|Publication number||US1108017 A|
|Publication date||Aug 18, 1914|
|Filing date||Aug 12, 1913|
|Priority date||Aug 12, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1108017 A, US 1108017A, US-A-1108017, US1108017 A, US1108017A|
|Inventors||Leonard R Steel|
|Original Assignee||Leonard R Steel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
L. R. STEEL.
APPLIUATION 111.511 MARA, 1911. nnnnwnn AUG. 1s, ma.
1,108,017. Patented Aug. 18, 1914 l Z7 JZ 19 20 7a /219 JZ k. y fw l, 124 "/.w 0 2"" 2'@ JZ Si .f4 *"2 l l 54 El 7 5 1 r'llllllllllllllllll llll- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
LEONARD R. STEEL, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
Application filed March 4, 1911, Serial N0. 612,210. .Renewed August 12, 1913.
To all whom 'it may concern Be it known that I, LEONARD R. STEEL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cleveland, in the county of Cuyahoga and Sta-te of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Receptacles, of which the following is a specification.
One object of the invention is to construct the crate member and the refrigerant con-` tainer so that either or both may be readily removed fionithe receptacle so as to permit cf their being kept in a clean sanitary condition. I
In the drawings, forming a portion of this specification and in which like numerals of reference indicate similar parts in the several lviews'z--Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through the receptacle. Fig. L. is a horizontal section taken on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a side view of one of the longitudinal members of 'the cell or crate.l Fig. 5 is an edge view of the same. Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 4 showing one of the transverse members of the cell or crate. Fig. 7 is an edge view of the same.
The invention includes a casing 1 which is constructed preferably of outer and inner end walls 2 and 3, outer and inner bottom walls 4 and 5, outer and inner side walls 6 and 7, and a joint or connecting top memberl 8.l yThe inner end walls 3 are formed on their vertical edges with vertical recesses 9 in which the vertical flanges 10 of the inner side walls 7 are fitted and secured, at 11, by rivets or the like. The inner bottom wall 5 is of rectangular conguration, as herein shown, and it is stamped to form a vertical rectangular flange 12 which embraces the lower portions of the end walls 3 and the side walls 7, being secured thereto by rivets 13. The outer end walls 2 are formed with vertical end recesses 14 in which the flanges 15'of the outer side walls 6 are mounted and secured, at 16, by rivets. The outer bottom wall 4 is provided with a vertical rectangular flange 17 which is secured, at 18,'by rivets to the outer end walls 2 yand the outer side walls 6. The joint or connecting member 8 is of rectangular configuration and in transverse section it is of a stepped construction, being formed with the horizontal shoulders 19 and 2O which are connected with each other by a downwardl)T Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 18, 1914.
Serial No. 784,437.
and inwardly inclined connecting 'shoulder 21. The shoulder 2O is provided with a depending rectangular flange 22 which is secured, at 23, by rivets to the inner end walls and t-he inner side walls 7. A similar flange 24 is soldered or otherwise suitably secured to the outer end walls 2 and the outer side walls 6. A sheet metal collar 25, preferably of rectangular configura-tion, ,is interposed between the inner and outer bottom walls 4 and 5 so as to brace them and to hold them against swelling under expansion. The inner and outer walls of the casing described are separated from each other so asY to form an intervening space in which the non-heat conducting insulating material 26 is placed. This material may be cork, asbestos, mineral wool, or straw-board or the like, and when placed between the walls, as shown, it serves to hold the contents of the jacket at the same temperature and protects against the transfer of heat through the walls.
The casing is provided with a cover 27 which preferably includes spaced inner and outer walls 28 and 29, being separated from each other by the insulating material 30. The bottom wall is formed with a rectangular stepped portion 31 including surfaces 32, 33 and 34 to contact with the similar surfaces on the stepped member 8 hereinbefore described. The cover is hinged to one of the vertical sides of the casing, as at 35. At the opposite side, the casing is provided with a. staple 36 which is designed to receive the hinged hasp 37 on the cover. Vhen the hasp and staple are engaged with each other they may be secured togetheror locked with each other by any suitable well known form of locking device, (not shown).
A refrigerant container is removably mounted in the casing and it includes a bottom 38 and the side and end Walls 39 and 40. The side and end walls are secured, at 41, to the bottom 38 and at their upper ends the side and end walls are provided with inwardly presented horizontally disposed supporting flanges 42 which are designed to support a perforated bottle rest 43. This support is of a configuration and size so as to form a cover for the refrigerant container, being spaced from the bottom 38, as shown. A column 44 extends upwardly from the bottom 38 and is designed to assist in sup- .porting the lbottle support 43 to hold the same against sagging under the weight ot bottles thereon.
A crate 45 is removably iitted in the casing l and isI adapted to be supported therein upon the bottle support. This member includes longitudinal plates 46 and transverse plates 47. The plates 46 are provided with downwardly extending vertically disposed slots 48. The t ansverse plates are formed to provide upwardly extending vertical slots 49. These slots are designed so as to permit 'of an interchangeable association ot the longitudinal and transverse members with each other. The slots 4S and Ll) are preferably constructed by forming substantially l.sl.ots in the plates and the slit portions are bent outwardlyto form brace flanges or webs 50. These braces 'contact with the adjacent plates so as to give to the crate considerable strength and rigidity. When the longitudinal and transverse plates are assembled, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings, the crate presents a plurality of vertical cells 51, each oit which is designed for the reception oi'f a bottle ot' liquid, and. as shown, each cell is in direct communication with one of the periorations 52 in the bottle support 43 hereinbefore described. The c-clls are also in cenr m'unication with each other through the provision ot openings 53 in the longitudinal plates or members and similar openings 59e in the transverse plates or members. rllhe top of the crate is spaced from the closure of thecasing so that the refrigerant or heat products will be pern'iitted to circulate freely around the top portions oit the receptacles or bottles in thecells.
The device herein constructed is extremely simple, the various elements of the structure are separable and may be readily disconnected 'trom each other so that each part can be thorouglilycleaned and kept in a perfect sanitznfy condition. The device, illustrated and described, is provided with a plurality ot cells which are adapted to receive a great number of bottles or vessels in which their liquids are to be keptas near as possible at the same temperature and the device may be used to a decided advantage as a shipping casing for the shipment of milk or the like or beverages such as beer, wines or the like, and may be 'found also most useful ttor household or restaurant purposes.
The outer end walls E2 of the casing are provided with attaching plates t on which are mounted suitable handles 56. All corners oit' the casing are protected by corner straps or brackets 57.
I claim A casing, a refrigerant container mounted in the bottoni thereof', a foraminous member extendingfacross and supported by said contain-er and removable therefrom and closing the top thereof, a crate comprising intertit- 'ting partitions arranged relatively to dene separate cells above the `plane of the refrigerant container and supported by said 'toraminous member and having its companion partitions slotted vertically, the slots Ot one partition receiving portions of an adjacent partition, and bracing portions stamped from all of the slots and extending vertically ot` the partition, the braces otono partition being disposed at the sides ont adjacent partitions, the said partitions having passages therein whereby lateral communication is established between the respective cells, the toraminous support establishing vertical communication between the 'refrigerant container and the cells, the top of the crate being disposed in spaced relation tothe top of the casing `whereby to form an intervening cold air circulating space therebetween.
In testiinony whereof l atlix my signature in presence ot two witnesses. p
LEONARD R. STEEL. lVit-nesses JOHN D. LLOYD, Roer. J. STEEL.
Copies of this patent may be `obtained. for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patentsy Washington, D. C.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2559121 *||Sep 23, 1949||Jul 3, 1951||Hertzberg Philip||Portable refrigerator|
|US4446705 *||May 12, 1982||May 8, 1984||Environmental Testing & Certif. Corp.||Shipping container|
|US4474033 *||Jun 6, 1983||Oct 2, 1984||Baker John F||Passive transportable cooling unit for storing vials of allergenic extracts or the like|
|US5048305 *||Aug 30, 1990||Sep 17, 1991||Ronald Taub||Cooler assembly|
|U.S. Classification||62/372, 220/DIG.800, 62/457.5, 62/373|
|Cooperative Classification||F25D3/08, Y10S220/08|