US 1110670 A
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H. M. CASE.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 12, 1912.
Patented Sept. 15, 1914.
a-mvemtoz HM .Case
THE IXORRIS PETERS 60.. PHOTO-LITHOY. WASHINGTON, D U.
HENRY 1V1. CASE, OF SYRACUSE, NEW YORK.
Specification of Letters Fatent. Patented Sept, 15, 1914.
Application filed September 12, Serial No. 726,050.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that ,I, HENRY M. CAsE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Syracuse, in the county of Onondaga and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Funnels; and l do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same. j p L I y This invention relates to packaging liquids, and more especially to" funnels; and the object of the same is to produce a gravity valve in the bottom of a funnel and carried wholly by the nipple and nozzlethereoi, so that when thelatter is raised as in the act of pouring liquid into the neck of a bottle, the valve will be opened.
A further object is to, produce a device of this kind wherein there are no exposed parts to become gummed or rusted by the liquid used, and wherein all parts can be readily detached as for thepurpose of cleaning or. repair.
These objects are accomplished by constructing the funnel and valve in the manner hereinafter more fully described and claimed and as shown in the drawings wherein- Figure 1 is a side elevation of a funnel embodying my invention, and Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof. Fig. 8 is a central vertical sectional view showing my improved valve as opened by the automatic lifting of the ;spout or nozzle of a funnel as the latter is used in conjunction with a bottle which is shown in dotted lines. Figs. t and 5 are cross sections on the lines 4.l and 5+5 of The body F 01. this funnel may be of any suitable shape, and by preference it has a handle H and internally a strainer S which may be renderedremovable by having a spring wire W secured across the bottom of the strainer and engaged at its ends under lugs L formed in the inner wall of the body, so that the strainer can be put in place and turned to lock it there, or can be turned and lifted out of place for cleaning the parts. The novelty in the present case resides more particularly in the form of gravity valve which I employ for automatically closing the outlet nipple 1 of the funnel in a manner. yet to be described. This nipple I would make through. an aperture 16 rather thicker than usual, and perhaps it 7 i might be a casting having its bore mternally beveled at its upper corner as at 2 to form a valve, seat,the entire casting being secured within the lower end of the body F by any suitable means, and its upper end having a shoulder 1 around it while otherwiseits interior is smooth and cylindrical. The spout or nozzle 3 make rather heavy, and I would give its exterior some considerable taper, especially at its lower end'so that it may be inserted into the mouth of a bottle or other receptacle to be filled, and' at vsome point said mouth will bind on the exterior of the spout I would by preference.
and push the latter upward for a purpose to appear below. Internally I form within said spout or nozzle a spider 4: standing at some distance below its upper end, and the latter is made strictly cylindrical ,on its in terior as at 5 so as to fit slidably around the outlet end or nipplel which depends from the body of the funnel. Screwed into the center of said spider as at 10 is the lower member 11 of the valve itself, this member preferably having a surrounding shoulder 12 which rests upon the spider when the memher is screwed tightly into place. The upper end of this member is cylindrical and extends into the tubular lower end 13 of the upper member 14-, being loosely held therein by a r cross pin 15 so that the upper member may v swing from side to side, and said pin passes made a trifle loose on the pin so that the upper member may swing or flex in the opposite direction and in fact in all directions as will be clear. The upper member 14 externally of a size somewhat smaller than the bore of the nipple 1, through which it projects, and its upper extremity is formed into a head 17 beveled around its edge as to fit closely on the valve seat 2 and preferably provided with a nick or kerf 18 across its top by means of'which a screw driver may be engaged therewith. j,
Attention is directed to the fact that the length of parts endof the spout 3 contacts withthe shoulder 1 of the nipple, the'lower end of the latter is out of contact with the spider hand when the lower member 11 is screwed into the spider until its shoulder 12 is pressed thereon the head 17 of the upper member 14 is raised 01f the valve seat 2all as shown in Fig. 3. At this time, when liquid is flowing through the device as described below, is quite clear that the upper member 14 may fall to either side as it is loose within the bore of the nipple and it is loosely connected to thelower member so that it may flex in all directions; and in orderto center thismember Within such bore,iw-hen the parts assumethe opposite position, the
7 head 1 7 is beveled on its under side and the seat 2 is beveled correspondingly. 1
valveby a'socket in the manner shown and describedthe hinged connected ends thereof i fBygconnecting the two sections ofithe will be p roperlycovered and protected-from the liquidor other contents 'withinithe fun nelf when drawn "therefrom, whereby the upper section will always remain operative; The parts are assembled as best 'seen'in it ig." 1,and the weight of the spout or nozzle :will cause it to slip downward on the nipple 1, clrawing with it the valve whose head, of course is seated uponthe valve seat in the manner therein shown. When now is desired to fuse thisfunnel, the'spout is inserted i nto a bjottle-necl': or other small orifice until'the same binds the exterior of thef'spout and raises the latter. With it moves the valve, whose head is therefore lifted-off theivalve seat, and, the valve being opened, liquid flows from the interior ofthe body around said head, through the nipple and throughout the length of the spout, and ihtoth'e vessel or other receptacle being filled. When suflicient has flowed therein, it is only necessary 'for the operator to raise this funnel by lifting on its handle, and as thebody-ascends the valve seat strikes under the valve head and the latter is lifted and withi't comes the valve stem and the entire addition to whichthere is the weight of the a liquid Contained within the funnel body b nozzlefIt will be obvious that the combil'iedweight of the valve, spider, and spout or nozzle, causes the head of the valve to close accurately against the valve seat; in
'earingdownward on said head aswill be clear. "It is quite possible that'the exterior of thespout'could be made of other conf figuration than tapering as shown, and it could be engaged could even have with the edge of some large receptacle into which the'liqui'd is to be drawn from thefunnel. The obvious purpose "of the loose pivot between-the two members of the valve stem is in order to prevent the valve head from unseating from the Yvalve 'seat, even when the parts are cantejd'jout of a strictly vertical line. The
"" pu-r oseof having the-lower end of the upper member completely inclose the upper end of thelowermember, is in order to prevent the accumulation of liquid in the loose pivot,- which might rust the same or gum I -inp'la ce, 0r might have its effect upon some Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Washington, D. G.
projections so that they other liquid passed funnel later;
In order to separate the parts as for cleans- .mg or repa1r,,1t 1s only necessary to engage a screw driver in the nick in theupper end of the head of the valve, and then rotate the the threaded opening in the spider from the spout to the left; this motion withdraws screw threaded lower end of the'l0wer-1nem-" then be entirely removed upward fromjthe funnel'body while the spout is drawn downward. When restoring the parts to thefp'osition shown in Fig. thisnickcanbe used ber of the valve stem, and the latter can in a reverse manner and the shoulder'12 becomes useful for preventing the inovable valve stem frombeingscrewed too far into the spider so that the valve head wouldnot worlr wellon-its seat. I .All parts can then be boiled-or otherwise cleansed and restoredyand on rare occasions if repairs are comprising a cylindricalnipple having at its f top an annular flange formed w1th;a;-cone-' shaped valve seat, afu'nnel body attached to said .flange; a movable spout.- having a tapered lower end to seat in the neck of a H bottle and a cylindrical upper end to receive and slide on said nipple, a cross bar fixed in the intermediate portion oflthe spout and having a centrally arranged screwthreaded opening, a cone-shaped v alveto engage said seat and formedonits bottomwith a cylindrical stem ofless diameter than the nipple, the lower end of said stemhaving-a cylindrical socket, plug having a shouldered enlargement between its ends and a lower externally threaded endto screw into the opening in said cross bar,'the up'perlend of said plug being formed with a longi tudinally, extending 'slot and being cylindrical and of'lesslsi ze than the socketyin 7 said valve stem into which. latter it projects,
and a pin passed transversely throughthe lower end of the stem and the 'slot in'said I plug, said pin being ofless diameterthan the width of the slot in said plug, substantially as shown and for the purpose set forth '1'; I
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set W. H. BU KE, V C. D. PAssMoRE.
. Commissioner bf iatent's,"
my hand in presence of twosubscribingwit. nesses. v HENRY M. CASE; V Witnesses: