|Publication number||US1137732 A|
|Publication date||May 4, 1915|
|Filing date||May 15, 1914|
|Priority date||May 15, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1137732 A, US 1137732A, US-A-1137732, US1137732 A, US1137732A|
|Inventors||Clarence J Alfred|
|Original Assignee||Nat Biscuit Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
C. J. ALFRED.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 15. 1914.
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7 m y M5 C. J. ALFRED.
APPLICATION FILED MAYIS, 1914.
1,137,732. Patented May 4, 1915.
2 SHEETSSHEET 2.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
CLARENCE J. ALFRED, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR TO NATIONAL BFSCUIT I COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, CLARENCE J. ALFRED, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of New York, in the county of NewYork and State of New York, have invented'certain new and useful Improvements in Strip- Holders; and I do hereby declare that the following isa full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to partition members or separators made of flexible sheet material such as heavy paper or fiberboard and which are adapted for insertion in receptacles, such as boxes or cartons, for the purpose of forming compartments or cells in such receptacles.
In packing biscuits, crackers or other. like bakery products in the receptacles, the same are generally placed in such receptacles in layers, with horizontal separator sheets between the layers, and with the articles in each layer arranged in rows, with partition strips inserted vertically between the rows. Partition members made in accordance with the present invention are designed to be used in connection with such vertical partition strips, and to be placed in the'boxes or cartons in a vertical position and transverselv between such vertical partition strips or between the side walls of the receptacle and such partition strips, so that, in connection with the said strips, the partition members will serve to divide the receptacle into a series of cells or compartments. In case horizontal separator sheets are placed horizontally between superposed layers of biscuits, crackers or other articles, the vertical partition strips referred to, together with the partition members to which the present invention relates, will serve tosupport said partition sheets from the bottom of the receptacle or from each other, so as to lessen liability of the crushing of the contents of the receptacle. hen employed in connection with biscuits or crackers packed side-by side in rows that are separated by longitudinal partition strips, the partition members will be introduced transversely of the strips, at suitable intervals, between individual biscuits or crackers in each row, but for packingother articles, as in cases where separate compartments or cells are desired, one for each article, the partition v Specification of Letters la'cent. Application filed m 15, 1914. Serial No. 838,711.
Patented May 4, 1915.
members will be spaced apart to form compartments of suitable size to receive such articles.
Among the objects of the invention is to provide a form of partition member which by reason of its construction will be held in its proper vertical position, and at right angles to the sides of the receptacle and partition strips, without the provision of any means for securing the same in place or attaching it to either the receptacle or to the partition strips.
A further object of the invention is to provide a partition member that may be easily and cheaply constructed and may be stored and shipped in flat or knock-down form and easily set up for use.
The invention includes not only the completed article but also the blank from which the same is made, and it consists in the matters hereinafter described and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims. Asshown in the accompanying draw- 1ngs-Figure 1 is a plan view of a part of a receptacle or carton provided with partition members made in accordance with my invention; F; g. 2 is a view of the same in vertical section, taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a cut and scored blank from which one form ofmy improved partition member may be made; Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a partition member made from the blank shown in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a cut and scored blank made alike at both ends; Fig. 6 is aperspective view of a partition member made from the blank shown in Fig.5; Fig. 7 is a plan view of part of a receptacle showing partition members arranged somewhat differently from those shown in Figs. 1 and 2; Fig. 8 is a vertical section, taken on line 88 of Fig. 7; and Figs. 9 and 10,
are perspective views showing forms of partition members embodying my invention, differing in details of construction from those shown in the preceding figures.
Referring to Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawings illustrating in detail one form of a partition member embodying the features of my invention, the blank 10 from which the partition member is made is of rectangular form, and is made from a single piece of sheet material, such as thick paper, fiberboard or the like. The said blank 10 constitutes a body member 11 and a flap 12, which latter is joined to thebody along the V folding line 13arranged parallel with the end margins of the blank. In said blank 10 is. formed a U-shaped cut or slit 14 preferably of curved form, the ends of which terminate at the folding line 13 between the side edges of theflap. This cut or slit 14 forms on the base of the flap 12 a second flap, in the form of a tongue 15 that is integral, and in the same plane, with the said flap 12. When the partition member is set up, as shown in Fig. 4, the flap 12 projects from the body 11, from one side thereof and at right angles to the same, while the tongue 15 extends from the opposite side of the body 11 in the same plane with the said flap 12. The flap 12 is made of'the same width as the body 11, so that the side edges 12 and 12 of said flap, when it is folded into a position at right angles to said body, extend at right anglesto the folding line 13, or the base of the flap, and are in the same planes with the side edges of the said body. In Figs. 5 and 6 is shown a partition member like that described, except that the same is of like construction at both ends, having the sets of folding lines and flaps that are designated by the same reference characters employed on Figs. 3 and 4.
To make clear the manner in which the.
partition members, shown in Figs. 3 and 4, or 5 and 6, may be employed or used in receptacles, I have shown in Figs. 1 and 2 a part of a box or receptacle, having a bottom wall 16, a side wall 17 and an end wall 18. In said box or receptacle are inserted horizontal partition sheets 19 (Fig. 2) that are vertically separated from each other, and also, between said partition sheets, vertical partition strips 20, 20, arranged parallel with the side wall 17. Within the spaces or compartments formed by the separators 19, 19 and partition strips 20, 20, are inserted a plurality of partition members arranged with the body ortions 11 thereofin vertical position and extending parallel with the end wall 18 of the receptacle, or at right angles to the side wall 17 and partition strips 20. In the instance illustrated, the partition members are all made of such vertical width as to fit closely between the bottom 16 of the receptacle and the separator 19, above the same, or between the separators, and the body portions 11 of the partition members are of such length as to fit closely between the partition strips 20, or between the outermost partition strip and the side wall 17 of the receptacle. Said partition members are shown in Figs. 1 and 2 as placed in the receptacle with the flaps 12 and tongues 15 extending vertically, in contact with the partition strips 20 or the side wall 17 of the receptacle. When thus applied, the said flaps 12, the side edges of which are in the same horizontal planes with the side, or top and bottom, edgesof the partition members, serve to maintain the partition members in uprightposition, or at right angles both to the bottom wall 16 of the receptacle and to the separators 19. Moreover, the said flaps 12 and the tongues 15, being in the same plane with each other having a bottom wall 16, a side wall,17 andan end wall 18, and provided with hori zontal separators 19 and partition strips 20, as in Figs. 1 and 2. In this instance, partition members like those shown in Figs. ,4 and 6 are inserted in the receptacle with their side margins in an upright position, and the flaps 12 and 15 thereon in a horizontal position. In the case of the form of partition member shown in Fig. 4, the members are arranged with the flaps l2 and 15 in contact with the bottom wall 16 of the receptacle or with one of the separators 19-wh ile.in the case of the form of partition member shown in Fig. 6, the like flaps at both ends of the partition members are arranged in contact both with the said bottom wall and the separator above said wall, or with two separators between which the partition members are placed. s
In Fig. 9 is shown a blank for another form of partition member, which in its set' the base of the flap 22 and the inner end of which terminates at the folding line 23. This cut orslit 24 forms on the base of the flap 22, at one side of the body, a second flap in the form of atongue 25 that constitutes an integral extension of the said flap 22. When the partition thus made is set up, as shown in Fig. 10, the flap 22 stands at 'right 'angles tothe body 21 and projects from one side of-said body, while the tongue 25 extends from the opposite side of said body and also at right angles thereto. The side margin 22*, common to the flap 22 and tongue 25, extends at right angles to the folding line 23 and is in the same plane with the adjacent side margin of the body portionv 21. The form of partition member shown in Fig. 10 may .be applied or used in the same manner as described in connection with Figs. 1 and 2 or Figs. 7 and 8.
The flap 22 and secondary flap or tongue 25, by the contact of'the margin 22' with the bottom wall of the receptacle, or with a separator, or partition strip, serve to hold the body 21, in position at right angles'to such wall, separator or strip.
' While the drawings show the partition member as fitting closely within the spaces of the receptacles formed by the separators and partition strips, yet, when the partition mem ers are provided with flaps at oneend only, they may be made both shorter and narrower than the width and height of such spaces, so that one size of partition member will serve for packing several sizes of biscuits or crackers in receptacles having their compartments of sizes corresponding with .the biscuits or crackers. In such case, if the biscuits or crackers be square or rectangular, one or both of the -flan s on a partition member, by the contact 0 the same with the side edges of the biscuits or crackers, between which the member is placed, will hold said members from being shifted endwise or horizontally; said flange or flanges being in that case confined between the side edges of the biscuits or crackers and the adjacent side of the receptacle or a partition strip. When the crackers or biscuits are round or circular, the form of partition member having a flap or flange located midway between the side edges of the member, as in the case of the flap or tongue 15 of Figs. 4 and 6, is preferred, by reason of the fact that the contact of the centrally arranged flap or tongue with the side of a round cracker or biscuit will hold the partition member from being shifted horizontally in one direction, while the contact of the adjacent end of the memher with the adjacent side wall of the receptacle or separator strip will hold such member from being shifted horizontally in the opposite direction. In the use of partition members each having a flange or flanges at one end only, and which are smaller in dimensions than the compartment in which they are placed, the side margin of the flange which is in contact with the bottom surface of the compartment will act to hold the partition member upright or at right angles to said bottom surface. i
It follows from the above that the flaps or tongues on the partition members will act to hold the partition members from displacement, and maintain said partition members, as well as the biscuits or crackers in each row, in position at right angles to the bottom and side walls of the receptacle. The partition members and the biscuits or crackers will therefore act to hold the loosely inserted partition strips from being tipped, tilted, or shifted sidewise, and will also act to maintain at a proper distance apart, or properly support, the separators, either when the latter rest on the tops of the biscuits or crackers, or when such partition members are of such vertical width as to directly support said separators.
Partition members, embracing the features-of construction herein described, have the advantage of being easily and cheaply made rfrom a single blank of sheet material, and of being very easily set up for use, While at the same'time beingof such form or construction that they will be properly retamed-in position within the receptacle, and will act to "retain in. proper position the sepeditors or partition strips that are inserted petlween the rows-of articles in such recepac e.
It is to be 'understoodthat partition members made as described may be inserted in cartons or receptacles that are unprovided with separators or partition strips, as for instance, a long and narrow carton may be divided lengthwise into several compartments by the use of one or more of such partition members, or, in the case-era shallow carton or tray, the same may be provided with one or more partition strips extending lengthwise thereof, and partition members made as described may be introduced between the side walls of such carton or tray and the partition strip or strips.
I claim as my invention:
1. A partition member, made of sheet material, and consisting of a rectangular body portion provided at one end with two flaps, which are in the same plane and integral with each other, and which project on opposite sides of said body portionrone of said flaps having one of its side margins at right angles to its base and in the same plane with the corresponding side margin of the body portion.
2. A partition member, made of sheet material, and consisting of a rectangular body portion provided at one end with two flaps, which are integral and rigid with each other, said flaps being in the same plane with each other and projecting on opposite sides of said body portion; one of said flaps having one side margin thereof at right angles to its base and in the same plane'with the corresponding side margin of the body portion.
3. A partition member, made of sheet material, and consisting of a rectangular body portion provided at one end thereof with two flaps, which arein the same plane with each other and project on opposite sides of said body portion; said flaps being integral and rigid with each other, and each flap having a side margin at right angles to its base and in the same plane with one of the side margins of said body portion.
i. A partition member, made of sheet material, and consisting of a rectangular body portion provided at one end thereof with two flaps, which pro ect on opposite sides of said body portion, said flaps being integral and rigid with each other, and each flap having a side margin at right angles to its base and in the sameplane with the corresponding side margin of said body portion; to flap projecting to one side of the body portion haying its said side margin formm a continuation of the corresponding side margin of the other flap. v
5. A blank for a partition member, made of sheet material and of rectangular form, said blank being provided with a fold line parallel with one of its end margins and ada ted to 'form a flap, and with a cut exten in inwardly from said folding line and a apted to form a second flap on the base of the first named flap, said flaps being integral and rigid with each other, and one of said flaps having a side margin in the same plane with and formed by a part of one of the side margins of the blank.-
6. A blank for a partition member, made mama:
said side margins of said flaps being formed by a part of a side margin of said blank.
In testimony, that I claim the foregoing as my invention I afiix my signature in the presence of two witnesses, this 28th day of April, A. D. 1914.
CLARENCE J. ALFRED. Witnesses:
GEORGE T. ALDRICH, PETER J. Sunnnnm.
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