US 1142911 A
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APPucATroN FILED APR.1.1914.
By .607 a. @WML- A TTORNE YS.
THE NORRIS PETERS CO.. PHOTO-LITHO., WASHINGTUN. D. C.
GEORGE RIDDIFORID, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.'
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented June 159 Application filed April 7, 1914.A Serial No. 830,117. j
T all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE RIDDIFORD, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fountain-Brushes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to fountain brushes and involves improved features of construction.
The brush of my invention is particularly adaptable for cleaning vehicles such as auto- For this class of work the brushes must be free of any material or projections which would scratch or otherwise injure the finish. Furthermore, the brush should be of such form as to eiiciently clean corners and should also be of such shape that it can be readily handled.
In accordance with my invention the brush body is of wood and of cylindrical form, bristles radiating in all directions from one end of the body so that when the brush is applied the body need not touch the surfaces to be cleaned, and if it did touch the surfaces there would be no harm as it is of wood. I also provide an improved grip for the brush in the form of va length of hose which besides affording a good grip is also adapted to be connected in the ordinary manner. with a water supply hose. On account of the flexibility of the grip the brush can be handled more readily and with greater comfort.
j The details of my invention are clearly Shown on the accompanying `drawing in which- Figure 1 is an elevational view of the brush, and Fig. 2 is a vertical diametral section thereof.
The brush body 5 is of slender cylindrical form and preferably of wood and has the axial bore 6 which extends to within a short distance of the rounded end 7 of the body. The body has openings or pockets 8 into which bunches of bristles 9 are inserted in the usual manner, these bristles' extending radially in substantially all directions from the body and also from the crown or end 7 in order that when the brush is applied the bristles will tend to prevent engagement of the wood body with the surface to be cleaned. At suitable intervals water outlets 10 are provided and given the desired angle to correspondingly project the water to the surface engaged by the bristles.
The outer end of the body terminates in Va reduced section or nec'k 11 for receiving one end of a iexible tube 12, this tube being permanently secured to and forming the handle of the brush. A section of ordinary garden hose is admirably adapted to form the handle of the brush and the outer end thereof receives a thimble 13 which carries the threaded coupling sleeve 14 for receiving the threaded coupling end of a length of hose It connected with a source of water supply. As before stated, the tube or hose section 12 forms a permanent part of the brush and serves as a handle, its flexibility and friction properties making it very 'desirable for this purpose as it will yield radially to the grip and will give longitudinally as-the brush is pressed against a surface to be cleaned, the use of the brush being therefore much less tiresome and more comfortable than if the handle were solid and rigid. The coupling sleeve 1/1 forms a good ferrule for the end of the handle and protects it and also gives it a nished appearance. In order to protect the hand against abrasion and also to protect the finish on the surface to be cleaned, the handle is connected with the brush and with the coupling thimble by mechanism which is devoid of sharp corners. The ordinary wire clamp 15 is therefore very efficient as a securing means and is shown on the drawing, although other means could be used. However, such wire clamp is particularly adaptable because it can readily be removed if the handle should become worn or broken and it is desired to apply another one.
When the brush is coupled to a length of hose to receivev water supply, the flexible handle will protect the hose and will prevent kinking or breaking thereof. Such kinkingv or breaking would ocur if thel hose were coupled directlyl to the body as during use the hose would bend just below the coupling end. The knurled surfaces 16 on the sleeve 14: when engaged by the hand will prevent slipping and will enable the user to better control the brush. When the brush is connected with the water supply the water will be projected from the outlets 10 to the bristles and to the surface to be cleaned and the shape of the brush involving the radially extending bristles and those extending from the end of the brush enables it to readily reach the corners and other places which would be inaccessible with a sponge or cloth, and very ecient cleaning can be accomlli) plished in a very short time. The body being entirely of Wood and the grip of rubber, the brush can be applied with any force Without injury to the finish on the surfaces cleaned.
I do not of course desire to be limited to the eXact constructions shown as changes may be possible Which would still come Within the scope of the invention.
-I claim as follows:
A brush comprising a head having bristles extending therefrom, said headl being hollow and provided with Water outlet openings, a
short length of tubing of flexible and elasticl material permanently securedV tov and communicating with the head at one end and having its other end adapted for connection With a Water supply conductor, said tubing being of a length and thickness to be readily grasped in the hand and having just Sullicient flexibility and elasticity to readily yield and bend to pressureof the hand in order` that the brush may be Worked With greater comfort and to readily yield When the bris tles are applied to a surface to be cleaned in order to prevent injury to such surface.
In Witness whereof I hereunto subscribe my name this 4th day of April, A. D., 1914.
GEORGE RIDDIFORD. Witnesses:
CHARLES J. SCHMIDT, EMILIE ROSE.
Copies oi this patent may be obtainedfor five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner` of Patents,
Washington, 2D. C.