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Publication numberUS1108660 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 25, 1914
Filing dateAug 10, 1908
Priority dateAug 10, 1908
Publication numberUS 1108660 A, US 1108660A, US-A-1108660, US1108660 A, US1108660A
InventorsGeorge Kerr Anderson
Original AssigneeGeorge Kerr Anderson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shorthand type-writing machine.
US 1108660 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented Aug. 25, 1914.





Patented Aug. 25, 1914.






Patented Aug. 25, 1914,





Patented Aug. 25, 1914.


INVENTOR 'V M WITNESSES c d/zzx/azfig 2 4%724 G. K. ANDERSON.



Patented Aug. 25, 1914.

a snnnks-snzm 5.




APPLICATION rxnnn we. 10, 1900.

l 108,660. Patented Aug. 25, 191i INVENTOR WITNESSES:




' Patented Aug. 25, 19%


mmlml G. K. ANDERSON.



Patented Aug. 25, 1914.


m. 5 w m m UNITED STAilEg ligIENT OFFICE.



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 25, 1914..

Application filed August 16, 1908. Serial No. 447,749.

Theobject of this invention to effect certain improvements in the construction and operatlon of shorthand-typewriting machines, and the invention resides in the novel features of construction and operation set forth in the fol-lowing specification. and

claims, and illustrated in the annexed drawings, in'which' Figure 1 is a. general plan view of my shorthand typewriter, minus the re-winding mechanism; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section on the line 22 of Fig. 1'; Fig. 3 is a detail side view of the re-winding mechanism; Fig.

4 is a detail section view of same; Fig. 5 is a. detail front view ofsame; Fig. 6 is a detail planview of type bars and journal block;

Fig.7 is a side view of same; Fig.- 8 is a sec tionalview on the line 8-8 of Fig. 6; Fig.

.9 is adetail portion-of journal block; Fig. 10 is a plan view of feed frame; .Fig. 11 IS a sectional view on the line 11-11 of Fig. 10; Fig. 12 is a plan view of the'typecarrying frames; Fig. 13 is a section of same on the.line 1313 of Fig. 12; Fig. 14 is an enlarged diagrammatical View of the keyboard, showing the various colors of letters and numerals. 'Fig'. 15 is a detail side view of a portion of the shift keys, as engaged in shifting oneof the type carrying frames. Fig. 16 is a detail side view, enlarged, of the mechanism for shifting the'left-hand type-frame; Fig. 17 isan enlarged plan view .of same, Figs. 18, 19and 20 are views of the improved keyboard, showing new group-- ing of finger-keys and shift-keys, &c.

A indicates the base of the machine, which is provided with the lip-right side-plates.

C extends only part oft-he Way, as shown in. Figs. 6 and 9; also in'Fig. 8. Holes of greater diameter. than the slots are drilled in the pivot block in two rows, as shown in F igs. 6 and 9, and spiral springs are inserted in these holes beneath the key-bars, as shown in Fig. 8, which raise the key-bearing end of each bar and cause the other end to rest,

in the case of the printing keys, W,-on the padX, andin the case of the shift keys, on the stop-pins A and A provided for that purpose.v A portion near the rear end of each printing key is flattened as shown in Fig. 6, so as to present a flat surface to the face of the type, and beyond this, attlie extreme end of the printing key, the upper part is cut away as shown in Fig. 7, making a recess about a quarter of an inch long and a sixteenth deep for the cross-rod N of the feed frame F to rest in so that the strip of paper being fed through the machine will pass easily over it. The slots for l'hti key bars in guide-block C are cut parallel toeach otherxand substantially equal distances apart, the distance between each slot being about the same as the thickness of a keybar, and as the rows of type on the type frames are about the same distance apart, this brings each key-bar under its proper letter with very little adjustment, avoids crowding the ends of the bars, and in making the machines enables the manufacturer to cut all the slots in the guide-block at one operation, by using a gang of saws. The end of the key-bar to which the button is secured is bent upward as shown in Figs. 7 and 8, and in order to bring these key-buttons in position where all of them can be conveniently struck at. one time, the key bars are made of various lengths and are bent outward in pairs near the point where they leave the guide-block C, as shown in Fig. 1.

The feed-frame, F, is pivotally mount-ed beneath the keys on a rod A which passes through the sides B of the mainframe A, as shown in Figs. 2, 16 and 17, and around this pivot-rod, A is a coiled spring, A which causes the outer end of the feed frame to bear down on the ends of the printing keys N, as shown in Figs. 2 and 16. The

construction of the outer end of the feed.

frame F is as follows: The cross piece, M, bent down at eachside, is -riveted to the ends of the feed-frameF as shown in Figs; 10, 11 and 16. A' pivot rod, passes through holes the ends'ot the Figs. 19 and 1 1, and also through a large 'opening in the left-hand F, as shown in side of "the machine-,B, as shownin Figs. 1-,

3 and'I'l, where it operates the re-winding mechanism. as hereinafter explained." On

frame N, the lower portion of -wh ch against, the cross-piece M. Thefeed-frame passes through the sides -B of" the mai n frame,-and the coiled spring A causes. the

F pivotally mounted onthe rod A'Which outer end. of the feed-frame or the pressure frame N thereof) to bear down upon. the outer ends ofthe printingkeys'W, as shown in-Figs. 2, 16 and 17. Above the outer end of the feed-frame F is secured in the sides of the machine, B, by a screw or otherwise,

thecrossrodK, which is provided with a" fiat downwardly-projecting spur K}, as 1 shown in Figs. '1 and 2,'wh ich spur K projectsdown into and a little" below the open space M shown in Fig. 10, andi'n line with.

I the arms N of the pressure frame N.. Bearing against this piece K? so that the two form a clutch, is the circular piece K., mounted on a piece of. tubing Ki which in turn is revolubly mounted on a pivot-rod which passes through the sides B of the main frame. A coiled spring K extending from the/side of the machine, B,Yto the circular .piece K, causes the latter to bear down wardly against thespur K and thecurve of the piece K is such that when' t is pressed down at the point of contact with a K it tightens and forms a clutch, While if feed mechanism is this: The roll of-paper, 66

it is turned in the opposite direction---or lifted-its pressure agalnst K is lessened, whence it follows that a strip of paper may i be drawn upwardly through-this clutch and meet-with very little resistance, while any attempt. to pull the'strip downward would instantlyincrease'the pressure of K against K,'or inother words tighten the clutch and thereby prevent the downward movement of the strip of paper. The action then of the a, is held in position by the paper support, which consists of the holder revolubly mounted on the standard 0 held In place by the sliding catch d; the strip of paper, 6',

passes between "the guide armsz' under the roller g, onv between the key-bars and the typeframes,.under the roller .0 of the feedframe F, then up between the rms N? of the pressure frame N and thejcross-piece M),

and when one or more of the key-buttons of th printing keys W is (lawman lifts the ressure'frame N whichrests upon the key tits and in doing so causes'thearms of said frame N, to, press tightly against/the cross plece M,'and--as-these parts rise, drawj the strip of paper upwardly through-the 70 clutch formed by the contact of K and K. When 'the"printing key V is released, the coiled spring A causes the feed-frame F to ,fall down again, and the pressure against the frame Nbeingreleased, 'thejarms N? of said frame no'longer grip thepaper and-it is held tight onlybythefclutch formed by- K and K. The downward or backward movex'nent of the strip ofpaper being thus prevented by this grip as described, the pres so sure of the'roller O of the feed-frame F 1 causes a suflicient amount of paper to un wind from-the roll, a, to allow the feed-frame l Fto return to its normal position (with the lower side of the frame .N resting on the 5 key-bars) thus moving the strip pf-paper forward beneath the type andpresenting a fresh surface for-printing upon. This feed has two advantages over the feed described in my Patent No. 581,570; first, instead of ushing the paper, it is pulled up by a posiive grip which holds the paper tight in two places while-ibis pulling it and releases it altogether the instant the pressure on the printing key is removed; second, the two 95. grips, the one forpulling the paper up (formed by the arms N of the-rectangular frame N and ,the cross'piece M), and the grip for preventing the downward or backward movement of the paper (formed by K and K as described) are substantially on the samel'evel and are therefore not'liable to crimp the paper if it is too soft and thus fail to' work, but will pull it through with equal facilityjwheth er ,it is thick or thin,

whole, torn or patched. The feed-frame F is also provided with the cross-piece f (made of a'small rod or wire) beneath which theink ribbon,h, passes, and this cross-piece, f,

besides forming astiflening rib for the feedframe and acting as a guide for the inkribbon, by its up-and-down motion keeps it from binding against the type-frames and thereby facilitates 1ts movement through the machine, as shownin Fig. 2. The ink-rib- .5 bon is Wound around the ribbon-reels,,i, z, V

which are somewhat-similar in construction to those shown my Patent 581,570, and is caused to travel from one ribbon-reel to the other by' the elastic friction belt, i''-, as

shown in Fig. 2." The roll of paper, a, fits tightly on the paperholder, b, thereby cans; ing the paper holder to revolve as the roll unwinds; so that bypassing the elastic belt,

i from the spindle of the paper holder to 25 the pulley, i, '01: {me of the ribbon-reels i,

the ribbon-reel will also revolve causing the ribbon to wind upon whichever reel the elastiebelt is connected with. In going from one reel to theother the ink-rihbon, as shown no .'.-$-1'-";--.--'.-..,- ,n'r 111.51? 1g, 2 paes'ejs' ;heneath, thefl't' peand beneath "the cross-flied, 'f,".'t$g tl'ie fetidframe, F, and, islikept straight 'by the lon g u1 des,i3,, shown; in Figs; .1, and 2, at,eac I 5 side of the,ribb'o'miindthrqughl'whieh' the? shafts of the ribbon reels The strip of paper, 0, travels faster tYriin'the ink-ribbon, and: to preyent, the a r carrying the ribbon along with. it anfci gging. the "maichine, whenboth'am going in thesame di motion, a spiral spring i is put on the forward rihhon-reel as shown in Fign l, hetweenfhesideoi the machine, B, and the guide-bar, :1}, thereby pressing the latter agninfit.. tlie ink -ribbon amLprodueing sufficient, frictionito prevent the paper carryin italon'gtoo fast. These guidedmrs are practically parallel and the shafts of the ribbon reels paas. loosely through them.

J indioatestholshaft on whieh the typesegmentsor type-frames, G, I and H are mounted. ,This ,sha ft passes through theju' rights.B.,at each; S e of the machine, ma in: a .tig'htiit, and the type-frames are all 25. revolnhlyimountedon said shaft, and'are normally held'a Rinfitv the, stop-rod J (exteudin aoross ti ie maehine parallel to the jourha -J) by,the,lspiral springs, J", J and except in the modification 'shown in Figs. $1.6 and,l7- to which reference willhe hereaftermadet I a AVVhen 7th threel type-frames, G, I and ll,

are in their normal position" against the SL0 mod; J fthenfirst row of characters on efltl'nf' the frames ,would he directly above the fiah-eudspfithe, printing key hairs, W.

sixteen linniimhem-qone letter facing eachbaryso thatlii,thejmaehine were supplied With paper.- and ink-ribbon and the sixteen 40 printing.;keys were struck siumltaneously, the following letters would be printed aeross the strip of paper:.

S'T'D W 0-H- R'E A \V V R N D S T- It will l)t! lllkil(,(l that these letters appear as the first thnra'uter in each line or column on the keyi-huttonmlvfi of the printing keys, \V. :To rint the letters appearing above them in, t ie' yin-ions columns, the shift-keys n!0.l1Sdd, nI!(,l foroonvenienre, the letters on the shift-key, or part or the whole of the shi ft key itsel f may correspond eeder-Ate the letters which. itis used tqmript, 13mm,

keyboard, and itheal fita usi r ;)r h- 'ing'theae-letters, (may dyowh 1 sh I lettered greemso that thes'imil j tv mffgololih will-immediatelyindicate to, j to l ',e o t 00 operator-.whioh shil't-hehtofle 'ing charaetersareaarranfied rny 'p frames'in'llnes euhstautia y s defiip in my Patent. No. t' 81,,!71Q, ao that y} the shift keys, each of the printin'g'k l. be brought to bear against any one of the i a are m te 1? a PrheeeQratiOn-mr th'e stats-key; ibiasf'fiel-l ilofi'vs' :be' innin'gflor eonfilnienheonmhemight; hain'ir'si withflthe vowel' shifgt:1'Ftie4vowels, being between the two groups of oonsonantsg are carried bythe'cent raltypeafralmea-I;ithe 7 arm of which, 1', extendsbhyomhthemdjoinrl ing type-frame, 11,- as hbwmline l iga'tlfi, is bent at right angles "and oszidedtwitih eye, I, through whiehthe-qournal,Jiiprleae, and is again bent at right angles- 50- imam 5 bring its end irhovethe end! ofi -theashitt-kdy E. The object of'making-theieenttnletyper frame in this innnner ie partlyittiegiveiitai lon hearing and'pii'rtly ttwghtiritiirliponitiioh to )e operated hy' theralliftddzyiatittkre'side 1 of the machine. The!'ehtjt keyyi lthds pivot,- ally mounted in the 'ujdeillloek, C, on the pivot-rod C. A small rod, p'assing' through, the end of the shift-keynweho wn iraabig. 8, securely soldered, an'tl' hai inggthb-tavo :ends p0 bent"; as shown,--o'ne"aho\'e a n'di voxi beneath the stop in A, \vill'limit the Wementiqf the shift toy; or tli'els'e im'tl tlze'sipil'al:s lriugq, C, may be dis iensedi with n'ml flhershiibhev hold in normai'posi-tioii hv thoI-aztnh-Ihvof 1'95 the type-frame 1,-eittl its' upward imcrvielimmt limited by the stopfiiin 'nftl 'Pifie'uhpt'eesi in of the key-button of fltefishi tt ltey -l, ,vaill raise the other'end, \Vhieh h ettt ingtlagmihstthe arm I of the" ty1il:-ltnmv ifi -willcmieeaIon the latter to reyolflv'e anti] th e lofltml'trfifiil are brought opposite tlvf llati dnrfaueiofiithe printing keys, at \Vh'ieh] itrinl ,tbeampvement of the shifl keyis' n'tI-ip} Mll if'thpfltatohlpm A or'tlio stop pjl\'- -"I\,"\Vltlt mmmi'dshis idwaoa while at the an1neqtiti e tho'ti'tovulmntmfrthe type-frame, l, is eh'eoked h' timaemlwofilits arm, I, (outing-in ebiiitae't vilthn'tii-wpper forloQ, of the fig'flrea'mi't't mime, QM mil 'lhe typo-frame 1Uis prtmitledi:e ithJthoza 10 nrm THY, .whirh 'p'rujoeta tlodthw aitlorlulmre the end of the flhiftj key ll whkahuiaepiiwlt ally mounted in the gaide aloelqiilly onathe )ivotrod hatrnois 'm l t pvin behen'th'it, )ein held in uni-mat osttieml' thif flivmhl' hfillfl of the typeI-frammflrhml itfihi mini-demote teammateees 543,630 are?) i'tida 00 t,- om rrie zqoiia screw in C which secures the block C to the main frame A. v

The frame Q, is pii'otally mounted on the Poll which passes through the side-plates B and is secured in them. On the right hand side the space between the frame Q and the side-plate B is occupied by a s iral spring which presses the end of the s iftframe Q down on the stop pin Q, in which pos tion the end of theshift-frame Q will )0 immediately beneath the arms of the type-frames H and I, while the upper fork, Q, of said frame Q will be in position to check the movement of the ty -frames H and I at a given oint, as alrea y explained. By dcpressinir tie finger-piece Q, of the frame Q, unt-i the movement of said-frame is checked b the stop pin thety frames H an I will be turned until the frilowing figures are brought into position opposite the printing-keys:

As soon as the shift-key is released, the spiral s rings, J and J cause the typeframes 1 and I to return to their normal position against the stop in J. Leterally; the type-frames are held in position in this way; the spiral springs J and 'J' are distended before being put on, which presses the type-frame G up aainst the t -frsme I, and presses its arm, ,up againe the coliar, J, which separates it from. the sideplate 13; while the spiral spring, J, kee s the type-frame H pressed u against the type-frame I. The frame is provided with the'roller g, beneath'which the'strip of paper passes facilitating its passe e. 4

he type-frame G is provided wit twenty-' eight characters arranged in four rows of seven each. For the first row of letters as already stated no shift is required. 'ihe type-frame .G :has two arms, the'arm- Y, at t e top of the-frame provided-with theofl-i set Y as shown in f; 12, and the arm Y at the lower side 0ft 0 type-frame, which serves as a stop-arm or stop pin. The shift-E keys which operate this type-frame are alsorovided wit the stop-arms U' and V as shown in Fig.',7 the lower endsfof'which' rest on the in .A when the shift-keysareat rest. The shift keys U andv are mounted in the block Con the pivot-rod C,*end 'held'in po: sition by s iral s rin sa showngin Figs. (ll and 7. hen t e s ift'-'lreys .;are at rest, their stops, V and U',are both inthe-path; of the stop pin Yflwhflejhtriking thenfingep" button of eithershift key lifts 't he'fl out of the path of the. stop-pin Yrwhil'e Si 'ibothj shift keys ara'struc PM ammo-am -trevel'.'i patil its u per hrth,-=Y,i .eomes in contact filth-theaters -p a fi sh w move the ty equali key the t war .after it has reached the stop nndthere- 'by; spoilin the letter or rmting an entirely fin lfigl, 1. These steps areso 'spaeedvthah are mi 1'1 tor. x wmitim-mhigi th stop V brings the type-frame G into position or printing the following characters SPBFGLR -and the stop U brings the following letters into position for printing S M N V K L Y while the stop pin Y brings into position the last line of letters or characters, namely,

It will thus be seen that by arranging lhe shift-keys and stops so that their stops are exchanged, so to sieak, the shift-hey for line three carrying the stop for line two, and vice-versa, and arranging-the stops so that the operation of a shift-key removes its stop from action, two shift-keys can be made to do the work of three an increase of fifty per cent. in efficiency. T 'ilh'e shift key U has to -frame G onl the space otone line, while t 0 shift key V has to more it the space-of two lines, and pther things being its finger-button, 1", would have to treve twice as far as the button U; so to equalize "matters an off-set, Y, is made in the arm Y of the type-frame G, bringing the oint of contact between it and the shift I'much nearer the shaft J than is the point of contact between the shift-key U and the arm Y, and thereby giving the fingerbuttons of both shift-keys about the same distance to travel. '-.It will be noticed that with the shift keys arran d -as hereinbefore set forth, each typesme isheld absolutely rigid' two stops or a shift and stop come into piay at the'qsame time, thus absolutely preventing -frame from springing back or for different ,ctter from w at-it would have printed had it been held rigid at the stop,

as herein provided for. =At therear of the machine is the rewinding'-attachment,' which will now hedoscribed, and-is illustrated in Figs. 2, fl, 4 and 5; 1 aa-is the supporting rod, which at its lower end' passes through both side plates, '13, of the machine, and is held up the spur bb which rests on the has-c of t e'-machine,*A;- The arm 00 is pivotally mounted on the ivot-rod drl of the supporting-rod;da,"as's own in Figs. 3 and 5, so that when a' rioting keyis struck, thereby raising the eed-frame, the lower end of the-arm oo=which rests on the cross-rod, O,

of shid feed frsme; will also be raised and together, both theirf stops are moved out of the way and the t tmupge m id arm cc dbe corres "o 4 'pressing own the he ifih carries; wl co and cans mththe-next lower wheel; The frame shy? has when Messed: dow'n' the movement of the'm'ni ('m' 'niitil tlie'pa l engages ah-j position releases the the re-windinf;

00 t'rdmnhlmingibnieesidd wat-r rictodg bcm-utmitt'pnrmits the motel-1 other tooth as 'abovestatcd, as soon as the return of the feed-frame F to its normal ressure of the rod 0 upon the lower end 0? thearn't cc, the spiral spring. h/i, shown in Figs: 4 and 5, ressin' the frame gg upwardly, will eauset e paw 00 to turn the ratchet wheel ff the space of" one tooth, the backward movement of said ratchet wheel being prevented by the stoppawl ii, which is s rin -0pera.ted and ivot ally mounted on the short rod jj as iii-town in Figs. 3 and 5. The ratchet wheel fl and plate kin are both revolubly mounted on t supporting rod aa; the re'-- winding plate being flrstmountedon the lugs ll, and the ratchet-wheel on alpiece of tubing which extends from the frame gg to the lug ll, thereby giving the ratchet whepl a long bearing. .The motion of the ratciet-wheel is communicated to the rewindingplate/ck through the medium of the spiral spring mm winch fits loosely over the tubing on which the ratchet wheel is mounted 'and one end of which'engages witha screw that passes through the ratchetj'vheel as shown in Fi'. 5. The object of lhe spring mm is to licepthe re-winding :platc kl! wound up, so to speak, so that it will be constantly pulling the strip of paper with a steady, even pressure; also that it may be readily turned back to refer to notes; The end of the spring mm is arranged so 40 that when tightened by the turning back of the re-winding plate beyond a given point, it will slip past the end of the screw which holds it and thus allow the re-windin plate to he turned back indefinitelv. T 0 relwinding attachment is also arranged so that ,It will wind up the paper faster than the huichine feeds it through, which keeps the paper wound tight and would not be praclivable withoutthe use of the intervening spring mm, because as soon as it gets so p5 emmlml-lyclendemngimp iuitil tbe-spr ng is again able to turn the ratehet-wheel an l ltiltl la a; tow tuimsthe same process, esp-ewa tedlq iikn Jimhohtmt advantagemrises lei-orb innings aqlimgnreavindh g plate a 1 n( l 30f; it eptirely ugog;

1:, e ireaililvamtemed itdumd quickly, alipmii be it big plateha'nd ntlmnpad of flQttfit-lfl; then. I smelt-shape that item-be tornin twee g y changes I or point, lr-holemade with an swl-Zat 0ne',en d a nd"a atringrp lt thrqu h, :in which -.con i1- tlon' they .are' substantial. l

the? sameiasf the pageerot awtiotebookkfwit out the-necessity of rte-winding themi Another advantage of an Oblon one ske eton receivin the operator, in:taking%ictetion, turns back to readwhat has -'ust'becn dictated, several sentences are p time-without turning :the plate, and; if cil interlmations areto be- ;mede, the p ate presents shard surface to write on and-room for making them,,with- ;outremoving th'e'notes firomf'the reel and sfterwani replacing them, asfwould otherwise be necessary, but fer-whichtherewould be no timein modern business. line-of. the main advantages snd-objectsgr n usin the receiving plate over a short-plate reel -is' that when nted to the .eye. at one long-re-winding plate is to re-win {thenotes, not in a smell rolhbtit-a large coil with a big open a see in the-zoenter thus permitting the col te lie readily flattened out or any, part ofthestrigucomposing it referred to without taking t e whole thing p"? x i Figs. 16,17 and l8i'ehowzni'odifications in the means for shiftingj the. typeffp'ames- 'Figst lfi and 17 referring to the .-left hand type-frame, G and Fig. f18"to"t be types frames 1- and In this modification, the spiral spring, J 'f moves the" type-frame :G away from the-stopired Jf'iinfieadofteward it as desc'ribdd elmwhemthe typefrsme, G, being returned to its normal position bythe arm P which'isipivotallv mounted on the shaft'iK andconneded with the feed-frame-F by the rod 'T- 'so'thst when a printing key is struck and th'eifeed frame F is raised, the arm P will be also 'raised and the fecd-frame G 'jwill'revolve until checked by'contact with one .of the stops In this modification it' would be necessary that thmshifbkeys U andlY, at their ends should have the list surfs/3e shownin Fig. 16, upo'n which would rest thesto'pq arm It, pivota'lly mounted on theshs'ft' 'q, a iece of tubing,*Z, being used to 've a lo gbearing. and the arm R being eld' down "on the shift kfiys by the coiled spring Z.' As the arm Rirests upon both shifts, it will be raised? theoperstion of either'; .bht it is ofisue len h that when neither shift is 5 i ufk,,it 'w1 lj t'opth'e 'type frame G at the n lis some S If- D W C ILR but when time shift key U or V is struck, thfej to R is out-ofjthe-path of the ,m ihn proceedsuntil' arrested by ilii'fiaeg with ano herstop as heretofore exne i-Tlhisfarl have described a: machine ith lib in my latent 581.570. hut in Figs. 19,20 and 2!. l Sl\u\\' a lien and improved arrangement of the keys and keyboard by which all the printing l-'.: are. operated by the lingers and all tin" shift-keys by the thumbs instead of by the little llnfct'. as in Fig. 1 of this applirutinn or b the little linger and palm ol the. hand. as in my previous patent, the mlrnntugc being that the thumbs are quicker than either and win he more certain to complete. the turning of the type-frantic before the printing key reaches it. The prime object of this improvement is to bring the shift keys together in one gran and to getthem near the center-line of tie key-uoard, because the thumbs and the fingers contiguous to the thumbs are quicker in movement than the other lingers of the hand, and their finger-buttons might exchange laces with those of tne keys now operated y the index linger of each hand (by a slight chan e in the construction of the machine) wit out dcpartin fromthe spirit of this invention, though I prefer to put them under the thumbs because it more clearl tie them from the rintingke 5. 6n t e lefthand side the'sliift keys and V'are first bent outwardly after leaving the guideblock, as shown in Fig. 19, then curved downwardly as shown in Fig. 20 so asto clear the printing keys, then they cross beneath the printing keys to the proper posi-' tion to be operated by the thumbs as shown in Fig. 19. On the ri ht hand side the same course in followed wi res act to the shift kcya E and E, except that in order to bring the vowel shift key closeto the vowel print-- ing keys and the consonant shift keys close to the consonant printin keys, the vowel shift. E, crosses beneath t io consonant shift key, E, as shown in Fi' 19 and 21. Fig. 20 shows the shift-key e ressed, its atop, V clear of the atop-..rm' of the typeframe (l and said arm in contact with the stop U of the shift-key U. The typel'rame II is also shown in its normal position against the rear stop J. A partial view of the feed mechanism is shown in this figure. In this key-board I have put no springs under the right hand ehift-keys E and E; their ends simply rest against the arms of the tvpe-framcs H and I, their upward movement being limited-by the stop-pin A. 'liiia arrangement of the key-boar may be used with shirt-keys operating directly against the arms of the type-frames; as shown in Figs. 19, 20 and 21, or with the modifications shown in Figs. 16, 17-and 18.

()n the re-winding device I use a plate in preference to pins because it affords a solid, ttat surface on which to interline notes, make pencil memoranda, &c. The spiral springshown in Fig. 1, an, prevents the re-wmder from swinging back .m the key-buttons.

arates when the nnwhine is held in a vertical position.. This l claim as part of my invention.

As shown in l-ig. i, (and other figures) all the printing keys have. at the end beneath the ty we, on their upper side, a out or depression, i\'', and in this recess the lower side. of the feed-frame, I, rests. so that the strip of paper will have an unobstructed passage above it.

'1ne-upper portion of.the paper holder being similar to that described in my Patent 581,070, is not shown here in detail.

What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In a shorthand typewriter, the figure shift frame Q, provided with guide-arms for the strip of paper and the small roller y to facilitate its travel.

2. In a. shorthand typewriter using a continuous strip'of paper a series of ke -bars, a feed frame operated thereby for ceding the paper through the machine, and means for re-winding the paper, operated by the feed-frame.

3. In a shorthand type-writer a series of key-bars ada ted to operate simultaneously and a feed rame bearing on the key-bars and provided with a grip for grip. ing the paper when one or more of said eys are operated.

4.. .In'a shorthand-typewriter, a series of key bars suitably mounted, having their outer ends restin' side by side and provided on the upper si e with recesses of uniform depth, in combination with a feed frame having a. pressure frame' pivotally mounted therein op osite said recesses and adapted to rest in t to recesses.

5. In a shorthand typewriter usin a continuous strip of paper, a series of toy-bars and a food frame provided with an oscil- ,latin grip for movng; the paper when ,the

feedrameia o crate 6. In-a short and typewriter, a series of printing kc acapable of simultaneous operation, a eeding device provided with a grip for carrying the paper forward,'and an inde endent grip for preventing the backwar movement of the paper.

7. In a shorthand typewriter, a series of printing keys having their keybuttons arranged conveniently for simultaneous operation, afoed-frame provided with a grip for moving the aper forward, and means for preventing t a backward movement of the paper.

8. In a shorthand typewriter atype frame revolubly mounted on a shaftand provided with a plurality of arma'projccting from said type frame at thaend in combination with a shift key adapt to bear against one afraid arms and rave vs the type frame nuttil. the other arm comes in contact with a atop located in the line of travel of said "am.


I ihnivinga bn'ring fenfen eli end erzziisfiiirithe purpose ;of' limiting its;

mmemeatgeubsmnuelly as described; T t 9; in is" enovmnnq ty eyrriterghnving n "se ofrkerbarihnitn iy mountedthe feed "frnmert end the 'n-eesnrbrfmme 'pivutnlly' nqgxitf in said. feed iframe, one side of which reste'onthmltti bnrB "and the other egeinee'e rtion of 't e feed-frame, term-v ii -chit :substamtinllyns shown and dea r a series of print H i eetling the paper 'the machme operated by the print ring keya,c-a nd a, rewiring plate for re-wi'ndmoving tho pa errforwtrd and menus for" preventing the a'ekwnrd merement of same) cunsiatih' 01 the statio'n'nny -cross'i piece K, K! rind" t a mining", amine-operated pres-- eurebar K, Kt.

18.1111 a.litypewriting machiney a typefrnme revolnbiy mountedonn shaft, ap n-' mlity" of 'Shift/ keys "bea'rin against said type5fmmeorfm= urmthereo' and-stops o erated",by the shift keys for limiting tre mOvement-bfthe type-frame.

141' "ll-"Shhifthhhd typewriter nsin .n ennfiancee-urn? pt p'eper, means for ceding.

windiggg th same; mpun' ,"and-h'ayln (meend'in mechanical commat;- min-me eed' mechanism and the other'inn'ngichqniettl connection with Hmrewinding inech'amiam:

1;, In mshorthungi' typewriter using 11 continnen'a "ht'rip of paper, men nsfor ending the'nnme'th'rbugh fhe machine, niehnS -for pgwimiin the" p'aper, Said re-winding -meehanim ingenpp'o'rted by 1; frame which is nrm extending Iadjeining-type-frzime,=one end of *s'nid t pegframez'bein provided with .printih .e an nctere anil t 0. other endbeingin mec innicul eenne'etion'with a shift key, as shown and described. i 118. n It writing-machine, n pluralit of type-frames .revolubl mmmtod on n s nft, a plurality of shift eys operating side by six e for moving said type-frames; and am, from the inner type-frame to (me of the shift keys, said arm zilso having -a bearing on the shaft. i

.' 19. In. a. writing machine provided. with n lurnlit of type-frames reyolubl mount ed one s aft and a plurality of s \ift-keys for moving same, an arm GXtBIIdlIIgJIfll/GI; ally from an inner type-frame across.- the ndwining tynefrnme. to nne 'of' the shift" keys.

20. In a shorthand typewriten usini; n cuntinueus strip of paper, means for fee ing the paper. throu lrthe machine-and means for re-windin t w some the Said re-wind'er heing operates by a fee(i-urm in ll'wlhnllicfll connection with the key-hers.

ZL'In jn; t pewritingmnehine a type frame rev'olub ymounted on nlshuft; e ph\' rn-lity of shift keys bearing nguinst' said type-frame at diilerent -di tunces'fr m the a left, and a stop for limiting'the movement of the type-frame.

22,. In u-shnrt hnnd-typewrite'r,n type ...frumo revo'lfihly mounted on a shaft, n springnormally pressing suid type frnmeugninst 0. rear stu pin, a shift keyadapted to more the type ralne in'nn 0p "site-dlrectionn-gninstlthe force-0f the'sprlii nnd'nm other shift key provided with a stop for limiting the mevement of the type frame.

23. In a shorthand typewriter the type frame mvolub] mountedyon u shnft,'n npirnl spring normnl y presin snid type'frnme 'ngninst at rear stop nnd n. song'ninst the ml- ?oining type-frame,nnd n plurality of shift (eye adapted to turn the typeframe against the fnre 'nf Enid n irnl spring nnd'provided with stops nnrmnliy in the pnthof the typeframe.

24. In a writing mnchine using a continuous strip of paper, a feed-frame provided with a grip for feeding the paper throu h :the-fimchinte; and means for t-e-wiudingt 1e 1 M'I'fl "a shorthand typewriter, a movable e-frnme, n plurality of stops limiting the purtin" the r0ll,-menn's' or feeding'the-strlp rthrenjg the'mnchine'nnd means for rewind- 5 Big the 6m mel consisting of n spring operated receiving reel, ahd means for tightening the spring which causw saidreel to revolve.

27. In a shorthand typewriter the t peframe G revolubly mounted on the shaI t-J,

the rear. stop pin J, the spiral spring J ressiur the type-frame away from the stop and the arm I mechanically connected with the type-frame F, exerting a pressure in the opposite direction to the spiral spring J.

28. in a shorthand typewriter usin a continuous strip of paper a seriesof eyburs, means for feeding the paper through the machine and se arate means for re-. winding the paper, oth operated by the key bars.

29.111 a writing machine usin a continuous st-ri of paper, a series ofiey-bars, a feed mechanism for feeding the paper through the machine operated by the keybars and means for re-winding the same operated by the feed mechanism.

30. In a shorthand typewriter using a continuous strip of paper and an ink ribbon, means for feeding the paper through the machine and separatemcans for rewinding the same, a support for the aper roll revolubly mounted one shaft, ree s for the ink ribbon mechanical] connected with the paper roll support an moved thereby and guides for the paper and ribbon, sub-- stantially as shown and dscribed. "J

a 31. In a writing machine using a continu-" ous strip of paper and an ink ribbon, the. two bein of similar width andtraveling" 'in a simi ar course, two parallelfuide arms the ribbon reels-an extending farienough eyondsame to keepthe ribbon and piipcl together; 32.- n ashorthand typewriter using-a supported by continuous strip'of paper, the, holder b rovm lubly mounted on the supportin ,frame'io, the guides 11' supported 1) the ri bbfln feels and means for feedinge strip of paper. throu h the machine.

33. n a shorthand typewriter, means for supporting a roll of paper, means forfeed ing the same through the machine a rewindinp; mechanism wnsistii g of a receiving reel, a ratchet wheel, a spring forcommunicating the motion of the ratchet wheel to the receiving reel, and means-for co ninuiiicating the movements of the feed ineehanisin of the machine to the re-winding mechanism.

34. In a shorthand typewriter a series of key bars suitably mounted and having their outer ends resting side by side in combination with a feed frame pivotally mounted at one end and provided with a pressure frame pivotally mounted therein, which pressure frame rests on the key bars.

35. In a shorthand typewriter, a series .of key bars and a feed rame theiower side of which rests on the key bars in recesses perpnvided for the purp0se,'said feed frame g provided with an opening above the portion resting on the key bars or the pas se of a continuous strip of paper through said feed frame, substantially as shown air described.

86. In a shorthand t pewriter, a series of key-bars the ends of w ieh rest side by side, a type frame revolubly mounted above ihe central portion of the ends of said key-bars on a horizontal shaft, an additional typeframe mounted on the same shaft at each side of the central frame, and means f r turning the central type-frame without mm ing the shaft or the adjoiningtypo-frames. 37. The combination, in a paper feeding mechanisrmof a'series of. key-bars, a grip for moving the paper in a given d1l(!(3tl( .'i. means for transmitting motion from the key-bars to said grip, and means for preventing a retrograde movement of the paper. I 38. In a writing machine usin a continuous strip of paper, a series of e -bars, a feeding deviee mde endent thereo but operated thereb an provided with means for holding t e aper and moving it in a 'ven direction, in combination with means or p eventing a retrograde movementof the 9paper. p 8 as writing machine using a contiaa ous strip-of paper, a feed mechanism con:-

prising two grips mounted independent-l y o i each other and'means for moving one grip up to the other; 40. In a writing machine using a continu- .o'us strip of :paper, a feed mechanism 0011i ,prising a gripping device for carrying the strip, orwar by gripping the same at a definite distance from t e edge thereof, and a device for preventing the retrograde mow-- 'ment of the paper by gripping another portion of'the stri in combination with means for bringing t e said grips together in an interlocking relationship. 41. Ina writing machine using a continu ous strip of aper, a feed grip provided with a pivotal y mounted member, one portion of which rests upon or against the keybars while another portion is caused to press against the paper when a key is operated. 42. In a writing machine provided with a plurality of type-frames revoluhly mounted side by side, a type-frame provided with a. plurality of arms pro'ecting from the side thereof, a shift key or moving the type frame by pressing against one of said arms, and a stop for clieckin the movement of the type'fraiue by coming in contact with another of said arms.

43. In a writing machine using a continuous strip of paper, a ra -winding reel composed o a plurality of parts and means for transmitting motion from one of said parts llU to another, incombination with means for ieeding the paper through the machine means 'for: transmitting motion from feeding mechanism to 44. In a Writing machine using a continua series of key-bars, a feed mechanism operated thereby, rewinding the paper ous strip of paper,


the "same.-

45-.In a writing machine using an ink the re-winder.


the through the mach arms supported by ing the ribbon and lation to the paper.

GEORGE Witnesses i In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of scribing Witnesses.

ribbon and a continuous strip of pa er, means for feeding the paper and the rib on 15 ine and parallel guidethe ribbon reels for guidkeeping it in proper re- KER-R ANDERSON.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7253751Jun 4, 2004Aug 7, 2007Benson Sherrie LMethod for writing language components
US20060061490 *Jun 4, 2004Mar 23, 2006Benson Sherrie LMethod for writing language components
U.S. Classification400/93, 400/232, 400/614, 400/236
Cooperative ClassificationB41J3/26