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Publication numberUS1136698 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 20, 1915
Filing dateMay 23, 1914
Priority dateMay 23, 1914
Publication numberUS 1136698 A, US 1136698A, US-A-1136698, US1136698 A, US1136698A
InventorsGeorge E Mittinger
Original AssigneePressed Steel Products Company, George E Mittinger
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spud for barrels.
US 1136698 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

G. E. MITTINGER.

SPUD FOR BARRELS.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 23, 1914.

Patented Apr. 20, 1915.

- UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

GEORGE E. MITTINGER, OF YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO, ASSIGNOR OF FIFTEEN-SIXTEENTHS TO PRESSED STEEL PRODUCTS COMPANY, OF SHARON, PENNSYLVANIA.

srm) ron semis.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 20, 1915.

.To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, GEORGE E. Mrrrnvcnn, a citizen of the United States, residing at Youngstown, in the county of Mahoning and State of Ohio, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Spuds for Barrels, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawing.

My invention relates to improvements in spuds for barrels, which is especially adapted to be used in conjunction with metal barrels.

Another object of the invention is to pro vide a spud for metal barrels which is applied to the bilged portion of the barrel as counter-distinguished from the usual appli'-' cation of these spuds to the headof the barrel.

A still further object of the present improvement is to devise a spud for a metal barrel which is applied to the bilge of the barrel in such a manner, that when a plug is fitted within the spud, neither the spud nor the plug will project beyond the bilge of the barrel. I

' Other objects and advantages of the present improvement will be set forth in the following specification and description and pointed out in the drawings in which,

Figure 1 is a full size cross sectional view of my improved spud and plug applied to the bilge of a barrel. Fig. 2 is a full sized detached sectional view showing the manner of applying the elements of the spud and plug to the bilge of the barrel.

Referring now to the drawings in which like reference numerals designate similar parts, 1 represents the body portion of the spud which is of circular form and made from a piece of steel or any other desired hard metal. This body portion 1 is provided with an annular flange 2 which is of a depth considerably greater than the thickness of a barrel 3 to which it is applied. The spud is inserted through an opening 4 made in the bilge of the barrel in such a way that the outer edge of the annular flange 2 rests against the inside of the barrel 3 at the point 5. At this point the annular flange is hewed on to the inside of the barrel 3 where it is held firmly in position. The other portion of the annular flange 2 is passed through the opening in the barrel and extends therewithout a short distance as is shown in Fig.

- 2. The inner side of the spud is provided with a convex surface 6 which will assist in draining the contents of the barrel through a central opening 7 which is formed in the body portion. This central opening is provided with screw threads 8. Adjacent the opening 7 of the bilge portion 1 is a depressed annular groove 9 which provides a seat for a plug which is adapted to be inserted therewithin.

The plug which is used in conjunction with the spud, above described, comprises a body portion 10 which consists of an inwardly extending portion 11 which is provided with external screw threads 12, and an annular flange 13 at right angles to the portion 11. The outer surface of the body portion 10 is provided with a rectangular recess 14 which is adapted to receive a wrench or any other suitable means for unscrewing the plug.

One of the special features of the present improvement is the specific construction of the portion 5 which extends through the opening made in the bilge of thebarrel. Both the inner and outer sides of this portion 5' are beveled for two reasons, first: for the purpose of giving a beveled seat for he portion 13 of the plug 10, and second: for the purpose of making this portion 5' of a conicalform so that it may be more easily bent back to clamp the outer surface of the bilge of the barrel 3 as is clearly shown in Fig. 1.

In assembling the spud and plug, the body portion 1 is first slipped through the opening made in the bilge of the barrel; and the barrel shell is pressed inwardly into the flange '2 as is shown in Fig. 1. The portion 5 is then bent back and hewed to the outer surface of the barrel, thereby clamping the body portion 1 to the shell of the barrel as shown in Fig. 1. Both the bent portion of the barrel shell and the bent portion of the portion 5 will be indented within the flange- 2 and neither will project beyond the bilge of its barrel shell. washer 15 is placed within the beveled annular groove 9 adjacent the plug 10 which is screwed mto the opening 7 made in the body portion working on the internal screw threads 8 made thereon until the portion 13 of the plug will be brought in close contact with the washer 15 1 and the bottom of the recess 9 thus making a tight fit.

I Attention is directed to the fact that the depth of the portion 5 is of suflicient length to provide a portion thereof which can be bent back to form a clamp and also a portion which is of a length equal to the thickness of the portion 13 of the plug and'also the thickness of the washer. This is done for the reason that when the plug 10 has been screwed in place, the upper surface thereof will be even with the bilge of the barrel and will not present any projection which would both prove an obstacle in rolling the barrel and a means for loosening the spud where itstruck during transportation.

Having thus fully described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. An improved spud comprising a body portionin combination with a barrel having an opening in its shell, said body portion having an inclined annular flange on its outer edge extending laterally and engaging the inner surface of the barrel shell, and an outwardly extending lip at right angles to the said annular flange, the said lip passing through the hole in the barrel and adapted to be bent backward against the shell, said body portion having a central opening, and a plug adapted to fit within the said openmg. a

2. An improved spud comprising a body portion in combination with a barrel having an opening in its shell, the said body portion having on its outer edge a laterally extending inclined annular flange engaging the inner surface of the barrel shell, a lip adjacent the said annular flange extending through the opening and bent backward against the outer sur ace of the barrel shell, said bodyportion having a central opening and an annular depressed portion, the said depressed portion having beveled sides, and a seat parallel to the annular flange and in a plane within the. said flange, and a plug adapted to fit within the central opening in the body portion, and having an annular flange adapted to engage the seat of the depressed portion whereby the outer surface of the plug is in a plane within the outer surface of the annular lip after it has been bent back.

3. An improved spud comprising a body portion in combination with a barrel having an opening in its shell, the said body portion having on its outeredge a laterally extending inclined annular flange engaging the inner surface of the barrel shell, a lip'adjacent the said annular flange extending through the opening and bent backward annular flange and flush with the outer surface of the barrel shell, said body portion having a central opening and an annular depressed portion, the said depressed portion having beveled sides, and a seat parallel to the annular flange and in a plane Within the said flange, and a plug adapted to fit within the central opening in the body portion, and having an annular flange adapted to engage the seat of the depressed portion whereby the outer surface of the plug is in a ,plane within the outer surface of the annular lip after it has been bent back.

4. An improved spud comprising a body portion in combination with a barrel having any opening. in its shell, said body portion having an inclined annular flange on 1ts outer edge extending laterally and engaging the inner surface of the barrel shell, a lip adjacent the annular flange and at right angles thereto, the said lip extending through the opening in the barrel and bent backward against the outer surface of the shelland thereby bending the shell back ward and clamping it between the lip and the inclined flange, the said body portion having a central opening and an annular depressed plug receiving seat in a plane within thevshell of the barrel, and a plug adapted to fit within the central opening and having a flange engagingthe said plug receiving seat.

5. An improved spud comprising a body portion in combination with a barrel having an opening in its shell, said body portion having an inclined annular flange on its outer edge extending laterally and engaging the inner surface of the barrel shell, a lip adjacent the annular flange and extending through the opening in the barrel and bent backward against the outer surface of the shell, and thereby bending the shell backward and clamping it between the lip and the inclined flange, whereby the outer surface of the lip is in the same plane as the outer surface of the barrel shell said body portion having a central opening, and a plug fitting therewithin, the outer surface of the plug in a line with the surface of the barrel shell for the purpose described.

In testimony whereof Ihereunto afix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

GEORGE E. MITTINGER.

. Witnesses:

"J. L. CONSIDINE, R. L. OBRIEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2570909 *May 27, 1946Oct 9, 1951Continental Can CoContainer valve fitting
US2612284 *May 28, 1949Sep 30, 1952Thompson Prod IncClosure construction for metallic containers
US3070115 *Jan 29, 1958Dec 25, 1962Darling Valve & Mfg CompanyCurb hydrant
US4958743 *May 18, 1989Sep 25, 1990Hatton Randall CClose out fitting
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/288, 285/202, 411/426, 220/284
Cooperative ClassificationB65D39/084, F01P11/0214