US 1107509 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. A. FOSTER.
APPLIoA'noN FILED SEPT. s, 1912.
1,107,509e Patented Aug. 18, 1914.
TED sTATEs PATENT clarion,
GEORGE A. FOSTER, OF CHIGAG, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.` i Patented Aug. 18, 1914h Application filed September 3, 1912. Serial No. 718,198.
T0 all whom t may' concern Be it known that l, GEORGE A. FOSTER, a citizen'of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of lllinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Packages, of which the following is a specification.
lrior to my invention considerable difli culty and annoyance have arisen in the shipment and sale of perfumes and other valuable volatile liquid in that the bottles which are employed to contain the liquid perfumes have been provided with glass stoppers which have been found to become easily loosened in transit, permitting thereby the evaporation or leakage of the contents. Frequent complaints have been received by the manufacturers or shippers of goods of this character to the efl'ect that the bottles have arrived at v'their destination only partially filled which, in all probability, was partially caused by the evaporation or leakage incidental to the loosening of the stopper and partially by theft of a portion of the contents, which was impos sible to detect or establish.
@ne of the principal aims of this invention is to provide a package containing liquids wherein all possibility of leakage due to the loosening of the stoppers will be prevented.
ri still further aim is to provide means for preventing the surreptitious removal of the bottles and at the same time permit the inspection of the bottles so that the amount of liquid originally placed therein may be determined, and the validity of claims for shortage of measure equitably adjusted.
Further objects and advantages will be apparent as the invention is better understood from the following description which, taken in connection with the accompanyingdrawings, discloses one preferred embodiment thereof.
On the drawngz-Figure 1 is a front elevation of a package made in pursuance of my invention; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal central sectional View thereof; Fig. 3 is a transn verse sectional view thereof; Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the form of seal employed in the embodiment of the invention herein disclosed.
rlhe package which constitutes the subject-matter of my invention includes, in the embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings, a glass bottle 10, of any preferred form, suoli, for instance, as is commonly employed for containing cologne, provided with a glass stopper 11, and an envelop, box or the like 12 containing the bottle. The envelop, box or the like 12 is open at its front and composed primarily of a top wall 13, a bottom wall 14, side walls 15 which may also be termed end walls and a rear wall 16. rEhe length of the container should be slightly greater than the length of the bottle with its stopper to accommodate the spring or equivalent yielding means 17 which is depressed by the bottle when it its inserted in the container. This spring serves to force the bottle upwardly within the container, viewing the drawing, and to continuously press the bottle against the stopper which, reacting against the top wall 13, is held tightly in position within the bottle neck, preventing thereby leakage of the liquid carried by the bottle during shipment and handling in the sales rooms.
Embracing the lower portion of the bottle is provided a seal 18 which is preferably of material sufficiently strong to aid in maintaining the bottle in position within the container. rl`his seal in the present embodiment of the invention is formed of a single sheet having its sides 19 bent at right angles to the main portion 21 of the seal and provided with an adhesive 20 at their extremities. The width of the main portion 21 is preferably substantially the internal width of the container, and the depth of the sides 19 the internal depth of the container, so that when the container is positioned as shown on the drawing the sides will pass between the bottle and the side walls 15 of the container, and will be fastened thereto adjacent the intersection of these walls and the back wall 16. The length of this seal is preferably substantially equal to the length of the body poi'tion of the bottle, and should in any case be not greater than the distance between the bottom of the bottle and the upper surface of the liquid when the bottle is filled and in vertical position, as suflicient space should be provided near the top of the bottle to permit inspection to determine whether the bottle is full. It will be apparent that where a iilled bottle has been sealed in a container made in pursuance of my invention and in the manner disclosed that it will be impossible for any of the liquid to leak out of the bottle and that no liquid may be removed without breaking a presentation of a bottle partially ,lledr and with the seal unbroken willconolusively prove that it left the hands ofthe manufacturer or shipper in that condition. Be-
i `sides holding the stopper ll tightly against the adjacent end of the box or envelop, the spring `17 has the functionl of permitting endwise yielding of the bottle under the influence of a blow struck against that end of the box 12 against which the stopper 11 engages, whereby to prevent breakage `of the neck `of the bottle under the influence of such a blow.
Y lt is thought that the invention will be 20 understood without further explanation,
be made in the form and arrangement of I. the parts without departing fromthe spirit or'scope of the invention, or sacrificing any of its advantages, the form hereinbefore disclosed being merely one preferred embodiment thereof.
I claim `1. A new article of manufacture, comprising a receptacle having a removable closure, an envelop therefor open at one side to expose the receptacleV to view, one 1 wall of the envelop engaging the removable closure to prevent looseness, displacement and' unauthorized removal of the closure, and means for-sealing the receptacle in the envelop, said vseal beingv of less size than the receptacle to permit inspection `thereof through the open side of the envelop.
n 2. A prising a glass bottle having a glass stopan open side through which the bottle may of the box, and means for sealing the bottle in the box, said seal being of less size than the box to permit inspection of the bottle in the' box.
and it is apparent that various changes may ,prsing a receptacle having va removable closure, an envelop therefor open at one fside to expose the receptacle to view,`the ljlength of the envelop being such as' to prevent removal ofthe closure without remove Eing the receptacle from the envelop, and `means for sealing the receptacle in the envelop, said seal being of less size than the vreceptacle to permit inspection thereof through the open side of the envelop.
3. A new article-of manufactura com GEORGE A. FOSTER. l/Vitnesses:
WM. 0. BELT, M. A. KIDDIE.
C'opier of thisA patent may* be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C. i
new article of manufacture come` per, a box containing the bottle and having