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Publication numberUS1119786 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 1, 1914
Filing dateDec 24, 1912
Priority dateDec 24, 1912
Publication numberUS 1119786 A, US 1119786A, US-A-1119786, US1119786 A, US1119786A
InventorsJohn Buchanan
Original AssigneeLucena M Morden
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Book-ring.
US 1119786 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

L. M. MORDEN & J. BUCHANAN.

BOOK RING.

' APPLICATION FILED 11110. 24. 1912.

1,1 1 9,786. Patented Dec. 1, 1914.

q vbbmwoeoz Z vwe ncozs LucenaMMorden 8' 107m Burg/zanan.

H/E NORRIS PETERS CO FHDnrL/THO WASHINGTON. D C

UNITE snares 133mm cannon.

LUCENA M. MORIDEN AND JOHN BUCHANAN, OF WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT; SAID a BUCHANAN ASSIGNOR T0 SAID MORDEN.

BOOK-RING.

Specification of Lettersl'atent.

Patented Dec. 1, 1914,

Application filedDecember 24, 1912. Serial No. 738,420.

To all whom it may concern Be it known that we, LUCENA M. MORDEN, a citizen of the United States, and JOHN BUCHANAN, asubject of the King of Great.

Britain, both residing at Waterbury, in the county of New Haven and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Book-Rings, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to book rings adapted particularly for use with'looseleaf books, the object of the invention being to provide an improvedring, which may be properly designated as a knuckle or toggle-joint ring, in which the ring, usually comprising two half sections hinged together, is provided with a spring. so carried by the ring that when the ring is being opened it will, when it reaches a certain point in the opening thereof, flv open, and likewise on being closed itwill, when it reaches a certainpoint in the closing thereof, fly closed, and will remain in either of these positions.

Theobject of the present improvement, thereforepis the provision ofan improved ring of the character described constructed of two hinged members carrying a spring substantially equally and simultaneously effective on both members of the ring so that the ring has what may be termed a toggle joint connection.

The present improvement has to do with rings which are usually used independently of a back, and therefore they must havein themselves the means for opening and closing them, and formaintaining. them in either of these positions, and not depend upon the back or a part connected therewith for accomplishing these results.

In the drawings accompanying and forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a view of one form of ring closed; Fig. 2 isa view of the same ring open; Fig. 3 is a view of the ring without the spring; Fig. 4 is a view of the spring which may be usedwith this form of ring; Fig. 5 is an under side view of the ring. shown in Fig. 1; Figs.6 and 7 illustrate views of a ring of a somewhat difierent construction, closed and open respectively: Figs. 8,9 and 10 illustrate a ring of a still different form of construction, the last figure illustrating the opposite side ofthe ring from that shown in Fig. 8, the

'ringbeing open; and Fig. 11 is a view oft.

somewhat difi'erent form of ring :construction.

Similarcharacters of reference indicate corresponding parts throughout the figures of the drawings. t

In all of the constructions illustrated herein it will beobservedthat the ring 2 comprises two semi-circularmembers 3 and 4 having some usual form of meeting ends 5, these members being hinge-connected at their opposite ends. In some forms the hinge connection comprises the usual pivotal connection or pintle between the members, as in Figs. 1 to 5, while in other forms the pintle or pivot is carried by pockets or notches in the meeting edges of therings,*as in Figs. 6, 7 and 11, while in,Figs. 8 and 9 the pivotal connection is obtained by means of a projection or tongue carried by one member and extending into a recess or groove of the other, forminga hinge on the order of a butt joint, and in all of them a spring is provided so located with relation to the hingeconnection that. the ring has to all intents and purposes a toggle-joint connection, such spring having substantially equal efficiency on both members of the ring and in.

the present instance extending about the same distanceat each side of the pivotal connection.

In the form shown in Figs. 1 to 5 the hinged ends of the ring membersare pivotally connected by a pivot 6 extending through rabbeted or overlapping portions 7 of the ring members, which are for this pur' pose preferably cut away a predetermined distance at each sideof the pivot, as M8, and the outer margin of each ring member is provided with a notch 9 for the reception of the spring 10,which spring in the present instance is of an elongated loop formation and suitably bent tohave its outer ends 11 extend into the notches 9 in the margins of the ring members and also bent intermediate such ends. as at 12, to conform to the peripherv of the ring. a

In the form shown in Figspfi and 7, the meeting ends ofthe ring members are provided with notches 13 for the reception of a pin 14 and are also provided with slots 15 through which a spring, 16 extends, this spring being provided with a loop 17 ex tending intothe interior of the ring, and a pair of laterally extendingends 18 having while the spring fits in this cut away or recessed portion and thelaterally extending ends 21 of this spring extend into openings and may be headed over on the opposite side of the ring in any suitable manner,

In all forms of the improvement it will be observed that the spring is provided with ends of onefo rn or another which engage directly with the ring members themselves and is also provided with what may be considered a loop intermediate portion extendmg around or past the hinge connection and conforming in some forms thereof to the peripheral shape of the ring. The spring is located in such a manner that the ring will be maintained closed or open, and both halves of the ring may be opened together equally, and when partially open the, spring will cause them to fly open and remain open and when partially closed beyond a certain point the spring will cause them to fly closed and remain closed.

In all forms of the device shown, it will be observed that the spring is located centr'ally with relation to the pivotal point of the members forming the ring and that the spring has part connected to each of said members, this connection being obtained by inserting an equal portion of the spring into ea'ch'of the ring members'so that the spring et's with equal force on both members of the ring;

It is to be understood that the various details may be more or less modified without departing from the spirit or scope of this improvement. 7

We claim as our inventionf I 1. A book ring comprising two half sections hinged together and a spring projecting int'o said sections and acting equally on both for maintaining the'ring open or closed and shooting the opening or closing thereof after it is partially opened 'or closed.

2. A book ring comprising a pair of members having a joint connection, and 'a' spring projecting into said members and located adjacent to such joint connection to form with sirohconneotion a toggle joint effective go assist in opening and closing such meniers. V

3. A book ring comprising two half members having a joint connection, and'a spring projecting intbsaid members adjacent to such connection to form therewith a toggle joint efiec'tive to assist in opening and clos- 'ihg such members and to inaintai'n them open or closed. a; book-ringcomprising two half tors having-a 'ornt-connectron, and! sewing projecting. into said members adjacent to such connection and extending substantially the same distance beyond the hinged ends of said members to form with said joint con nection a tcg'glejoint effective to open or close the ring after it is partially opened or closed.

5-; A book ring comprising-a pair of hinged members, and a spring projecting into both of said members and forming with the hinged ends of such members a toggle joint connection effective to assist in opening and closing said members and to maintain them open or closed. j 6. A book ring: comprising apair of hinged members, and a spring having parts carried by both of said members and provided with Ta'curved portion conforming substantially to the peripheral shape of the ring and effective to assist in opening and closing said ring;

7. A book ring comprising a pair of hinged members, and a spring carried by said'me'mbers and having parts projecting into'both ofsaid members and forming with the hinged ends of such members a toggle joint connection effective to hold the members open or closed. 7

8. A book ring comprising apair of hinged members, and a spring carried by said members and having parts projecting through both of said members and effective to hold the members either open or closed with equal efficiency. 9. A book ring comprising a pair of hinged members, and a spring carried by said members and located adjacent to the hinge connection thereof and having a loop and a pair'of ends projecting one-intoeach of saidmembers and forming with the hinged ends of such members a toggle joint connection.

' 10. A book ring comprising a pair 'of hinged'me'mbers, and a springca'rried: by said members and located adjacent to the hinge connection thereof and having a loop extending across the hinged meeting ends of the ring and a pair of ends projecting one into eachof'said members and forming with the hinged ends of such members a toggle joint connection.

11. A book ring comprising a pair of similarly formed members having overlapping ends, a pivot connecting said ends, each member having a notch adjacent to said pivot, and a spring having portions located in said notches. and forming with the piv, otally connectedends a toggle. joint connection.

12. A book ring comprising a pair of similarly formed members having overlapping ends, a-pivot connecting said ends, each tiens located in installes endrtonning with the pivotally connected ends a toggle joint connection.

13. A book ring comprising a pair of similarly formed members having overlapping ends, a pivot connecting said ends,each member having a notch adjacent to said pivot, and a loop-formed spring having portions located in said notches and having a portion intermediate the notches conforming to the peripheral margin of the ring and forming with the pivotally connected ends a toggle joint connection.

14. A book ring comprising two half members pivotally connected and provided withnotches, one at each side of their pivotal connection, and a spring carried by said ring and having portions extending into said notches and forming with the pivotally connected ends a toggle joint connection.

15. A book ring comprising two half members pivotally connected and provided with notches, one at each sideof their pivotal connection, and a spring carried by said ring and having portions extending inlto said notches, said spring consisting of a 00p.

16. A book ring comprising two half members pivotally connected and provided with notches, one at each side of their pivotal connection, and a spring. carried by 0 said ring and having portions extending into said notches, said spring beinglocated to extend intermediate its connection with the rings across and at the outer side of the. pivotal connection.

17. A book ring. coniprising two half members pivotally connected to form a joint, and a spring carried by saidmeinbers and located adjacent to such joint, and hav- 1 ing a part inserted into each member of the ring to form with such connection a'toggle 'oint. J 18. A book ring comprising two half members pivotally connected to form a joint, and a spring carried by said members and located adjacent to such joint and having a part inserted into each member of the ringnand a loop or curved portion extending across the joint connection to form with suchconnection a toggle joint.

Signed at Waterbury, Conn., this 18 day of December, 1912.

LUCENA M. MORDEN. JOHN BUCHANAN.

Witnesses:

Fmnnwcn SELLEW, E. G. 1301mm.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each. byaddressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, :D. C."

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2622743 *Jun 5, 1948Dec 23, 1952Ross Ronald EArticle supporting bracket
US3018100 *Apr 14, 1959Jan 23, 1962Joseph John LAmusement device
US3280821 *Oct 5, 1964Oct 25, 1966Dougherty Wayne WLoose leaf binder construction
US6270280 *May 17, 1999Aug 7, 2001Ibico Trading GmbhSpine binder
US6761497 *May 3, 2002Jul 13, 2004Kokki KanedaLoose-leaf binder
US7708513Aug 4, 2006May 4, 2010General Binding CorporationBinding elements and plurality of binding elements particularly suited for automated processes
US8123448Aug 4, 2006Feb 28, 2012General Binding CorporationApparatus and methods for automatically binding a stack of sheets with a nonspiral binding element
US20030206765 *May 3, 2002Nov 6, 2003Kokki KanedaLoose-leaf binder
US20040240967 *Aug 29, 2002Dec 2, 2004Phillip CrudoBinding elements for binding a wide range of thicknesses of stacks of sheets
US20070031214 *Aug 4, 2006Feb 8, 2007General Binding CorporationBinding elements and plurality of binding elements particularly suited for automated processes
US20070160414 *Jan 3, 2007Jul 12, 2007Bernd LoiblBinding system for binding sheet material
US20070231057 *Mar 22, 2007Oct 4, 2007Leco Stationery Manufacturing Company LimitedLoose-leaf ring
US20080298881 *Aug 4, 2006Dec 4, 2008General Binding CorporationApparatus and Methods for Automatically Binding a Stack of Sheets With a Nonspiral Binding Element
USD620977Jan 11, 2010Aug 3, 2010General Binding CorporationBinding element
Classifications
U.S. Classification402/39, 402/42
Cooperative ClassificationB42F13/26