US 1107014 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. W. G. AVERY.
TOTE BOX. APPLICATION I'ILED'IAB.9, 1912.
m W 1, H
m mm $1 M 1 M w m w. G. AVERY.
TOTE BOX. APPLICATION FILED MAR. 9, 1912.
Patented Aug. 11, 1914.
2 8HEETBSHEET 2.
IINITED WILLIAM G. AVERY, or PAINESVILLE, omo.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented. Aug. 11, 1914.
Application filed March 9, 1912. Serial No. 682,699.
ful Improvements in, Tote-Boxes; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains tomake and use the same.
This invention has reference to metallic boxes more especially designed to be used as what is known as tote boxes such as are employed in factories for the purpose of receiving and moving from place to place manufactured articles such as castings, nails, bolts and nuts and similar small articles.
The objects of this invention are to first provide a box of the type set forth formed of one piece or blank of metal which is turned upon itself to form such box, second to so construct or form the box that it is retained in shape without the necessity of riveting the meeting or overlapping ends or parts thirdly to so form the box that the corners at which the meeting ends are assembled that the. said corners are strengthened due to the multiplicity of the layers of the metal whereby as these layers are congregated and secured after being overlapped the said corners are rigid and the box is made firm and strong where strength and firmness is desired and required; fourthly plicity to so form the corners of the box by a multiof layers or folds at the corners of the box that these corners will provide sufficient stock or material to facilitate electric welding where such a means of uniting the corners is desired; other objects being apparent from the drawings and specifica-- tion.
This invention consists in the manner of overlapping the metal of the blank at the corners of the box so as to provide the multiplicity of layers as will be hereinafter fully set forth and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure I, is a plan view of a blank which is shaped and out so as to form a box embodied by this invention. Fig. II, is an isometric view of a box which results from the proper bendingband overlapping of the parts of such a lank as is illustrated in Fi I. Fig. III, is a vertical sectional view ta en through line A on Fig. II, and Fig. IV, is a sectionalview taken through line B, on Fig. II, and Fig. V, is a vertical sectional view taken through line C, on Fig. II. Fig. VI is a fragmental view of a blank showing one corner and illustrating the lines of folding for forming a corner such as are embodied in this invention and alsoillustrating the manner of cutting the same for the purpose of forming the corner. Fig. VII, is a modified form of folding and cutting a corner as are also Figs. VIII and IX. All of the above figures illustratinga few of the manners of cutting and folding the corners of a blank so as to form the corners of a box with a number of layers hereinabove set forth. Fig. X, illustrates the fold of the part D, in Fig. VI. Fig. XI, illustrates the fold of the )part E, in Fig. VI. Fig. XII, illustrates the fold of the part F, in Fig. VIII and Fig. XIII, illustrates the fold of the part G, in Fig. VIII. Fig. XIV, represents the folds of the part H in Fig. VII, and Fig. XV represents the folds of the part J in Fig. VII. Fig. XVI and Fig. XVII represent the foldings of the respective parts K and L of Fig. 1x.
It will be noticed from the-blanks shown in Figs. I, VI, VII, VIII and IX,.that the corners are reinforced by numerous folds and that in the greater number of blanks very little metal is removed; overlapping strips being pieces; an d that while insuch cases where any overlapping part is removed the contiguous part is reinforced by being bent upon itself in such a manner as to provide left on the end pieces and side numerous layers in the corner as is illustrated in Fi I III, IV, X, XI,'XII, XIII, XIV, XV, VI, and XVII; and that these folds are held firm by turning down the upper edge of the continuous walls of the box thus holding the entire structure together, strengthening the corners and providing plenty of stock in case it is desired to Weld the corners by means of electricity.
In forming the box as illustrated in Fig. II, the blank as in Fig. I, is bent by folding the edge 1, upon the part 2, forming a double fold; the part 1 being bent u ward when the box is formed, (see Fig. II the cuts 3 of the metal leaie tongue like portions 4 which are bent around the corners of the contiguous walls and are then embraced by the heme 5 of said walls which are turned down upon them. The cuts 3 also provide tongues 6 which are turned upon themselves inwardly, outwardly and around the contiguous wall, this portion be ing embraced by the double folded hem 1, 2, (see Fig. III). The bent portion of the tongue 6 projects along inwardly at the corner on the outside or inside of the box (preferably outside). By. the above it will be seen that the several layers of metal are congregated at the corners of the box by 10 folding the metal upon itself thus supply? ing means both for strength and for the urpose of weldin ,if desired.
, In vi VII VIII 1):, x xi,
XII,- x I, xiv, xv, XVI, and xvii,
I have illustr ted modified forms of, flaps bendingswhich will befclearly understood and all of which provide plicity of folds and layers at the corners in t these figures. However, the hem ,folds .7,
are shown as sin le folds or in other words the metal being fiient but once upon itself and the flaps embraced bythis hem at the corners bentupon itself and so as to rovide a number oflayersof suitable thick- '25 ness at thecorners; it being immaterial as to themanner-of folding these fla s.
articularly to Fig. VII the manner offo ding themetal is as follows:
. Ap roximately '5 of 36 bac ard so that approximately. i
against the side wall of the box, the hem 7 is then turned down .upon the side and tongue, the tongue is then bent so as to overlap the end'of the box and then the end hem is turned down upon the cleft so as tohold the ,box in the folded position. The hem on Referring rests the side and cleft may be turned more than a once i-fit is desired to 4 form a stronger corner but under ordinary conditions one hem is the walls of the ward a ainst the wall to which the tonguefor a multi-- be of the box and tongue the tongue J is bent all that will be required. From the above it will be seen that is provided at the corner of the box thus preventing the breaking down at this point. aving thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to get protection on is as follows: V
1.. A tote box'ofthe class described composed of a single sheet ofmetal havin clefts at thecornersthereof, tongues formed y said clefts, the metal being bent upward to form box, said tongues bent backis attac ed so that approximately one th rd of-said tongue rests a inst the wall, the remaining portion of s tongue being again nt 'so as to overlap the contiguous wal of said box, all substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. Atom box of the class described composed of a. single sheet of metal being provided with tongues at each corner thereof; the metalbeing bent upward to form the walls of the box, the tongues being bent backward against themselves and overlapping the one wall ,of the box,-a hem turned down on the upper edge of said wall thus bent, the tongues belng again bent to overlap the contiguous wall of the-box and means for holding said ton e in the folded position.
Signed at Cleveland, in the countyof Cuyahoga and State of Ohio, this 15th day of.-February, 1912.
V WILLIAM G. AVERY.
A. B.,D0N'N1-:1 .LY, JOHN DoNNELLx.
four thicknesses of metal-