|Publication number||US1142210 A|
|Publication date||Jun 8, 1915|
|Publication number||US 1142210 A, US 1142210A, US-A-1142210, US1142210 A, US1142210A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (32), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
LIQUID DISPENSING DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED fs.29.19r2.
1 1 42,2 1 O. Patented J une 8, 1915.
Ur sa RAYVIO WATER COMPANY, A CORPORATION OE ILLINOIS.
Speccation of Letters Patent.
Patented June 8, 1915.
- Application led February 29, 1912. Serial No. 680,622.
To all whom t may concern.' i
Be it known that I, WALTER l/VAGNER, a
citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in: the county` of lCook and State of Illinois, have .invented-new and useful Improvements in Liquid-Dispensing Devices, ofwhich the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference. being had to the accompanying drawing, forming a part of this specification. i
My invention pertains to dispensing devices lfor drinking water, non-aerated beverages, and the like, vand especially lrelates to water coolers Vof the kind in which a watercontaining bottle is inverted upon an icecooled water-receiving vessel, from which vessel the water may be drawn from time to time, as desired, the water thus withdrawn from the vessel being replaced by water from the bottle. y
In the use of water coolers of the character set forth above, it is of course necessary t0 replace a bottle by a full onewhenever it has become empty; and, inorder that this may be done, the full bottle must first be uncorked.V It has been found that, in order to prevent thej water from flowing out of the neck of the new bottle during the necessary tilting of the latter before placing it on the cooler, the person whose duty it is to attend to the cooler will frequentlyfplace his hand over the mouth of the bottle, the palm of the hand being thus brought into direct contact with the drinking water. As `the-,attendant is usually a janitor, or some other person whose duties do not admit of great cleanliness of the hands, the possibility of handling the` bottle in this manner is eX- Ytremely undesirable from a sanitary standpoint. Even if the attendant should not place his hand over the mouth of the bottle while inverting it, but should place thebottle in its inverted position in the cooler bya quick tilting movement, the result would be that a considerable quantity ofwater would escape fromk the bottle during such movement, and the water receptaclewould therefore become iilled toA a height above that ofk the mouth of the bottle, whereby any dirt which might be present upon the outside of the neck of the bottle would be washed olf into-the drinking water; and this, also, is undesirable from a sanitary standpoint.A
It is an object of my invention to provide a liquiddispensing device whichwill not be subject to the above disadvantages, which Vwill be of a sanitary nature, and in which access of impurities to the water before it reaches the drinking glass is absolutely prevented. v
A water cooler constructed in accordance with my invention, together with two forms of bottle closure, is described, by way of eX- ample, in the following specification, and shown inl the accompanying drawing, in which:
Figure 1 is a vertical section taken through the cooler, a bottle being shown in position therein; and Fig. 2 is a sectional viewof a modified form of bottle closure.
Referring now to the drawing, 10 indicates an ice tank, within which is mounted a -water-receiving vessel 11, the latter being provided with an outlet pipe 12 which passes through the ice tank andterminates, outside the latter, in a faucet 13, by means of which water may be drawn from the vessel 11, as desired. The vessel 11 is open at its upper end, and is provided, at its top edge with a ring 14, of rubber or the like, upon which the shoulder of the water bottle is adapted to rest when the bottle is in place in the cooler.k Bypthis means, atight connection is made between the bottle and the'top edge of the vessel 11.
The parts, as described above, are of a well known construction, and consequently do not require detailed description here.
, Locatedy in the water vessel 11 is a stand 15 which, in the construction shown, comprises three legs 16, the ends of which rest upon the bottom of the vessel 11 and are sufficiently spaced apart so that they will engage the sides of the vessel andthus maintain the stand 15 at the center thereof. The stand 15 is further provided with three upwardly extending arms 17,'the ends of which are bent outwardly,gso that the three arms forma guide f or directing the mouth of the .bottle toward the center of the stand 15.
The stand 15 is provided with an aXial, upwardly projecting spike or pin 18, the function of which is to perforate the bottle'closure when the bottle is inverted upon the vessel 11, andy thus permit the water from the vessel to flow into the vessel.
The bottle 19 is provided with a closure which is adapted to be perforated by the spike 18. This closure consists of a disk 20, formed of leadfoil or some other material which may be torn with vsufiicient readiness, placed .upon the mouth of the bottle, and secured in place by means of a threaded cap 21. The cap 21 engages screw threads 22 formed on the neck 23 of the bottle, and is adapted to be screwed firmly down uponA the neck 23, so as to clalnp the disk 20 securely in place. A gasket 24 is inserted between the disk 20 and the cap 21, so as to render the closure completely watertight. In order that the spike 18 may pass up into the neck 23 to perforate the disk 20, the cap 21 is formed with a central aperture 25.
In the practice of my invention, the bottles will be supplied ready provided with closures of the kind described above. Vhen it is desired to place a full bottle in the dispensing device, no uncorking operation is required, it being merely necessary to invert the bottle and place it, mouth downward, in the vessel 11. The mouth of the bottle will thus be placed over the spike 18, which latter will enter through the aperture 25 of the cap 21,'and will encounter and perforate the disk 20. vWhen the disk 20 has thus been perforated, the water will How from the bottle into the vessel 11, and, in iowing out, will still further tear the disk 20. The water will pour out of the bottle until the level of the ywater in the vessel has risen slightly above the plane of the mouth of the bottle. Nhenthe water in the vessel has reached this level, no more water can escape from the bottle, by reason of the fact that air cannot enter the bottle to disi place the water. .lVhen, however, water is drawn ofi' from the vessel lll through the faucet-13, the level in the ,vessel will fall, and enough air will be admitted tothe bottle to permit sufficient water to escape to restore the level of the water in the vessel 11. 'Ihe level of the water in the vessel 11 thus remains constant, and never rises more than very slightly above the plane' of the mouth ofthe bottle,-`either when the bottle is first placed in the cooler, o r thereafter. The guide armsl? aid in bringing the mouth of the bottle into the correct position over the spike 1S, and prevent the edge of the cap 21 from accidentally striking the spike.
It will be seen from the above that the Y water in the bottle is absolutely isolated until such time as the neck of the bottle has .been placed fairly within the vessel 11. Provided, therefore, that the interior of the of the fact that the level of the water in the vessel never rises above the plane of the mouth of the'bottle.
When it is desired to wash out the vessel 11, the stand 15 may be lifted out, thus leaving the interior of the vessel clear of any obstruction and enabling the stand 15 to be washed separately.
The closure employed is Vof. simple construction, and may be cheaply made and placed in position; moreover, its use saves the time which is ordinarily spent in uncorking the bottle. `When the bottles are refilled, it is a simple matter to insert a new disk 20 beneath the cap ..21v in place of the old torn one.
In the modified form of closure shown inV sheet 28 are folded down around the neck 23; and the sheet is held in place by means of'an elastic Vring 29, formed of rubber or the like, which lies in the upper groove 26. A protecting cap 30, formed of paratlined paper or the like, is placed over the sheet 28, and is secured in place by means of a metallic clamping ring 31. In the use of this form of closure, the protecting cap 30 is removed previously to the placing of the bottle in the cooler. Y'When the cap 30 has been removed, the bottle maybe inverted and placed, mouthV downward,y in the vessel 11, whereupon the spike 18 will'fperforate the sheet 28, just as was the case with the disk 20. a f v While I have described'and shown one embodiment of my invention, vand a modifiedv form of closure, I `wish it Vunderstood that changes maybe made inthe constructions shown, and that the invention is susceptible of being embodied in other forms.
What I claim being:
1. In a device for dispensing drinking water and n'on-aerated beverages, vthe combination with a bottle-supporting, liquid- 'receiving vessel having means for permitting the liquid to be drawn therefrom as desired and having its upper end` open for the reception of the neck of an inverted bottle, of a liquid-containing bottle adapted to be inverted into theopen upper end of said vessel and have its neck project down into the vessel, av fragile'puncturable seal aiiiXe'd to said bottle for closing'the opening thereof, which seal maintains the opening closed even after thejbottle has been inverted, and a seal-puncturing device mounted within said vessel adapted to puncture said `seal as the bottle is lowered into positijon and project through the seal into .the
mouthof the bottle when the bottle is in vits loweredpositiomsaid seal and puncturing .device being so `constructed that after the seal hasr been ypunctured vva water-flow Y side ofl the-puncturing device to permit the water to flow freely from. the bottle into the vessel, the seal being affixed to and removable with the bottle when the bottle is removed from the vessel after having been emptied.
2. In a device ter and non-aeiated beverages,.the combination with a Y ,bottle-supporting', :liquid-receiving vessel having means for permitting' the liquid Vto be drawn therefrom as desired and having its upper end open for the reception of the neck of an inverted bottle, of a liquidcontaining bottle adapted to be inverted into the upper end of said vessel and having its neck project. down into the vessel, a fragile puncturable sealA aflixed to said bottle for closing .the opening thereof, which seal maintains the opening closed even after the bottle has been inverted, and-a seal-puncturing device removably mounted within said vessel adapted to puncture said seal as the bottle is lowered intoy position and project through the seal into the mouth of the bottle when the .bottle is in its lowered posi.- tion, said seal and puncturing device being so constructed that after the seal has been l punctured Va water-flow opening will be formed in theseal between the walls of the punctured portion and the sides of the p uncturing device to permit the water to flow freely from the bottle into the vessel, the
seal being ailixed to and removable with the I bottle when the bottle is removed from the vessel after having been emptied.
3. In a device for dispensing drinking wa- I ter and non-aerated beverages, the combination with a bottle-supporting, liquid-receiving vessel having means for permitting the liquid to be drawn therefrom as desired and having its upper end open forthe-reception of the neck of an inverted bottle, of a liquidcontainingbottle adapted to be inverted into the open end of said vessel and have its neck project down into the vessel, a seal having a fragile puncturable portion affixed to said bottle for closing the opening thereof, which seal maintains the opening closed even after the bottle has been inverted, and a seal-puncturing device mounted within said vessel adapted to puncture said seal as the bottle is lowered into position and project through the seal into the mouth of the bottle when the bottle is in its lowered position, said seal and puncturing device being so constructed that after the seal has been punctured a water flow opening will be turing device to permit the water to flow for dispensingdrii'iking walfreely from the bottle into the vessel, V'the f seal being aflixed to and removable with the bottle when'the bottle is removed from the vessel after having been emptied.
4. Ina devicefor dispensing drinking water. and non-aerated beverages, the combinav tion with a bottle-supporting, liquid-receivling vessel having-means for permitting the liquid to be drawn therefroinas desired land 'ha-ving its upper end open for the reception of thel neck offan inverted bottle, of a liquidcontaining bottle adapted to be inverted into the open upper end of said vessel and have its 'neck' project down into :the vessel,
a fragile puncturable seal afliXed to said bottle for closing the opening thereof, which seal maintains the opening closed even after the bottle has been inverted, a seal-puncturing device mounted within said vessel adapted to puncture said seal as the bottley is lowered into position yand project through the seal into the mouth of the bottle when the bottle is in its lowered position, means forY lwith the bottle when the bottle is removed from the vessel after having been emptied.
5. In a device for dispensing water or non-aerated beverages, the combination with a liquid-receiving` vessel having means for `permitting liquid to be drawn therefrom as desired, and having its upper end open for the reception of the neck of an inverted bottle, andv a strand removably mounted in said vessel, said stand'being provided with an upwardly projecting spike, and having upwardly extending arms for guiding the neck of the bottle toward said-spike, of a liquid-containing bottle adapted to be inverted into the open upper end of said vessel, and a sealaifixed to said bottle, said seal having a perforable portion adapted to be encountered and perforated by said spike,
when said bottle is inverted into said vessel.
6. In a device for dispensing drinking wayter and non-aerated'beverages, the combination with Va bottle-supporting, liquid-receiving vessel havingmeans for permitting the liquid to be drawn therefrom as desired and having its upper end open for the reception of the neck of an invertedl bottle, of a liquidcontaining bottle adapted to be inverted into the open end of said vessel and have its neck project down into the vessel, a closure seal for said .bottle comprising a sheet of fragile perforable material across the opening of said bottle for closing said opening, which seal maintains the opening closed even after lthe bottle has been inverted, and a sealpuncturing device mounted within said vessel adapted to puncture said seal as the bottle is lowered intoposition and project through kthe seal into the mouth of the bottle ywhen the bottle is in its lowered position, said seal and puncturmg device being so coning device to permit the water to iow freely Copies o! this patent may be obtained forve cents each, by ddressng the Commissioner of Patents,
from the bottle into the vessel,V theY sel being aixed to and removable with the bottle when the bottle is removed fromY the 15 vessel 'after having been emptied.
In witness whereof, I have hereu'ntosubscribed my name in the presence of twowitnesses.
'n WALTER WAGN Witnesses;
CHARLES G. COPE, MABEL REYNOLDS.
Washington, TD. C.
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|U.S. Classification||222/88, 141/330, 62/294, 62/397, 222/185.1|