US 1126640 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
H. H. JONES.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 29, 1913.
1,126,640. Patent-,ea @11.26, 1915.
HARLEY E.. JONES, F MEDFORD, MASSACHUSETTS.
To all whom t muy concern.'
Be it known that I, HARLEY H. JONES, a
citizen of the lUnited States, residing lin Medford, in 4the county of Middlesex and structure.
State of Massachusetts, (whose post-ofiice address is 53 Front street, Charlestown, Massachusetts,) have invented an Improvement in Garbage-Receptacles, of which the following description, in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a specification, like letters on the drawings representing like parts.
The present invention relates to a garbage receptacle and is embodied in what is known as an under-ground garbage receptacle, in which a removable receiving can is contained in a casing which is permanently embedded inthe ground; the said casing having a cover of its own which incloses the receptacle, there being also a service cover which can be opened independently of the main cover when the garbage is to be deposited.
The permanently embedded portion of the device embodying the invention is composed of a tube made of cement and the main feature of noveltv of the invention consists 1n the means for attaching the compound cover to the upper end of the c ement The invention further relates to certain novel details of construction and arrange' yremoving the movable garbage receptacle.
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a receptacle embodyingr the invention, parts lbeing broken away and shown in horizontal section; Fig. 2 is a side elevation partly in section, showing the receptacle as embedded 4in the ground; Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section of the upper portion of thedevice showing the main cover open; and Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional detail on the line X* of Fig. 1.
In accordance with the invention the permanent outer casing which is to be embedded in the ground consists pf a. tube 1 made of molded cement in which 1s prefi Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 26, 1915.
Application filed September 29, 1913. `Serial No. 792,258.
erably embedded a reinforcing wire netting 2, it being unnecessary to cover the lower end of the tube, since there is no need of any covering for the ground' at the bottom lof the hole. The removable receptacle consists of a pail 3, indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 3, the ksaid pail having a flange 4 around the top, which is supported on an annular shoulder 5 which is part of a cover support 6. In accordance with thel invention the said cover support 6 is adapted to rest upon the top of the tube or casing, and is provided with a downwardly projecting flange 7 which fits around the-outside of said tube. The cover support is open at the middle to receive the removable receptacle 3 and is provided along its under surface with an annular recess 8', the'width of which is less than the thickness of the body portion of the tube` 1. The said cover support is secured to the body portion by means of bolts or screws 9 which are adapted to'be embedded in or secured to the body portion l.
In the construction shown, the body portion l is provided with lateral recesses 10 each having an undercut portion 12 to form an `engaging .shoulder 13, for a nut 14, adapted to be engaged by a bolt 9. As an additional means for securing the cover support 6 to the body`1,'the recess or channel 8 is filled, before the parts are put together, with unhardened cement which after hardening becomes a homogeneous part of the body portion l, as well as permanently adhering to the metal with which it is in contact.
The structure is strong and durable, the main cement portion not being affected by the moisture of the ground, while the cover support is firmly and permanently secured to the cement portion, making a single unlt.
In accordance with the invention, the main cover 15, as best shown in Fig. 3,15 providedwith an annular ange 16 whlch fits over and surrounds an upwardly projecting annular portion 17 of the cover support 6 so that when the said main cover .1s closed, a tightv seal is afforded. The sald main cover 15 is provided with a circular opening 18 which is smaller than the removable receptacle 3, so that the said receptacle lcan not be removed without lifting the main cover 15, which is hinged or pivoted in lugs 19 forming part of' the cover support 6. l
hinged to t e main cover so thatifit. can belli lifted independently thereof..- In the con' struction, shown' the service cover 20, is
arranged that it cannot be' lifted wholly' to a vertical position; so ,thatif leftto itself it will fall toa closed position. It is therefore, impossible to leavethereceptacle open l except l'when the main cover 15 is lifted.
'When, Ihowever, the main cover is lifted for the removal of .the receptacle 3, itis desirable that the service cover should be heldfrom independent movement,v and for this pur ose the covers are arranged to be automatmally locked together when the main 4cover has been lifted.` For this purpose, the' covers are provided with a lockmg device 21 :which is shown as longitudinally movable with relation to tht pivot supports 22 and 23 to which the covers are respect'ively. hinged. The longitudinal movement is brought about through the agency of curved or cam vshaped surfaces 26 and 27 formed on the under surface of the locking device; and in such movement the locking device is' guided with relation to the covers' by means of inclined slots 24 and 25 Yengaged respectively by the hinge pivots 22 and 23.r 'When the service cover 20 is lifted, the locking device 21 is not moved, but when the main cover 15 is ,lifted thepivot 23, which is connected tothe main ycover, lifts the front end of the lookin causing the cam surface 26 to ride a ong-the flat surface of aprojection *28 thus moving the locking devicel from the position shown in Fig. 2 to the position shown in- Fig. 3. This-movement causes a projecting portion or nose 29 of the 'locking device to move over and engage the back portion of the service cover 20 thus preventing the same from turning on its pivot 23 and holding the covers together as .shown in Fig. 3. When the main cover 15 is closed the cam surface" 27 comes incontact with an inclined shoulder 30 which projects upwardl from the cover support, thus'moving the ocking device back to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2,'and leaving the service cover yfree device to e "the, ground; al covery support secured Ito the cover support; ,a main cover hinged on said geii'dgs indicated by 'the .dotted WhatIclaim is: w
. |515v -fouter casing adaptedjto be. embedded vin` top of said outer casing;; a removable re- 4' ceptacleyadapted to be supported byV said e0? cover support and adapted .to inclose the -removable receptacle ;l a service cover. hinged tending from the service cover hinge tothe main cover hinge and adapted to hold-said service cover in its closed position with'relation to the main cover when the maincover is raised; and 'means for operating said locking device in response to the move'- ment of said. main cover on its pivotal sup- ,p
port. v l
2. A garbage receptacle comprising an outer casing provided at the top with anannular cover support; a main cover hinge on said annular support; a service ycover hinge on the main cover; a longitudinally n movable locking device extending from the main cover hinge to the service cover hinge and having longitudinal slots cooperating with the hinge pintles respectivelyI to admit of such longitudinal movement; cam
surfaces formed on the under side ofsaidlocking device, one of said cam surfaces being adapted to engage' the upper surface of thevcover support to move said locking A device in 'one direction when the cover is 4lifted and .the other cam surface being.
adapted t'o engage a projection from the cover support to move the locking device kin the 'opposite direction when the main cover is closed; and a projecting portion forming part of said locking device 'and adapted to be vextended over the service Witnesses:
JAS. J. MALONEY, MARY L. MALONEY.