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Publication numberUS1122032 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1914
Filing dateJan 26, 1914
Priority dateJan 26, 1914
Publication numberUS 1122032 A, US 1122032A, US-A-1122032, US1122032 A, US1122032A
InventorsJoseph F Scheuer
Original AssigneeJoseph F Scheuer
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Thermal circuit-closer.
US 1122032 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. P. SGHEUER. THERMAL CIRCUIT CLOSER. APPLICATION FILED JAN. 26, 1914.

Patented Dec. 22, 1914.

JosErH F. soHnUER, or TWO RIVERS, WISCONSIN.

Specification of Letters Patent.

THERMAL CIRCUIT-CLOSER.

' Patented Dec. 22, 1914.

I Application filed January .26, 1914. Serial No. 814,303.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOSEPH F. SGHEUER, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Two Rivers, in the county of Manitowoc and State of WVisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Thermal Circuit-Closers; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and

exact description thereof.

My invention consists in what is hereinparticularly set forth with reference to the accompanying drawings and pointed out in the claims of this specification, and like in my Letters Patent of October 21, 1913, respectively numbered 1,076,394 and 1,076,607, its object is to provide simple, economical and eflicient thermal circuit-closers of the fusible type and which are applicable as parts of automatic electric-signaling apparatus to be individually operative in the event of an increase of temperature in the vicinity thereof beyond a predetermined degree, the-construction of said circuit-closers being such as to facilitate testing of a line in which any one of the same is utilized.

Figure 1 of the drawings represents a vertical sectional view of a fusible thermal circuit-closer in accordance with my invention dependent from a ceiling to which it is attached, the plane of the section being indicated by line 1-1 in the other illustrations, and Figs. 2 and 3, horizontal sectional views of the device respectively indicated by lines 22 and 33 in Fig. 1.

Referring by numerals to the drawings, 4 indicates an insulator-block, circular or Notherwise and outwardly shouldered for engagement with a cover shell 5 having a central hollow boss extension 5. The inner end of the block is provided with recesses 6 in opposite directions from a central rib 7 and a countersink 8 extends from each of the recesses longitudinally of said block. The outer end of the block is provided with a central recess 9, and wall apertures 10 of said block communicate with the recesses first aforesaid. The block is attached toa ceiling or other support by a screw 11 for which an aperture is made in the otherwise solid portion of said block, and provision may be had for utilizing two or more screws for the same purpose.

Opposing the outer end of the block 4, to be flush with or lap the recess 9 thereof, is a pair of opposite conductor plates 12, 12, and a similar plate 13 is seated in each recess 6 of said block. Each conductor plate 12 is held in electric connection with a similar plate 13 by a conductor-screw 14 for which an aperture is provided in the otherwise solld portion of the block. Extending through each conductor plate 13, into acountersink 8 of the block, but free of said block, is a binding-screw 15 for an electriccurrent distribution wire 16 that extends thrgugh'two of the wall apertures 10 aforesai The cover 5 is held in place by screws 17 that extendthrough apertures thereof into seats provided in the rib 7 of the block 4, and extending through a central aperture of the boss projection 5 of said cover is an outwardly headed stem 18, the head 18' thereof being opposedto a metallic sleeve 19 fusible at a temperature of the predetermined degree aforesaid. On the inner end of the stem is a nut20 of insulating ma terial extending into the outer central recess 9 of the insulator block 4, and arranged on said stem between said nut and a spiral-spring 21 is a conical washer 22 of conductor material normally out of contact with the plates 12, 12, the spring being under tension between the washer and the boss-end of the block-cover.

In practice, the melting away of the fusiblesleeve 19 will permit expansion of the spring 20 to wedge the washer 22 between the concave opposing ends of the plates 12, 12, thereby closing an electric-circuit through said plates, the screws 14, plates 13, binding-screws 15 and electriccurrent distribution wires 16, to effect an energization of electric-signaling apparatus (not shown) in the closed circuit. At any time it is desirable to test the line, the cover 5 and parts therewith may be removed-to permit of a temporary connection-of the plates 1212 by a suitable bridge.

I claim:

1. A thermal circuit-closer comprising an insulator-block recessed at its inner and outer ends and provided with wall apertures communicating with its inner recessed portion, said block being attachable to a support; conductor-plates facing the outer end of the block in proximity to the adjacent recess of the same, similar plates seated in the inner recessed portion of the block, conductor-screws connecting the outer and inner plates in pairs through apertures in the otherwise solid portion of the block,

stem extending through the shell, a fusible binding-screws engaging the innermost ,plates clear of the block for connection withsleeve held on the outer end of the stem against the shell, an insulator-nut on the inner end of the stem engaging the outer recess of the block, a conical washer on the stem forward of the nut, and a spiral-spring ulilider tension between the washer and the s e 1.

2. A thermal circuit-closer comprising an insulator-block recessed at its inner and outer ends anL provided with wall apertures communicating with its inner recessed portion, said block being attachable to a support; conductor-plates facing the outer end of the block in proximity to the adjacent recess of the same, similar plates seated in the inner recessed portion of the block, conductor-screws connecting the outer and inner platesin pairs through apertures in the otherwise solid portion of the block, binding-screws engaging the innermost plates clear of the block for connection with electric-current distribution wires extending through said wall apertures, a cover shell in detachable connection with the block,

a headed stem extending through the shell, a fusible sleeve on the stem between its headand the shell, an insulator-nut on the inner end of the stem engaging-the outer recess of the block, a conical washer on the stem' forward of the nut, and a spiral-spring maaoaa under tension between the washer and the shell. Y c

3. A thermal circuit-closer comprising an insulator-block recessed at its inner end in opposite directions from a central rib, and provided with an outer central recess as well-as with wall apertures communicating with the recesses first aforesaid, said block being attachable to a support; conductorpla-tes facing the outer end of the block in proximity to the adjacent recess of the same, similar plates seated in the inner recesses of the block, conductor-screws connecting the outer and inner plates in pairs through apertures in the otherwise solid portion of the block, binding-screws engaging the innermost plates clear of, the block for connection with electric-current distribution wires extending through said wall apertures, a cover shell in detachable connection with the'rib of the block, ,a stem extending through the shell, a fusible sleeve held on the outer end of the stem against the shell,

an insulator nut on the inner end of the stem engaging the outer recess of the block,

the nut, and a spiral-spring under tension between the washer and the shell.

In testimony that '1 claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand at Two Rivers, in the county of Manitowoc and State of a'conical washer on the stem forward of

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4001531 *May 22, 1975Jan 4, 1977Crockett Sr James RWater alarm switch
US20040265638 *Jun 30, 2003Dec 30, 2004Imation CorpBuffer layers for magnetic media with a plastic substrate
DE1117451B *Mar 8, 1960Nov 16, 1961Siemens AgInsbesondere in elektrischen Feuermeldeanlagen verwendbarer Schmelzlotmelder
Classifications
U.S. Classification337/409
Cooperative ClassificationH01H37/76