
US20060150492 *Dec 20, 2004Jul 13, 2006Kaprielian Craig LMethod of cultivation and components for use therewith
US20060150497 *Dec 20, 2004Jul 13, 2006Kaprielian Craig LMethod of hydroponic cultivation and components for use therewith
US20060162872 *Feb 9, 2004Jul 27, 2006Prismall Ian JRetractable barrier system
US20060267326 *May 27, 2005Nov 30, 2006Richard Ronnie JStorage system for a support mat
US20070051054 *Sep 6, 2005Mar 8, 2007John DevincenzoRetractable greenhouse
US20090139663 *Dec 21, 2005Jun 4, 2009Daniel CutlerCovering System
US20100286833 *Jul 19, 2010Nov 11, 2010Fw Enviro, LlcComputer Controlled Fertigation System And Method
US20100294438 *May 20, 2010Nov 25, 2010Lutron Electronics Co., Inc.Roman shade system
US20120186620 *Jan 21, 2011Jul 26, 2012Holstrom Thomas ACompost cover tie-down system
US20120317781 *Jun 15, 2012Dec 20, 2012Slutz Michael WTarp and ballast system
US20140259900 *Jun 20, 2012Sep 18, 2014Magif S.A.S. Di Cappi Angelo & C.Protection System for Mechanized Covering of Plant Crops
US20150375074 *Sep 8, 2015Dec 31, 2015Atlantic Recreation, Inc.System and method for retractable tennis court shade device
CN105145208A *Aug 3, 2015Dec 16, 2015融安县颖丰水果种植有限公司Thin film-covering fruit tree device
DE102007009234A1 *Feb 22, 2007Aug 28, 2008Güldenberg, ManfredObject's e.g. recreational vehicle, surface covering device, has laminar radiation barrier, where spacer is arranged between surface of object to be protected against solar radiation and radiation barrier
WO1993016590A1 *Feb 22, 1993Sep 2, 1993Mogens ArentoftInstallation for keeping birds away from refuse dumps and other large localities, and method and means for establishing the installation
WO1998031912A1Jan 9, 1998Jul 23, 1998Certainteed Shade Systems, L.L.C.Canopy structure for sun shade
WO2010037883A1 *Sep 30, 2009Apr 8, 2010Universidad De AlmeríaApparatus for arranging the plastic for covering greenhouses
WO2010040876A1 *Sep 30, 2009Apr 15, 2010Universidad De AlmeríaMethod for mounting plastic film used to cover greenhouses
WO2016060981A1 *Oct 12, 2015Apr 21, 2016Schurter AnibalPlant dormancy control system
U.S. Classification47/22.1, 135/908, 160/120, 160/290.1, 160/264, 135/903, 47/23.1
Cooperative ClassificationY10S135/908, Y10S135/903, E04F10/02
European ClassificationE04F10/02