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Publication numberUS1108893 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 1, 1914
Filing dateSep 25, 1905
Publication numberUS 1108893 A, US 1108893A, US-A-1108893, US1108893 A, US1108893A
InventorsClarence S Ellinwood
Original AssigneeNcr Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ledger-account file.
US 1108893 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

s; LLI-woon.

.LBDGBR pccomr MLB, APLIcATIoN FILED SEPT. 25'. '1905.

Patented Sept. 1, 1914.



Patented Sept. 1-, 19111A EUGEEFACUNT FIL-1E i,eeeeee,

Appuccfion exea septembeieoe. semi im esem-c.

To all 'whom may concern:

4 Be it known that l, -CLABENGE S. Emme woon, :i citizen of the United States, residing et Chicago, Cookeouxity9 llinoi's,.l1eve invened e 'certain new enflyueeful Led cir- Account File, of which' the following' is ef specification,

This iicwernzioie4 relates toI means foi il'ing statements, bills o1' 'other evidencee of ec count, more particularly e ledger laccount with vthe result that the leclgei` account of 'any customer may be readily and quickly ascertained amd the ordinary booke of ziccount dispensed with.

Accorcl-ing to vthe jpiesenl embodiment. of`

my invention the erieng'ement is such that the file will not only contain the stetemente or selec slips loot else expose to 'View the ledger eoeomit of eac-l1 customer Whenevepi such file is menipuleteil in the meneer here inail-e1 described.

- Fig. 3 e, perspective of? one of che series of' partitioned lie file; Fig, e cleeil of one of tlie partitions; 5 e eleeil e poe tion of the plete in which 'lelie are pivoted; Fig. 6 en' eleveiion of e moeliiied form of arrangement `of my account lilcs; nml Figg Y e sectional eleveiici'i ci elle account Afiles Fig. 6.

Refeirng to elle preeen; embodiment the invenion es hei;

e illuo-ete, lie is formed ae a. 2me? compieiog e lice tom l, front 2', back 3, em' parallel pieces 47 euch licwer being efzmged Le be incertel en opening e euch es elle' cese 5 and in its peerred oim adapted to coperete with such filing cese in the manuel' herjeixle'fte explained. En this conneoon it will be 'o foere'cocl thee the ailing cese ece eesenel 'o elle ieveiiiicn considered in. iss broeflei espec-'b and else' from emi beck of elle diee in shown,

ci the bottoml of the drawer in eige comiecteil fio the 'bottom While' ehe eidepieces or strips l are likewise pvoelly, conneccecl ai, elicit encls to che from; enel beck respectively, with the result that the facon@ f. end becleymay' swing to e position et en mgle co tl'e botcom in the manner illuef waited m Fig. l. It' is desirable tolimit the degree of movement of the front emi heele with respect to the boeom en o hie ecdl f Stops o are provided formed ein or sec-meel to the boetom and arranged to be conte-cioe@ by the beck 3, thereby stopping elle letter es Well the front 2 ilii'ough the meuiiiy .elle 'comiecv'sing strips .le

ln the drawer' cool between lie sie-stcipe wg, 'Il is arranged e series of peititicns, 7r which, 'are speced; 'opefiz 'et theirv lower and yimlei* enfle eeflbhereec Aioivogedftoelle upper' eu'ey suitable menneif. ln the preseneinsteecefy .gioi' in pierre@ foi which. @expose eeclfl pair tice, which mcy be formeel of thin sheet rieml, ie pirovicleal 'WiL-li. one ci' more letei'el' e@ ci' iigllt'engle; eers or loge 8 which eure ecwinged ge be peeee through @neef e Series of henevezrse 'Siete in ejp'lezc 9 eecoeel 'co elle botzom ci? deeefei wel 'poeitonecl e A e if we' enel pemllel Wih'ifie elle lamer, es cleanly indi L. lille Leeeuli: of chie comme@ gioii is the@ the pew'aicne eee pvctely cci occterl to lle leiaem of the drawer eed edepeel f d oirmwei'ely se Fig. Il enel thereby to expose Jeliei ieegec- @ive fi'oie. e per eicel-ei n ei'lcler to specs, le uppei. ends 'f mieiens eoimlijle ineens may be emp c en economical coioetrocion cliezc are gom-eed by eemuieg tongues lie ieely ci' he @elem 'F :euch @llegues pccjeeting ci. leigh@ eagles iioie and iii Mae ne diifecbioi'ie en le lcreby ec fece l'lejupp eiiee of soc 'b pefe'ence l of. come are pioviolecl oiilei to foi upper @i cated m l@ account file the single and the double tongue -1 style may alternate. By reaspn of this construction the proper movement or sliding of the adjacent partitions as required in the manipulation of the account ile is facilitated and improved, as will be understood from the explanation hereinafter made. The tongues 10, in the construction being described, constitute not only distance pieces but also stops for the lower edges of the account slips such as the slips A in Fig- 1, such edges being lowermost when the filing device is in itsoperative position as shown in Fig. 1 but becoming the upper edges when the filing device is in place in its case as in Fig. 2. lEach partition is cut away on vits .right hand lower corner, substantially half-way of its width, so as to leave a projecting portion 1 1 at its lower left hand side or corner as clearly indicated in Figs. .1 and 3. This projecting portion is utilized for the purpose of-indicating or bearing-the indication of a customersname and for the purpose of enabling such indication to be readily changed for different customers, it is preferred to provide such extending portion with a depression with parallel slits 12 through which a card bearing the customers name may ybe passed and held suitably therein. As will be obvious the name may be indicated on the partition in any suitable manner as by impressing the name thereon, writing the same directly thereon or on a piece of paper or the like 'aliixed thereto.

As hereinbefore stated the front 2 and back 3 of the drawer or account device are pi'votally connected to the bottom 1 and suoli front'and back are in turn operatively connected to each other by means of the parallel connecting strips 4 with the result that the movement of the front is communicated to the back and vice versa. Furthermore owing to this relative movement of the front and back with respect to the bottom of the drawer, the pivoted partitions 7 are enabled to take an angle or oblique position with respect to such bottom with the result that the outer or upper edges of the partitions will over-lap each other consecutively, in the manner clearly indicated in Fig. 1.

The account file being constructed as hereinbefore described, is operated and manipulated in the following manner: Assuming that a customer has bought a bill ofgoods, the items and amounts are written as usual on the original slip of amanifolding book of the usual and well known kind, and the total as usual is written in the lower right hand corner. This original slip which goes to the cashier or bookkeeper in the store is thereupon. placed in the account file upon the partition which bears the name of the particular4 customer or purchaser of such bill of goods, it being understood that the superposed partitionsA are raisedslightly by the o erator to permit the-slip to-be inserted tierein and to take its place with its lower edge resting against the tongue or tongues 10 acting as stops. Each customer has his own space or compartment in the account file and' the particular compartment is indi-` cated by his name placed or aliixed to the proper partition, in the manneralready'explained. The original slip for each purchase of goods ordered by different customers is placed in its proper compartment, in the manner above stated, it being understood that when these slips are in place and the account file is in its operative position indicated in Fig. 1 the outer edges of the parti# tions so over-lap each other consecutively as to exposeV the total or footing of each slip, in the manner indicated in Fig. 1. Itis thus evident that the amount due from each cus- ,tomercan be ascertained at a glance inasmuch as the footing or total is exposed adjacent the customers name. Assuming that a customer makes a second purchase before' payment of the first purchase, the salesman, in addition to writing the items and amountsl on the slip, will also examine the account file to ascertain whether there is any unpaid balance and if such is the case he will4 add such old amount or balance to the footing or total of the new items, which sum total will appear at the lower right hand corner of the slip. This second slip is now placed in its 4proper compartment and abovepthe {irst slip with the result that said sum total, representing the full amount due from the customer is exposed to the operator. This process is repeated indefinitely, the account file being employed. as a ledger which is always posted and is arranged to always exhibit the ledger amount due.

The account file is complete in itself when constructed as already described but as hereinbefore suggested, the same may be conven iently employed in connection with a file case o-r cabinet, in which event it is preferred to provide means for pivotally connecting 'the lower outer edge of the filing case with the lower inner edge at the rear end, of thedrawer, which may be accomplished in any suitable manner, with the result that the account file may be held suspended in an oblique position from the cabinet or filing` case with the front 2 resting upon a desk or support as may be desired. According to the present construction, the inner end of the bottom of the drawer is provided with lateral projecting pins or trunnions 13 whichA are received within parallel tracks 14. eX-

tending horizontally and rearwardly into the opening in the filing case but closed at their front ends, with the result that when the drawer is pulled outwardly, the same is enabled to swing downwardly and is held'by the closed ends of the tracks against entire removal from the filing case. The front 2 of the. drawer may constitute' the closure of the opening in the filing case as indicated in Fig. 2, in which event such front or closure is provided with a lock or" latch arranged lto engage the filing case to hold the drawer locked 'orsecured' in' place. In the present instance as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2 I have shown a spring latch 15 o`f this construction which may be adopted although a lock, such as a Yale lock for instance may be employed to securely lock up the account file against inspection by unauthorized parties.

As is evident the file possesses'advantages over the usual ledger inasmuch asit always. presents a posted account so'that thejamount of the ledger account or balance may be .ascertained in an instant'b simply 'glancing' at the footing or total p aced opposite the particular customers name. Thus the account ile not onl .possesses advantages over the usual ledger ook but is adaptedl to displace such book and render the same entirely unnecessary, the bookkeeping being performed in fact by each salesman.

As hereinbefore suggested the filing case is not essential and the same as a matter of fact may be entirely dispensed with and the account file may thereupon be supported in any suitable manner and in any suitable position. To illustrate this a modified form of construction and arrangement is shown in Figs. 6 and 7 of the drawings in which Fig. 6 represents a front elevation of a series of the account files and Fig. 7 a sectional elevation. According to this construction thesupport 16, corresponding to the base or support 1 of the'first described account tile,

forms-the back of the tile while the artitions 7, in this construction, are positioned normally obliquely, exposing the footings of the 'different accounts, that is the .ledger accounts of the different customers. This iile is also provided with a top 17 and a bottom 1S and also with a front closure 19 which may be employed if desired.

- 's illustrated in Figs. 2 and 7 the partitions are preferably provided .with elastic bands 20 for the purpose of holding the tickets or slips in place on the partitions. 1. -I claim: i'

1. An account file comprisin a base having a front and a back pivotedt ereto, a pair back, and a series of of parallel strips connecting said front and partitions pivotally mounted on said base.

2. In combination with a case or cabinet, an account tile of drawer form received by the case and when pulled out arranged to be i pivotaly connected thereto, said account le comprising a base, a front and a back piv'-l oted thereto, and a series of partitions ai'i ranged transversely of the base and pivotally mounted thereon.

l `3. An account ile comprisin a base ra. plate secured to said base and saving-paiallel slots, and a series 'of right'angled ears passing t rough said slots and thereby pivoting said partitions.

4. An' account le comprising a base, 'ay

supporting late secured to said base, and having para lel slots, anda series of partiplart-'itions having tions comprising tliin plates havi'nprojections extending at ri ht angles vto e plane olfl said plates, sai thrcu h t e slots in said supporting plate.

5. n account file com rising a base having a front anda bac pivoted thereto,

means connecting said front and back, stops for limiting the pivotal movement of said Aof an account file of drawer formy receive by the case and arranged to be .pivotally connectedthereto when pulled out, said account filecomprising a base havin a front and a back pivotedthereto, stops or limitstopsfor limiting the pivotal moveprojections passing ing the pivotal movement. of thefront and4 e back, and a vseries of partitions pivotally mounted on said base. I l

8. An account register. comprisin a series of normally superim osed an over-4 lapping separators, a per orated hinge retaining plate, and one or more hinge members pro]ecti n :from one edge of each separator and t rou h the perforations in said hinge plate w ereby said members are hinged to said plate.

9. An account register comprising a tray, a series of normally overlapping separators arranged in longitudinal rows, integral hinge members on one edge'of each separator, and a hinge late provided with a ertures throu h wgich said hinge mem 'ers project, sai

members in position. 10. An account re 'ster comprising a lurality of se arator p ates having a p ura ity of integra yieldable hinge members jecting from one edge thereof,and a hinge plate having apertures throu h which said hinge members project where y said members are rigidly retained and the separator permitted to swing in the register.


Si. E. HIBBEN, Louis B. EitwiN.


plate being secured close to n the bottom of the tray to bind said hinge

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3857623 *Dec 29, 1972Dec 31, 1974Schneller FSwingable shelf assembly for cabinets
US4198105 *Aug 25, 1978Apr 15, 1980Modern Office Equipment Pty. Ltd.Adjustable card holder
US4445616 *Jun 7, 1982May 1, 1984American Motors CorporationCargo container with adjustable retaining mechanism
US4535896 *Aug 29, 1983Aug 20, 1985Eldon Industries, Inc.Folding, extensible holder
US6591522 *Dec 28, 2000Jul 15, 2003Cathryne DossDate cycling storage calendar
US8141280May 19, 2003Mar 27, 2012Cathryne DossDate cycling storage calendar
WO2002053392A2 *Dec 20, 2001Jul 11, 2002Doss CathryneDate cycling storage calendar
U.S. Classification312/271, 211/11, 312/234.5, 312/323
Cooperative ClassificationA47B81/067