US 1112547 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
i wimlaaso CQMPQSIIION OF MATTER TO BE USED AS AN OXYGENIZER IN F a u .T 'irrr. a
or MONTREAL, eunsnc, CANADA.
counncrxou WITH COI'IIBUSTIBLES.
To (117 Whom it may (102100171,-
Be it known that we, ADoLrnn Molun, LOUIS l lAMON, and Eunns'r llnss, all of the city of Montreal, Province of Quebec, Canada, have jointly invented a certain new and useful Composition of Matter to be Used as an Oxygenizer in Connection with Combustibles, and of which the ti'illowingr is a specification.
The oxygenizer is to be sprayed over the fuel to mix therewith and thus augment coinbustion by supplying the oxygen necessary to insure complete combustion and therefore the n'iaximum efficiency of the fuel.
The oxygenizer is made up of chlorate of sodium and permanganate of sodium, these chemicals being respectively dissolved in Water and mixed together.
Vt hile the proportions of the constituents may vary according to the requirements of each case the preferred mixture is prepared as follows: 80 parts. by weight, of chlorate of sodium is dissolved at ordinary temperature in 100 parts, by Weight, of Water and 100 parts, by Weight, of permanganate of sodium is dissolved at critlii'iary temperature in 100 parts, by Weight, of vvater. The two solutions are then mixed, the reaction being that the resultant mixture will contain, by Weight, 526 per cent. of Water, 21.0 per cent. of chlorate or sodium and QtL-l per cent. of permanganate of sodium.
To secure the best results a vehicle or carrier is provided, the mixture, being diluted preferably with 50 times its volume of vater and the quantity supplied ton of fuel varied in connection with rlitlerent fuels.
The great solubility of chlorate and permaiu niale of sodium enables a pmvertul oxvgenizer to be produced in reduced volume, while there is no danger troir the infiaminability of the chlorate it is maintained in a permanent sta of humidity by r ason of the great hygroscopic qualities of the permanganate of sodium with which it is mixed.
Vt hen low grade coal or the like is used, the oxygenizer composed as above described, is diluted with 50 times its volume of water, and is sprayed overthe fuel, prior to the burning of the same. at the rate ot about ten (lOl gallons for e: ch ton of fuel. in connection with coke the mixture supplied at the rate oi twenty-live gallons for each ton of fuel and to secure the most eliicient Specification or Letters Patent.
' Patented cm. s, ire-la Application filed November 22, 1813. Serial No. 802,528.
results when spraying What is commonly and non-tecn1ically known as cinders or scoriie" with the solution, it has been found: preferable to spray the solution at the rate of titty gallons for each ton of fuel.
lleretofore the presence or" carbon in the smoke a rising from the burning fuel in furnaces or the like, coated the Water tubes of the boiler which therefore could not be properly heated and the draft necessarily employed was such as to quickly sweep the heated gases up the chimney and therefore prevent all but a short heating action upon the tubes.
When using the oxygenizer the heat of the furnace acts on the solution and fur nishes the oxygen necessary for thecombustion of the particles of carbon in suspension in the smoke while the provision of the oxygen also permits of the reduction of the amount ct air admitted to the furnace. The decreaser draft will result in a smaller consumption of fuel While the heated gases will pass more slowly am one the Water tubes and therefore prolong their heating period. While the consumption of the suspended carbon will avoid the deposit of soot in the tubes and on boiler sections thus leaving them in the best condition for heating.
ll the use of our oxygenizer diet is commonly and non-technically known as cinders and SCOJlh. can be used as combustibles as the same time as coal and the maxinnun etliciency secured ovvingto the fact that. the water employed for diluting the mixture also serves as a vehicle to enable the solution to penetrate to all parts of the mass being treated and particularly to the cinder-s and scorize while the oxyge brings the particles of coal contained in the cinders into contact with the oxygen developed under action at the heat ot the tn rnace permits 1 the combustion thereof. tam pra'iportion of on i i dciicnipositi of the i used.
What weclaim as follows 1. As a means of aiding the complete combustion of fuel and residues, an enriching composition consisting of chlorate of sodium, permanganate of sodium and Water the latter in quantity by Weight approximately equaling the combined quantities by Weight of said salts.
9,. As a means for aiding the complete combustion of fuel and residues, an enrich.-