US 1130747 A
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A. LOZANO. LIQUID AND GASEOUS FUEL BURNER. APPLICATION FILED JUNE 13, 1914. 1,1 30,747, Patented Mar. 9, 1915.
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/t oeww w? %M 4% A. LOZANO. LIQUID AND GASBOUS FUEL BURNER. APPLICATION IVILED JUNEls, 1914.
1,1 30,747. Patented Mar. 9, 1915.
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ANTONIO LOZANO, 0F CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS.
LIQUID AND GASEOUS FUEL BURNER.
Application filed June 13, 1914. Serial N 0. 844,873.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ANTONIO LOZANO, a citizen of Mexico, residing at Corpus Christi, in the county of Nueces and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Liquid and Gaseous Fuel Burners, of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to improvements in liquid and gaseous fuel burners, and is directed particularly to the burner caps of gas stoves.
The primary object of the invention is the provision of interchangeable burner caps which may be used either singly or collectively in connection with a' gaseous or liquid fuel stove, and in certain details of construction of these burner caps.
In the accompanying drawings I have illustrated three embodiments of my invention constructed according to the best modes I have so far devised forthe practical application of the principles of the invention.
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a gaseous fuel burner, or gas stove, having two forms of my burner caps illustrated as applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a vertical section of Fig. 1, on line 22. Fig. 3 is a top plan view of one form of the burner cap. Fig. 4 is a partial side elevation and partial longitudinal section of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a second embodiment of the invention in a burner cap. Fig. 6 is a side elevation of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a further modified form of burner cap.
In the preferred embodiment of my invention, as illustrated in the drawings, I have shown the burner caps associated with a portable stove which is intended primarily for use in camps, and is particularly designed to provide a compact stove for facile transportation.
The stove comprises a rectangular frame 1 made up of angle iron, and fashioned with four corner legs each pivoted at 2 and comprising an upper member 3 and a lower member 4, preferably of angle iron, and these members 3 and 4 have a telescopic relation to each other, and the member 4 may slide within the member 3 and is guided in the slot 5 by the bolts 6. By this construction, when packing the stove, the extreme ends 4 of the legs may be pushed toward the pivots 2, and then the legs may be swung on their pivots, and nested underthe angle irons of the frame 1.
The burners 7-7-7 are supplied with Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 9, 1915.
gaseous or liquid fuel through the'couplings '8, and these burners are suspended from the frame 1 by means of a supplementalframe 9 having three rings 10 which are located under and support the burners 7 The four supporting bars 11 of the frame 9 are attached two at the ends and two at the sides of the frame 1, in suitable manner.
In Figs. 1 and 2, I have illustrated a rectangular cover 12 preferably made of sheet metal and V fashioned with flanges 13 by means of which the cover may be pushed down and secured over the rectangular frame 1. This cover has an open center 14 located about the burners, and an interrupted annular groove is located at the center of the cover and designed particularly to accommodate a cylindrical water heater, not shown.
In Figs. 1 and 2, I have illustrated two forms of the burner caps, and in Fig. 3, a third form is illustrated.
Referring to Figs. 3 to 7, which are enlarged views of the burner caps and show them in detail more clearly than in Figs. 1 and 2, the cap 16 of Fig. 3 is fashioned with two inverted cups 17l7 which are open at the bottom, and provided with an annular series of perforations 18. These inverted cups are designed tofit within the cups of the burners 7 and to receive the gaseous fuel from the supply pipes 8 of the stove. The two cups 17 are connected by a tubular member 19 forming a bridge between the cups, and in Figs. 3 and 4, I have illustrated a central partition 20 which separates the tube 19 into two chambers 21-21. In some instances this partition 20 may be omitted, but under certain circumstances it is desirable that the gas arising in each of the burners 7 should be kept in the separated chambers 21-21. These chambers are provided with perforations 22 extending through the side walls of the tubular member 19, and the gases of combustion issue through these perforations 18 and 22 when the gas is ignited. Within each cup 17 an annular flange communicates-with the cap and extends equidistant at the sides thereof. The perforationslS and 22 are present in this form of vention is partially illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, whereI have shown the cap 24 and its tubular member 25 located over the central burner of the stove, and to the rightand left of this central burner I have shown the duplicate caps 26 26 with their single tubular members 27 extending toward the center of the stove and abutting against the outer ends of the tubular member 25. In this manner a long bridge is provided which is perforated throughout its length, and each cap 24, 26, 26 is alsoperforated, and from these perforations an intense heat may be obtained as the gases of combustion issue therethrough. If only the center burner is to be used, as for instance, when using my water heater, the gas may be turned oif from the burner caps 2626, and the cap 24 with its member 25 will be suflicient to heat the water in the heater. heat is desired, .the central burner 'and one of the outer burners may be dispensed with,
and the remaining single arm cap may be utilized; If it'is desired to couple up two burners, it willreadily be understood that the form shown in Figs. 3 and 4 may be applied to the central burner, and either the left or right hand burner in Fig. 1.
F rom the' above description taken in connection with my drawings it is evident that per- If only a minimum I have provided a gaseous fuel burner which may be compactly packed for transportation or shipping, which may be set up and assembledfor use with facility, and which is economical and efiicient in its operation; It is evident that the different forms of burner icaps illustrated may be combined to best ad;
vantage in order to secure a superior device which is capable of many different uses, and which accomplishes desirable results in an easy and facile manner. 7 Havingthus fully described my invention,
what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A burner cap comprising two inverted cups with'perforation's in their walls, a tubular member superposed on said cups, and having perforations therein, and a central partition separating said member into compartments opening into the cups.
2; A burner cap comprising spaced inverted cups each having an annular serrated flange vtherein and perforations in its walls, and a tubular'member superimposed upon said cups with perforations in its walls and opening into said cups,
-3. The combination with a gaseous fuel stove'of a sectional'burner comprising a plurality of sections each having an open'bot? tom inverted cup and a perforated tubular member superimposed thereon, and said sections co-acting with each other to afiord an alined sectional'burner, substantially as described. V i
In testimony, whereof I affix my signature in presence of two'witnesses.
, ANTONIO LozANo. Witnesses. V v
M. L. NEwooMB, SIDNEY H. N EGROTTE.
' Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
7 Washington, D. 6.