US 1116803 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. A. DAINOFF.
COMPOSITE BLANK AND METHOD FOR GOLD AND'SILVER LEAF SIGN LETTERS AND ORNAMENTS FOR GLASS.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 27, 1914.
Patented Nov. 10, 1914.
pnrrnn s rarns "PATENT "OFFICE.
A d'ULIUS A. DAINOFF, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
CQMPOSITE BLANK AND METHOD FOR GOLD AND SILVER LEAF SIGN-LETTERS AND ORNAMENTS FOR GLASS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 10, 1914.
Application filed April 27, 1914. Serial No. 834,689.
To all whomit may concern Be it known that I, JULIUS, ABRAHAM DAINoFF, a subject of the Czar of Russia, and a resident of the borough of Brooklyn, in the city of New York, York, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Composite. Blanks and Methods for Gold and Silver Leaf Sign-Letters and Ornaments for Glass, whereof the-following is a speci fication.
The object of this invention is'to avoid the difficulties and reduce the time required for the formation of gold and silver leaf lettering on windows and other similar surfaces.
This invention relates to composite blanks for gold or silver leaf sign letters, characters or ornaments, easily applicable by an unskilled person to the glass of a window or door pane or other article to form a sign or ornament thereon.
Figure 1 of the acompanying drawings represents a perspective view of one embodiment of this invention, this illustration bein in the form of a composite-sign letter blank ready for application to the glass. Fig. 2 represents a composite sheet blank from which composite sign letter and ornament blanks have been cut. Fig. 3 represents a rearelevation of a pane of glass having a composite metal leaf sign letter blank a pliedthereto in reverse position, showing t e'temporary backing of the blank under process ofremoval. ig. 4 represents the front elevation of a' pane of lass having applied thereto a sign letter rom one of these composite blanks, showing a border of a permanent backing applied to the letter and extending beyond t e metal leaf. Fig. 5 repre'sentsa vertical section on line 55 of Fig. 4 showing a letter from one of these blanks applied to the glass and covered with a permanent backing of paint. Fig. 6 represents a perspective View of a fragment of a glass pane havin one of these composite letter. blanks apphed thereto, this figure county of New backing of the metal leaf letter coming off with said holding sheet.
The same reference numbers are used in all the figures to indicate the same parts.
An embodiment'of this invention comprises a backing 1 and a layer 2 of metal leaf superposed thereon to which is preferably added another layer 3 of metal leaf.
The backing 1 consists of a thin sheet of absorbent material preferably composed of ordinary tissue paper, newspaper or the like. A coating of refined oil preferably olive oil is applied to a sheet of the paper designed to form the backing and the so coated sheet is allowed to stand for ten minutes more or less until the oil soaks into the body of the paper. Then a sheet of gold or silver leaf 2 is applied to the oiled paper sheet and adheres thereto. Then a second sheet 3 of gold or silverleaf is applied over the sheet 2 and adheres thereto. A slight pressure is applied to the superposed layers and they adhere together. Then a portion of the three-ply sheet, or two-ply sheet as. the case may be, corresponding in shape to'the desired letter or other character or design is cut or stamped out. The cut out portion constitutes a composite blank containing gold or silver leaf letters, characters or ornamental devices ready for application to the window or other place of use.
These-composite layers or other characters or ornaments may be placed on the market as articles of manufacture or supplied by order of the users. V
In the application of a letter, character or ornament contained in the cut out composite blank to the glass 10, a holding. sheet or strip 40 is preferably attached bysome adhesive matter at two or three points as indicated at 5 to the composite blank. This strip projects at opposite ends or opposite sides beyond the body of the cut out composite blank and the projecting ends can be grasped by the operator for placing the letter or other device on the glass.
The back of the glass panewhere the lettering or other device is to be applied is prepared in the usual manner of preparing panes for the application of gold leaf in its crude state, namely, by a weak solution of gelatin and boiled water. Then each comcharacters or ornaments ing composed of an absorbent sheet of paper material containing a refined oil,
a letter or other deposite blank containing holding sheet 4 and vice is grasped by the placed in position with its metal leaf letters or ornaments against the pane. The letters, characters or ornaments so placed with their backings and holding sheets adhering thereto are allowed to dry 'on the glass for a period of from five to thirty minutes according to the conditionof the atmosphere. After the so applied letters or other devices are snfliciently dry, the holding sheet -l and the backing sheet 1 are pulled off simultaneously from each as indicated in Fig. 7, or the backing sheet may be pulled off sepa-' rately as indicated in Fig. 3. An application of benzin to the back of the holding sheet 4 or backing 1 will facilitate the removal thereof.
After the holding sheet and backing are removed a coating of paint 6 is ap lied by means of a brush to the .back oft e letter and a shading or complete border may be formed on the glass beyond the gold leaf as indicated in Fi 4. paint of any color may be used for t is purpose. This coating of paint protects the letter and secures its permanency on the glass.
These composite blanks for letters or other characters or ornamental designs may in some cases be practical when made with one layer of metal leaf or with more than two layers thereof, but two layers of the leaf are preferable, as one layer will cover any defects or pinholes in the other.
These composite blanks for old and silver sign letters, ornaments, an the like are economical to manufacture, prevent waste of gold or silver leaf and avoid loss of time. By their use the sign letters or other ornaments can be applied and finished at one time; whereas in the ordinary application of gold or silver leaf letters two or more visits on different days are required. Moreover these composite blanks enable the letters or otherdesigns to be easily applied to skyli hts or other (places where it is difiicult for t e painter to esi'gn and paint the individual letters.
Iclaim as my invention:
1. A composite blank for sign letters, characters or ornaments comprising a backing composed of an absorbent sheet of'paper or similar material containing a refined oil, and a sheet of metal leaf adherin thereto.
2. A composite blank for sign letters,
comprising a backor similar the paper,
and two superposed layers ofmetal leaf adhering to each other and to s 'd oiled back- 3. The method of making a composite blank for metal leaf letters, characters or ornaments which consists in applying refined oil to an absorbent sheet of thin paper and allowing the oil to soak into the paper, and then placing the oiled paper in contact with a sheet 0 metal leaf, whereby said leaves will adhere to ether.
4. The method 0 making a composite blank for metal leaf letters, characters or ornaments which consists in applying refined oil to an absorbent sheet of thin paper and allowing the oil to soak into the paper, and then placin the oiled aper in contact with a sheet of metal lea whereby said leaves will adhere together, andthen apply- }ing a second layer of metal leaf over the rst.
5. A metal leaf character or ornament blank comprising a backing composed of an absorbent sheet of ipaper or similar material containin a re ned oil, and a sheet of metal leaf adhering thereto. I
6. A metal leaf character or ornament blank comprising a backing composed of an absorbent sheet of paper or similar material containing a refined oil, and two superposed layers of metal leaf adhering to each other and to said oiled backing.
7. The method of making a metal leaf character or ornament blank which consists in a plying refined oil to an absorbent sheet of t in paper, allowing the oil to soak into placingthe oil soaked paper in contact with a sheet of metal leaf and permitting said oiled paper and metal leaf to adhere by attraction, and then cutting out the character or ornament blank from the so adhering sheets.
8. The method of making a metal leaf character or ornament blank which consists in applying refined oil to an absorbent sheet of thmpaper, allowing the oil to soak. into the paper, placing the oil soaked paper in contact with mitting said oiled aper and metal lea to adhere by attraction, applying a second layer of metal leaf overthe first, and then cuttin out the character or ornament blank from t e so adhering sheets.
JULIUS A. DAINOFF.
Witnesses FRANK CHASE Sons, MARI Y. BROOKS.
a sheet of metal leaf and er-.