US 1108991 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. A. HYSON. MULTIPLE DASHBB ROTARY GHURN.
APPLICATION IXLED KATLB, 1913;
Patented Sept. 1, 1914.
Z 8HE2TS-SHEBT 2.
snares raiser canons-a. arson, channels, ens o."
renames-passes sores-s ones 1 h whom iamay concern:
o it known that I, Samoan A. Hrson, a ii of the United States, residing at in the county, of Summit, State of ha e invented-certain new and usemul'tancously driven by a novel gearing argeinent, which is supported on the cover oif the receptacle whereby a high speedof rotationmay be imparted to the dashers with decreased wor ring power to more quickly convert the cream into butter.
llith the above and-other objects in view, the invention resides more (particularly in the peculiar combinations an arrangements of parts, which will be partly illustrated a a preferred embodiment in the accompanying drawings and described in the specificatiom-althouyh the invention is protected for all desirable changes and uses within the scope of the invention as claimed.
ligure l is a side elevation of the v1mproved churn. Fig. 2 is a top lan view thereof. Fig. 8 is a vertical sectional view of the churn taken through two'diamctrisally opposed dashcrs. F 1g. l is a detail perspective view of the dashcrs. Fin. 5 is a sectional view of the cover and parts supported thereby, taken at right angles to Fig. 3. Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of fragmentary portions of the receptacle and cover with a fastener therefor. Big. 7 is an enlar ed sectional view taken on the line 7-7 c Fig. 2, fragmentary portions of tee parts being shown. Fig. 8 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line 88 of Fig. 3. in illustrating the preferred embodiment of the invention, my improved churn is shown air-comprising a churn body or reccpsacle l0,- prefcrably of cylindrical form shown and consisting of a staved member,
specification of 11mm Eatent,
Application filed llaroh fi, 1913.
Serial 1G0. 7132,4172.
although it is desired to be understood that any other preferred form of receptacle or body may be employedy A cover 11 is-providedfor the receptacle and is reincrably held on the same through the medium of a plurality of fasteners 12, located at spaced points and preferably three (3) in number. Each of thesefasteners comprises a strip of metal 13 secured toe-cover radially and having its free end coiled to form.an eye 14:,Wl110l1 pivotally carries a de ending link 15.-,-;A strip-l6 is secured vertically to the adjacent portion of the receptacle and has its upper: end bent outwardly at right angles and terminating in spaced eyes 17 between whichla locking lever- 18 is pivotally XDOlIIItBdyfiOdLlliLt when the cover is in PO51- tion the levers mayabe extended through the links so that the latter will engage beneath the angular portions of the strips 16 inwardly ofv the eyes thereof and when the levers are moved downwardly, the links will be held from disengagement and the cover thereby secured on the 'rece tacle Mounted onthc bottonroi the receptacle at the inside are diametrically opposite pairs of sockets 18, the same havin flanged portions attached to the bottom w ile the openings ofthe'socket taper toward their lower onus. A plurality of dashcrs 19 are mount ed within the receptacle and each consists ofna iverticglshdaft 20 rpvidcd with vertica y space an ,0 osite extendim a ertured bladcs'or paddles 21; four (4) 3f s iich dashers being rovided and having their blades arrange in stag ered relation with respect to the adjacent ashers, The lower extremities of the shafts are tapered as shown at 22 to engage the openings of the sockets to freely rotate therein, while spaced above said tapered. extremities, said shafts are provided with enlargements 23 producing shoulders which abut sleeves 2% formed at thecxtremitiosof a plurality of arms 25 forming a cross brace and which has a central hub 28. This cross brace thus supports M the shafts in spaced relation with the shouldersresting on the sleeves 24 and the top portions of the shafts are rovided with enlargements 27 producing s oulders engaged by similar sleeves formed at the extremities of the arms-10f a similar cross brace 28. The hub portions of these braces are connected-by cred or bolt 29 with nuts or ca s 30 mounted on their extremities whereby tlie will r:
.- having attaching: feet 60 secure A riogr-lilceplatc 32 is mounted on the.
cover ll concentric to the center of the latter and is formed with equi-distantly spaced hrari eves projecting upwardly and formed inregral t crewith to recive the'uppenemrcmitiee 01"" the and pinions 5 3 having 5 uared i as rmunted' onthe square per- 3? the shafts whereby the dashers eaid pinione when rotation is imparted to thelatter. The pinions are retained on the leaner sheiea'through the medium or arcuate braces 35, the same having' oilset aperturedends 86 attached to the r-ingdikc plate 32 and the oover'll and also having interincdiatedependine bearing cups ll-T'rcbatably receiving the hu e-or thepinions eherein while at the same time preventing upward-displacement ofthe shafts: ii hearing bolt 88 is moored centrally thr ugh a cover, being held by 'anu t 39am having an: upwardly flanged bearing plate 2 0 011 wardly of the cover to receive the r lower poieion or flange-of the hub 3:1 of a icel 4a, the top flange of said hub 41 i mg held in a flanged nut 43 so that the hub el' is rotatahlymounted on -the unthreaded poreion of ehebolt 38. The nut 43' mounted on ehe reduced threaded u er ex emity of the bolt fldond is provi ed with opposed openings adepted'to rogister with an opening in said thrcadedportion for receiving a key 44,v thus preventing the nut from jamming against or loosing from the hub of the gear 42. The teeth of the gear 42 are located on the inside of a depending; flange 45 forming ite rim so that said gear will be disposed in mesh with all of the pinions 34 for simultancouely driving said pinions and attach shaftainthe same direction, thus driving the dashers at a high speed of rotation. I
The gear wheel 42 is formed with an upwardly extending pinion 46 which is spaced from the hub and is adapted to berotuted through an intermcahed vcrticalgear 47. This rear 4? is supported between the spaced oiisct portions es of an arched support 49 to the cover and a brace 51 which has its extremities secured to the support .9 beyond its oiiect portion as shown at 52. Both of the oil'sct portions 48 are provided with opposed circular apertures intermediate their ends for receiving the circular extremities 53 of a squared bolt 54: on which the drive axle l? in keg/ed between the client portions-e8 while a hand crank 55 is occurs-d to one cirvruler portion of theequared shaft in rotate are; ect to the support or bearing.
the gear e7. The other, extremity 05 the squared shaft has a ridged nut 56 secured thereto for engagement by a key 57 to prevent jamming or loosing of the nut with 7G 'lhus it will be seen that when it is desired to assemble the parts for the chin-m ing 0 oration, the connected dashcrs are place within the receptacle and their shafts engaged in the respective sockets for r0ta- 7 tion in the sleeves 2A and after the cream has been emptied into the receptacle, the
ooverie placed thereon and held by the liestenersf or locking means described. "The upper'extremities of the dasher shafts will enyage through the apertures of the cover an 1 the squared portions thereof will en gage the squared apertures of the pinione 34, whereupon rotation being imparted to the drive gear 47, such motion will he tranemittcd through the pinion 46 to the gear wheel 42 and by driving the pinions 3e rapidly rotate the dashers. l3 reason of the great speed of rotation w iich can be imparted to the-dashers, the number of the ac dashers-andalso the constructions end arrangement of'the-bladee or paddles thereof, theglobulce of cream will be thoroughly agitated and broken up and the churning operation expcditml.
lifin achurn, a receptacle, cover 'for the receptacle, means detachably scouring the cover to the receptacle, opposed peire oi} dashero mounted in the receptacle end having tapered lower end forming shoulders, sockets mounted on the hottom o'f the receptacle and rotatably" receiving said tapered ends, cross braces having ele through which the dashcrs are rotatable, a connection between said cross braces, said i dashers being formed with shoulders near their upper ends whcrel) the sleeves will be held against the shoulc ere a drive wheel mounted on the cover and drive connections between said wheel and the shafts, said shafts projecting through the cover when the latter' s in pmsition.
2. In a 'churn, a race itacle, a cover the receptacle, means detachably securing the cover to the receptacle, vertical dashcrs rotatebly supported in the rccepaacle and rotatably extending through the cover, said dushors having squared upper ends, a ringlike .plalo mounted on the cover and havii r a plurality of sleeves: receiving the daahc thorethrough, pinions engaged on the squared portions of the dashers, braces secured to said plate and contacting with the hubs of the pinions to hold the latter A in position, awhearing bolt secured centrally to ;the cover and having an upwardl flanged plaman internal rear having a huh rotatable on the bolt an engages withiu the flange, a-iinngcd-nut on the upper end a drive CMTifid by the supportand in 0i file belt ami also inclosing the hub, :1 Infiestimony wherebfyl my signapinion carried by the last named gear, an tux-e, 1n the pres sncaof two witnezzzes. armed support mounted on the cover and SAIji-UEL- A HVSQN mesh with the pinion last mentioned for Witnesses:
ingpaxting rotatlon $0 the rotatable parts BIQBAR Siammam, afarasmd. M. G.