US 1121673 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. R. sIsTo. APPARATUS FOR HANDLING INVALIDS 0R PATIENTS. APPLICATION FILED DEC 20, 1913.
1,1 21,673. Patented Dec. 22, 1914.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1 S14/vanto@ 996. j, m iwan/uga J. R. SISTO.
- APPARATUS PoR HANDLING INVALIDS 0R PATIENTS.
APPLICATION FILED DEO 20. 1913.
1,121,673. Patented 1560.22, 1914.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Momma HE MORRIS PETERS C0 FHoTo-LITHO. WASHINGTON. D, C.
J. R. SISTO.
APPARATUS FOR HANDLING INVALIDS 0R PATIENTS.
l AAPPLICATION FILED DEC'ZO, 1913.
1,1 21,673. Patented Dec. 22, 1914.
3 SHEETS-SHEET S.
entran sra'rns PATENT onricn.
Josn R.. sismo, oF MANZANILLO, CUBA.
APPARATUS FOR HANDLING INVALIDS 0B, PATIENTS.
` Specicaton of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 22, 1914:.
Application led December 20, 1913. Serial No. 807,945.
To lall whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1 J os R.` Srs'ro, a citizen of Spain, residing in Manzanillo, island of Cuba, have invented a new and useful Apparatus for Handling Invalids or `Fatients; and 1 do hereby declare the followwhereby an invalid orv patient may be com'v fortably supported during sickness or the like, Vbut an apparatus including means whereby the invalid or patient may be transferred or transported from the invalid bed 'to the operating roomon a rolling operating table, without manually .handling the invalid or patient, and without injury.-
Inpractical fields, the details of construction may be subjected to alterations, falling within the scope of what is claimed.
The invention comprises further features and combination of parts, as hereinafter-set forth, shownin the drawings .andclaimed In the drawings Figure 11s a view 1n 1 perspective of the invalidlbed constructed in accordance with the invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view lthrough the under or supporting clothv of the`- invalid bed.L
showing the operating table disposed under the under or supporting` clothv of the bed,
ready to receive the patient from the supporting cloth, the frame to which the supporting cloth is attached and the cloth are shown in section. Fig. e is a perspective view of the operating table. Fig. 5 isa fragmentary view ofa portion of theinvalid bed showing the slabs of the. operating table supported in a frame of the invalid bed, said frame being connected to a lift. .Fig Gis a detail perspective view ofthe frame for supporting the slabs of the operating table. Fig.'7 is a bottom plan view ofthe slabs of the operating table. Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail view of a portionof one of the slabs .showing parts insection. Fig. 9 is a detail sectional view of another portion of one of .the slabs. Fig. 10 is a detail sectional view of the side bars or rods vof the operating table, showing atrough or gutter supported upon the side rods of the table, and the slabs of the table held at angles to -one another and supported in thev gutter or trough. Fig. 11 is a detail perspective view of the slabs of the operating table held at angles to one another. Fig. I12 is an enlarged detail sectional view through a portion of the frame forsupporting the under or supporting cloth.. Fig. 13 is a detail perspective view of one corner of the supporting frame for supporting the under ory supporting cloth, showing the arms which guide said frame onthe guide rods of the frame of the yinvalid bed. Fig. 14 is ay detail perspective view of the trough or gutter shown in Fig.
10. Fig. 15 is a detail sectional view showing the connections between a removable end brace bar and one of the vertical standards of the invalid bed.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, 1 designates the base frame of the invalid bed, which may be any suitable construction or shape, and is provided with sockets 2 at the corners. Secured in the sockets 2 in any suitable manner are` guide standards 8,. which extend vertically, and
terminate in arching portions 4 extending toward the center of such frame and fitting afour-way union 5. This union y5 is disposed substantially centrally of such frame, and has l a pulley 6 extended therefrom. The lower portions of the standards 3 adj acent the sockets 2 are braced or reinforced by the rods 7. The end bar Sis provided at its ends with downwardly extending hooked portions 9, which enter the pockets 10 of two of thel vertical standards 3L It will be seenthat this end bar 8 may be'removed, for the purpose hereinafter set forth. The upperportions of the vertical standards 3 are reinforced by the rods 11. Mounted in bearings 12 of two of the end guide standards 3 is a shaft 13 having a crank 14, and on which shaft 13 a drum or the like 15 is mounted to rotate therewith. Carriedv by one of the rods 11 is a pulley 16.
Guided upon the standards 3 is a lift frame 17, the diagonal opposite corners of whichl are braced by the spider frame 18. The frame 17 and spider frame 18 are integrally constructed, the vertical standards 3 passing through openings 19 of the frame 17. A'cable or the like 20 is connected to an eye 21 of the spider frame 18, and passes over the pulleys and 16, and is woundr about the drum 15. By rotating the shafts 13 by means or the crank 14, the liiit frame may be raised and lowered. A frame v22 substantially rectangular in contour is provided, the bars or'wiiich are angular in cross section and the horizontal portions 23 of said bars or' the frame 22 are provided With perforations 24. rllhe longitudinal bars of the trame are vprovided with slots 25, which receive the straps 25, which are provided With buckles 27, vvhereby the straps may be tightened. Adjacent the corners of the frame 22 staples 28 are arranged to receive the arms v29, Which are held in place bythe screws 30. These rarms 29, as Will be observed extend at right angles to one another, so that the vertical bars 3 are received therebetween, so as to guide the frame 22, when being raised or lowered. The vertical standards 3 are provided lwith apertures 31 to receive the ypins 32, which are disposed beneath'the arms 29, in order to support the frame 22 in adjusted positions. The under or supporting cloth comprises thickblankets 33 having a covering of comparatively thin soft linen 34. The' outer longitudinal portions and end portions of the yblankets and the linen coverings are'b'ound together by the substantial borders 35 and canvas strips 36 stitched together by the stitching 37, the
borders 35 being on the top and the canvas strip on the bottom. Passing through the borders, the linen covering, the blankets and the canvas strips'are eyelets 38. The adjacent portions of the blankets are stitched at 39 to the coverings. Arranged in the. blankets and the coverings at their adjacent parts are eyelets 40. A silk cord or the like 41 is interlaced through the eyelets 40, securing the adjacent parts of the blankets together, While suitable cordr or the like 42 is interlaced through the'eyelets 38 and the perforations 24 of the frame 22, thereby connecting the blankets to the frame 22. rlhe frame 22 is provided with rings 43, While the lift is provided With si1nilar rings 44. Connected to the rings44 are cables or cords 45 and 45 having hooks 47 at their lovver ends. raise and lower theirame 22 in the manner to be hereinafter set forth, the hooks are placed in engagement with the rings 43,
then the shaft 13 is rotated, which Will raise and lower the lip 17 by means of the cable 20. The cables or ropes 4G are arranged adjacent the head of the invalid frame, and by tying a knot or two in said cables 4G, the head portions of the trame 22 may be held a little higher than the foot portion of the frame 22. It is also apparent that after the frame 22 has been raised to Athe desired height and the hooks 47 detached from the rings 43, the head portion of the frame 22 When it is desired toy may be supported in its adjusted position a little higherpthan the foot` portion, by'v ar ranging the pins32 at the head portion of the frame of the invalid bed, a little higher than the pins atv the otherend. The straps 26 reinforce the under Vor supporting blankets, as will be observed.
In connection with the invalid bed when performing operations or the like, any' suitable operating tablel may be used, for instance such as shown in ig. 4, said operat-v ing table 50 having rolersyl, the shell 52 and the side rods' provided with upturned ends 54. This operating table is'provided Withy removable table vslabs `55, constructed of any suitable material, for vinstance suchV as glass. Held adjacentv but spaced apartl from the outer longitudinal edges of the glass slabs by means ofthe plates56 (which are secured at 57 tothe slabs) are rodsy 58. These rods 58 areconstructed with oppositely arranged slots 59. Passing through the slots 59 are headedbars 60. Passing through an aperture loi'one end of each of said bars 60 isa pin or key 61, to-hold the bars 60 in place,ias -vvell'as preventing the" separation o'l'* the slabs. The slabs together With the rods A58 Vare supported upontheV transverse bars 63, which. have curved ends 64 to engage the side rods or barsv53 ofthe frame or the operating table.
YVhen it is desired tov remove the patient operating table to be rolled `under the supf porting cloth, theuod `8 having iirst been removed. 'Then the `frame l22 is lowered,
until the supporting cloth engagesthe slabs;` The straps 26-are then' removed, after which y the ksilk cord 41 isy withdrawn from the-eyelets, subsequently to which the frame, 22 may be raised suiiiciently, to permit the blankets v or supporting clothj to separate, thereby j leaving the patient or invalidv upon lthe slabs. rEhe operating table then may be rolled to the` operating room. After the patient or invalid has -been operated upon,
and it is desired to return the patient to the invalid bed, the operating table `is rolledy backy to the invalid bed in 'the position shown inFig. 3, then anotliei'fraine 67 as shown f in Figs. 5 and 6 having vrhooks 68 and rings 69, is inserted in the invalid vbed frainein the lmanner shown in ,F ig. 5, the arms 70 similar to the arms 29 acting to guide the frame 67.' Then the slabs of the operating table are raised with the patient thereon,
and the rods 58 placed/in engagement With the hooks'68, as shown inFig. 5. The framev 22 is again placed in the invalid bed frame. underneath the operating table slabs, the
pins 32 again engaging the arms 29 to support said traine 22. The operating table lill i be held at angles to one another, by means slabs are then lowered until they almost enthe headed bars 60 are removed, thereby permitting the slabs to be separated, in which case the patient or invalid will again rest upon 'the under or supporting cloth. The arms are secured in place in a manner similar to the arms 29, as shown at 2Sa and 30a. In raising the frame 67, the hooks 47 engage the rings 69.
If desired the operating table slabs may of the angular' headed bars 72 in lieu of the bars 60. These bars 72 are secured in place by the Vpins 73, in a. manner similar to the holding of the bars 60. The slabs are held at such angles Jfor the purpose of giving douches', or irrigating certain parts of the invalids body or bathsor the like, and when conducting such operations a gutter or trough 78 as shown in `Figs. 10 and 14 is used, one end of which is designed to be arranged lower than the other, so that irrigation or douche fluid will run into some suitable receptacle (not shown).
From the foregoing it is apparent there has been devised an eliicient, essential vand desirable invalid bed, so constructed and used in combination with the suitable operating table, whereby the patient Imay be transferred from the bedchamber to the operating room and vice versa, without manually handling the patient, which not only renders the apparatus desirable, but practical.
The invention having been set forth, what is claimedas new and useful is :f-
1. in an appliance for the support of invalids, a rectangular skeleton frame, an auxiliary rectangular frame adjustably supported in the first frame, an invalid supporter proper having connections with the auxiliary frame, said invalid supporter proper comprising two vparts designed to be disconnected at their adjacent edges to permit the invalid to pass therebetween to rest vupon another supporter, and means for desaid parts, and means for raising and lower-.
ing said auxiliary frame.
3. In an appliance for the support of invalids, a dominant rectangular skeleton frame, an auxiliary rectangular frame, arms carried by the corners of the auxiliary frame and extending at right angles to each other between which the'corner posts of the dominant frame engage, devices carried by said corner postsof the dominant frame for engaging under said arms for holding the auxiliary frame in adjusted positions in the dominant frame, 1 an invalid' supporter proper having connections with the auxiliary frame, said invalid supporter proper comprising two parts designed to be disconnected at their adjacent edges to permit the invalid to pass therebetween to rest upon another supporter, and means for detachably connecting the adjacent edges of said parts.
4. In an appliance for Athe support of invalids, a dominant rectangular skeleton frame, an auxiliary rectangular frame, arms `carried by the corners of the auxiliary frame and extending at right angles to each other between which the corner posts of the dominant frame engage, devices carried by said corner posts of the dominant frame for engaging'under said arms for holding the auxiliary frame in adjusted positions in the dominant frame, an invalid supporter proper havingconnections with the auxiliary frame, said invalid supporter proper comprising twoparts designed to be disconnected at their adjacent edges to permit the invalid to pass therebetween to be received upon another supporter, and means for holding the adjacent edges of said parts together, and means for raising and lowering said auxiliary frame.
5. In an appliance for the support of in- Valids, a rectangular skeleton frame, an auxiliary rectangular frame adjustably supported in the first frame, an invalid supporter proper having laced connections with the auxiliary frame to support the same therewithin, said auxiliary frame having transverse straps to additionally support said invalid supporter proper, said invalid supporter proper comprising two parts designed to be disconnected at their adjacent edges to permit the invalid to pass therebetween to be received by another supporter, a lacing for detachably connecting the adjacent edges of said parts, and means for raising and lowering the auxiliary frame.
6. In an appliance for the support of invalids, a dominant rectangular skeleton frame, an auxiliary rectangular frame, arms carried by the corners of the auxiliary frame and extending at right angles to each other between which the corner posts of the dominant frame engage, devices carried by said corner posts of the dominant frame for engaging undery said arms for holding the auxiliary frame in adjusted positions in the dominant frame, an invalid supporter proper having laced connections with the Vportei1 propel1 comprising vtwo parts de two subscribing Witnesses.
auxiliary frame to support the same therecent edges of" said part-s, and means for 10 Within, said auxiliary 'raniehaving tral'is-r raisingand'loweijing the auxiliaryframe. Y verse straps to additionally vsupport saidv In testimony whereof I have signed my invalid supporteirpropei, said invalid supname'to this speeiieationin the presence of signed yto be disconnected at their adjacent Jos R1 sIsTo.
edges to permit the invalid toepass therebei Witnesses: .y tween to be received by another supporter, a LUIS FERNANDEZ, laelng for detaohably connecting the adja- A GERARDO VALERCEL PAZ.
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Washington, D. C. Y