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Publication numberUS1112547 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 6, 1914
Filing dateNov 22, 1913
Priority dateNov 22, 1913
Publication numberUS 1112547 A, US 1112547A, US-A-1112547, US1112547 A, US1112547A
InventorsAdolphe Morin, Louis Hamon, Ernest Hess
Original AssigneeAdolphe Morin, Louis Hamon, Ernest Hess
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composition of matter to be used as an oxygenizer in connection with combustibles.
US 1112547 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

i wimlaaso CQMPQSIIION OF MATTER TO BE USED AS AN OXYGENIZER IN F a u .T 'irrr. a

or MONTREAL, eunsnc, CANADA.

counncrxou WITH COI'IIBUSTIBLES.

To (117 Whom it may (102100171,-

Be it known that we, ADoLrnn Molun, LOUIS l lAMON, and Eunns'r llnss, all of the city of Montreal, Province of Quebec, Canada, have jointly invented a certain new and useful Composition of Matter to be Used as an Oxygenizer in Connection with Combustibles, and of which the ti'illowingr is a specification.

The oxygenizer is to be sprayed over the fuel to mix therewith and thus augment coinbustion by supplying the oxygen necessary to insure complete combustion and therefore the n'iaximum efficiency of the fuel.

The oxygenizer is made up of chlorate of sodium and permanganate of sodium, these chemicals being respectively dissolved in Water and mixed together.

Vt hile the proportions of the constituents may vary according to the requirements of each case the preferred mixture is prepared as follows: 80 parts. by weight, of chlorate of sodium is dissolved at ordinary temperature in 100 parts, by Weight, of Water and 100 parts, by Weight, of permanganate of sodium is dissolved at critlii'iary temperature in 100 parts, by Weight, of vvater. The two solutions are then mixed, the reaction being that the resultant mixture will contain, by Weight, 526 per cent. of Water, 21.0 per cent. of chlorate or sodium and QtL-l per cent. of permanganate of sodium.

To secure the best results a vehicle or carrier is provided, the mixture, being diluted preferably with 50 times its volume of vater and the quantity supplied ton of fuel varied in connection with rlitlerent fuels.

The great solubility of chlorate and permaiu niale of sodium enables a pmvertul oxvgenizer to be produced in reduced volume, while there is no danger troir the infiaminability of the chlorate it is maintained in a permanent sta of humidity by r ason of the great hygroscopic qualities of the permanganate of sodium with which it is mixed.

Vt hen low grade coal or the like is used, the oxygenizer composed as above described, is diluted with 50 times its volume of water, and is sprayed overthe fuel, prior to the burning of the same. at the rate ot about ten (lOl gallons for e: ch ton of fuel. in connection with coke the mixture supplied at the rate oi twenty-live gallons for each ton of fuel and to secure the most eliicient Specification or Letters Patent.

' Patented cm. s, ire-la Application filed November 22, 1813. Serial No. 802,528.

results when spraying What is commonly and non-tecn1ically known as cinders or scoriie" with the solution, it has been found: preferable to spray the solution at the rate of titty gallons for each ton of fuel.

lleretofore the presence or" carbon in the smoke a rising from the burning fuel in furnaces or the like, coated the Water tubes of the boiler which therefore could not be properly heated and the draft necessarily employed was such as to quickly sweep the heated gases up the chimney and therefore prevent all but a short heating action upon the tubes.

When using the oxygenizer the heat of the furnace acts on the solution and fur nishes the oxygen necessary for thecombustion of the particles of carbon in suspension in the smoke while the provision of the oxygen also permits of the reduction of the amount ct air admitted to the furnace. The decreaser draft will result in a smaller consumption of fuel While the heated gases will pass more slowly am one the Water tubes and therefore prolong their heating period. While the consumption of the suspended carbon will avoid the deposit of soot in the tubes and on boiler sections thus leaving them in the best condition for heating.

ll the use of our oxygenizer diet is commonly and non-technically known as cinders and SCOJlh. can be used as combustibles as the same time as coal and the maxinnun etliciency secured ovvingto the fact that. the water employed for diluting the mixture also serves as a vehicle to enable the solution to penetrate to all parts of the mass being treated and particularly to the cinder-s and scorize while the oxyge brings the particles of coal contained in the cinders into contact with the oxygen developed under action at the heat ot the tn rnace permits 1 the combustion thereof. tam pra'iportion of on i i dciicnipositi of the i used.

What weclaim as follows 1. As a means of aiding the complete combustion of fuel and residues, an enriching composition consisting of chlorate of sodium, permanganate of sodium and Water the latter in quantity by Weight approximately equaling the combined quantities by Weight of said salts.

9,. As a means for aiding the complete combustion of fuel and residues, an enrich.-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2704523 *Jun 22, 1950Mar 22, 1955 F walters
US3328137 *Aug 27, 1965Jun 27, 1967United States Packaging CorpRapid ignition charcoal briquette and method of making the same
US4344847 *Feb 11, 1980Aug 17, 1982Grenet Edouard PElectricity, water treatment
US4759772 *Jul 22, 1987Jul 26, 1988Carus CorporationMethod of controlling self-ignition of low rank coal
US7507083Mar 16, 2006Mar 24, 2009Douglas C ComrieReducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US7674442Jan 9, 2009Mar 9, 2010Comrie Douglas Cdemetallization, desulfurization by absorption; alkaline powder sorbent is calcium bromide and an aluminosilicate mineral to capture sulfur, chloride, mercury, lead, arsenic, and other heavy metals in the ash; renders the harmful metals non-leaching and produces cementitious fly ash byproduct
US7758827Mar 16, 2006Jul 20, 2010Nox Ii, Ltd.alkaline powder sorbent is halogen compound (calcium bromide) and an aluminosilicate mineral to capture chloride as well as mercury, lead, arsenic, and other heavy metals in the ash; renders the harmful metals non-leaching and produces cementitious fly ash byproduct
US7776301Feb 12, 2010Aug 17, 2010Nox Ii, Ltd.Reducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US7955577Jun 10, 2010Jun 7, 2011NOx II, LtdReducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US8124036Oct 27, 2006Feb 28, 2012ADA-ES, Inc.Additives for mercury oxidation in coal-fired power plants
US8150776Jan 11, 2007Apr 3, 2012Nox Ii, Ltd.Methods of operating a coal burning facility
US8226913May 2, 2011Jul 24, 2012Nox Ii, Ltd.Reducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US8293196Aug 4, 2011Oct 23, 2012ADA-ES, Inc.Additives for mercury oxidation in coal-fired power plants
US8372362Feb 4, 2011Feb 12, 2013ADA-ES, Inc.Method and system for controlling mercury emissions from coal-fired thermal processes
US8383071Mar 10, 2011Feb 26, 2013Ada Environmental Solutions, LlcProcess for dilute phase injection of dry alkaline materials
US8496894Oct 25, 2011Jul 30, 2013ADA-ES, Inc.Method and system for controlling mercury emissions from coal-fired thermal processes
US8501128Jun 22, 2012Aug 6, 2013Nox Ii, Ltd.Reducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US8524179Oct 25, 2011Sep 3, 2013ADA-ES, Inc.Hot-side method and system
US8545778Nov 16, 2012Oct 1, 2013Nox Ii, Ltd.Sorbents for coal combustion
US8574324Apr 8, 2005Nov 5, 2013Nox Ii, Ltd.Reducing sulfur gas emissions resulting from the burning of carbonaceous fuels
US8658115Aug 5, 2013Feb 25, 2014Nox Ii, Ltd.Reducing mercury emissions from the burning of coal
US8703081Sep 25, 2013Apr 22, 2014Nox Ii, Ltd.Sorbents for coal combustion
US8784757Oct 4, 2012Jul 22, 2014ADA-ES, Inc.Air treatment process for dilute phase injection of dry alkaline materials
Classifications
U.S. Classification44/641, 44/603
Cooperative ClassificationC10L9/10