US 1139248 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
V APPLlCATION FILED NOV. 3, 1911. v 1 139 246 Patented May 11 1915.
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THE NORRIS PETERS 60., PHOTO-LITHON WASHINGn/n, .1.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 3. 1911.
1,139,248. Patented May 11,1915.
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APPLICATION FILED NOV. 3, 19H. 1,139,%s8, Patented May11,1915.
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APPLICATION FILED NOV. 3, 1911.
1,139,248. Patented May11,1915.
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THE NORRIS PETERS C0,, F'HOTO-LITHQ, WASHINGTON. D. C.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 3, 1911.
Patented May 11, 1915.
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THE NORRIS PETERS CD. PHOTOL/THQ, WASHINGTON. D. c.
APPLICATION FILED NOV-3,1231%.
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Patented May 11, 1915.
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THE NORRIS PETERS Ca. PHOTO-LITHQ, WASHINGTON, B4 c J. WINKELMEYER.
' APPLICATION FILED NOV. 3, IBM. 1,139,248. Patented May11,1915.
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JOI-IN WINKELDIEYER, OF GREENFIELD, INDIANA, ASSIGNOR T0 SPECIALTY MANU- FACTURING COMPANY, OF GBEENFIELD, INDIANA, A CORPORATION OF INDIANA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 11, 1915.
Application filed November 3, 1911.. Serial No. 658,404.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOHN WINKELMEYER, a citizen of the United States,-residing at Greenfield, in the county of Hancock and State of Indiana, have invented a new and useful Vending-h/lachine, of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.
This invention relates to machines of the type that is adapted for vending postage stamps or articles of similar shape, and which may be modified in structure so as to be adapted for vending various other articles, the invention having reference more particularly to a vending machine of such construction as to require the use of coins in the operation thereof.
The object of the invention primarily is to provide an improved stamp vending ma chine that will be adapted to vend standard sizes of gummed postage stamps without liability of the stamps sticking together and without requiring the stamps to be printed on continuous strips of paper.
A further object is to provide a vending machine of compact form and reliable construction that will be adapted to be placed in convenient positions in stores or elewhere accessible to the public.
A still further object is to provide a vending machine of such design as to permit the various parts to be cheaply produced in large quantities and which will not be liable to deteriorate in use, to the end that the machine may be manufactured at relatively small cost and in various sizes and capacities and which will be durable and economical in use, especially in the saving of time of the merchant who may desire to accommodate his customers with postage stamps without unnecessary expense in so doing.
With the above mentioned and other objects inview, the invention consists in an improved vending machine comprising one or more magazines for holding stamps or other articles, and operating mechanism for delivering the articles from the magazines, the operating mechanism for each magazine including two series of apparatus normally disconnected one from the other and con-' nectible only by the interposition of standard coins; the invention consisting further in the novel parts and in the combinations and arrangements of parts as hereinafter particularly described and claimed.
The coin-controlled apparatus of the operating mechanism forms the subject-matter of my co-pending application for Letters Patent, filed June 28, 1912, Serial Number 706,416.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved vending machine as preferably constructed; Fig. 2, an end elevation thereof partially broken away; Fig. 3, a central section on the plane of the line A A in Fig. 2; Fig. 4, a perspective view of one of the several parts of the machine; Fig. 5, a top plan of the machine with the upper'portion ofthe casing removed and portions of the mechanism broken away; Fig. 6, a rear elevation of one of the operating devices; Fig. 7, a vertical section on the plane of the line B B in Fig. 3; Fig. 8, a top plan of the machine partially broken away and in section approximately on the planes of the line C C in Fig. 7 Fig. 9, a front elevation of the operating device shown in Fig. 6; Fig. 10, a front elevation of another one of the operating devices; Fig. 11, a horizontal section partially broken away approximately on the planes of the line D D in Fig. 7 Fig. 12, a vertical section on the planes of the line E E in Fig. 3; Fig. 13, a fragmentary section on the planes of the line F F in Fig. 3; Fig. 14, a front elevation of one of the operating devices partially broken away; Fig. 15, a fragmentary section on the planes of line G G in Fig. 3; Fig. 16, a fragmentary section approximately on the line F F illustrating parts in the positions assumed while in operation; Fig. 17, a section also approxi mately on the line F F with the parts in different positions, in operation; Fig. 18, a fragmentary section on the planes of the line H H in Fig. 15; Fig. 19, a fragmentary section on the plane of the line I I in Fig. 17 Fig. 20, a fragmentary section on the line J J in Fig. 3; Fig. 21, a fragmentary section also on the line J J with the parts in difierent positions in operation; Fig. 22, a framentary section on the plane of the line K K in Fig. 3; Fig. 23, a fragmentarysection on the plane of the line L L in Fig. 22; Fig. 24, a fragmentary section on the plane of the line M M in Fig. 5; Fig. 25, a fragmentary section on the plane of the line N N in Fig. 24; Fig. 26, aplan of the .2.
mechanism for ejecting the stamps or articles from one of the magazines; Fig. 27 a perspective view of the ejector; Fig. 28, a perspective view of the ejector guide; Flg. 29, a fragmentary sectional elevation of one of the magazines as at the plane of the line 0 O in Fig. 8; Fig. 30 a perspective view of one of the principal parts of which each magazine preferably is constructed; Fig. 31, a perspective view of a locking device for preventing unauthorized access to the interior of the machine; Fig. 32, a fragmentary perspective view of one of the parts included in Fig. 30; Fig. 33, a perspective view of one of the operating devices; Fig. 34, a fragmentary section on the plane of the line P P in Fig. 33; and Fig. 35, a perspective view of another one of the principal parts of which each magazine preferably is constructed.
Similar reference characters throughout the different figures of the drawings indicate corresponding elements or features of construction herein referred to and described.
As preferably constructed, the improved vending machine comprises a suitable base 1 designed to constitute a pedestal and adapted to be firmly secured upon a store counter or other suitable support. The upper portion 2 of the pedestal preferably is approximately cylindrical and has a head 3 therein. A11 inclosing casing which constitutes a portion of the frame of the machine is provided and comprises preferably a bottom 1 which is seated upon the base, the bottom preferably having a boss 5 on its under side that isseated upon the head 3, a substantially cylindrical wall 6 extending upward from the bottom t and may be suitably cast or otherwise formed integrally with the bottom. Two opposite side portions of the wall have suitable openings therein and lateral extensions 7 and 7 connected with the wall at the edges of the openings, the extensions being in the form of inverted arches. Two substantially cylindrical coin boxes 8 and 8 are formed integrally with the bottom 1 and the lower portions of the extensions and extend clownward therefrom to receive the coins after they have been used to operate the machine. An upper removable casing cover part comprises a substantially cylindrical shell 9 having a top 10 thereon and adapted to be seated removably upon the wall 6, the shell having openings in two opposite side portions thereof from which extend two arch like casing portions constituting extensions 11 and 11 that are seated removably upon the extensions of the wall 6, the inverted arches and the arches thereon forming horizontally extending cylindrical extensions of the casing for inclosing the principal mechanism of the machine, the shell 9 being practically a continuation of the wall 6 and is preferably formed separately therefrom in order to conveniently gain access to the internal mechanism, it being understood, however, that the casing may be variously modified in shape or contour. Two suitable frames 12 and 12 are removably mounted in the ends of the lateral extensions and may be removed from the lower or main portion of the casing when the upper portion of the casing is removed, each frame having a head 13 therein adapted to close the end of the extension, and the head preferably is composed of glass or other transparent material. The wall 6 has a suitable aperture 14 therein through which to deliver the stamps or other articles, the shell or wall extension 9 having an aperture 15 therein through which to deliver the articles, and preferably catch basins 16 and 16 extend from the wall below the apertures so as to receive th articles in case they fall out of the apertures.
The main frame of the machine includes a vertical shaft 17 that is suitably secured to the bottom 1 preferably by means of a set-screw 18 inserted in the boss 5, the shaft extending through the head 3 and having a nut 19 thereon seated against the under side of the head for securing the shaft and the bottom 41- of the casing to the base. The shaft extends upward through the top 10 and has a nut 20 on its upper end that is seated upon a boss 21 formed on the top 10, the shaft extending through the boss, and the exterior of the boss has a groove 22 therein. In order to prevent the removal of the nut by unauthorized persons, it is suitably protected preferably by means of an inclosing casing comprising two semi-cylindrical parts 23 and 23 provided with hinging ears 2% and 24 respectively that are connected together by a hinge pin 25, the lower ends of the parts 23 and 23 having inwardly extending flanges 26 and 26 respectively that are inserted into the groove 22, the opposite or upper ends of the parts having cap portions 27 and 27 thereon respectively which together cover the top of the nut 20 while the semi-cylindrical parts inclose the side portion of the nut. The free edges of the parts 23 and 23 are provided with apertured ears 28 and 28 which receive the shackle 29 of a suitable pad-lock 30.
A frame member is provided which comprises a plate 31 having a hub 32 which is secured by a set-screw 33 to the shaft 17 so that the plate extends horizontally above the bottom 4 of the casing. The plate has two arms 34 and 35 on opposite portions thereof that extend toward the wall 6, and two companion arms 34: and 35 parallel to the first mentioned arms. Two latch or lock bars 36 and 37 are mounted between their ends on pivots 38 and 39 respectively,
one pivot being supported by. the arms 34 and-34 and the other one by the arms 35 and 35, the inner ends of the latch bars being normally pressed downward by means of springs and 41 respectively that are interposed between the latch bars and the plate 31, so that the outer ends of the latch bars are yieldingly forced upward. The arms 34 and 35 have curved guards 42 and 43 thereon respectively, the arms 34 and 35 having curved guards 42 and 43 thereon respectively, the guards being curved concentrically to the shaft 17, and the guards 42 and 43 have stop projections 44 and 44 thereon respectively.
A suitable rotary magazine is provided which preferably is composed of several principal parts secured together and adapted to be formed of cast metal, one part comprising wheel rim 45 provided with a hub 46 connected to the rim preferably by spokes 47, one side of the rim having gear teeth 48 thereon which extend upward, the hub being rotatably mounted on the shaft 17 and depending on the hub 32 for support, the inner edge of the rim having a downward extending flange 49 thereon. Another part of the magazine comprises an annular plate 50 which is secured to the under side of the rim 45 and surrounds the flange 49, the outer edge portion of the plate having a multiplicity of downwardly extending divisional projections 51 and 52, each projection 52 having a hole 53 therein. The projections are spaced equidistant apart and one of the projections 52 has lateral wings and 55 on opposite sides thereof which partially closes the space between the projection 52 and the adjacent projections 51. The under side of the plate has also a multiplicity of divisional ribs or guide bars 56 thereon extending from the projections inward to the flange 49.
The two connected parts of the magazine are substantially the same as shown inverted in Fig. 30. Another principal part of the magazine comprises an annular plate 57 having divisional projections 58 on the outer edge portion thereof from which extend divisional ribs or guide bars 59, the projections and ribs being on the upper side of the plate and arranged in planes between the ribs 56. The projections 58 are in contact with the plate 50. and the plate 57 is in contact with the projections 51 and 553 and is secured thereto preferably by means of screws 60 inserted in the holes The inner edge of the plate 57 preferably has a multiplicity of projections 61 thereon shaped substantially like saw-teeth. Another frame member preferably employed comprises a hub 62 secured by setscrew 63 to the shaft 17 adjacent to the top, of the hub 46, the hub V 62 having two horizontally extending arms 64 and 64 on opposite side portions thereof,
the arms having stub shafts 65 and. 65 fixedly connected thereto respectively, and extending hoizontally into the cylindrical extensions of the casing and provided on their ends with collars or heads 66 and 66 respectively. Two pinions 67 and 67 are rotatably mounted on the two stub shafts respectively and have disks 68 and 68 thereon respectively, the periphery of the disks having notches 69 and 69 there in respectively to receive the end portions of the latch bars 36 and 37 respectively for locking the pinions against rotation, the pinion 67 being in engagement with the gear teeth 48 for periodicallyrotating the above described magazine. The disks are on the outer end portions of the pinions and the outer side of each disk has two concentrically arranged guide ribs 7 0 and 71 thereon and transversely arranged stop bars 72 and 73 at opposite ends of the ribs, and slots 74 and 74 are formed in the two disks respectively between the ribs and the stop bars. The two disks, which constitute parts of the operating gearing, are arranged at opposite peripheral portions of the magazine contiguously above the outer ends of the latch bars. Two disk-like wheels 75 and 75 are rotatably, mounted on the two stub shafts 65 and 65 adjacent the outer sides of the disks 68 and 68 respectively, and the inner side of the wheels have tangentially arranged cams 7 6 and 76 thereon respectively from which extend guide ribs 77 and 77 respec tively that are concentric to the axes of the wheels, for retracting the latch bars 36 and 37 from the notches and temporarily holding them in retracted position while the pinions are rotated. The wheels have also two pro j ections 78 and 78 on the inner sides thereof that project int the slots 74 and 74, a spring 79 being seated against the projection 78 and one of the stop bars 73, another spring 7 9 being seated against the projection 78 and the other stop bar 73, the springs being guided by the concentric ribs 7 0 and 71 to form elastically yielding driving connections between the wheels and the disks, the springs acting to hold the projections at one end of the slots and permitting the wheels 75 and 75' to be slightly rotated for withdrawing the latch bars before rotating the disks 68 and. 68. The outer side of the wheels 75 and 75 are provided with a suitable number of laterally projecting lugs 80 and 80 re spectively spaced apart on each wheel sufliciently to receive a five-cent nickle coin be tween each two lugs, so that the inserted coin shall ser'e to assist in rotating the wneel. Each lug is approximately pearshaped in cross section and arranged so that the narrower portion which serves as a ratchet tooth extends outwardly approximately toward the periphery of the wheel.
The operating mechanism includes also 1 two rockers comprising hubs 81 and 81' r0- tatably mounted on the two stub shafts adjacent the fronts or outer sides of the wheels 7 5 and 7 5, the hubs having webs 82 and 82 thereon respectively that are substantially disk-like in form and have rims 83 and 83 thereon respectively that extend beyond the two sides or the webs and have operating arms 8% and 8 1 thereon respectively, the inner edges of the rims being provided with projecting stop fingers 85 and 85 respectively which in operation are moved into contact and normally rest upon the stop projections 44: and a4 respectively. The webs have outwardly bulged portions or corrugations 86 and 86 that extend concentrically about the axes of the rockers and have apertures 87 and 87 in the normally lower portion of the outer walls thereof, portions of the webs having apertures 88 and 88 therein. The disk-like portions of the web at the inner ends of the apertures have inclined guides 89 and 89 thereon respectively adapted to guide an imitation coin or slug from the inner side to the outer side of the web through the aperture. The front plates of the bulged portions have slots 90 and 90 therein respectively through which the operating coins may be seen. The inner sides of the webs 82 and 82 have continuous circular guide ribs 91 and 91 thereon respectively that are concentric to the hubs of the rockers and extend substantially to the wheels 7 5 and 75 for stopping the coins when inserted between the lugs on the wheels. The normally upper portions of the rims 83 and 83 have coin slots 92 and 92 therein, and the normally lower portions of the rims having similar slots 93 and 93 therein, the slots extending circumferentially at the inner sides of the planes of the webs 82 and 82 respectively. The inner sides of the webs have also guideribs 9i and 9a thereon respectively that extend concentrically to the axes of the rockers approximately from one to the other coin slot at a suitable distance out ward beyond the ribs 91 and 1 to receive standard coins between the two ribs. Two coil springs 95 and 95 are placed on the hubs 81 and 81 respectively and have end lugs 96 and 96 that are secured to the webs or hubs of the rockers, the springs having also end lugs 97 and 97 that are secured to the collars 66 and 66 respectively, the springs being adapted to retract the rockers in operation. The two webs 82 and 82 have lugs 98 and 98 on the inner or rear sides thereof respectively and arranged in planes adjacently to the apertures 88 and 88 respectively, the inner sides of the lugs having recesses 99 and 99 therein respectively, each recess being adapted to receive the edge portion or a coin or slug that is less in thickness than the standard coin but which cannot receive the standard coin 100, the lugs being so arranged as to engage the periphery of an inserted coin as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 21 when the rocker is retracted or to pass over a relatively thinner slug. The upper portions of the cylindrical extensions of the casing have coin chutes 101 and 101 therein respectively for guiding the coins into the slots 92 and 92 respectively, the upper external portions of the casing extensions preferably being provided with slotted gage plates 102 and 102 registering with the two coin chutes respectively, for preventing the insertion of slugs larger than the standard coin into the coin chutes. The casing extensions have slots 103 and 103 therein through which the operating arms 8% and 81 extend.
The coin boxes 8 and 8 are provided with cupeshaped bottoms 10 and 101 respectively that are suitably connected to the boxes. as by means of pivots (not seen in the drawings) so that the bottoms may swing around horizontally, the portions of the bottoms that are nearly but not exactly opposite the pivots having recesses 105 and 105 therein, respectively that normally are par tially behind apertured ears 106 and 106 projecting downward from the boxes and-receive shackles 107 and 107 of padlocks 108 and 108, the shackles being inserted in the recesses so as to prevent swinging movement of the bottoms. The upper portions of the bottoms are provided with removable hopper plates 109 and 109 having apertures 110 and 110 therein respectively through which coins may fall from the slots 93 and 93'. The arch portions 11 and 11 have sign plates 111 and 111 thereon respectively for indicating the quantity of articles vended for five cents or a coin of other value placed in the respective coin chutes.
The webs 82 and 82 of the rockers are provided on the outer side thereof with pivots 112 and 112 respectively that are arranged adjacently to the rims 83 and 83 and in proximity to the slots 87 and 87 and have dogs 113 and 113 mounted thereon respec tively, the dogs being supported between their ends and provided at one end with ratchet teeth 114: and 11 1 respectively that extend through the slots so as to engage the lugs 80 and 80' respectively or to be retracted by the lugs, springs 115 and 115, being mounted on the rockers respectively and engaging the opposite ends of the dogs for holding them in normal position, the dogs having fingers 116 and 116 thereon respectively that extend through suitable slots 117 and 117 respectively in the rims 83 and 83, so that the dogs maybe retracted by hand and also be moved by hand longitudinally of the pivots to either side of projections 118 and 118 formed on the adjacent wall of the bulged portion 86 of the web. When a dog is moved outwardly the lugs '80 or 80 may be moved past the tooth of the dog without having contact therewith, and ordinarily the dogs are not accessible to be shifted by hand. It will be observed that the lugs 80 or 80 extend a short distance only into the bulged portion of the web of the rocker so that there is clearance space beyond the ends of the lugs for the tooth 114 or 114 within the recess of the bulged portion, and it should be understood that if desired the dog may be held in retracted position by placing it in contact with the end of the projection 118.
Another magazine constructed substantially as above described but arranged in inverted position is designed to be used in the casing described, the projections 61 however being preferably omitted, and the magazine therefore comprises a wheel rim and hub 46 connected to the rim by spokes 47, the hub being rotatably mountedon the shaft 17 and upon the hub 62, the rim having outwardly extending gear teeth 48 meshing with the pinion 67, said rim having also an upward extending flange 49 at its inner edge. An annular plate 50 is secured upon the upper side of the rim and has upward extending divisional projections 51 and 52 thereon, each projection 52 having a hole 53 therein to receive a securing device, one of the projections 52 having two lateral wings 54 and 55 thereon, the projection and wings being adapted to practically close the aperture 15 in the casing when the magazine is empty. The upper side of the plate 50 has also a multiplicity of divisional ribs or guides 56 thereon extending from the projections to the flange 49. An annular plate 57 is placed upon the projections and secured thereto by means of screws inserted in the holes 53. The under side of the plate has divisional projections 58 extending to the rim 50 between the projections thereon, and it has also ribs or guides 59 extending from the projections 58" radially toward the shaft 17.
Nhen the magazines are filled a suitable number of stamps 119 or other articles placed on edge between the projections 51 and 58 are sufliciently separated at the flange 49 by the lower and upper ribs or guide bars of the lower one of the magazines, and stamps 120 or other articles are similarly arranged inthe upper one of the two magazines.
In order to eject or discharge the stamps or other articles from the lower magazine the plate 31, being below the plane of the lower magazine, is provided on its upper side with a guide 121 in which a push bar 122 is slidingly mounted and provided with a suitable finger 123 projected toward the aperture 14, the push bar having a wrist pin 124 thereon which is engaged by a slotted arm 125 mounted on a pivot. 126 with which the plate 31 is provided, the plate having also a stop projection 127 thereon for limiting the outward movement of the arm so as to normally maintain the end of the finger adjacent the inner ends of the stamps 119. The finger extends across the pocket space between two guide ribs. The arm 125 has a V-shaped finger 128 on its outer side that is adapted to enter between two of the saw-tooth projections 61, and the finger is forced to such'position by means of a spring 129 mounted on the plate 31 in contact with the arm. The end of the finger 128 normally is in contact with the end por tion of one of the projections 61, being thus retracted until rotation of the magazine permits the arm to move outward and project the finger 123 so as to push the stamp partially out of the aperture 14, complete ejection of the stamp preferably being prevented by means of a frictional retarding or brake spring 130 mounted on the plate 31 and extending against the push bar 122, preferably in a longitudinal groove 131 which may be formed in one side of the push bar. It is obvious that if desired the stamps may be discharged from the upper magazine by such means as above described. Preferable means for discharging the stamps, however, comprises a hub 132 arranged on the shaft 17 at the top of the hub 46 and secured to the shaft by means of a set-screw 133, the hub 132 having a horizontal frame plate 134 thereon supported in the plane of the top of the upper magazine. The plate 134 has a suitably arranged slot 135 therein. A suitable push bar 136 has a projecting finger 137 thereon of suitable width and is slidingly mounted under the plate in suitable guides 133 and 139 and also in a suitable guideway formed in the hub 132, the push bar having an apertured ear 140'thereon that extends through the slot 135, the end of the finger being opposite the aperture 15 in the casing. The plate 134 is providedwith a pivot 141 on which a lever 142 is pivoted between its ends, one end portion of the lever extending into the ear 140 for operating the push bar or ejector. A spring 143 is connected tothe plate 134 and also to the lever 142 and strained so as to force the push bar outward toward the casing. The under side of the opposite end portion of the lever has a projection 144 thereon and the end of the lever normally extends into a recess 145 formed in the edge of the rim 83 that is adjacent to the upper magazine, the upper side of the plate 57' having a projection 146 thereon which at the end of each complete revolution of the upper magazine is moved into contact with the projection 144 and is moved past the projection on the arm when the outer end of the arm is farther moved in the direction in which the magazine is moving. Preferably the outer end of the lever 142 has a vertical wrist pin 147 thereon so as to avoid the necessity of making the rim undesirably thick where the recess 145 is formed therein. The lever 1&2 at normal rest position holds the finger 187 in retracted position and projects the finger past the'fiange 4L9 and toward the aperture 15 when the operating arm 84: is retracted to normal rest position, the lever withdrawing the finger when the operating arm is moved to rotate the magazine.
It should be understood that in some cases the discharging mechanism with which the upper magazine is provided may be employed in connection with the lower. magazine in lieu of the discharging mechanism shown in connection with the lower magazine. It should be understood also that the capacity of the machine may be variously extended and if desired may embrace three or more magazines and operating mechanism therefor, with suitable modifications in the form of the casing. In the present case it is designed that standard five-cent coins only can be used for operating the machine for the disposal of the articles therein, and it is proposed that four one-cent postage stamps be placed in each division or pocket in the lower magazine to be sold for five cents, and that two two-cent postage stamps be placed in each division or pocket of the upper magazine to be sold for five cents. Four of the one-cent stamps are contained on a single perforated and folded strip of paper, the two stamps of higher denomination being on one perforated and folded strip of paper, so that the. packages or pareels of stamps as placed are of uniform length and height. It will be observed that the apertures 14L and 15 are approximately as wide as two pockets in. a magazine so that while the ejecting fingers may prevent insertion of an article in one pocket, the article may be inserted through the farther side of the aperture into the adjacent pocket at the farther side of the finger.
In, order to charge the magazine without the use of coins for forming the required connections for rotating the magazines to bring the pockets successively at the apere tures in the casing through which the stamps or articles must be inserted, the dogs 113 and 113 are placed behind the projections 118 and 118 so that the teeth 11 1 and 11 1 may act as ratchet pawls in connection with the lugs 80 and 80 respectively and ratchet the wheels and 75 with each operation of the arms 84 and 8% respectively. Access may be had to the dogs after unlocking and swinging aside the bottoms of the coin boxes. The operating arms 8st and 8-1 are moved and retracted repeatedly so that the magazines are rotated to bring the pockets therein in succession at the apertures 14: and 15 in the casing through which the stamps or articles are inserted into the pockets. When all the pockets are supplied with the articles to be vended the divisional projections that have the lateral wings thereon are left in position so as to practically close the apertures in the casing, so that the articles cannot be extracted from the apertures without paying for them, it being understood that the attendant immediately shifts the dogs 113 and 113 to inoperative position after charging the magazines. It should be understood that the end of each finger, 128 and 137, is broader than the space between two adjacent divisional projections that determine the width of the pocket, and the finger therefore overlaps two adjacent guide ribs so that it cannot pass by a postage stamp and fail to eject it.
In practical use a person desiring to purchase stamps contained in the lower magazine drops a coin into the coin chute 101, and the coin passes at one side of the projection 98 onto the guide rib 91 between two of the lugs 80. The customer then moves the operating arm Set in the direction indicated by the arrow, and the consequent movement of the rocker carries the projection 98 against the coin and forces the coin against the farther lug so as to impart rotary movement to the wheel 75 having the cams 76 thereon, one of the cams being in contact with the latch bar 36 and moves it out of connection with the disk 68, the projection 78. at the same time being moved to the opposite end of the slot 74: and then imparts rotary movement to the disk, and conse quently turns the pinion 67 which moves the lower magazine sufficiently to be again locked and permit the finger 123 to push the first appearing stamp. or stamps partially out of the aperture 14: to be completely withdrawn by the purchaser. The upper magazine is operated substantially in the same manner as above described, it being necessary to place the coin in the coin chute 101 and manipulate the operating arm 8%. By reference to Fig. 5, it will be seen that the position of the lever 1 12 is such that the finger 187 is projected to its normal, rest position, the slot 92 being fairly in the uppermost portion of the rim 83 so that the coin may be received from the coin chute in the casing. By reference to F ig. 8, it will be seen that the lever 1&2 is in intermediate position and therefore holds the finger 137 in an intermediate position but sufliciently far advanced to push the stamp 120 partially through the aperture 15 so that it may be withdrawn, this occuring only with the discharge of the last stamp in the magazine. It should be assumed that the machine has been operated in the usual manner and that while the arm ea has been pulled over so as to rotate the magazine and bring the last stamp'in proper position to.
be discharged, the projection 146 has been moved to the position shown and that the arm 84L has been retracted so that the outer end of the lever 142 is carried'by the rim '83 to the position shownwith the projection 144 against the projection 1 16 which prevents the lever from being retracted fully to its normal position, and consequently prevents the complete retraction of the rocker, so that the slot 92 is not brought fairly below the slot in the gage plate 102 and therefore the coin cannot be inserted into the coin chute, thus preventing persons from inserting a coin after the magazine is empty.
In case it is attempted to practice fraud by placing a slug that is of less thickness than the coin required, into one of the coin chutes, the slug will fall to the position in which the coin should rest, and when the lug or projection 98 is brought to the slug the upper edge of the slug is received into the recess 99 so that the lug or projection fails to move the slug and at the same time the aperture 88 permits the slug to fall through the web to the forward side of the web, the inclined portion 89 having been brought under the slug, and the slug falls down into the coin box. After a sufficient number of coins have been inserted and the machine repeatedly operated to bring the coins in succession down past the lower end of the guide rib 94 or 94 the coins in succession fall through the slot 93 or 93 into the coin box from which they may be removed by the proprietor.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new isl. A'vending machine including a magazine comprising two oppositely arrangedplates spaced apart, divisional projections on one extending to the opposite one of the plates, and guide ribs on the inner side of one of the plates extending from the projections and also toward but not to the opposite one of the plates.
2. A vending machine including a rotary magazine having gear teeth, a rotary pinion engaging the gear teeth and having a disk thereon, a rotary wheel adjacent the disk, and a spring interposed substantially between the wheel and the disk for forcing the disk and the wheel rotatably in relatively opposite directions.
3. A vending machine including a rotatable magazine having peripheral pockets, an ejector movable into or out of the pockets, means for frictionally retarding movement of the ejector, and means intermittently acting automatically to move the ejector and overcoming the retarding means successively following rotation of the magazine.
4. A vending machine including a rotary magazine, rotary gearing for rotating the magazine, a lock for preventing rotation of the magazine, a wheel rotatably mounted adjacent the gearing, means for making yielding operative connection between the wheel and the gearingfto rotate the maga zinc, and means for retracting the lock in advance on movement of the wheel to operate the gearing.
5. A vending machine including an up right cylindrical casing having an aperture therein, an annular magazine rotatably mounted in the casing with its periphery opposite the aperture, the magazine having pockets in its periphery, means for rotating the magazine, a push-bar mounted, in the casing and movable into the pockets toward the aperture, and a friction brake automatically acting to retard the movement of the push-bar.
6., A vending machine including a casing provided with a stationary vertical shaft, a magazine having gear teeth and rotatably mounted horizontally on the shaft, a stub shaft horizontally supported in the casing, a disk rotatable on the stub shaft and having a pinion thereon connected with the gear teeth, the disk having a plurality of stops thereon to engage a latch, a latch to be en gaged by the stops, a wheel rotatable on the stub shaft, and means enabling the wheel on rotation to retract the latch and rotate the disk.
7. A vending machine including a magazine comprising two oppositely arranged plates spaced apart, each plate having integral divisional projections on the inner side thereof extending to the opposite plate between the projections thereof, the projections being spaced apart, one of the projections being broader than either of the others, and guide ribs on the inner side of the two plates extending from the projections respectively and also toward the opposite plate.
8. A vending machine including a magazine comprising an annular rim and an annular plate opposite the rim and spaced apart therefrom, a flange on the inner edge of the rim extending toward the inner edge of the plate, divisional projections on the inner side of the rim extending toward the plate, and guide ribs on the inner side of the rim extending from the projections to the flange and also toward the plate.
9. A vendingmachine including a main casing part, a cover part seated upon the main part and having a top provided with a boss having a groove therein, a shaft secured to the main casing part and extending through the top and the boss, a nut on the shaft seated upon the top of the boss, a magazine rotatably mounted on the shaft, an inclosure extending about the nut and comprisingtwo parts having each an internal flange extending into the groove, and means for locking the two parts of the inclosure together. I
10. A vending machine including a magazine comprising two annular plates oppo sitely varranged at a distance apart, each plate having a plurality of divisional projections fixed on the outer edge portion of the opposite plate between the projections thereof, the projections being spaced apart, one of the projections having a greater width than the others respectively, each plate having guide ribs on the inner side thereof eX- tending from the projections respectively to the inner edge of the plate and toward the opposite plate, one of the plates having a flange on the inner edge thereof at the ends of the ribs extending toward the opposite plate.
11. A vending machine including a main casing part, a cover part seated upon the main part and having a top provided with a cylindrical boss having a groove extending continuously in the periphery thereof, a shaft secured to the main casing part and extending through the top and the boss, a nut on the shaft seated upon the top of the boss, a magazine rotatably mounted on the shaft, an inclosure comprising two parts hinged together and covering the nut, each part having an internal flange extending into the groove and having also an apertured ear, and a padlock connected to the cars.
12. A vending machine including a rotary magazinehaving gear teeth, a rotary pinion engaging the gear teeth and having a disk thereon, the disk having a slot therein extending concentrically to its axis, a rotary wheel adjacent the disk and having a projectien thereon extending into and movable in the slot, a lock-bar for locking the magazine, means for rotating the wheel in one direction, a spring for moving the wheel in the opposite direction and limited in action by the projection in the slot, and means for retracting the lock-bolt on rotation of the wheel.
13. A vending machine including a rotary magazine, a rotatable disk, operative connections actuated by the disk for rotating the magazine, a lock for the magazine, a wheel rotatable adjacent the disk, means actuated by the wheel on rotative movement adapted for retracting the lock, and elastic means interposed substantially between the wheel and the disk enabling the wheel, after movement to retract the lock, to also move the disk, and acting to move the disk faster than the wheel after the lock is retracted.
14-. A vending machine including a main shaft, two magazines rotatably mounted on the main shaft and having gear teeth on adjacent sides thereof, two stub shafts supported by the main shaft between the planes of the two magazines, two pinions rotatable on the two stub shafts respectively, one of the pinions engaging the gear teeth of one of the magazines, the remaining pinion engaging the gear teeth of the remaining magazine, operating gearing mounted on one of the stub shafts and operatively connected with one of the pinions, and operating gearing mounted on the remaining stub shaft and operatively connected with the remaining pinion.
15. A vending machine including a magazine comprising an annular rim rotatably supported and having gear teeth on one side and a flange on the opposite side at the inner edge thereof, an annular plate surrounding the flange and secured to the rim and having a multiplicity of divisional projections thereon and also ribs extending from the projections to the flange, and an annular plate secured to the projections and having divisional projections and also ribs thereon extending between the planes of the first described projections and ribs; and a rotatably supported pinion engaging the gear teeth.
16. A vending machine including a rotary dispensing magazine, a rotatable disk, operative connections between the disk and the magazine, a lock for the magazine, a wheel rotatable adjacent the disk and having a plurality of recesses therein to receive the lock for preventing rotation of the zine, means elastically connecting the disk with the wheel enabling the wheel after partial movement to move the disk, and means actuated by the wheel during its partial movement adapted for retracting the lock from a recess in advance of the movement of the disk. 7
17. A vending machine including a frame comprising a casing having an aperture therein, an annular magazine rotatably mounted in the casing with its periphery oppositethe aperture, the magazine having a multiplicity of pockets in its periphery, a single portion only of the periphery being devoid of pockets, operating means for intermittently rotating the magazine, and lock-out means cooperating with the operating means and the magazine and also with the frame for temporarily preventing normal operative actuation of the operating means once in each revolution of the magazine on arrival of the single pocketless peripheral portion at one side of the aperture.
18. A vending machine including a magazine rotatably supported and having gear teeth, a pinion rotatably supported in connection with the gear teeth, an ejector movably supported for dispensing from the magazine, a lever pivotally supported and connected with the ejector, a rocker rotatively supported and provided with a device for engaging and operating the lever,
and means for operatively connecting the rocker with the pinion to rotate the magazine.
19. A vending machine including an annular magazine rotatably supported and having pockets therein, a frame plate supported adjacent the magazine, a push-bar slidingly mounted on the plate and having a finger movable into or out of the pockets, a lever pivoted between its ends and having one end portion operatively connected with the push-bar, a rocker rotatively supported and having a recess therein receiving the opposite end portion of the lever, supported gearing operatively connected with the mag azine, and means for connecting the rocker with the gearing.
20. A vending machine including an annular magazine rotatably supported and having saw-tooth-like projections on the in ner side thereof, the magazine having pockets therein, a frame plate supported adjacent the magazine, a push-bar slidingly mounted on the plate and having a finger movable into or out of the pockets, an arm pivoted on tl e plate and. having a projection thereon, the arm being operatively connected with the push-bar, a spring connected with the plate and in contact with the arm for forcing the projection thereof into contact with the projections of the magazine, and operating means for the magazine operatively connected therewith.
21. A vending machine including a mag azine rotatably supported and having gear teeth,va pinion rotatably supported in connection with the gear teeth, a disk rotatably supported and positively connected with the pinion, the disk having a plurality of recesses therein. a latch automatically projected to enter the recesses forilocking the magazine, an eieetor to dispense from the magazine, a wheel rotatably supported for rotating the disk, means for retracting the latch on movement of the wheel to rotate the disk, a rocker rotatively supported, and ratchet devices enabling the rocker to rotate the wheel.
22. A vending machine including a frame comprising a casing having an aperture therein, an annular magazine rotatably mounted in the casing with its periphery opposite the aperture, the magazine having a multiplicity of pockets in its periphery, a single portion only of the periphery being devoid of pockets, operating means for intermittently rotating the magazine, lock-out means cooperating with the operating means and the magazine and also with the frame for temporarily preventing 'normal opera-- tive actuation of the operating means once in each revolution of the magazine on arrival of the single pocketless peripheral portion at one side of the aperture, and emergency means connectible with the operating means enabling the operating means to relate the magazine.
28. A vending machine including a vertically supported shaft, a frame member having a hub secured to the shaft, a magazine rotatable on the shaft and upon the hub and having gear teeth on the upper side thereof, an ejector movably mounted on the frame member for dispensing from the magazine, awsupport having a hub secured to the shaft above the magazine and having two stub shafts thereon, a pinion rotatable on one of the stub shafts tion with the gear teeth, a second pinion rotatable on the remaining one of the stub shafts, a second magazine rotatably mounted on the vertically supported shaft and having gear teeth on the under side thereof in connection with said second pinion, a second frame member secured to the vertically supported shaft above the second magazine, and an ejector movably mounted on the second frame member for dispensing from the second magazine.
24. A vending machine including a frame comprising a casing having an aperture therein, an annular magazine rotatably mounted in the casing with its periphery opposite the aperture, the magazine having a multiplicity of pockets therein extending from its periphery, the inner ends of the pockets having openings therein, operating means for intermittently rotating the magazine, lock-out means cooperating with the operating means and the magazine and also with the frame for temporarily preventing normal operative actuation of the operating means once in each revolution of themagazine, an ejector mounted in the frame and anovable into or out of the inner ends of the pockets, and means connecting the ejector with the lock-out means enabling the lockout means to move the ejector.
25. In a vending machine, the combination of a base, a main casing part comprising a bottom and a side wall, the bottom being secured upon the base, the side wall having an opening in a portion and an inverted arch-shaped casing extension extending from the opening, a frame removably seated in the casing extensiom-a transparent head in the frame, a cover part removably seated on said side wall and having a slotted arched casing extension thereon seated on said inverted arch-shaped extension and on the frame, a shaft secured vertically to the base and extending through said cover part, a device connected to the shaft and securing the cover part to the main casing part, a stub shaft supported by the vertical shaft and extending into the casing extension, a magazine rotatably mounted on said vertical shaft and having gear teeth thereon, a pinion rotatable on the stub shaft in connection with the gear teeth, and operating in connecmovably and means movably mounted on the stub shaft and including a rocker for actuating the pinion, the rocker having an arm thereon extending through the slot of said arched casing part.
26. In a vending machine, the combina tion of a bell-shaped base having a head in the upper portion thereof, a main casing part comprising a bottom and a cylindrical side wall, said bottom being seated upon said base and having a boss thereon extending to said head, said side wall having two openings in opposite portions thereof and inverted arch shaped casing extensions extending from the openings, two frames removably seated in said two casing extensions respectivelyand having each a transparent head cover part removably seated onsaid side wall and having two slotted arched casing extensions seated on said inverted arches and the frames therein respectively, a shaft extending through the head of said base and secured thereto, the shaft extending through the cylindrical casing partsand having a securing device connected thereto and in contact with said cover part, a frame member secured to said shaftand having two stub shafts thereon that extend into said casing extensions respectively, twotrains of operating gearing mounte'don said two stub shafts respectively, and two magazinesrotatably mounted on said shaft andoperatively connected with said two trains of gearing respectively, each of said trains of gearing including a rocker having an arm extending through the slot in one of said casing extensions.
"27. In a. vending'machine, the combinationwith a rotatable magazine, and a fixedly supported shaft having a head, of a rocker rotativelyxmounted on the shaft adjacent the head, the rocker having a dog adj ustably mounted thereon, a wheel rotatablymounted on the shaft and having lugs thereon adapted-to be engaged by the dog for intermittently I rotating the wheeh means for holding the'dog-out ofoperative connection with the lugs, means mounted on the shaft for rotating the magazine and actuated by the wheel, an arm on the rockerfor moving it in one "direction, and a spring connected with the rocker and the head of the shaft for retracting' the rocker.
28. In a vending machine, thecombination with a cylindrical-casing having an opening in its side and a casing extension at the opening, of a shaft fixedly supported in the cylindrical'casing, a cylindrical magazine rotatably mounted on'the shaft and havingpockets in its periphery, two frame members secured to the shaft at opposite sides of the magazine, one of the"frame members having a stub shaft thereonlpro' plate therein, a cylindrical jecting into the casing extension, the remaining one of the members having curved guards thereon supported opposite the periphery of the magazine in the casing extension, a rocker movably mounted on the stub shaft, gearing mounted also on the stub shaft and operatively connected with the magazine, and means for connecting the rocker with the gearing.
29. In a vending machine, the combination with a rotatable magazine havinggear teeth, and a fixedly supported stub shaft, of a pinion rotatably mounted on the shaft in mesh with the gear teeth and having a disk thereon provided with recesses, the disk having also a circuinferentially extending slot therein and guides at opposite sides of the slot provided with'a cross-bar, a lockbar movably supported and normally ex tending into one of the recesses in the disk, a wheel rotatably mounted on the shaft and having a projection thereon that extends into theslot, the wheel-having also inclined cams and also guides extending from the cams thereon for retracting the lock-bar, and a spring seated against the cross-bar and projection of the wheel between the guides.
wrist :pin thereon that extends into the-recess .in the rocker,1 the lever having aprojection thereon in the path of the projection on themagazine. I
31. In a vending machine, the combinationwith a casing, ofean annular magazine rotatably mounted in the casing and havinga multiplicity ofl'tooth-like' projections thereon, the magazine having'a plurality of pockets'therein, a push-bar slidingly mounted in thecasingand having a fingernnovable into orout of the pockets in succession, thepush bar havingza wrist pin thereon, an arm pivoted'in the casing and having a projecti on thereon andhaving also a forked end portion engaging the-wrist pin, a supported -spring engagingthe armfor forcingthe projection thereof into contact with the tooth-like projections, and a supported friction brake in contact with the push-bar.
' 32.:In a 'vendingmachinefthe combinationwith two shafts fixedly' supported at right angles each to the other, of a cylindricalmagazine 'rotatably. mounted on one of the shafts and having gear teeth thereon, a pinion and also a wheel having cams thereon and rotatably mounted on the remaining one of the shafts, the pinion being in mesh with the gear teeth, the pinion having a disk thereon provided in its periphery with recesses, a frame member fixedly supported adjacent the magazine, a locking bar movably mounted on the frame member and spring-pressed to the disk to enter the recesses therein in the path of the cams, and means enabling the wheel to turn and carry the cams and subsequently turn the disk.
33. In a vending machine, the combination with a casing, and a shaft secured in the casing, of an annular magazine rotatably mounted on the shaft and having pockets therein, a frame plate fixedly secured to the shaft, a push-bar movably mounted on the plate and having a finger projectable into the pockets successively, the push-bar having an apertured ear, a lever pivotally mounted on the plate and extending into the ear, a spring connected with the plate and the lever for projecting the finger, means mounted in the casing for rotating the magazine, and means acting on rotation of the magazine to retract the finger.
34. In a vending machine, the combination of a casing, a shaft secured vertically in the casing, a hub secured to the shaft and .having two arms on opposite sides thereof,
two stub shafts fixed to the two arms respectively, a magazine rotatably mounted on the vertical shaft in the casing below the arms, a magazine rotatably mounted on the vertical shaft in the casing above the arms, operating gearing mounted on one of the stub shafts for rotating one of the magazines, and operating gearing mounted on the remaining one of the stub shafts for rotating the remaining one of the magazines.
35. In a vending machine, the combination with a casing, and a shaft secured in the casing, of an annular magazine rotatably mounted on the shaft and having a multiplicity of tooth-like projections thereon, the magazine having pockets therein, a frame plate fixedly secured in the casing, a pushbar movably mounted on the frame plate and having a finger movable into or out of the pockets successively, a device engaged by the projections for retracting the pushbar, and a spring for projecting the pushbar.
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM A. KOUYER, GEORGE BEAMER DAVIS.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
' Washington, D. O.