|Publication number||US1108552 A|
|Publication date||Aug 25, 1914|
|Filing date||Jun 13, 1913|
|Priority date||Jun 13, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1108552 A, US 1108552A, US-A-1108552, US1108552 A, US1108552A|
|Inventors||Hazel B Copeman|
|Original Assignee||Copeman Electric Stove Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. B. GOPEMAN.
TOAST TURNER. LIOATION FILED JUN Patented Aug. 25, 1914.
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TOAST TURNER. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 13, 1913.
Patented Aug. 25, 1914.
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APPLICATION FILED JUNE 13, 1913.
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HAZEIII: B. COPEMLAN, OF FLINT, MICHIGAN, ASSIGNOR T COPEMAN ELECTRIC STOVE COMPANY, OF FLINT, MICHIGAN, A. CORPORATION OF MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 25, 1914.
Ap'plication'flled June 13 1913. Serial No. 773,422.
To all whom it may concern:
' a citizen of the United States, residing at Flint, county of Genesee, State of Michigan, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Toast-Turners, and declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it pertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to devices for turn-- ing bread which is in the process of toasting. It is applicable to toasters in general, including electric and gas toasters.
In the drawings: Figure 1, is a perspective of one form of electric toaster and turning device. Fig. 2, is a detail showing the principle of operation. Fig. 3, isa perspective of another form of electric toaster and another form of turning device applied to it. Fig. 4, is a detail showing the mode of operation of this form. Fig. 5, is a perspective of a still further form of electric toaster and another form of turning device applied to it. Fig. 6, is a detail showin the mode of operation of the same. Fig. T, is a perspective of a gas toaster and my invention applied to it.
The first six views show the use of the turning device in connection with electric toasters, but I do not wish to limit myself to these alone, as my invention may be slightly modified to accommodate itself to almost any form of toaster.
Referring to Fig. 1, a well known form of vertical toaster willbe seen. The grid a is supported preferably at an inclination to the heating coils b, the inclination being toward the coils as the grid proceeds from the bottom to the top. The wire bars of the grid are bent at their lower ends to form a journal bearing a. A turning rod e is journaled in the lower ends of the grid bars and also in extensions (1 of the standard The bars of a second grid 9 at one end extend through the grid 9 is wire 2', which is turning rod 6 just within the extensions d and that on either side extends perpendicularly to the turning rod to a length a little greater than the width of the bread intended to be accommodated. The two side portions of the border wire 71 unite in a cross portion, which is oil-set from the common plane so as to form a holding lip j. The next two bars, that is, one bar each way toward the center of the grid are formed in a similar way except that the oifset is not quite as great so that it can lie within the offset of the border wire 2'. A center bar extends from the turning rod 6 and then bends around-the two adjacent oifset portions. A pair of offset wires Z are soldered one to each side portion of the border wire 6 so as to prevent the toast sliding oil the sides of the grid. The turningrod e is manipulated by a knob 70. The same structure may be used on the opposite side of a vertical toaster. The bread is laid upon the second grid, which will be termed the turning grid (and in using the word grid, I wish to be understood as using it in a broad signification. rather than a narrow specific signification so as to limit it to parallel bars). The bread is retained upon the turning-grid by the side oflsets Z holding-lip j, and the curved trips h. The grid may be raised against the first grid, which will be called the toaster-grid, by turning the knob is. When the bread has 7 been sufiiciently browned by the heat of the resistance coils b, the knob is can be turned and the turning-grid 9 can be turned back quite a portion of a turn (Fig. 2) without affecting the toast, for the toast will be retained by the sill m that is formed by the lower bent ends of the grid bars of the toaster-grid a. However, after a certain amount of turning has been done, the ends of the trips It will Strike the toast, as shown in the detail of Fig. 2, forcing the lower end of the toast out along the bars of the turning-grid 9 until the toast slides over the ends of the trip down against the holding lipl j (as the grid 9 is allowed to turn slightly eyond the horizontal, as shown in Fig. 2).
This turns the toast and brings up the unmodified to be applied to the difierent makes.
In order to more clearly bring out the principal modifications, I have shown some of them in the drawings.
Fig. 3, is a the toaster by wire trunnions that are ex-.
tensions of the wire 0, but which are not shown. The toaster-grid a has no sill to support the toast; A strip p isattached to the turning-plate n and is provided with tripping lugs 9. These tripping lugs 9 hold the bread at its bottom when it lies upon the toaster grid a. This toaster-grid-a is preferably slightly in'clinedfrom bottom to top toward the heating element. The operation is shown in Fig. 4. When the toast remains against the toaster-grid a as the turningplate is turned down, its bottom is encountered by the trip-lugs g which force the bottom out away from the heating element until it slides down the inclined The toast is then turned. strip p is suflicently inclined with respect to the turn plate 07, to cause the toast to slide down into the turning-plate when it has been tripped.- The incline, however, is not sufficiently steep to cause the toast to slide off the end so that no retaining lip is required.
Figs. 5 and 6 illustrate still another modified form for use in connection with electric toasters. In this form the bars of the toastergrid a are bent to the horizontal at their lower ends to form a retaining sill and then are bent up again to form a sort of fence at the outside of the sill to hold the bread upon the sill. The ends of the grid bars of the toaster-grid a carry a rod or bearing 7". About this is coiled the side wires of a grid 8. These side wires continue beyond the bearing wire? and form trips and lifters a. The function of these elements is to. lift the toast over the fence (Fig. 6) and in so lifting it, the lower end is thrust out so that the upper end slides down the bars of the toaster-grid a and the lower end slides across the ends of the trips and out against the holding-lip u of the turning grid 8. This form of turning-grid has a small pivoted handle 11 on the holding-lip u by which the grid may be manipulated. A quite similar form of turning-device will be seen in Fig. 7 for the use in connection with gastoasters. There is, however, no fence over which the trips lift the toast, but a sill m is putward.
lower end of the toast out after the pivoted surface or grid has been turned part way This allows of the complete turning of the toast. v
What I claim is:-
1. The combination with av toaster provided with a grid against whichthe bread is held, of a toast-turning device comprising a turning surface in pivotal relation with the said grid and trips connected with the turning surface to turn therewith, the said trips being located near the pivoted end of the turning surface so that when the turning surface is turned out with respect to the grid the bottom of the toast is forced out onto the turning surface, substantially as described.
2. The combination with a vertical toaster provided with a toaster-grid inclined from bottom to top toward the center of the toaster, of a turning surface journaled in respect to the toaster and trips attached to the turning surface and adaptedto force the lower end of the toast outward from the toaster to cause the same to slide across the turning surface and whereby on returning the turning surface to initial position the opposite side of the toast is presented to the heating element, substantially as described.
3. The combination with a toaster provided with a grid formed into a sill at the bottom inclosed by a fence, of a toast turning device comprising a turning surface in pivotal relation with the said grid, and lifters connected with the turning surface to turn therewith, the said lifters being located near the pivotal end of the turning surface so that when the turning surface is, turned with respect to the said grid the lifters lift the bread upward and then force the bottom out so that it slides onto the turning surface in inverted'relation.
In testimony whereof, I sign this specification in the presence of two witnesses.
HAZEL BLCOPEMAN. Witnesses:
L. G. C PEMAN, Roy W. ScHUMAcHnR.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2826982 *||Jul 23, 1956||Mar 18, 1958||Smith Roy L||Fireside broiler|