US 1133664 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. L. PLUMMER.
APPLIUATION FILED MAR. 13, 1913.
1 1 33 ,664, Patented Mar. 30, 1915.
WITNESSES [N VEN T OR 4; Allorney speclncatlon of Letters I'atent.
Application filed larch 18, 19 1s.. Serial no. 754,027.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ROY L. PLUMMER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Edinburg, in the county of Christian and State of lllinois have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Paper-Clips,
' ;of which the following is a specification.
v This invention relates to improvements in paper clips andcontemplates the promsion of a cheap, eflicient and durable device, for holding or fastening together two or more sheets of paper. 4 v
A further object of the invention 1 6S1d 6$ in the provision of a spring wire paper clip in which the papers are held together by the resilience of wire of the clip arms or jawsembracing them; and it consists of a spring clip or. holder for papers, fashioned 'from a single strand of spring wire of suitable gage and length, folded to form two complete rectangular frames or jaws, the ends 7 of which are curved oppositely or extended outwardly to facilitate the fastening of the clip upon the paper, the resilience of the wire strand adapted to firmly and securely hold or retain the paper properly between the said two jaws.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a paper clip of this character, capable of. securely clamping or fastening two or more sheets of paper regardless of the position of the clip when applied thereto.
The above and additional objects are accomplished by such means as are illustrated in their preferred embodiment in the accompanying drawings, described in the followmg specification, and then more particularly pointed out in the claim which is appended heretov and form a part of this application.
In describing my invention in detail, reference will be had to the accompanying drawings wherein like characters denote like v or corresponding parts throughout the several views, and in which; I
Figure 1, is an elevation of a clip constructed in accordance with my invention illustrating the application thereof, Fig. 2, is an edge view, Fig. 3, is a view similar to Fig. 1, the clip being applied in a different manner, shown in Fig. 3, and, Fig. 5, is a, perspective view of the entire clip. Before proceeding with the description of the drawings, I desire to call particular attention to the fact that while I have evolved my invention with reference to the fastening curved as at 17 so as to extend Fig. 4, is an end view, of the clip V of I aper, the clip may be somewhat enlarged an readily utilized as a wire or metallic clothes pin.
I Referring now to the drawings, wherein 1s illustrated the preferred form of my in.- vention, the clip 1s designed in its entirety by the numeral 1 and is composed of a single strand of spring wirebent to form two rectangular jaws or frames between which the paper or other article, to be clamped is fitted. The said wire strand, beginning at one 3 end thereof, extends vertically as at 2 to a point 3 where it is slightly curved outwardly and extends to a point 4 where it is again bent at substantially right angles to form a cross piece 5. The opposite end of the cross piece 5 from that of the bent por tlon 4, is also bent as at 6.so as to extend parallel with that portion of the wire between the bent portions 3 and 4, where it is again bent as at 7 to extend as at 8, parallel with the portion 2 above described. The two wire portions 2 and 8 form the sides of one of the jaws or frame comprising the clip, the lower extremity of the portion 8 being bent inwardly or at right angles as at 9 to form the base 10 of one of the said frames, the said base 10 extending parallel with the cross piece 5. The opposite end of the base 10 is also bent at right angles as at 11 so as to extend upwardly as at 12 parallel wlth the portion 2 to a point 13 directly opposite and in alinement with the bent portion 3. From the bent portion 13, the wire strand is curved slightly outwardly'and oppositely to that portion of the strand between the bent' portions 3 and 4, the said strand being again bent as at 14 to form a cross piece 15 which extends parallel with the cross piece 5, the said cross piece 15 forming the upper extremity of the other clamping jaw or frame. The cross piece 15 1s bent as'at 16 so as to extend parallel with bends 6 and 7, the said strand being again downwardly parallel as at 18 with the portion 8 of the first mentioned frame. The lower extremity of the portion 18 is curved slightly out wardl as at 19, the terminus of the said curve portion being bent at right an les so as to form the base 20 of the secon mentioned' frame, the said base extending aral lel with the base 10 of the first mentioned held in spaced relation or extending outwardly by reason of the angularly disposed portions of the said strand provided for that purpose.
The clip is normally fitted over the edges of the paperso as to bring one of the jaws or frames upon each side thereof, this application being accomplished by inserting the edges of the paper within either of the diverged ends of the clip and sliding the clip over the edges until the paper comes in contact with one of the curved portions 11 or 14.
When it is desired that a large number of papers should be fastened, the position of the clip is changed and the edges of the papers are inserted between the portions 8 and 18 of the clip, which insertion will allow a wider separation of the clip jaws and create a stronger spring action by reason of the portion 12 which forms a spring connection between the said two jaws.
It will be seen from the above, taken in connection with the accompanyin ings, that the spaced or diverged en of the clip greatly facilitate the use of or application of the same; that the clip may be used drawwhen applied to the papers regardless of its pos tion, the portion 12 generating sufiicient sprmg action to firmly c asp the papers between the jaws and that by disposing the clip upon the paper-as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, a wider separation of the jaws is permitted than would ordinarily be the case were an; clip applied as illustrated in Figs. 1 an 2.
It will be understood that the above description and accompanying drawings comprehend only the shown and preferred embodiment of my invention, and that various minor changes in details of construction, proportion and arrangement of parts, may be made within the sco e of the appended claim and without sacri cing any of the advantages of my invention.
- Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A substantially rectangular clip capable of being arranged upon the article to be fastened from any of the four sides, said clip comprising a single strand of resilient wire bent equi-distant its ends to form duplicate clamping jaws, the central portion of the said strand forming the connecting portion of the jaws of the clip, the ends of the re.- spective jaws being oppositely flared to facilitate arrangement of the clip over the article to be fastened, as and for the purpose set forth.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ROY L. PLUMMER. Witnesses: J. L. Howl-2s,