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Publication numberUS1113440 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 13, 1914
Filing dateJul 3, 1913
Priority dateJul 3, 1913
Publication numberUS 1113440 A, US 1113440A, US-A-1113440, US1113440 A, US1113440A
InventorsMarion Hughes
Original AssigneeMarion Hughes
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1113440 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



APPLICATION FILED JULY 3, 1913. 1 ,1 1 3,440. Patented Oct. 13, 1914.


% Inventor Witnesses by W o M Attorneys &


APPLICATION FILED JULY 3, 1913- 1 1,113,440. Patented 061. 1-3, 1914.


\ M Wventor W 1 Attorneys Witnesses THE NORRIS PETERS Ca. PHOlD-LITHQ. WASHING TON. D. C.




1,1 13,440. Patented Oct. 13, 1914.


Witnesses N J Attorney;

UNITE sra'rns ra rnn'r orrIoE.

MARION nuenns, or snawnnn, OKLAHOMA.


To all oo/tom it may concern Be it known that I, MARION HUeI-rEs, a

citizen of the United States, residing at Shawnee, in the county of Pottawatomie and State of Oklahoma, have invented a new and useful Water-Wheel, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to water particularly designed for use in irrigating land, one of the objects of the invention being to provide a water wheel so mounted as to operate efliciently in a slow moving current although the same can also be used as efficiently in swift moving streams.

Another object is to provide a wheel hav ing a knock-down or collapsible sluice which can be readily set up in or removed from a current and which operates to direct the moving body of water against the supported wheel at an increased velocity.

A further object is to providea novel form of wheel mounted in a peculiar manner and which is adjustable upwardly and downwardly so as to be moved out of or into engagement with a moving current of water in the sluice. g

A further object isto provide a sluice the parts of which can be readily taken. apart and removed from the current soas to prevent injury during floods and the like.

With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, Ican'lbe made within the scope of what is claimed, without. departing from theqspirit of the invention.

In the accompanying drawings the preferred form of the invention has been shown.-

In said drawings :Figure 1 is a side elevation of the apparatus constituting the present invention. Fig. 2 is a plan view. Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the apparatus. Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation of the water wheel and the adjacent gears. Fig. 5 is a perspective view of one of the segments of which the wheel is formed. Fig. 6 is a perspective view of one corner portion of the wheel carrying frame; Fig. 7 is a per spective view of one of the hinge members with which said frame-coeperatesQ Figs-S is an enlarged rear elevation of one of the water intake compartments. Fig. 9 is a Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed. July 3,. 1913.


Serial No. 777,171.

Patented 0013.13, 1914.

perspective view of portions of the braces used in connection with the sluice. "Fig. 10 18 a perspectivevlew of a portlon of one of the deflecting wings used at the inlet end of the sluice. Fig. 11 is avertical longitudinal section through the corner bearing shown in Fig. 6.

heferring to the figures by characters of reference 1 designates side supports each including parallel walls 2 connected in any suitable manner, as by means of cross strips 3 and a receiver a which, as shown in Fig. 2,

may be constituted of a'platform upon which a pump 5 of any suitable construc tionmay be mounted. The receiver a may.

have pump cylinderstherein'and the mechanism indicated at 5 canbe employed for I I actuating thepistons within these cylinders.

The receiver e is provided with a plurality.

of inlet apertures, as shown at- 6 in Fig. 8,.

these apertures being arranged back of a screen 7 so as to prevent the admission of objectionable foreign substancesto the receiver a. 'Each of the side members 1 has its front end closed and obliquely disposed,

The two members 1 are as shown at 8.

oppositely disposed so that these inclined which chains, wire cables or the like may be attached for the purpose of. holding the sluice properly anchored in the current. Rings 10 are also preferably arranged in engagement with straps 11 secured to the outerv sides of the members 1.

The two side members 1 of the sluice are detachably connected by front, rear and intermediate cross strips 12, 13 and 141 respectively, each of these cross stripsor beams being formed with end cleats 15 arranged in pairs, two pairs being located at each end of each ofthe beams 12, 13 andlt and the cleats of the several pairs belng adapted tostrac'ldle' the outer side walls of the respective members 1.

Erected on the. inner side walls of the members 1 are supplemental walls 16 preferably held to the walls 2 by dowels 17 or the like and by means of cleats 18 which extend downwardly through holding brackets 19 secured to the adjacent walls 2 of the members 1. I Hooks and eyesyindicated at 20,1nay be provided for fastening the supplemental walls 16 to the. walls 2 thereunder. Each of the supplemental walls 16 is provided, at its rear end, with a bearing block 21 having an inclined slo extending therointo, this block .21 being adapted to project between parallel side strips formed at one side of a wheel carrying frame oaid sic e strips are spaced apart at their rear ends by segmental blocks 25 and 26 so proportioned as to fit snugly with in the slots 22 in the adjacent blocks 21. Frame 2 rests snugly on the supplemental walls 16 and has arms 26 extending downwardly therefrom and removably mounted in holding brackets 27 on the supplemental walls. Furthermore hooks and eyes such as indicated at 28, may be employed for fastening the frame at to the walls 16.

' Mounted for rotation on frame 24: is a transverse siaft 29 to which are secured pairs of disks 30. Segmental members 31 are moiuited between the disks of each pair and have tapered extensions or arms 32 forming spokes, these spokes being connected by blades or paddles 33. Shaft 29 is preferably removably mounted on the frame 24, the same being held in place by hinged bearing caps 3 1 which are detachably held in place by means of wing nuts 35 or the like mounted on bolts 36 extending through slots 37 in the ends of the caps. Pivotally connected to the front of the frame 2% are legs 38 and notches 39 are formed in the upper edges of the supplemental walls 16 for the reception of these legs when the frame 24' is swung upwardly out of normal position.

A. gear 10 rotates with shaft 29 and meshes with a smaller gear 41 journaled on one side portion of frame 24, the shaft 42 of this gear being provided with a crank arm 13. Shaft 29 is likewise provided with a crank arm ii. A. pitman 4:5 may be attached to either of these crank arms 13 and 4A and to the pump 5 so that said pump can be actuated at either of two speeds.

Defiecting wings 46 are detachably connected to the front extremities of the side members 1 and diverge forwardly, it being designed, when the apparatus herein described is anchored in a stream, to extend these wings 46 from the members 1 to the banks of the stream.

Braces 47 are interposed between the cross strips 13 and 14; and these braces interfit at their points of intersection, as shown in Fig. 9, the terminals of the braces abutting against blocks 18 secured to the cross strips or beams 13 and 14.

In using the apparatus the same is set up in a stream of water and the wings 46 are extended therefrom to the banks of the stream so that the entire body of water will be directed into the sluice formed between members 1. If frame 24: is in its lowermost position, the current will act upon the lowest blades of the wheel and thus cause the wheel to rotate and motion to be transmitted therefrom to the pumping mechanism 5.

Should it be desired temporarily to remove the whcel from the water, it is merely necessary to swing fram 21 upwardly so that the blocks 25 and 26 will rotate in the slots 22, and to then swing legs 38 downwardly so that they will rest in the notches 39. Thus frame will be supported in an inclined position with the blades out of contactewith the water. Should the velocity of the current become excessive and thus endanger the apparatus, the frame 241 can be removed bodily from the sluice by lifting it to an inclined position and then withdrawing the segmental blocks 25 and 26 from slots 22. Said frame, together with the wheel, can then be conveyed from the sluice. Furthermore, if desired, the cross beams 12, 13 and 141 can be lifted out of engagement with the members 1 after which said members can be floated to'the sides of the stream so that injury to the apparatus as a result of floods, and'the like, is thus prevented.

The entire apparatus can be set up quickly by bringing the members 1 to the proper distance from each other and then holding them together by means of the cross beams 12, 13 and 14:. Braces 17 can then be placed in position so as to prevent lateral distortion of the sluice after which the frame 24 is to be placed on the walls 16 and with its segmental blocks 25 and 26 in the slots 22.

Importance is attached to the fact that the structure herein described can be collapsed readily and to the further fact that by means of the peculiar construction of the apparatus, to make 1 entirely or practically entirely of wood so that the parts can be easily floated to or from position while assembling or collapsing the same.

While the apparatus is particularly designed for operating a pump, it is to be understood that any other suitable mechanism might be driven thereby.

By referring to'Fig. 5 it will be seen that the segments of the wheel are to be provided, at their inner ends, with studs 48 adapted to project into the shaft 29, thus to prevent rotation of the shaft within the wheel.

What is claimed is 1. The combination with opposed members forming a sluice and supplemental walls upstanding therefrom and detachably connected thereto, of a frame mounted on said walls and bridging the sluice, said frame being mounted for angular adjustment about a transverse axis. a water .vheel carried by the frame, and means for supporting the frame in raised position, said frame being detachably mounted on the walls, and means for securing the frame in lowered position.

2. A structure of the class described ineluding separate floats, separate means detachably connected to the floats for holding them spaced apart, separate means interposed between and detachable from said a spacing means for bracing the structure against lateral distortion, a frame bridgin the space between the floats and detaohably mounted thereon, said frame being adjustable angularly about a transverse axis, a 10 Water Wheel revoluble Within the frame,

as my own, I have hereto aflixed my sl'gnais ture in the presence of two witnesses MARION HUGHES. Witnessesz,


Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,

' Washington, 13.0.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4001596 *Oct 3, 1974Jan 4, 1977Kurtzbein Earl DWave and current operated power generating device
US4598210 *May 11, 1984Jul 1, 1986Biscomb Lloyd IWater current motor
US8878381 *Jun 1, 2012Nov 4, 2014Global Perpetual Energy, Inc.System for conversion of wave energy into electrical energy
US20130140823 *Jun 1, 2012Jun 6, 2013Terry Wayne HenrySystem for conversion of wave energy into electrical energy
U.S. Classification416/85
Cooperative ClassificationF03B17/063, Y02E10/28