US 1119193 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
,8. ROTl. rHIEP Hoor susan., PLIGATIOH FILED vLUG. 7, 1913'.
1, 1 1 9,1 93. Patentd Dech 1,' 1914;`
@uw nto UNITED STATES PATENT o ron.
SAMUEL ROTH, F NEW YORK, N. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Ic. 1., 13.73 L
Appmatinn med meest 7, 1913. semi No. 783,462.
the following is a specification, such as will enable those skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the seme.
This invention 'relates to hand baggage, such as satchels, suit cases, and the like, and with particular reference to the use of such articles for carrying coin, currency, or ether valuables.
Many bold robberies of bank messengers have recently occurred where the messen ger was assaulted and the money bag torn from his grasp after which the highwaylnen succeeded in making e successful escape, and it was in order to defect any such attempt in the future that my invention wes conceived.
l am aware that carrying cases have been heretofore patented which give an audible alarm when such cases were lifted from the floor or ground ein/conversely Nl/ien they wer'e placed on the ground, thus attracting the attention of persons in the immediate neighberhood, but sisch devices would be entirely inadequate to defeat the attempts at robbery mentioned.
My device consists primarily in a carry ing cese containing a suitable alarm adapted to be sounded the moment thc ease was taken from the hand of the person carryirfr it or if he should drop the same upon being?. assaulted, which alarm is inaccessible yto env person whereby lthe operation thereon might be prevented, and which are adapted eo be set by authorized persons, as in bunks, and then secured against tampering, previous to the delivery thereolt to a messenger.
My invention is fully set forth in the fol lowing specification, of which the aerompanying i'irawings forni a' part, in which the seperate parts are designated by the saine reference characters in each of the views, and in which Figure lv is an elevation of a wie cese constructed in accordance with my inven tion and showing' one form of einbraiiincnt thereof set for actien and in carrying condi tion; Fig. 2 is an enlarged, fregmentary, View of the alarm prevention means; Fig.
3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Fig, envi Fig. 4 an enla-rv el, fragmentary, View one form of alarm which l may employ.
In the drawings forming a part el? bis ayplication l have sheen a suit ease a e? se the usuel or any other desired eonstzerfion with the exception ofv the handle e2 ml is made hollow and provided with e door adapted to be locked by meu a key 14 t sei-d handle is also primi with scrih under side of which ist u, it closed s". :l
lock li" th 'liste/d. trap door en the normal spring .ose the seine .and if o provide .oereby it may n means of a` key in :.liorized person, and s noo" fn the inner sul@ mw., ge.. i'on to e plate im the handie., this door being; the mein f` are ci my invention as will ne later espn,
fithin the case c., preferably in e suitable compartment c is an electric bell circuit c2 the switch c3 or', which is adapted to be closed by means of a spring c* and which gamin@ meile detach..e, and l provide a .i 0"" in connection with said switch hfifv'ing a loop on the other end th .Y adapted to engage the hook 703. I also r vide a conz'sartment d, identical with c e: etherwise, in which I arrange a pistol revolver, eretici-ably the latter, in icate. al?, the tri of' which is admiten Le actuated by means of a leef '73 carried lv', drinn d4 actuated by means of a swrinjf. rotarily, in the direction cf the :i i leali beingl adepted to ectnate 51' trigger successively', if desired, within limits thereof, and said leaf is n held in captivity by means of ay dog 'z mally actuated to release the same fren leaf by ineens off a spring' d?, ein? dog prov d with n cfrffi al in cc or p, r'i
connected therewith, whiehfspring may be of any desired formation rvand, when the door b is thus set by such authorized person, the messenger grasps the handle of the case in such manner as to prevent, `by means of his fingers, the action of said door b to close', -whcreby said cords prevent the closing of the bell circuit and the operation of the revolver actuating mechanism asl longr as the hand of the messenger remains in the holding position, which-is the -norma-l carrying position, but the instant the messenger releases his grasp of the handle of the case he likewise releases the trap door b and thus allows said door to close through the actionof the spring connected therewith as well as through the action of the springs C* andl d?, whereby said door in its closing carries the loops of the cords c5 vand d8 against the plate b4 which serves to instantly release said cords from the hook b3 with the result that the springs c4 and al7 are immediately operative to permit the operation of their respective alarms, and this result obtains as soon as themessenger releases his hold on the handle of the case because of his release of the trap door b, and, as the action of the cord releasing means is very rapid said alarms become operative and all persons in the neighborhood are notified of an attempt at robbery.
I do not seek to confine myself to any specific alarms nor, indeed, to any specific actuating mechanism, my invention consisting, as previously stated, in a carrying case adapted to sound an alarm as soon as the proper person carrying the same releases his hold thereon, and which alarm actuating means are maintained in inoperative state by such proper person, whether the .person carrying the same voluntarily releases the same or does so under violence.
I have adopted the door b as the most effective means now occurring to me for putting my invention into practice, but many methods may suggest themselves other than this which will be just as operative and protective, my main object being to avoid the possibility of an unauthorized perton seizing the case in any manner without notice to others that such seizure has occurred.
My alarm is, so far as I have at present developed the' same, an audible one whereby persons in the neighborhood may be apprised of a criminal attempt, but there is no necessity for confining myself to an audible alarm as many other forms of alarm may eventually be utilized to make my inventi'on eifective under varying circumstances.
Having fully described my invention, what I.claim as new, and desire' tosecure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination with a Satchel -provided with a handle, of an alarm mechanism, a door on said handle lmaintained in open position by the hand of a carrier. means in operative connection with said door and alarm mechanism for making the latter inoperative, and means, for closing saiddoor to permit the actuation of said alarm mechanism upon the release of said handle by said carrier.
1 2. The combination with a Satchel provided with a handle, of an alarm mechanism, a door on said handle normally maintained in open position by the hand of a carrier, a'L spring for closing said door, and a cord 'engaged by said door when in open position and with said alarm mechanism for making the latter inoperative, said cord permitting `the actuation of said alarm mechanism when ysaid door is released by the carrier.
The combination with a Satchel provided withl a handle, of an alarm mechanism, an element for making said 4alarm mechanism inoperative, a spring secured at one end-ofsaid elementV for withdrawing said elementto permit the operation of said alarm mechanism, a cord connected with said element and holding said element against withdrawal, and a door on said handle maintained in open position by the hand of a carrier, said cord being connected with said door whereby, on the release of said door by the carrier, said spring Withdraws said element to permit actuation of said alarmmechansm.
4. The combination with a Satchel provided with a handle, of an alarm mechanism, a door on said handle maintained in open position by the hand of` a carrier. means in operative connection with said door and alarm mechanism for making the latter inoperative, means for closing said door to permit the actuation of said alarm mechanism upon the release of said door by said carrier, and a lock forsaid door.
In testimony that I lclaim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name 1n presence of the subscribing witnesses this 5th day of August 1913.
` SAMUEL ROTH. Witnesses:
Ro'r. B. ABBoTr, J. C. LARsEN.