US 1126073 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. K. PETERSON (Y; J. H. BAIRD.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 12, 1914.
Patented Jan. 26, 1915.
THE NORRIS PETERS 60.. PHOTC-LITHOH V/ASHINGTCN, n. c.
UNITED sTA ns PATENT OFFICE.
FRED K. PETERSON AND JESSE I-I. BAIRD, 0F GALESBURG, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNORS TO CRANE MANUFACTURING 00., OF GALESBURG, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS.
Application filed January 12, 1914.
To aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, FRED K. PETERSON and JESSE H. BAIRD, both citizens of the United States, and residents of Galesburg, in the county of Knox and State of Illinois, have jointly invented a new and useful Baling-Press, of which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to baling presses of that class or type commonly used for baling paper, rags, etc., and in which the material to be baled is placed within a vertically arranged press-box or compression chamber, compacted by a rammer or tamping block, and then compressed by a follower block or platen actuated by a screw or other suitable compression means.
One of the primary objects of the invention is to provide a press-box of such shape that the completed bale may with the utmost facility and ease be removed therefrom.
Another object is to provide novel means whereby the screw and screw-beam or compression beam) may automatically swing rearwardly when released, in order that practically the entire top may be left open for the removal of the follower, or when the charges are being placed in the press box, or while they are being rammed, or when removing the bale.
In this connection a further object is to provide novel means for locking said beam and screw in operative positions.
It is an object to provide novel means, secured on the door, for preventing the side walls of the press-box from spreading, relatively to each other, during the compressing operation.
It is a still further object to provide novel quickly removable means for locking said door against said side walls.
Another object is to so construct and arrange the bail-supporting bracket that it will coact with certain other means to act as a reinforcement, and that said reinforcement will act to prevent movement of said bracket.
Minor objects will be in part obvious and in part specifically pointed out.
sunmiarily stated, the invention consists in both the generic and specific features of construction, in combinations of elements adapted for coaction, and in the order and arrangement of the elements, by which or- Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 26, 1915.
Serial No. 811,752.
der and arrangement strength, simplicity and efficiency are attained.
For the purpose of illustrating our invention we have shown in the accompanying drawings that form thereof which is at present preferred by us, since the same has been found in practice to give satisfactory results. It is to be understood, however, that the several instrumentalities of which the'invention consists can be variously constructed and arranged, and that some of these can be successfully employed in machines differing in many respects from the one shown; therefore we do not contemplate the scope of our invention as limited to the structure illustrated, but consider it as embracing all such changes as fairly fall within the general idea thereof.
In said drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective, seen from in front and above the press; Fig. 2, a perspective, seen from a rear 001'- ner; Fig. 3, a bottom plan; and Fig. 4, a fragn'iental detail, enlarged.
Coming now to a detailed description of said drawings, and uniformly employing the same reference numeral to designate the same part, 2 designates a pressboX floor or bottom provided with wire-receiving grooves 3.
4 designates the back wall, provided with ways 5 for the passage of the wires, and 6, 6 indicate the side walls. These parts may be of any suitable construction and do not require more detailed description herein. other than to state that the bottom or floor 2 is wider at its front than at its rear portion, and that the walls 6, 6, which are secured to the opposite sides or edges thereof are divergent toward the front, whereby a tapered or slightly wedge-shaped bale, which may with great facility and case be removed from the compression chamber, is formed.
8, 8 designate floor-stay straps, the bent rear ends of which are secured to the wall 4 and the front ends of which project a slight distance to form hooks 10 in which the lower edge of the door 11 rests. Secured in recesses in the inner face of said door is a pair of L-shaped binding or clasping irons 12, the rearwardly projecting ends of which clasp the side walls 6 when the door is in closed position to prevent said walls from spreading relatively to each other.
13, 13 indicate corner brackets, and 14, 14, and 15, 15, reinforce plates.
16, 16 designate door-locking straps, secured one to each wall 6 and their bent rear ends secured to the rear wall 4. Each is provided at its front end with an eye 18, through which eyes a lock-bar 17 is removably passed.
19 designates an elongated U-shaped strap secured to the bottom 2, side walls 6 and plates 15, to prevent the bottom from being forced from the side walls when the strain of compression is exerted upon it.
20, 20 designate brackets, one fixed to each wall 6 and each provided with a lip 21 overlying and reinforcing a strap 16, while said strap in turn aids the bolts and nuts 20 in preventing said bracket from being drawn upwardly when stress is placed thereupon.
22 designate studpins, one carried by each bracket. Pivotally mounted on each of said studs is a bail-rod 23 having its upper end bent over and secured to a screw-beam or compression beam 24E.
is a screw-plate set into and secured to said beam, and 26 is the usual screw working therein.
26, 26 indicate fixed stop pins, so disposed that the forward swinging movement of the rods 23 is stopped before they reach vertical positions, whereby they will automatically fall to the rear when not restrained, carrying with them, of course, the beam and screw, whereby the press-box top will be left practically unobstructed, for the purposes earlier herein stated.
27 designates a removable lock-pin, for preventing rearward movement of said elements.
28 indicates a follower or platen, provided with the usual grooves 29. 30 is the screw-centering iron, secured thereto, and 31, 31 are handles by which the follower may be raised from the box.
It is believed that in view of the statebe made in the details of construction with out departing from the scope of the invention, which we define in the following claims as:
1. A baling-press comprising a box including a back wall and side walls, doorlocking straps substantially embracing said walls, brackets provided each with a stud, said brackets secured one to each side wall and each provided with a shoulder on which one of said doorlocking straps rests, a bailmember pivotally engaged with each of said studs, a beam carried by said bail-members, and a screw carried by and operatively engaged with said beam.
A baling-press box comprising side walls, a rear wall, and a floor, and having an open front, a removable door adapted to close said front, door-locking straps secured each to the rear wall and to a side wall, a locking bar engaging said straps and adapted to secure said door in place, clasping irons secured to said door and adapted one to clasp each side wall, a transversely arranged U-strap secured to the side walls and floor, and floor-stay straps secured to the rear wall and floor and having their front ends bent upwardly to form supports for said door.
In witness whereof we hereunto sign our respective names, this 3rd day of January,
FRED K. PETERSON. JESSE H. BAIRD. Vitnesses C. P. MARKLAND, A. G. MILLER.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.