US 1122306 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. F. RESCHKE.
APPLIUATION FILED AUG. l18. 1913. l 1,122,306. Patented Dec. 29, 1914.
" l il .l Ff@ NIPPLE.
Specication of `Letters Patent.`
Patented Dec. 29, 19M...
Application filed August 18,1913. "serial no. 785,289.
To all 'whom it may concern Be it known that I, EDWARD F. RESGHKE, citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Nipples, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in the class of nursery devices known as babycomforters which comprise a rubber nipple with suitable means by which it can be used without danger of being swallowed by the infant. My improvements are also applicable to nipples used with nursing bottles.
In devices of the type to which my invention belongs, the teething infant, by biting upon the thin walls at the neck or base of the bulb, cause holes which destroy the elficiency of a nursing nipple. In some casesy teething infants have been known to bite the nursing or comforter nipple in two and choke upon the severed bulb portion.
In baby-comforters of commerce, it is customary to combine a teething ring with the nipple.
My invention is designed to avoid the objections above mentioned and to` render the teething ring superfluous. In the accompanying drawing I have illustrated preferred and modified embodiments uof my invention in the following views:
Figure l shows a baby-comforter constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view, partly sectionized of my improved baby-comforter; and Fig. 3 is a vertical section through a nursing nipple arranged upon the stopper of a bottle, the mouth only of the latter being shown. Figs. 4 and 5 show a slightly modifled form of my invention.
i Referring to the details of the drawing, the reference character 4 represents the bulb portion of a rubber nipple,-the walls of which are made thin at the point and gradually increase in thickness toward the neck or base of the nipple, as clearly shown in Fig. 2.
5 represents annular corrugations formed in the walls of the base portion of the nipple, which are materially increased in thickness at this portion. The surface ofthe corrugations is roughened by serrations which preferably extend diagonally of said corrugations and in opposite directions.
The usual disk or guard is shown by the reference numeral 6, and 7 represents the nipple holder or attachment, the latter being formed with a stem 7 a which is adapted to fit within the base of the nipple and is given a bulbous form to prevent the too easy withdrawal of the nipple. The outer portion of the holder is provided with a hole 7b, through which a cord 8 is strung, the latter serving to provide suitable means for attaching the device to the infants person or garments.
The holder 7 is formed of bone, celluloid, vulcanized rubber or other nonyielding substance so that the stem 7a affords an unyielding backing for the base portion of the nipple, and thus combines with the corrugations 5 in providing the desired resistance which will Vfacilitate the cutting of :the infants teeth. This action is further augmented by the serrated surface of the corrugations.
Fig. 3 shows my improved nipple applied to a bottle stopper having the same functions as the comforter shown in Figs. 1 and 2. In said Fig. 3, the reference numeral 9 represents a nursing nipple, 9n the corrugated nipple base, l0EL bottle stopper having a perforated stem l0 which enters the nipple and 10b the guard, which, though not required with a bottle nipple, is shown as a means of limiting the entrance of the nipple to the infants mouth and thus serving to confine the biting action to the corrugations adjacent the guard.
In Figs. 4: and 5, I have shown the thickened and serrated walls at the neck portion of the nipple instead of at the base or open end, the same being indicated by the reference character 5b.
I am aware that nipples have been made with thickened walls at the eXtreme end of their mouth to increase their gripping action upon the bottle neck or other` holder, but, so far as I am aware, these thickened portionsw are not accessible to the infants gums, while my invention contemplates the formation of the c orrugations at such porjacent the bulb portion having thick and 10 tions of the nipple as may be readily reexternally roughened walls.
ceived between the infants gums whether In testimony whereof I afx my signature same areatthefextreme end or between the in the presence of two witnesses.
5 end and." the 4bulb` portion.
Having thus described my invention", what EDWARD F' RESCHKE' I claim as new is: Witnesses:
A nipple having a bulb portion with F. BENJAMIN, easily contractible walls and a portion ad-v G. W. HILTABRAND.
` (nimes af'thisfpatentmyflie abtained-fmtve-:ex1ts-ea :li,` Byad'dressing the Commissionr of Patents,
Washington, D. C.