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Publication numberUS1121945 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1914
Filing dateJun 23, 1913
Priority dateJun 23, 1913
Publication numberUS 1121945 A, US 1121945A, US-A-1121945, US1121945 A, US1121945A
InventorsAlfred Jay Smith, Lillian Florence Smith
Original AssigneeA J Smith Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1121945 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)






.2 \fii s sz f I ,fl M 124mm 1/ m By v Attorneys Inventor:

1,121,945. Patented De0.22,1914.





Patented Dec. 22, 1914.


Witnesse l waimifv 1 '1 1/1124!!! 1 A By At orneys U ITED s'rATEs PATENT OFFICE.



To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ALFRED JAY Siurrn, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city'of Chicago, in the county of Cook I and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Shooting-Galleries;'and I do hereby declare that the following description of mysaid' invention, taken in connection with the accompanying sheets of drawings, forms a full,

clear, and exact specification, which will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use'the same.

My invention relates generally to improvements in shootinggalleries, and it consists, essentially, in the novel-and peculiar combi nation of parts and details of'constructlon,

as hereinafter first fully I set forth and described and then pointed out in the claims In the drawings already referred to,*Wh1ch serve to illustrate my said invention-more 'fully, Figure l is .a front elevationof my improved shooting gallerywith the lower front guard removed, the parts shown in section Q being taken in line 2 2 of Fig. 2.. Fig. 2 is a vertical, transverse section infli ne O O of vFig. 1. Fig. 3 is a similar section of a fragment of my device'in line 1 1 of F 1g. 1. Fig.

1 is a plan of a detail of construction and Fig. 5 a side elevation thereof. Fig. 6 is an elevation of one of the targets and a portion. 'of. its propelling chain.- Fig. 7' is avvertical fstransverse section in' line 3 3 of Fig: 6, saidsection also showing the guide members of tati'ng disk, and. Fig. 9, a section in line 4 4 of Fig.8.- V

Like parts are designated by correspond' ing characters and symbols of reference in all the figures ofthe drawings.

A shooting gallery, to be popular, must be so -constructed as to include targets which are inconstantmotion and capable of being toppled overxby 'a well aimed shot. Such galleries as now constructed require an at-' tendant to operate certain trip devices to right these toppled over targets, thereby Specification of Letters Patent.

my invention, there- '7 whether actuated by an endless chain belt I y to whlch the targets'are afiixed, or mounted upon a rotating disk, will automatically right themselves before coming within the range of the shooter after having been toppled over.

My invention contemplates the attachdevice is the provision of targets in which a simulation of life is imparted to them, as for instance, if targets representing ducks j are' employed, provision ismade for the flapping of thewings thereof at predetermined intervals; 1f of horses, a switchingv of the tails;

\ elephants, the nodding of heads, and the like.

To better understand my invention, I now refer to the drawings, in which- A -indicates-the gallery as a. whole, the

frame work of which comprises essentially upright members 1 and 2, a metallic background 3attach'ed thereto, horizontal floor anglesit and 5, horizontally disposed, transverse supporting members 6 and 7, and a vertical sheet metallic front guard 8, which guard is' fastened tothe framework at the .front'end of the members 4, 5, 6, and 7 in any suitable, manner, said. guard being adaptedto be painted on the'face thereof in v imitation of a woodland sceneandthe like, my invention and the front guard th'ereoff' "both in section. Fig. 8 is an elevation of one .of my improved targets as applied to a ro other," there arejournal brackets 9 and 9. These brackets are possessed of spaced apart Patented Dec. 22,1914. Application filed June 23, 1913. Serial No. 775,259. I

de ending arms 10 and 10*, which arms have axially'bored hubs 11 and; 11*" for the recep.

.tion of shafts 12 andj12 Connectmgthese brackets are a'pai-r of parallel angles or guide members 13 and 13, said angles being fastened to said brackets by means of suitable flush headed bolts passing" through openings 14?. and 14 and through similar holes in the horizontal legs of'the angles or supporting members 6 and 7. Between the arms 10 and 10 of the brack- ,1 ets 9 and9, on the shafts 12 and 12, are fastened sprocket wheels 14 and 14. These 60 ment of knockdown targets to an endless sprocket wheels are located directly adjacent the arms and are provided with long hubs on one side to occupy the space oncsaid reclining positions until the chain links 17 shafts '12 and 12*, between the face of said sprocket Wheels and the arms 10 as seen in Figs. 2and 3. Shaft 12 passes through the background 3 to the rear thereof, and is there provided with a sprocket wheel, belt wheel, or crank handle 16, whereby said shaft may be rotated.- Trained over sprock': ets 14 and 14 and adapted to travel along the horizontal leg of angle or guide member 13 is an endless chain or link belt 17.

.It will now be seen that only one line of chain is employed; that traveling along angle 13?, and, at predetermined intervals, individual links 17 of this chain are provided with horizontal, laterally extending 1 lips 17 Figs. 6 and 7. Over these lips are produced in the process of casting, so called target boxes 18. These boxes extend forwardly and rest upon angle or guide memsi ber 13, and are each composed of an upwardly and forwardly inclined front wall 19, side walls 20 and 20 and a bottom 21. In the front, lower edge of this bottom is produced a rabbet 22, so that when said box rests upon the horizontal leg of the angle 13, it will be pitched forwardly and downwardly, as clearly seen in Fig. 7, with chain 17 assuming a canted position and riding upon the rounded edge of the horizontal leg of the angle 13*. On the upper, inner edge .offront 19 of the target box 18, there is formed a nose 23 for purposes hereinafter described, and, throu h thev side walls 20 and 20 thereof, there is drilled an aperture 24 for the reception of a cotter or split pin, 25. i

Loosely embracing split pin 25 is a shank 26 of a figure target 27, said target shank contacting with the nose 23 to limit the forward pitch of the target. It will now be observed that the target 27 is inclined considerably forwardly of the perpendicular, thereby requiring considerable shock, such as the impact of'a projectile, to topple the same over into the reclining position shown at 28, in dotted lines, in Fig. 7, or as at 29 in Fig. 1. As the sprocket wheel 14 is rotated in the direction of the arrow pointer in Fig. 1, the chain 17 and the targets 27 are caused to travel toward the right while within the range of vision of the shooter, apd all targets toppled over remain in their carrying those targets pass over the sprocket 14*, when, bv force of gravity, said targets assume a perpendicular.-but inverted, position on the return travel of the chain. This travel is out of sight of the shooter. the said return movement of the "chain and targets being hidden by the front guard 8. It is now pointed out that during the return travel of the chain the same is unsupported between the sprocket s 14 and 14 The target boxes 18 and the targets 27' being located laterally and exteriorly of the chain,

the overhanging weight thereof will cause the chain and target boxes to assume a downwardly canted position, while the targets, being hinged, will be maintained perpendicular though inverted. This canted or deflected, or downwardly pitched disposition of the chain will be maintained as the chain travels around the lower ninety degrees of upward revolution of the sprocket, after which, as the chain ascends to the top of the sprocket 14, it will again pitch downwardly due to the overhanging weight of the, target boxes and targets,.

thereby throwing the targets forwardly'of the perpendicular as seen in Fig. 7. In this manner the targets are automatically and positively righted andimpelled to a posi- This wing has a a notch 35, both somewhat larger than the boss 32 and lug 33, are.formed through the body of the target 27 for the reception of the said boss and lug, which are adapted to be passed therethrough and the wing given a half turn, when the lug 33' engaging the back of the target, will prevent the withdrawal of the wing, yet permit the same .to be freely oscillated. Depending from the wing 31 -is a stem 36, terminating in an outwardly pointing nose 37. This nose normally slides along the uppenedge of the perpendicular leg 38 of the angle or guide member 13. But, in the path of this nose, fixed along the upper edge of the angle 13, are a plurality of obstructions 39, having said nose is compelled to ride in its forward travel, thereby imparting an oscillatory motion to the wings in an imitation of the flapping of wings of a fowl. These obstructions may be so placed that the wings of all the targets in sight may be .fiappedsimulta-- convex upper surfaces 40, overwhich the "j raw in a plurality of tiers," the first containing a like; often incorporating of fromthree to a six tiers of moving devices; And, above these, bracketed tothe backgroundfi, Ian'- ran'ge one or more rotating disk targets 41,

mounted upon shafts 432, which extend through and to the rear of said background,

and there revolved by theqsame means by which the shaft 12 is operated." These disk targets are. possessed of openings. 43, through which a pr'ojectile-mayjpass, strikover a pin 26* passing through thewalls ing a stationary metallic disk 44, which .disk will give forth aresonant sound upon being struck, In many cases I provide'therotating'disk 441 with similar' knockdown figures 27 in which case I affix to the back of thefsaid disk, at or nearlthe periphery thereof, a plurality of target boxes 18 each of which has a front wall 19*, side walls 20 and 20, and a' bottom 21*. Target 27* is hinged inthe same manner as targets 27,

and 20, and rests,-in a forwardly inclined position, against .a nose 23 on; the front "wall 19*. Said target 27 is possessed of a like hinged wing-31 the downward-movement of which is limited by a stop 45., This wing has a rearwardly projecting round shank 46, passing throughan opening 47 in d the body of the target, a lug 48 bein'g'provided on said shank to retain the wingin -pos1t1on, yet permitting the oscillation thereof. .On the. inner *end of thisshank isfixed adepending arm 49,'the lower end of which is adapted to engage projections 50 located on the periphery of, the stationary d sk 44.v Itwill readily be seen that when disk 41 is rotated, thefree end of thearm 49 coming in 'contact' with any of the pro the constant view of'the shooter.

jections 50, will cause an upward move ment of. the wing 31*, and, when this proection has been passed, the wing will drop by gravity, the whole. motion being "the,

same as {that secured by the wings. of-zthg t g t 27 .011 the link belt 17 v ,Whileherein have disclosed the pre 1 ferr'ed mode .oflpractising my invention, 1 wish it understood that I may make changes in the details thereof without departing berson said-frame work, aplurality of conget box :18 or l8 'to a stationary member extending longitudinally of the gallery, above or below the movi ng figures, thereby -pre- Having thus fully described my inven tion, I claim as new and desireto secure to myself by Letters Patent of the United States K p 1. In a shooting gallery, a suitable frame on, knokdown' targets connected "to said .points in the travelof said targets.

means, the weight of which targets over movingrow of fowl-,-- the next, a little above 1 and slightly to therear, of animals and the Y hangs said means and imparts a deflection thereto, causing a righting of said targets at a p fi fi mined b'oint; 1

2. In a shooting gallery, a suitable frame work having an endless traveling belt there,

7 5 determined point.

3. In a'shootin'g gallery, a framework arida pair of sprockets therein mounted on hori- -zontal shafts and aline d toeach other, an

endless belt traversing said sprockets, target holding; means connected to said belt, the

weight'o'f'which means/overhangs said belt, i and targets hinged insaid means,

4; Ashooting'gallery including a suitable frame work, a plurality of knockdown targets adapted to traverse an endless path on said frame work, movable members on said targets, and means for imparting individual motion to said members at predetermined 9 5. A shooting gallery including a suitable frame work, a pair 'of. parallel guide mem.

'bers on said framework, a sprocket wheel at each'end of one of said members, an endless chain trained over saidsprocket wheels and along one of said members, target boxes located laterally of and attached to said chain, and targetsxhinged in said target boxes, said target boxes being adapted to slide-along the other of said guide members, og

6. A shootinggallery including. a suitable frame work, a pair ofparallel guide mem 1 bers on said frame, asprocke't Wheel at each v end of one'of said members, means forrotating'one ,of'said sprocketwheels, an..end less link belttrained over said sprockets and along one'of said guide members, target boxes located laterallyhof andattached to said chain andadapted to slide along the,

other. of'saidgui-de members, targets hinged 11g Lin said target boxes, movable members on said targets, and obstructions along said last named guide-member adapted-to engage} saidmovable members on'sald targets.

-7. A shooting gallery includ ng a sultable 1'15 frame work, a pair 'ofparallel guide'memnected knockdown targets adapted to travel along said guide members, closely ad acent one 'ofsaid members, movable members on members adapted to successively engage i said obstructions,whereby as sald targets 1-25 are moved past said obstructions, an oscillatory 'motion is imparted tosaid movable members:

work having endless traveling means there- '8. In a shooting gallery, a framework and i a pair ,of sprockets therein mounted onhorl- 13 10 exteriorly thereof, and targets hinged in said boxes, the Weight of which boxes an targets overhangs said chain.

g In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.


In the presence of- R. G. BADEAUX, W. O. STARK.

Referenced by
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US2738978 *Apr 28, 1953Mar 20, 1956Henry Augustus MDart games
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US6736400 *Jan 24, 2003May 18, 2004Joseph M. CesterninoAutomatic target device
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U.S. Classification273/366
Cooperative ClassificationF41J9/02