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Publication numberUS1118435 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1914
Filing dateApr 9, 1914
Priority dateApr 9, 1914
Publication numberUS 1118435 A, US 1118435A, US-A-1118435, US1118435 A, US1118435A
InventorsMoses Mosler, Carl Bartels
Original AssigneeMosler Safe Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fireproof safe.
US 1118435 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

M. MOSLER & C. BARTELS.

HRBPRooF SAFE.

APPLICATION FILED APR. 8,1014.

1,1 18,435. Patented Nov. 24, 1914.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

} s w s a e o MaffvMvJ/er af/af/el/J Witnesses' Inventors 0. i -1041,. w, 5MM. Eff 0MM/ (/U' 5&2,

Attorney wsu-RIS PETERS C0 rI/OTU'LITHQ. WASHrNuIuN, n v.

M. MOSLER & C. BARTELS.

FIREPROOP SAFE.

APPLICATION FILED APR. o, 1914.

-SHBBT 2.

Inventors CU. a?,

Patented Nov. 24, 1914.

2 SHEETS Uniriin sri/iras N ra'rmirr onirica. t,

MOSES lMsLER, OFCINGINNATI, .AND CARL BAR'JJELS,` OFHAMILTON, OHIO, ASSIGNORS ;TO THEIVIOSLER SAFE COMPANY,'OF.NEWYORK, N. Y.

FIREPROOF SAFE.

T0 all whom it may concern.'

Be it known that we, `Mosiis Mostra, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cincinnati, Hamilton county, Ohio, and CARL BARrELs, a citizen of the United States, iesiding at Hamilton, Butler county, Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fireproof Safes, of which the following isza specification.

rlhis invention, pertaining to fireproof safes, relates particularly to a consti-notion by means of `which the interior cabinet of the safe remains `water-proof and steam proof in spite of such warping distortion as may takeplacein the outer structure if a safe falls in aburning buildingand becomes highly heated and iiooded with water, or otherwise flooded or subjectedto the action of steam. d y d It frequentlyhappens that a fire-proof safe falls to the lower' regions' in the burning building, the heat received by the safe causingsuch warping distortion as will open up joints to such extent as to permit of the admission of water or steam into the interior cabinet of the safe, to the damage or destruction of its contents, and damage is often done to the interior of ordinary safes in y case of floods.

Our invention will be readily understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which l Figure 1 is an elevation of the inner face of the general door embodying an exempliication `of our improvements, a portion of the baclrplate of the door being broken away to exhibit some of the bolt-work of the main door, and the bolt-work of the auxiliary door `being omitted in order that the bolt-work of fthe main door may be more clearly seen. Fig. 2 is a similar elevation of the inner face of the auxiliary door, a portion of its inner plate being broken away: Fig. 3 a verticalsection of the general door in the plane of line a of Figs. l, 2 and 4l: Fig. 4 a horizontal section atene edge of the general door in the plane of line b of Figs. l, 2 and 3: Fig. 5 a vertical section at the upper edge of the main and auxiliary doors in the plane of line o of Figs. 1, 2 and 4t: Fig.` 6 a front elevation of one of the suspension elements uniting the auxiliary door to the` main door: and Fig. 7

`Specification of LettersPatent. Patented N0V d Application led. April 9, 1914. Serial No..830,614. i

a `horizontal section inthe of linee of Figs. l, 2 and `3.

In the drawings :-1, indicates the stepped.

door-jamb of a `fire-proof safe: 2,`the front plate of the front wall, surrounding the door-jamb: 3, the inner cabinet of the safe, having its front secured to, the rear portion of the door-jamb: 4, thesteppcd frame of the main` door, the same fitting withintlie stepped door-jamb 5, the `front plate ofthe main door: 6, the bacloplate of the `main door, this plate separating the main door into a front coinpartmentto receive ;the bolt and lock work; 7 the fire-prooffilling in the front compartment of the main door: 8the main bolts, disposed in the rear conipartment ofthe mainjdoor and working through its frame and adapted to lockinto openings in the door-jamb: and 9, the carrying-bar for main bolts 8. All of the parts thus far referred to may be as usual in` fire proof safe construction and subject to anyof the usual modifications in such construction, except as to a feature of the interior cabinet 3, which will be referred to later. Bolts 8 maybe thrown by any of the usual means and our `present `invention does 1not concern itself with the mechanism for or manner of supporting the main door or operatingits bolts. y

Continuing with the drawings :--l0, in?` dicates an auxiliary door in the form of a plate carried by theinain door frame but adapted for movement to and from the inain door frame, thisauxiliary door standing close to the `front edge of the interior edge of the interior `cabinet 3 when `the compound door is closed; 11, a packing, as of a and adapted to work throughsuitable open` ings in the `auxiliary door-frame and .en gage 1n suitable openings in the door-311mb,

these auxiliary door bolts being provided at` all. of the edges of the auxiliary door-5.14,l

the joint of separation vbetween the front of auxiliary door-frame 12 and the rear of main door-frame 4, Fig. 4 indicating this joint as being open, while Figs. 3 and 5 illustrate it as being closed; 15, a vertical carrying bar connected with each vertical line of auxiliary bolts 13; 16, bearings through which the auxiliary bolts may slide these bell-crank levers being connected with an end of an auxiliary carrying-bar so that the rocking of these bell-crank levers will move the carrying-bars laterally; 19, a pair of levers mounted on fixed pivots on the auxiliary door at the base of the door, another pair of these levers being provided at the top of the door, the outer end of each of these levers being pivoted to the inner arm of one of the vbellcrank levers; 20, a crank-disk mounted within the auxiliary door, and preferably at the center of the door as illustrated; 21, a spindle fast with this crank-disk and adapted to be -turned from the outer face of the main door as is usual in fireproof safes; 22, links extending from the crank-pins of the crank-disk to pivots uniting the inner ends of levers 19; Q3, a typical tumbler of the usual combination lock mounted at the back of the main door, between it and the auxiliary door; 24, the usual dogging'bar attached to the carrying-bar 9 of the main bolts and extending inwardly past the combination lock, this clogging-bar having an inwardly presenting shoulder; 25, a locking-lever mounted on the main door on a pivot disposed below and between the combination lock and crank-disk 20, this locking-lever having a tooth adapted to enter the tumbler of the combination lock, and having an outer end adapted to engage inwardly of the shoulder on clogging-bar 24 when the main bolts are thrown and the tooth of the-lever is out of the notch of the tumbler; 2G, a pincarried by crank-disk 20 and adapted to engage over the inner end of vlocking-lever 25 when the tooth of the locking`-lever is in the tumbler, and the auxiliary bolts are in drawn position, and adapted to engage inwardly ofthe inner end of the llocking-lever when the auxiliary bolts are in thrown position and the tooth of the locking-lever is out of the notch of the tumbler; 27, a socket secured near each upper corner of main doorframe 4; 28, a block adapted to slide forward and backward in each of these sockets and having its rear end secured rigidly to auxiliary door-plate 10; 29, a spring acting between each ofthe sockets and its block 2S and adapted to urge the auxiliary door toward the main door frame; and 30, a ball-bearing at each "of the sockets, and acting between thesocket and'its block and serving to ease the forward and rearward motion of the blocks in the sockets.

The cabinet 3 is to be of metal with its seams made water-tight as by being welded. The auxiliary door may move to and from the main door a limited distance, blocks 2S sliding in, sockets 26 as this motion takes place, and ther springs 29 serving to urge the auxiliary door toward the main door so that joint 14 will be closed,the compound door then appearing as a single door. The socket and block arrangements at the top of the door form suspension elements uniting the auxiliary door to the main door. These arrangements might be duplicated at the base of 'the door, but they are not necessary.

lVhen the compound door is closed, and before the bolts of the auxiliary door are thrown, the'packing on the auxiliary door stands free of the front edge of the cabinet 3, such relationship of parts permitting orldinary and frequent closingA of the compound door during the day without subjecting the packing to any wear. The outer ends of auxiliary bolts 13 are beveled on their front faces where they engage the locking openings in the door-jainb, asseen in Fig. 4. 1f the compound doorl be closed in the usual manner, the auxiliary door will be without any special office, and joint 14 will be closed. 1f, now, the auxiliary bolts 13 be thrown then their beveled ends will cause the auxiliary door to be forced rearward so as to compress lits packing tightly against the front edge of the interior cabinet. Under these conditions the auxiliary door forms a water-tight closure for the'in# torior cabinet and is not dependent upon the condition of the main door. The main door may become warped by r`lire and falling, or may fundamentally leak, but these damaging effects do not reach the auxiliary door, the result Vbeing that there is maintained within the fire-proof outer structure an inner water and steam-proof structure. 1t is to be observed that 'the connections between. the auxiliary door and the main doors are of flexible character.

Springs 17 tend to urge the auxiliary bolts outward tolocking position and to draw the auxiliary doorto tightly packed position, the-illustrated mechanism for operating `these bolts being of a permissive and releasing character rather than elements essential` in holding these bolts in active position. It is to be observed that the auxiliary bolts at the side edges of the door are moved by carrying-bars 15, while the auxiliary bolts at the upper and lower edges off the door `areactuated by oscillation `.of levers 19, the junetures of these levers with the inner arms of bell-crank levers 18 being` engaged by these vertical bolts.

As seen in Figs. l and 2 the main bolts and the `auxiliary bolts are in drawn position, andi'l it be desired' merely to close the door of the safe without bolting it, the bolts may be left in this condition. The main bolts may be thrown in the usual manner, whenever desired, the engagement of locking-lever 25 with dogging-bar 2-l being an idle one. It, after the main bolts are thrown, it be desired to put the auxil iary door on duty it may be doneby turning crank-disk 20, in clockwise direction in F ig. 2, which results .in all of the auxiliary bolts going into action and drawing the auxiliary door into tight engagement with the cabinet. This turning of the crank-disk has removed pin 2G from over the clogging lever so that the combination lock may be operated tocause the locking-lever to lock clogging-bar 24: and also to lock the crankdislr. When it is desired to unlock and open the safe, the combination lock is rst set and then the main bolts thrown, the action of clogging-bar 24 on the locking-lever releasing pin 26 so that the auxiliary bolts may be drawn.

(,)ur invention is quite independent oi any peculiarity of means which may be employed in throwing the main` bolts ori in throwing and releasingthe auxiliary bolts. lt is our preference that the springs throwing the auxiliary bolts have within themselves power enough `to throw those bolts and draw the auxiliary door to tight condition independent of `any other actuating mechanism that may be connected with those bolts. It might even be that under some circumstances ol construction the springs which throw the auxiliary bolts will be strong enough to throw them and move their connected mechanism when there was no desire that those bolts be thrown at all. We may therefore so connect the auxiliary bolts with the main bolts that the auxiliary bolts cannot throw unless the main bolts are thrown. This provision is of special utility when the door is standing open, a condition under which it is undesirable that the auxiliary bolts be in thrown condition, for their protrusion would obviously interfere with the ready closure oi the door. And so, also, when the compound door is closed, but

not locked, it is undesirable that the auxiliary bolts go to thrown position. This feature will now be explained.

Referring to the drawing, and particularly to Fig. 7 :-31, indicates a short vertical spindle near that edge of the compound door provided with main bolts: 32, a slot in main carrying-bar 9: 33, an arm whose axis is `itormed by spindle 3l, this arm projecting loosely' into 'the slot in the main carryingbar: 'and 34, an arm fast with arm 33 and adapted to swingrearward and have its inner end engage the edge of auxiliary carrying-bar 15.

'ln Fig. 7 the main bolts and auxiliary bolts are shown as thrown, corresponding with the locked condition of the compound door.` If, by any mechanism whatever provided 'or the purpose, carrying-bar 15 be moved and the auxiliary bolts withdrawn, and then the main bolts be drawn, arm 34 will engage carrying-bar l5, thereby holding the auxiliary bolts in drawn condition regardless oi the strength oit' their throwing v springs. In this condition of the compound door it may stand open, with all bolts drawn or it may be closed without any bolts being thrown. When the main bolts are thrown then the auxiliary bolts are released so that they will be thrown by their springs or by whatever mechanism is provided for throwing them. The double lever 33-34 may be applied at .any point in the height of the door where it can be acted upon by the main bolt system and serve in latching and releasing the auxiliary bolt system. v

It is to be understood that the illustrated construction is but a single exempliication of our invention, which will lend itself to many modifications at the hands of the skilled constructor without departing from the spirit of our invention. lVe have sought simply to set forth the principle of our invention and the best form in which we at present contemplate embodying that principle.

We claim 1. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the doorj amb, an auxiliary door carried by the Y rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packing `between the auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, means holding the auxiliary door normally toward the `main door, and means independent of the main bolt-work and carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door, combined substantially as set forth.

2. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion ol the doorj amb, an auxiliary door carried by the rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packing between the auxiliary door and the front edge oi the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, auxiliary bolt-work carried by the auxiliary door` nfes dependent `of the main bolt-work, and means carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door when the auxil iary bolts are thrown, combined substan tially as set forth.

3. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet `secured to the rear portion of the doorj amb, an auxiliary rdoor suspended at the rear of the main Ydoor and adapted to move to vand from 'the main door, a packing between the auxiliary 4door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted yto be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved -away from it, means holding the auxiliary door normally toward the main door, and means independent of the main bolt-work and Carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door, combined substantially las set forth.

L A safe comprising, `a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, fa water-tight cabinet secured 'to the rear portion of 'the doorjamb, an auxiliary door carried by the rear ofthe 'main door and adapted to move to and from the 'main door, a packing be tween the auxiliary door andthe front edge of the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and vthe auxiliary door is moved away from it, and auxilia'ry bolts carried by the auxiliary Vdoor independent of the m'ain'bolt-work and having beveled ends adapted to force the auxiliary door away from 'the main door and vtol ward the cabinet when the auxiliary bolts are thrown, combined substantially as set forth.

5. A safe lcomprisiirg, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, ya water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the doorj amb, an auxiliary door disposed at the rear of the main door, cooperating blocks and sockets on the main door and auxiliary door to cause 'the main door to support the auxiliary door and permit the latter to move to and from the former, a packing between the auxiliary door and the front edge ofthe cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, and means in dependent of the main bolt-work and carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door, combined substantially as set forth.

6. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the door] amb, an auxiliary doordisposed at the rear ofthe main door, cooperating blocks and sockets on the main door 'and auxiliary door to cause the main ldoor to support the auxiliary door and permit the latter to move to and from the former, springs coperating with the main door and auxiliary door and tending to hold the auxiliary `door yieldingly toward the main door, a packing between tlie auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet vand 'adapted to becompressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, and means independent of the main bolt-work and oarried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door, combined sub.- stantially asset forth. Y

7. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the doorjamb7 an auxiliary door carried by the rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packing between -the 'auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted Ato be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is 'moved away from it, auxiliary bolt-work vcarried by the `auxiliary door in' dependent of the main bolt-work, means carried by "the, auxiliary door for forcing` it away from the Imain door when the auxiliary bolts are thrown, and springs co-acting with the auxiliary `bolt-work to serve in throwing and holding thrown the auxiliary bolts, combined substantially as set forth.

8. A safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured 'fto the rear portion of the door-j amb, an auxiliary door carried vby the rear of Vthe main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packing between the auxiliary door and the front edge ofthe cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door'is closed and the auxil iary door is moved away from it,l auxiliary bolts carried by vthe -auxiliary door, and spring mechanism for throwing the auxiliary bolts and drawing the auxiliary door away from the main door and tightly toward said oabinet,'combined substantially as set forth.

9. A salfe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the doorej amb, an auxiliary door carried by the rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packing between the auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, auxiliary bolts carried by theauxiliary door and serv ing to move the auxiliary door away from the main door `and tightly against the cabinet, and a latching device ooperating with the main bolts and serving to prevent the auxiliary bolts from `being thrown before the main bolts are thrown, combined substantially as A'set forth. y

10. A :safe comprising, a main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured vto Athe rear portion of the loo doorjamb, an auxiliary door carried by the rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the .main door, a packing between the auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, auxiliary bolt-work carried by the auxiliary door independent of the bolt-work, means carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door when the auxiliary bolts are thrown, and means for locking the main boltwork and auxiliary bolt-work when both sets of bolts are in thrown position, combined substantially as set forth.

11. A safe comprising, a'main door, main bolt-work mounted thereon, a water-tight cabinet secured to the rear portion of the doorjamb, an auxiliary door carried by the rear of the main door and adapted to move to and from the main door, a packingbetween the auxiliary door and the front edge of the cabinet and adapted to be compressed when the main door is closed and the auxiliary door is moved away from it, auxiliary bolt-work carried by the auxiliary door independent of the bolt-work, means carried by the auxiliary door for forcing it away from the main door when the auxiliary bolts are thrown, a clogging-bar moving with the main bolts, a clogging-member moving with the auxiliary bolts, a lock, and a looking 1e ver controlled by the lock and ooperating with said clogging-bar and clogging-member and serving to hold both sets of bolts in thrown position, combined substantially as set forth.

MOSES MOSLER. CARL BARTELS. Witnesses:

C. J. GRAESER, E. A. GREASER.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the "Commissioner of Patents,

Washington, D. C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3101981 *Apr 3, 1961Aug 27, 1963Nat Rejectors GmbhMoney-handling devices
US5060582 *Oct 15, 1990Oct 29, 1991Salzer Sicherheitstechnik GmbhHigh security blast resistant door leaf
Classifications
U.S. Classification109/59.00R, 220/245, 220/246, 220/248, 109/68, 109/75
Cooperative ClassificationE05G1/00