Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1142510 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 8, 1915
Filing dateNov 4, 1914
Priority dateNov 4, 1914
Publication numberUS 1142510 A, US 1142510A, US-A-1142510, US1142510 A, US1142510A
InventorsLillian K Engle
Original AssigneeLillian K Engle
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fastening device.
US 1142510 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




1,142,510. Patented June 8, 1915.



To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, LILLIAN K. ENGLE, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Fastening Device, of which. the following is a specification.

My-invention consists ofa fastener or fastening device for detachably connecting parts of materials, such as garments, which fastener is secured to the material Without stitching or other extraneous fastening and can be attached or detached to and from the material without the use of any special tool or mechanism.

It further consists of other novel features of construction, all as will be hereinafter fully set forth.

The annexed drawing and the following description set forth in detail one mechanical form embodying the invention, such detail construction being but one of various mechanical forms in which the principle of the invention may be used.

In said drawingsFigure 1 represents a plan view of one member or form of my novel fastener.

fastener illustrated inFig. 7. Fig. 10 represents a section of the fastener illustrated in Fig. 8.

Similar numerals of, reference corresponding parts in the figures.

Referring to the drawings, the reference numeral lindicates a body-portion, which is illustrated as formed from a flat bar or plate of sheet-metal or similar sheet-mate-' indicate rial such being the preferred material.

Pointed prongs, 2, are formed at the ends of the body-portion and extend inward at bothedges of said portion, pointing toward each other and having narrow slits between their' inner side edges and the edges of the bodyportion. The bar or body-portion disclosed inFigs. '1, 3 and 4, is formed with a swell, 3, at its middle, raised above the level of the Specification of Letters Patent.

Fig.2 represents a plan view of the cooperating part .of the fas view. The fastener is preferably formed'from,

sheet-metal, cut out and shaped by'stamping or similar. process, and, on account of the: f'simplicity of'its shape,'the' fastener canbe' Patented. June 8, 1915.

Application filed. November 4, 1914. Serial No. 870,174.

ends of the body and of the prongs. The form illustratedin Figs. 2, 5 and 6, has a tongue projecting laterally from the middle of one edge of the body-portion, to form' a hook, 4, one limb of which has an'inward hump5.



In Figs. 7 and 9, a clasp member, 6, is

shown as formed upon the face of the bodyportion, and in Figs. 8 and 1 0 is illustrated a tapering and flanged socket, 7, here shown in the middle 'of the body-portion, which socket can receive the clasp member 6 of the companion fastener to removably lock the parts together.

The prongs are inserted into the material to which the fastener is to be secured and the prongs penetrate the material, as seen in Fig. 3. 'The form of fastener, having the swell'in the body-portion is employed together with an opposite fastener having a hook, so that the latter can engage the swell and secure I the parts of the material to-' gether. 'The formof fasteners illustrated in Figs. 7 to 10is secured to the material in the same manner, as the previously described form, and the fasteners are detachably'connected as above described. The prongs projecting toward each other will secure the fastener against longitudinal movement and hold the same flatagai'nst the surface of the material, and the prongs, extending for the major portion of the entire length of the body-portion and forming the narrow slits between them and the edges of the bodyportion will clamp the fabric insuch slits,

and will prevent transverse 'movement of the fastener upon the surface of the fabric.

The prongs are substantially in the sameplane as the ends of the body, withtheir pointed ends suitably extending, if desired,

slightly below the body, or angularly, for ease of insertion into the material, wherebyv the fastener can be quickly and easily secured to the material and without any use of needle and thread or other tools or extra neous means. r

The fasteners occupy comparatively small space and admit of being secured within folds or ruffles of a garment to be out of made at very small-expense and in great quantities in comparatively short space of time. The body-portion can be shaped with varying forms of detachably interlocking fastening means, two forms being here disclosed. I

Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed. for the mode herein explained. Change may therefore be made as regards the features thus disclosed, provided the principles of construction set forth, respectively, in the following claim are employed.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

A fastening device, comprising a rigid body portion having a pair of integral prongs extending from each end thereof and longitudinally of the body portion and substantially in the same plane, the ends of the pairs of prongs pointing toward each other, said prongs being separated from the body portion with their inner edges substantially parallel with the edges of the body to form narrow slits in which the material is seated and gripped.


lVitnesses C. D. MoVAY, M. E. BYRNE.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Iatents. Washington, I). O.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5342376 *May 3, 1993Aug 30, 1994Dermagraphics, Inc.Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector
US5478354 *Jul 14, 1993Dec 26, 1995United States Surgical CorporationWound closing apparatus and method
US6241747Oct 18, 1994Jun 5, 2001Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed Bodily tissue connector
US6599310Jun 29, 2001Jul 29, 2003Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US7056331Sep 30, 2002Jun 6, 2006Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US7225512Aug 29, 2002Jun 5, 2007Quill Medical, Inc.Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7624487Dec 1, 2009Quill Medical, Inc.Apparatus and method for forming barbs on a suture
US7806908Jan 2, 2008Oct 5, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed tissue connector
US7857829May 11, 2007Dec 28, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Suture method
US7913365Mar 27, 2007Mar 29, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US7996967Aug 4, 2010Aug 16, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US7996968Aug 16, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Automated method for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US8011072Aug 4, 2010Sep 6, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8015678Sep 13, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Method for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8020263Sep 20, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Automated system for cutting tissue retainers on a suture
US8028387Aug 4, 2010Oct 4, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for supporting and cutting suture thread to create tissue retainers thereon
US8028388Aug 4, 2010Oct 4, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.System for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size
US8032996May 13, 2004Oct 11, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US8083770Dec 27, 2011Quill Medical, Inc.Suture anchor and method
US8118834Dec 19, 2008Feb 21, 2012Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US8216273Feb 25, 2009Jul 10, 2012Ethicon, Inc.Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture
US8246652Aug 4, 2010Aug 21, 2012Ethicon, Inc.Suture with a pointed end and an anchor end and with equally spaced yieldable tissue grasping barbs located at successive axial locations
US8615856Jan 30, 2009Dec 31, 2013Ethicon, Inc.Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8641732Feb 25, 2009Feb 4, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method
US8652170Aug 4, 2010Feb 18, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Double ended barbed suture with an intermediate body
US8679158Aug 4, 2010Mar 25, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8690914Aug 4, 2010Apr 8, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture with an intermediate barbed body
US8721664Mar 12, 2013May 13, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture methods and devices
US8721681Jun 30, 2009May 13, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US8734485Aug 4, 2010May 27, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections
US8734486Aug 4, 2010May 27, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector
US8747437Aug 4, 2010Jun 10, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Continuous stitch wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US8764776Aug 4, 2010Jul 1, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Anastomosis method using self-retaining sutures
US8764796Feb 10, 2006Jul 1, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Suture method
US8771313Dec 19, 2008Jul 8, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers
US8777987Sep 26, 2008Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength
US8777988Aug 4, 2010Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Methods for using self-retaining sutures in endoscopic procedures
US8777989Aug 4, 2010Jul 15, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Subcutaneous sinusoidal wound closure utilizing one-way suture
US8793863Apr 11, 2008Aug 5, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture
US8795332Sep 30, 2002Aug 5, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Barbed sutures
US8821540Aug 4, 2010Sep 2, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8852232Aug 4, 2010Oct 7, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength
US8875607Jan 30, 2009Nov 4, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures
US8876865Apr 14, 2009Nov 4, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers
US8915943Apr 3, 2008Dec 23, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining systems for surgical procedures
US8916077Dec 19, 2008Dec 23, 2014Ethicon, Inc.Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material
US8926659Dec 20, 2010Jan 6, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Barbed suture created having barbs defined by variable-angle cut
US8932328Nov 3, 2009Jan 13, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same
US8961560Dec 16, 2010Feb 24, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods
US9044225Jan 12, 2012Jun 2, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Composite self-retaining sutures and method
US9125647Feb 20, 2009Sep 8, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures
US9248580Dec 22, 2011Feb 2, 2016Ethicon, Inc.Barb configurations for barbed sutures
US20040030354 *Aug 9, 2002Feb 12, 2004Leung Jeffrey C.Suture anchor and method
US20040088003 *Sep 30, 2002May 6, 2004Leung Jeffrey C.Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle
US20040226427 *May 13, 2003Nov 18, 2004Michael TrullApparatus for forming barbs on a suture
US20040237736 *Aug 29, 2002Dec 2, 2004Genova Perry A.Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same
US20060111734 *Feb 10, 2006May 25, 2006Andrew KaplanSuture method
US20060111742 *Feb 10, 2006May 25, 2006Andrew KaplanSuture method
US20070187861 *Mar 27, 2007Aug 16, 2007Quill Medical, Inc.Method of Forming Barbs on a Suture and Apparatus for Performing Same
US20070208355 *May 10, 2007Sep 6, 2007Ruff Gregory LBarbed tissue connector
US20070208377 *May 11, 2007Sep 6, 2007Andrew KaplanSuture Method
US20080221617 *Jan 2, 2008Sep 11, 2008Quill Medical, Inc.Barbed tissue connector
US20100298867 *Aug 4, 2010Nov 25, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Tissue connector with tissue grasping protrusions equally spaced about the periphery of the connector at successive axial locations
US20100298871 *Aug 4, 2010Nov 25, 2010Quill Medical, Inc.Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop
USRE45426Jul 31, 2001Mar 17, 2015Ethicon, Inc.Surgical methods using one-way suture
U.S. Classification24/380, 606/221
Cooperative ClassificationA41F11/16