|Publication number||US1118471 A|
|Publication date||Nov 24, 1914|
|Filing date||Oct 13, 1913|
|Priority date||Oct 13, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1118471 A, US 1118471A, US-A-1118471, US1118471 A, US1118471A|
|Original Assignee||Cortland Carlton|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
C C. CARLTON.
APPLICATION PILED 01m13.191s.
1,1 18,471. Patented N0v.24,1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
y Corda/2d Tarifa/l.
'Arm/mfr C. CARLTON.
APPLICATION FILED 00T.13, 1913.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
CORTLAND CARLTON, 0F IOLA., KANSAS.
Specification of Letters latent.
Patented Nov. 24, 1914.
Application med october 13,1913. serial No. 795,001. i
T0 all 011/1. om. 'it may com/'ern 13e 1t known that I, (lou'rLANn CaimroN, a citizen ol` the United States', residing at lola',
in the county of Allen and State of Kansas,
have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Time-Cookers; and I do dcclare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the saine, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which forni a part of this specification.
My invention relates to a time cooker, and more particularly to an apparatus including time controlled mechanism for automatically terminating a cooking period, and which may be set for operation at the termination of any desired period of time.
One of the principal uses for which the apparatus is adapted is that for automatically terminating the period during which eggs, or the like, are to be boiled, and for removing the boiled articles from the water within which they are immersed during the boiling operation in order to completely terminatethe boiling operation.
It is a well known fact that the specilic period for which the eggs are to be boiled varies according to personal tastes, andl for that reason the apparatus includes a setting mechanism whereby a desired period may be set on the time controlled-mechanism and the operating parts released at the termination of thel fixed period.
In constructing an apparatus embodying the special features mentioned, I have provided improved dctails of structure, the preferred forms of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure I is a perspective view of a time cooker embodying the features of my invention. Fig. II is a. sectional view of the same, taken immediately in front of theI clock mechanism, parts being, broken away for -better illustration. FigrdII is an enlarged detailed perspective of the time shaft and ratchet disk; showing the disk locking pawl.
Referring moreA in detail to the parts 1 designates a base upon which the operating elements of the apparatus are mounted, and which comprises a standard 2 carrying a clock mechanism 3 of any suitable type, and which is merely indicated by the casing,
as the details of structure of such clock mechanism may be of any suitable type and, therefore, form no part of the present invention. Also'supported on the base 1, and rising along the front face of the casing 3, is a standard 5, having an aperture (3 therein forming a bearing for the extended shaft 7 of the clock mechanism; which shaft corresponds to a second hand shaft, in that it makes one complete revolution per minute.
lievolubly mounted on a stub shaft i), that is carried by the standard 5, is a disk 10 having ratchet teeth 11 on its periphery adapted for travel beneath, and in proximity to, the clock shaft 7, and having a cam incline l2 at one end of the set of ratchet teeth whereby the rise from the base of the first teeth of the circumference of the disk is made gradual, for the purpose presently described.
'lhe disk carries a weight 14, preferably in the form of a radial projection, which is arranged to center over the shaft i) when the disk is set to initial position, but is adapted to overbalance the disk when moved olf center. in order to carry said disk around to a striking position; the weight when made in this forni'also serving as a striking arm, as presently described.
The clock shaft 7 carries a tooth 15 which is adapted for engagement with. the ratchet teeth on the disk when the parts are in operation, in order to move the disk forwardly one toothed space at each revolution of the clock shaft; it being apparent that when the disk is set back of center, the tooth on the clock shaft will lift the weight of the disk and striking arm, and eventually push same forwardly off center in order that it may automatically operate.
In order to hold the disk to a set position back of its center, and to determine the.
cooking periods, I provide a latch 17 comprising a pawl which is pivotally mounted i on a stub shaft 18 carried by the standard 5, and is adapted for engagement with any from one upwardly to any desired number te indicate the minutes the cooking operation is to continue; it being apparent that when the disk is set for a one minute period,
the tooth 17 may be set behind the first ratchet'tooth to dragvover the Atace l2,
until the weight passes ed genterand -carries the disk around. L Q As the clock shaft 7 must .perform some.
work to carry the disk around, it is ap arent. that when relieved from its contact with the disk, it will travel idly until. it again contactsthe disk, and thereby' adord fluctuation, unless some means isprovided ferretarding its'travel. For this purpose'l pivot a Weight 20 on the upper 'endfbfl 'standard y5 above the shaft, and provide .the #Weight .with av de'- f pending lip l2l, which is adapted 'for engagement by the clock shaft tooth, so that the tooth must lift the Weight `during; its tra-vel above the disk, and thereby afford a Working substitute for the driving contact with the ratchet disk. f'
'ln order thatthe 'clock'shait tooth may take up' the Work immediately on engage.-4 ment'vvith the lip' 2l, l prdject a pin' 22 'from the side of the standard 5,'"to holdthe Weight in a slightly inclinedy positionba'ck o-its pendant center, so that' its lifting process beginsasfsoon as the'clock shaft tooth en gagesthelip, and in e'rder'to insure proper contact with 'thelip 'and tooth, llprovlde the Weight .vtith'aniarm23 which projects'over,
the outer face oipthe ratchet Wheel.l
As theonly Auiictionof the clock-,mechanisn'ieisj tofope'rate theftilne disk, itlsfuseless to allow the mechanism to jrun 1 when 'j .the apparatus is idle? and for that lrea'so'n'l pro-v vide a'f-lockinigdevice "for interruptin the been releasedfand thestrikin' 'arm 'lowered to trip'the cookin'ggvessel,as lieeinafte'r dei scribed; .such mechanisiriLicdriiprisin'g aleai 25,1vhich is pivotallvinounted on'..`the standard f5.' and 'depends froml` its-.mounting into the path of a Ipi n"26 projectin'gffrom the inner face of the diskin' a radial linepinter# secting-the periphery of the diskftoitherear uof the yCain face 12.5 i
Theleai 25 has an ear 27 .extended over the periphery of the "disk, and vvhi'chl normally `lies out of the path of the` clck shaft toothbut is adapted for projection into such path when the leaf is rocked by thedi'sk pin,
so lthat when such engagementtakes placev the clock'. shaft is stoppednnd the clock mechanism; held aginst idle operationlflso mounted 'on the. base`4 l, adjacent Ythe 'starai-t ards 2 and '11s a standard B0 havin'gan outturnedy arm' lthereon, andvv pivoted to, the
' arm 31 ,is a lever 32,'the outer end of vvliich has a hoek'33fWithinvvhich the'upperend of a chain 34%v is mounted. 1
The lower .end of 'the 'M34 connectsl' with the rear or tip end of avessel 35, which is contained in a pan'36, and has; its'forvvard end overlying'the fore end'of thepanjand pivtally;1' nlounted'l on standards 37 that preferahlyriseemthe base of the pan'; the projetion'ot the `forward end el.2 the lies a panj 38,.vvhich is ent er the pan 36;
^ miami vessel. .bei-ng such thatits forward edge overpreferably independ- The vessel 35 is provided with apertures 39 in its" sides and bottom so thatV the vessel may contain eg s, or other articles,-but `vvhen lifted on 4its pivotal mounting may drain Waterithrongh fthetiapparatus While retaining the eggs or'other articles. f
rllhe endy of th'elever; opposite theihkis rovided With asliding Weight 41 for over- 'alancingthe vessel 35 and its contents`,'and the vveightedend-ol:l said lever is supported in a notch-42 of a bracket`43, which is' pivotally mounted on the standard 3 0;` the upper end of the bracket havingran inclined face 44 against which 4the Wei ht or'arnile onv the ratchet disk is adapte to striketo move the bracket outwardly andl release the lever,v and the lower endofthe bracket being provided with an offset Weight-'47, 'which is adapted to laut'omati-cally 'return the bracket .to its set position. yThe standard 30 is also preferably provided-with a "slottedseat-'S-into' which in teder artery/the tot when the cookin operationhas 'beencompleted ll pivoty'al y Ilincanta hanger ,50 on astandard'fl in 'substantial alinement with theS'tandardBO, anjdlpr'vide' thehanger'vvith a beveled head' 5'2", which is' ad. pted for :engagement 'by the Weightedre'rid -o l I han"er"`laterally, and cause a striking'head 53t er'eontd engage la bell,-. or the like,'54,`so that when theA lever has droppedandiliflted theceokin vessel from its pan', the hanger the lever 32 f to "move` the will :be roc redA laterally lto cause an intonay i (Flin order' te 'elishion the .drop lof' thelever, ll' rovideatrap,comprisin 'el U-shaped W1re,.having its ends'mounted 1n the base l, and :having an lu Wardly-jopenin mouth adapted for receivlng the"end of t e lever, so that the latter may strike' against'the oil"- set head 57 to provide a cushioningcontact of the lever with thereceiver as the lever pivoted arm 64.
65 iseonnected with the 'endiof the. armj 64: oppositfe', the notched part 63, and at its opposite end with fcrank\ 66 on A link a" sliaitA 67, which' is journaled in .brackets en the base 1, and carries .a trip arm 69 in the path or the lever 32, so that When the lever descends it engages the tri arm,rocks the shaft 67 to release the weigiited arm 61 on the burner valve rod, so that the weighted arm may descend, and close the burner valve.
A spring 70 is wound on the shaft 67 with its opposite cnds engaging the base 1 and trip (39 respectively, to yieldingly support the trip in operative position, so that when the lever 3:2 is set, the trip automatically rises to functional position and returns the bracket G4 to position for engaging the holding or weighted arm Gl.
In using the device, presuming the parts to be constructed and assembled as described, the pan 36 may be set over a stove burner, with the pan 88 adjacent its forward edge, and both of the pans filled with water. The lever 32 is then connected with the chain 34 leading to the pivotally mounted vessel 35, and the weighted end of the lever placed in the notched seat of the trip bracket 42. The ratchet disk is then revolved until the tooth designation, corresponding with the number of minutes which the cooking operation is to continue, overlies the setting point. lVhen the disk is revolved backwardly to set the parts, the clock shaft is freed from the locking leaf 35 and the clock mechanism immediately starts its` operation, the clock shaft, revolving once during each minute, pushes the disk forwardly one notch` for each revolution, until when the proper time has elapsed and the clock shaft is turned the required number of revolutions, the disk is pushed forwardly until the weighted striking arm is off center and carries the pivotally mounted disk about under the influence of the eccentric weight. The revolution of the disk brings the striking arm into engagement with the beveled head of the trip bracket 43, pushing the l bracket laterally on its pivotal mounting and releasing the weighted end of the lever 32, which, overbalancing the cooking vessel and its contents, descends and lifts the tip end of the cooking vessel until the vessel is removed from the water-within the pan and its contents caused to travel down the inclined base and over the edge of the vessel into the pan 38 of colder Water, thereby immediately discontinuing the cooking operation. The weighted end of the lever when descending also rocks the hanger 50 to strike the bell and notify the cook that the. cooking operation has been completed, and after rocking the hanger, engages the trip G9 to release the weighted burner valve arm, so that the valve rod may be turned to shut off the supply of fuel. When the ratchet disk has turned sufficiently to cause engagement of the pin 26 with the leaf 25, the leaf is moved on its .pivotal mounting into position for engaging'the tooth on the clock shaft, when the tooth is brought into .striking arm for engaging the inclined tion of said bracket and rocking said position for en agement therewith, so that operation of tie clock mechanism is interrupted to save idle travel and extend the winding periods.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is:-
l. The combination with a pivotall mounted lever, having a weight on one en of a pivotally mounted bracket adapted for projection beneath the weight-cd end of the lever to support the same, and time-controlled mechanism including a striking arm for engaging said bracket to rock the saine out of supporting engagement with the lever.
2. The combination with a pivotally mounted lever, having a weighted arm, of a pivotally mounted bracket having a notched portion for projection beneath the \\eighted lever arm and having an inclined face for engagement bya striking arm and a weighted portion adapted for automati cally urging the notched portion to operative position, and a normally restrained porbracket against the tension of its weight to release the lever arm. and time cmitrolled mechanism for releasing the striking arm.
3. The combination with a standard having an outturned arm and a slotted seat at the base of said arm, a lever pivotally mounted on said arm and having a weight adjustably mounted thereon at one side of its pivotal mounting, a bracket pivotally mounted on said standard and having a weighted lower end, a beveled upper end and a notched portion. forming a seat for the weighted portion of said lever, a revoluble striking arm adapted for engaging the beveled face of said bracket, and timecontrolled mechanism for tripping said striking arm.
4l. The combination with a pivotally mounted lever, of a cooking. vessel connected with one arm of said lever, a weight on the opposite arin'of said lever adapted for overbalaneing the cooking vessel, means for supporting the weighted arm of the lever, time-controlled mechanism for tripping the said arm, and a cushion for the weighted arm of said lever comprising a spring wire member having a laterally and downwardly bent central portion forming a U-shaped seat and having its ends anchored, substantially as set forth.
ing mechanism, of means for holding said mechanism in set position, a freely revoluble disk, a striking arm mounted on said disk, and adapted for rotating the same when the disk has passed a center and for actuating the holding mechanism when the disk is rotated to release the primary actuo. The combination with primary actuatf ating member, means onlhoidingsaid disk l againstrotation in onefdirection, and` timecontrolled mechanisnaffor moving. the disk inthe oppositedirection. A
6. The combination with,kv primar actuating mechanism, of means for holA ing said mechanism, a freely revoluble disk, a striking arm projecting beyond the yperiphery of said diskand adapted for engaging said holding means and for rotating the disk when moved past its vertical center, and
means for holding said disk Aagainst back- -vvard rotation.
7. The combination with ing mechanism and means or holding said mechanism in set position, of a revoluble disk having a striking member thereon adapted for engaging said holding means, and a time shaft, adapted for forwardin said disk a determined distance at eacl revolution of the shaft.
8. The combination with ing mechanism and means or holding. said mechanism in set position, of a revoluble disk having a striking member' thereon adapted for engaging said holding means, atime shaft, and a tooth on said time shaft adapted for forwarding said disk a determined distance at each revolution of. the shaft..
9. The combination Withprimary actuating mechanism and means for holding said mechanism in set position, of a revoluble disk having teeth in its periphery and having means tor engaging said holding means,
rimary actu atrimary actuatwenn ofeimeans for 'holding said disk against back- ,Waid revolution, and a time shaft having a' tooth; adapted for engaging the disk tooth to forward the disk 'a determined distance at each revolution of the ,time shaft.
10. The combination with primary actuating mechanism and means for holding said mechanism in set position, of a revoluble disk having teeth 1n its periphery and having means Ifor engaging said holding means, ot' means for holding .said disk against backward revolution, and a time shaft adapted for engaging successive disk teeth upon its successive revolutions to for- Ward the disk a determined distance for each revolution of the shaft.
11.. rlihe combination with primary actuating mechanism, of means for holding said mechanism, a revoluble disk having teeth extending about vits periphery, a striking arm on said disk adapted for striking the holding means and for overbalancing the disk to induce rotation thereof, and a time shaft located above the disk and having a tooth thereon adapted for engaging the disk teeth to induce stepped rotation of the disk until said striking arm has overbalanced the disk and carries the'same about 'on its pivotal mounting.
ln testimony whereof l aiix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
` CORTLAND CARLTUN. Witnesses: ARTHUR W. CAPs, lL. lE. Con'rs.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2523641 *||Nov 8, 1946||Sep 26, 1950||Alvarez Patent Corp||Cooking device|
|US2558077 *||Aug 19, 1946||Jun 26, 1951||Fitzgerald John R||Cooking device|
|US2559444 *||Nov 23, 1945||Jul 3, 1951||Locke Arthur A||Egg cooker|
|US2621585 *||Sep 1, 1948||Dec 16, 1952||Waeterling Arthur E||Egg timing device|
|US3430553 *||Feb 16, 1968||Mar 4, 1969||Pietro Carmelo V Di||Deep fat fryer|
|US4450757 *||Sep 20, 1982||May 29, 1984||Angelo Po Grandi Impianti S.P.A.||Automatic machine for cooking soup-paste, rice, pot herbs or other food-stuffs in water|
|US4542685 *||Jun 30, 1983||Sep 24, 1985||Warren Wilson||Apparatus for making funnel cakes using a deep fryer|
|U.S. Classification||99/327, 99/336, 99/407, 74/3.54|