|Publication number||US1134427 A|
|Publication date||Apr 6, 1915|
|Filing date||Apr 9, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1134427 A, US 1134427A, US-A-1134427, US1134427 A, US1134427A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (24)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
H. W. ULUHCHC EEGEPE'ACLE.
Hummm; man APR. 9. wm.
WITNESSES A TTOR NE V5.
EMIL H. W. ULLRICH, 0F CHICGO, ILLINCIS.
Speciicatioxi of Letters .Eatent.
. Patented Apr. 6, i915.
Application led April 9, 1914. Serial No. 830,577.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EMIL H. lV. ULLRICH, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Receptacles, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to receptacles and involves improved application of covers thereto.
The invention concerns particularly sheet metal receptacles having sheet metal slip covers, that is, covers which merely slip over the receptacle mouth as distinguished from such covers as, for example, are screw threaded to the receptacle. It is very desirable in receptacles containing certain classes of goods that the covers engage accurately and with sealing fit to prevent spoiling or deterioration of the contents, and that the covers are locked` against displacement or removal in order that the receptacles may be handled and shipped without danger of the covers coming olf. It is also desirable, particularly where the goods in a receptacle are to be gradually drawn upon and used, that the cover may be applied in such manner as to seal the receptacle to prevent leakage of the contents, while at the same time to be readily removable and readily accurately replaced. For example, where receptacles contain coffee, tea, spices, and allied goods, it is desirable that the covers be adapted for sealing and interlocking engagement with the receptacles so that they can be stored as stock and readily shipped without danger of spoiling or leakage of the contents and without danger of the covers accidentally coming oil". It is also desirable with this class of goods that the housewife, for example, may readily unlock and remove the cover and then be able to apply the cover so that while it will still seal the receptacle it can be more readily removed at any time that it is desired to draw on the contents. As another example, shoe-blacking receptacles may be cited. lVith this article it is very desirable that the receptacles be absolutely sealed. to protect the contents and that 'the cover be locked against displacement when the receptacles are in stock or handled and shipped. On the other hand, it is very desirable, after the first unlocking and opening of the cover, that the cover can be applied and removed more readily while at the same time it will fully seal.
The above features are also desirable in receptacles for containing paints, varnishcs, ink, soap, and in fact any material which should be sealed to be preserved and whose use from time to time necessitates repeated opening and closure of the containing receptacle.
The object of my invention is therefore More in detail, the invention involves the provision of beading or grooving on one part with corresponding grooving and beading on the other, the disposition being such that the grooving and heading will engage and interlock only after considerable force has been applied to the cover, while if only a slighter force is applied to the cover it will have a slip and sealing fit without interlocking and to be readily removed or applied.
The construction and arrangement, togethcr with its useful results will be clear 'from the following specification together with the accompanying sheet of drawings in Which- Figure l is an elevational view of a receptacle with part broken away to more clearly show the construction and arrangement, the cover being shown fully applied and locked. Fig. 2 is asimilar view ot' the upper part of the receptacle showing the cover unlocked but still scaling the receptacle, Fig. 3 is a sectional view of `the corner of a receptacle showing a modified arrangement, the cover being fully closed and locked, lrig. 4 is a similar view showing the cover partly unlocked, Fig. 5 is a sectional View of the corner of a receptacle showing the cover licked, Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the cover applied but unlocked, Fig. 7 is a similar view showing the cover inverted and sealing the receptacle, Fig. 8 is a perspective view of one half of the y upper partof a receptacle showing the invention applied to a polygonal receptacle, and Figs. 9 and 10 are sectional views of the upper corner of'a receptacle showing other modified arrangements.
In Fig. 1 I have shown a receptacle comprising a cylindrical body l0, the base 11 and the cover 12. As shown, the body near its upper edge has the exterior vannular groove 13 and thecover has in its flange 12 the internal annularwidge or bead 14 for engaging in the groove 13 when the` cover' is fully applied, the cover'being then locked in place. a receptacle is filled in order that its contents will be protected when the receptacle is put in stock or shipped. lot only do -the bead and groove. interlock to hold the cover in place but a more effective barrier or seal is provided against leakage or against entrance of air. As special force is necessary to apply the cover in locking position it will also require extra force to unlock the cover. As shown7 the usual external ridge or bead 15 is provided on the receptacle below the cover flange, in order that a suitable implement can be applied between this bead and the cover flange to pry the cover upwardly to effect disengagement of the locking bead `and groove. To give better prying surface to the cover the flange end may be curled over as indicated at 16, such curling also greatly strengthening the cover. Vith this arrangement the cover can readily be unlocked by applying a screw driver or knife, or any other suitable implement or object between the bead l5 and the cover end 16, and after disengagement of the locking groove andbead the cover can be readily entirely withdrawn to open the receptacle. After the receptacle is thus opened and the intention'is to draw on the contents from time to time, the cover need not be fully api The' cover is thus applied after.
the base of the flange 10,. If 'greater security of the cover is desired a little greater l force may be applied and the cover pushed down further until its bead interlocks with the groovel, It will be readily` understood that thebeadi'ng'- 14 may be `continuous or sectional, that is, the bead may yextend entirely around the cover or shorter beadsmay be provided at intervals for engaging with the continuous groove 13. l
In Figs. 3 and 4 a modified arrangement is shown, the body 10 being provided with an A additional groove 13 below the groove'13 and the cover being provided with additiohal beading 14" below the beading 14, the,
beading 14 and 14 interlocking with the fgrooving 13 and l-3 respectively when the readily removed by hand from the positionv shown in Fig. 4. Instead of applying the cover up to the top heading it could of course be applied only until the lower beading 14 reaches the flange 10 in which position the end of the cover flange below the heading 14 would have a slip and sealing fit plied to interlocking position with the re.-v
ceptacle but need be slipped on to thereuceptacle only until the bead 14 reaches the i upper edge of the body, the slip engagement of the section c of the flange with the sides of the body being thenisufficient to effect sealing and to hold thacover in place under all ordinary conditions. "The bead 14 forms an abutment for determining lthe distance of application of the cover, and engagement of the bea'd with the edge of the b'ody\"10 will also va'ssistvin sealing the receptacle."\ order that the covery may be more readily "1;
applied the upper section 10 or the body 10 is deflected inwardly-'slightly as shown in Fig. 2. to form an inclined` annular guide \flange for the lower edge 16 of the cover..
Then the covcrfisthen applied this edge 16 will be guided by the flange 10 into and centered with reference to the receptacleg' whereupon a slightpressure will carry the `cover down until the bead 14 abuts against with the receptacle body and the cover couldvery readily be removed when desired Without the aid of any implement." l
In Figs. 5, 6 and 7 another modified arrangement is shown, the construction of thev body being the same as in.Figs. 1 and v2 except that the upper part e thereof is' curled inwardly to give the so-called false wire? effect and to-provide the cylindrical seat 17. The flange of the cover is the same as in Figs. 1 'and 2 but the top of the cover is centrally deflected upwardly to form the dome'18, the cylindrical section 18 at the baseI of the dome being of external diameter to VSnugly"fit the seat 17 when the cover is applied after invertion thereof, the flat peripheral section 19 of the cover surrounding the dome then engaging with the top of. the body 10 as indicated i-n Fig. 7. lVith this a rangement when the cover is applied in the ordinary manner its flange 12 will slip fit the bodyflO and when the beading 14 engages and interlockswith the groove 13 the hover will befsecurely locked to the receptacle with sealing fit asindicated in Fig. After the cover has been forced open it may thereafter bevapplied only part way until rthe'- bead 14 abuts against the end of the body as shown in Fig. 6, or it may be in verted and applied with its dome inserted into the receptacle outlet and seating against the seat 17 as shown in Fig. 'l'.I When the coier is applied as shown either in Fig. 6 or Fig. 7, the receptacle is sealed but the cover can readily be withdrawn by hand and can readily be applied as the contents olE the receptacle are drawn upon. When the cover is inverted it forms a receptacle which can be used for measuring or other purposes. For example it could be used as a mixing receptacle by painters.
In Fig. P an arrangement is shown involving the features of my invention and which is particularly adaptable to receptacles of polygonal shape. Insuch receptacles, particularly where the sides are of considerable length, the edges f thc sides might buckle or bow when the cover is applied and the receptacle would not be sealed. To prevent this l preferably deflect the innersection 20 ot' the cover top downwardly to produce the peripheral channels Q1 as indicated in Fig. 8. which channels will intimately receiwe the upper ends of the sides oi' the body l0 when the cover is ap- .plied and will prevent buckling or bowing of these' ends. Fig. 8 clearly shows how the curled over or false wire ends e are intimately held in the channels. The channels 'could have the saine curvature as the ends e to snugly fit throughout when the cover is applied to thus give a very effective seal. lVhen the cover is Jully applied the bead 14 thereon will interlock with the groove 13 on the receptacle body and will securelyhold the cover in place. When the cfiver 1s unlocked and removed it can then be replaced only sufficiently to bring the beads 14 against the ends e and the slip fit of the cover flange below the beads will then cflect sufficient sealing 'for ordinary purposes.
Fig. 9 shows the downwardly deflected type of cover applied to a body having its upper edge deflected to form the flange l0 as in Figs. l and Q. "he channel sections 2l of the cover intimately receive the flange sections 10 when the cover is Yfully applied and will prevent buckling or bowing in order to maintain a sealing fit between the cover flange sections and the side sections oli the body 10.
Instead of having an external groove provided on the receptacle body and an internal bead on the cover flange. the body could have an external bead E22 and the cover an internal groove Q3 as illustrated in lt). lVhen the cover is fully applied its groove would'interlock with the body bead. and when the cover is partly applied the body bead would act as an abutment for the lower edge of the cover flange. lit is also unneces sarv to curl up or bead the lower edge ot the cover flange, but this is desirable particularly in larger receptacles to stillen and strengthen the cover flange and also to provide an abutmentft'or an unloclfif.lr ir'frple'- ment. i
do not of course desire to be limited to the exact forms and arrangements which I have shown and referredv to as others might be possible which would still come within the scope of the invention., the main object of which is to provide for a -ocked or permanent position of the cover and a freer temporary position of the cover but with sealing engagement with either position.
l claim as follows:
l. In a receptacle, the combination of a, container body and an external slip cover, the body having an annular external groove at the cover engaging section, and said cover having an internal bead adapted to engage inA and to interlock with said groove after the cover has been fully applied, said cover when partially applied having slip tit with the body above its groove and the cover bead then serving as an abutment to engage with the upper edge of the body.
2. In a receptacle, the combination ol' a container body and an external slip cover, the cover comprising a top and. side flange for receiving the upper end of the body7 said body at its cover engaging section having an external annular groove, said cover flange having an internal annular bead, the endl of' said flange below said bead being adapted 'for slip tit engagement with the section of the body above its groove when the cover is partially applied and the upper edge of the body then iiorniing an abutment for thc cover bead, said cover bead and body groove entering into interlocking engagement when the cover is fully applied, the receptacle being sealed during either applin lcation oi the cover.
3. In a receptacle, the combination oli a body and a slip cover therefor, the body at its upper edge being curled inwardly to form an internal seat? the cover receiving section oi the body being externally grooved and the flange ol the cover being internally beaded, such beading and grooving being adapted 'for interlocking engagement only alter the cover has been Yfully applied, the section of the cover flange l'ielow its beadin;r being adapted fi'or slip fit with the eil:- terior of the body when the cover ris partially applied and the upper edge olE the body then acting as an abutment for the cover bead. the central portion Aoi? the cover top being deflected to form a peripheral seatadapted for engaging said internal seat of the body when the cover has been fully ap plied.
4. rln a receptacle the .gzoinl'iination o a bodv and a slip cover therefor. the body its upper edge being curled inwardly to forni an internal seat. the cover receiving section of the body being externally grooved and the flange of' tir: .lver being internalhy invaded. such beading and grooving being adapted for interlocking engagement only 'lilo' after the cover has been uy applied, the section of the cover fiange blow its beading being adapted for slip t with the exterior of the body when the cover is par 5 tially applied and the upper edge of the bodythen acting as an abutment for the cover bead; the central portion of the cover top being demted upwardly no provide a perphlal' seating ama, adapted for nt- 10v mately engaging with said interior seat of MMM? 1n Wltness whereof, I hereunto subscrb my name this 3d day of Apl, A. D. 1914. 15
, EMIL H W. ULLRGH.
CHARLES J. SCHMIDT, E.` Gr. INGERSOLL.
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|U.S. Classification||220/212, 220/780|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D2543/00509, B65D2543/00555, B65D2543/00537, B65D2543/00092, B65D43/0212, B65D2543/00194, B65D2543/00685, B65D2543/00731, B65D2543/00351, B65D2543/00796, B65D2543/00527, B65D2543/0062, B65D2543/00277, B65D43/022, B65D43/0222, B65D2543/00546, B65D2543/0025, B65D2251/09|
|European Classification||B65D43/02S3E, B65D43/02S5D, B65D43/02S5E|