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Publication numberUS1122902 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 29, 1914
Filing dateMay 20, 1914
Priority dateMay 20, 1914
Publication numberUS 1122902 A, US 1122902A, US-A-1122902, US1122902 A, US1122902A
InventorsStephan Gassler
Original AssigneeStephan Gassler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refuse-wagon.
US 1122902 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. GASSLER.

REFUSE WAGON.

Hummm ULEB my 20,1914.

Patented Dec. 29, 1914.

SSHEETS-SHEET l.

S. GASSLER.

REFUSE WAGON.

APPLICATION HLBD MAY 20.1914.

Patented Dec. 29, 1914.

3 SHEETSSHEBT 2.

a F1 x maler lll S. GSSLBR.

REFUSE WAGON.

APLIGATION FILED MAY 20,1914.-

1,122,9Q2. Patented 1390,29, 19M.

3 SHEETSSHEET 3.

\\\ W Wil BY W AUOHNEYS srnrnan'easstna'or LINDEN, NEW JERSEY.

REFUSE-WAGON.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Dec. 29, 1914.

Application led Hay 20, 1914. Serial No. 839,778.

To all 'whom t may concern Be it known that I, STEPHAN GAssLER, a subject of the King of Hungary, and a resident of Linden, in the county of Union and AState of New Jersey, have inventeda new and Improved Refuse-Wagon, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact descripti n. Y

The object of the invention is to provide a new and improved refuse wagon arranged receptacleslin the wagon and conveniently .distributing the refuse therein without dancausing undesirable dust to escape ger of from the wagon during the storing and distributing of the refuse therein.

In order to produce the desired result use is made of a hood lengthwise movable on top of the wagon body, the hood being provided at its sides with openings for the entrance of the receptacles holding the refuse, and a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings to allow of passing the refuse receptacle through the said hood opening into the guideways, the said carrier when given a half turn carrying the refuse receptacle along into an upside down or dumping position. Use is also made of a cover opening and closing device arranged within the hood and adapted to be engaged by the cover of the receptacle placed into the guideway so that when therefuse receptacle moves into dumping position its cover is moved into open position and when the empty refuse receptacle is returned to uppermost position then its cover is again moved into closed position.

A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specication, in 'which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.

Figure lis a side elevation of the refuse wagon with parts in section; Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same with parts in section; Fig. 3 is an enlarged side elevation of the hood, the carrier and the receptacles held therein; Fig. 4 is a similar view of' the same with parts in a different position; Fig. 5 is a transverse section of the same; Fig. 6 is a similar view of the same on the line 6-6 of Fig. 3; Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the refuse-holding receptacles; Fig. 8 is a cross section of the top of the same;

and Fig. 9 is an enlarged cross section of the stop for holding the carrier against accidental turning.

The wagon body A is mounted on suitable wheels B and 1s adapted to be propelled by draft animals or by power, and on the top of the wagon body A are arranged longitudinally extending guideways C on which is mounted to slide forward and backward a hood D. The guideways C rest on the sides of the body A and are connected with each other near their ends by cross bars C1 engaging the ends of the body A so as to securely hold the guideways in position on the top of the wagon body A and to allow -of moving the said guideways from the wagon body whenever it is desired to do so.

A transversely extending shaft E is journaled in the hood D at one end thereof, and on the said shaft E are secured gear wheels El in mesh with racks E2 attached to the top of the guideways C.

One end of the' shaft E is provided with a polygonal shank E3 adapted to be engaged by a crank arm or other suitable tool for turning the shaft E with a view to cause the gear wheels E1 to roll off on the racks E2 and thereby move the hood D forward or backward on top of the wagon body A according to the direction in'which the shaft E is turned.

The hood D extends across the entire top of the wagon body A and to its ends are attached the ends of aprons or shutters F, F1 extending over the top of the body A and winding up and unwinding on spring rollers F2, Fa iournaled on the ends of the guideways C, the said rollers F2, F3 being of the type of spring shade rollers so as to render the'aprons F and F1 self-opening and closing on moving the hood D forward or backward over the top of the wagon body A. By the arrangement described the aprons preventA any dust arising from the dumping of refuse into: the body A from passing into the air.

'The side edges of the aprons F and F1, preferably extend into` auxiliary guideways C2 formed at the guideways C, as plainly indicated in Figs. 5 and 6, and the under sides of the said aprons F and F1 are engaged adiacent the guideways C2 by brushes Gr extending lengthwise and having their backs G1 attached to the guideways C. By this arrangement dust and other extraneous matter are not liable to pass into the guideways C2 which guide the aprons at the side edges thereof thus insuring free opening.

and closing of the aprons on shifting the hood D forward or backward on the body A.

The hood I) is provided at the upper portions of its sides with openings D1 to permit of passing the filled through the said openings D1 into transverse guideways I1 and I2 formed on a carrier I extending within the hood D and` secured-to a transverse shaft J journaled in suitable bearings on the sides of the hood D. One outer end J1 of the shaft J is made polygonal for the application of' a crank arm J2 to permit of turning the shaft J and with it the carrier I so as to move either guideway I1 or I2 into uppermost position and in register with the hood openings/ D1.

The guideways I1 and I2 are disposed diametrically opposite each other and a half turn is given to the carrier I alternately in opposite directions so as to move the filled receptacles H from an uppermost position into an upside down dumping position to allow the contents of the receptacles H to drop down into the body A. The guideways I1, I2, the openings D1 and the receptacles H are approximately of the same shape to permit of conveniently slidingthe lled receptacles through the openings D1 into the corresponding guidevvay I1 or I2 in uppermost position at the time, or to remove the empty receptacle H from the said guideway and the corresponding opening D1.

In practice, the receptacles H are of a' depth corresponding to somewhat less than one-half of the length of a' guidevvay I1 or I2 so as to accommodate two receptacles H in each guideway, the receptacles being placed in position preferably from one side of the Wagon to the corresponding openings D1.4

The. receptacles H are provided with suitable handles at the sides for convenient handling of the receptacles and the said receptacles are also provided at thebottom with flanges H2, adapted to engage corresponding recesses I3 arranged on the guideways I1 and I2 to prevent thereceptacles from falling out in lowermost dumping position.

Each receptacle H is provided at its upper end with segmental guideways H3 in which is mounted to slide a cover Hl having one end terminating in a flange H1S projecting somewhat from the corresponding end of the receptacle This flange H5 is adapted to pass into either one of two bars K1 or K2, grooved correspondingly to the flange 5 to receive and hold the same, as Will be readily understood by reference to Figs. 3 an The bars K1-vand K2 form ypartsof an opening and closing devicef K mounted to garbage receptacles H l the opening and closing vthe carrier of the said guideways when spring'N,2 set in a recess'D2 -The pin N and one of the vlocated relatively to each 'other as to 1,122, soa

. travel inv segmental guideways L arranged on the inner faces of the sides of the hood D.

The opening and closing device K is provided at each side with a pin K3 extending into a segmental groove L1 formed in the inner face hood'D to half turn to the carrier I,

as previously explained.

Then the several parts are in the position shown in Fig. 3 then the bar K1 is in vposition for receiving the fiange H ofv-the" cover H4 of a filled receptacle H, and when` the operator imparts ahalf turn to the earof the corresponding side of the limit the sliding movement of the opening and closing device Ix on giving a Y rier I in the direction of the arrow a1 thenpfu .this filled receptacle H isV moveddownward" during the time the carrier I moves to a vfinal position whereby the cover H4 is moved into open in place by the device K. Thus Awhen the filled receptacle H reaches lowermost or upinto upside down or dumping position andi position -on account` of being'held vside down dumpingposition the cover H44 is opened see Fig. 4) to allow the contents of the 'vessel H to drop into the body A.

By reference to Figj 4 it will be noticed that when the carrier I reaches this position the previously emptied receptacles H can be removed from the carrier I and replaced bv filled receptacles, as shown in Fig. 4. Then this takes place the flanges H"5 of thesefilled receptacles engage the bar K2 of I is now turned in the inverse direction of the arrow a1 then the filled re.L

ceptacle H is moved downward into dumping position and at the same time its cover is drawn'open while the previously emptied receptacle returns `to uppermost position. This cover is returned to closed position as soon as the pin K3 reaches the right-hand end of the groove L1.

The covers H1 are preferably provided at the undevside of their free ends with stops H6 to prevent the covers from being drawn out of their guidewavs H3 completely.

device K, and when In order to hold the carrier I against acl f cidental turning use is made of stop pins N adapted to engage.recesses Il arranged on one side of the carrier I, as plainly indicated in Figs. 3, 4, 5 and 9.

The stop pin N is mounted to slide in a keeper N1 attached to the sides of the hood D and the said pin N is pressed on by a in the corresponding side of the carrier D (see Fig. 9). recesses Il are so be in engagement whenever a half turn is given .form a removable attachment for the wagon body A.

to the carrier l in either direction, as above explained.

The operation is as Jfollows: Presuming the several parts to be in the position shown in Fig. 3 and the attendant having placed lled receptacles into the then uppermost` receptacles *are "piilled open by the cover opening and closing device K, which latter moves withvthe carrier and into the righthand position shown in Fig. et. During the turning of the carrier I the previously emptied receptacles H in the guideways I are moved into uppermost position and their covers H4. -are closed by the device K, as shown in Fig. 4. The 'empty receptacles are now removed Aand replaced by lled ones and then the operator gives the crank J2 a half turn'infthe opposite directionto turn the carrier I and-thereby move the filled receptacles H downward into dumping position while the previously emptied receptacles are returned to uppermost position.

In order to distribute the refuse evenly in the body A, the hood D and the parts carried thereby are moved from time to time lengthwise over the wagon body to dump the refuse into different parts of the wagon body A to evenly ill the same.

It will be noticed that the charging device consisting of th'e. hood D, carrier I and cover opening and closing device together with the aprons F, F1 and guideways C Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:

l. A refuse Wagon, comprising a body, a hood lengthwise'movable on top of the said body and provided at its sides with openings, and a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having sets of transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings to allow of passing a refuse receptacle through the said hood opening into thc guideways uppermost at the time, the carrier when given a halt turn carrying the refuse receptacle along into an upside down dumping position.

2. A refuse wagon, comprising'a body, a hood lengthwise movable on top of the said body and provided at its sides with openings, self-opening and closing aprons extending froin the ends of the said body and attached to the ends of the said hood, and a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having sets of transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings to allow ot passing a refuse receptacle through the said hood openings into the guideways uppermost at the time, the carrier when given a halt' turn carrying the reiuse receptacle along into an upside down dumping position.

3. A refuse wagon, comprising a body provided at the top of its sides with longitudinally extending guideways, a 'hood mounted to slide forwardand backward on the said guideways, the hood being provided at the upper portion of its sides with openings, a carrier mounted to turn in the hood and having transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings when in uppermost position, refuse receptacles having movable covers and adapted to be passed through the hood openings into the carrier guideway uppermost at the time, and means engaging the said covers to move the saine into open position on turning the carrier and while the receptacles move from uppermost into lowerniost -position and closing the covers while the receptacles move from lowermost into uppermost position.

- d. A refuse wagon, comprising a body, a hood on the top of the body and provided at the upper portions ot its sides with openings. and a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openingsat a time a guidewajv is in uppermost position to allow of passing a lilled refuse receptacle into the uppermost guideivay or removing an empty refuse receptacle from the same by way of the said hood openings.

5. A refuse wagon, comprising a body, a hood on the top of the body and provided at the upper portions of its sides with openings, a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings at a time a guideway is in uppermost position. a refuse receptacle having a movable cover and adapted to pass through a hood opening into the guideway in register at the time with the hood opening, and a cover opening and closing device in the said hood and adapted to engage the cover to open the same during the downward move'- ment of the receptacle and to close the cover during the upward movement of the receptacle.

6. A refuse wagon, comprising a body, a hood on'the top of the body and provided at the upper portions of its sides With openings,v a carrier mounted to turn in the said 'hood and having transverse guideways adapted tol register with the said hood openings at a time a guideway is in uppermost position, a refuse receptacle adapted to pass through a hood opening into the guideway in register at the time with the hood opening, a cover slidable on the said receptacle and provided with a flange projecting beyond one side of the receptacle, and a cover opening and closing device having a limited sliding movement in the hood and provided with a holder adapted to lengage the projecting iange of the cover to open and close the latter.

7. A refuse Wagon, comprising a body, a

hood on the top of the body and provided at the upper portions of its sides with openings, a carrier mounted to turn in the said hood and having transverse guideways adapted to register with the said hood openings at a time a guideway is in` uppermost position, segmental guideivays on the inner' faces of the sides of the hood, a transversely extending cover opening and closing device having its ends mounted to slide in the said segmental guideways, theI said cover opening and closing device having. grooved bars spaced apart, a refuse-holding receptacle provided with a slidable cover having a fiange projecting on one side of the receptacle, the said receptacle being adapted to pass through a hood opening into the carrier guideway in register at the time with the hood opening, the said cover flange being adapted to engage the said bar on pass- 'ing on the said rollers and attached to the.

ends of the said hood.

9. A refuse wagon, comprising a body provided at the top of its sides with longitudinal guideways and racks, a hood slidable on the said guideways and provided in the upper portions of its sides with openings, a transverse shaft journaled on the said hood and having gear Wheels in mesh with the said rack, spring rollers journaled on the ends of the wagon, aprons winding on the said rollers and attached to the ends of the said hood, guideways on the sides of the body for the sides of theaprons to slide in, and brushes held on the said guideways and adapted to engage the aprons. Y

10.-,A refuse wagon, comprisin a body, a hood A'mounted on top of the sai body and providedon the upper portions of its sidl s -With openings, a carrier within the sa d body and rovided with diametrically o posite guideways disposed transverse y each adapted to register atits'ends with the said hood openings, the said gudeways being ada ted to receive refuse receptacles by way o the rack hood openings, a shaft journaled in the sides of the hood and on which the .said carrier is mounted to allow of turning the carrier alternately in opposite directions on turning the said shaft in like directions, and an opening and closing device in the said hood and ada ted to be engaged by the covers of the re use receptacles to open and close the said covers on turning the said carrier.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

STEPHAN GASSLER.

Witnesses THEO. G. Hoeren, PHILIP D. ROLLHAUS. l i

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2843273 *Nov 25, 1955Jul 15, 1958Olof J SandenRain protecting device, especially for hatchways on ships
US3337072 *Oct 18, 1965Aug 22, 1967Xerox CorpLoader
US5203664 *Jun 19, 1989Apr 20, 1993Vecto Hydraulic A/SWaste container for handling with front loading means
Classifications
U.S. Classification414/407, 414/421, 414/414
Cooperative ClassificationB65F3/12