US 1124438 A
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I A. 'I'. BOLTON.
Patented Jan. 12, 1915.
rNE NORRls PETERS CoA. PHGTO-LITHO.. WASHINLWW ABQBY T. I-IOITON, 0F CONCORI), VERMONT.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented J an. 12, 1915.
Application led April 1, 1914. Serial No. 828,812.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, ABBY T. HOLTON, a citizen of the United States of America, and resident of Concord, in the county of Essex and State of Vermont, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Egg- Cases, of which the following is a specification.
'Ihis invention relates to egg cases and particularly to means for holding` the eggs in a case so that the eggs do not contact with one another while the case is being shipped or handled, the said invention further contemplating the provision of means for preventing undue vibration or jarring of the eggs or their coming in contact with the sides, top or bottom of the case.
A further object of this invention is to provide an egg case in which egg retaining jackets are suspended approximately horizontally, novel means being provided for preventing dislodgement of the said jackets from the seats provided for their support.
l/Vith the foregoing and other objects in view, the invention consists in the details of construction, and in the arrangement and combination of parts to be hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed.
In describing the invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings forming' part of this specification wherein like characters denote corresponding parts in the several views, and in which- .Figure 1 illustrates a transverse sectional view of a case embodying the invention; Fig. 2 illustrates a perspective view of a fragment of the body of the case; Fig. 3 illustrates a perspective view of a fragment of a retaining partition adapted to coact with the supporting partition in the casing; and Fig. 4 illustrates a top plan view of a fragment of the casing.
In these drawings 5 denotes the receptacle or bottom portion of the casing and 6 the top thereof, the latter of which has sides which telescope the sides of the body.
Within the body there are arranged series of partitions such as 7 the same being arranged in parallel order and secured to the receptacle 5 at the ends and lower edges of the said partitions. Any appropriate means may be devised for securing the partitions in place and I have here shown them as attached to anchoring strips 8 secured to the body 5 by paste or other appropriate means,
the said anchoring strip having a flange 9` to which the partition 7 is secured, as by paste or the like. The partition 7 has as its function the support of the jackets containing eggs and the separation of the adjacent eggs in the jacket so that they may not come in contact with each other during shipment. The partitions 7 have notches forming inclined edges l() and 11, merging to form a V-shaped seat 12 in which the jacket is lodged and supported.
As a means for preventing dislodgment of the jacket from the seat and as a means for preventing undue movement of the jacket with relation to the seat, a retaining partition 13 is applied to the side of the partition 7, it being understood that such retaining partition is provided for each of the stationary partitions as is adapted to coact therewith. The retaining partition 13 has notches forming the inclined edges 14 and 15, so that as the said edges lit over the jacket they confine the said jacket in the seat 12 of a stationary partition. The jacket heretofore mentioned is identified by the reference character 16 and comprises a cylindrical or tubular envelope adapted to receive the eggs. The jacket is preferably made of paper of proper texture and strength to hold the case and the jacket is manipulated by twisting the same to form necks with reduced portions 17 which rest in the seats of the partitions.
In the application of the jackets containing the eggs to the boX or casing, the free ends of the jackets are twisted and are interposed between the end wall of the casing or box and the adjacent partition. The twisted ends of the jackets serve to prevent movement of the jackets longitudinally of the case or transversely of the partitions and when an egg has been inserted in the jacket, the said jacket is twisted at the end of the egg thus forming a pocket to confine the egg, the twisted portion of the said jacket being termed a neck which will rest in a seat 12 of the partition. When a series of rows of eggs have been placed in a casing or box and the retaining partitions are applied, the cover 6 will serve to hold the retaining partitions in place so that a compact carrier is produced which will prevent vibration or movement of the case to such an extent as will cause injury.
I claim- In an egg case, a receptacle, parallel partitions therein having notches with inclined Walls terminating in seats, one of said partitions lying near the end wall of the receptacle, an egg jacket having twisted necks adapted to rest in the notches of the partitions and having a twisted end lying between the end of the receptacle and the partition near the end of the receptacle, Whereby an anchorage for the jacket is effected, retaining partitions extending parallel with the first mentioned partitions and having notches for receiving the necks of the jackets, said retaining partitions being approXimately coeXtensive with the height of the receptacle, and a cover on the receptacle 15 engaging the upper edges of the retaining partitions for holding them in place.
In testimony whereof, I afX my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
ABBY T. HOLTON.
R. T. JOHNSON, G. E. BURT.
copies ot this patent may be obtained for ve cents cach, by addressing the Commissioner of Patent. Washington, D. C.