US 1144824 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
C. C. DULA.
TOBAQCO CARTRIDGE AND PACKAGE. APPLICATION FILED MAR. al. 1915.
, 1,144,824. PatntedJflne 29, 1915.
3 nvewtoc I/vii neooao CALEB C. DULA, 0F YONKEBS, NEW YORK.
TOBACCO CARTRIDGE AND PACKAGE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented June 29, 1915.
7 Application filed March 31, 1915. Serial No. 18,241.
T ull whom z'tonay concern Be it known that I, CALEB C. DULA, a citizen of the United States, residing at Yonkers, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Tobacco Cartridges and Packages, of which the following is a specification.
My present invention relates generally to tobacco products, and more particularly to a characteristically new tobacco charge or cartridge for chewing and smoking purposes, and also to a new tobacco package embodying a plurality of. my improved cartridges or charges packed in convenient form for use by the consumer, the said charge or cartridge, as well as the package, constituting distinctly new articles of manufacture.
One object of the invention is to provide separate smoking or chewing charges in the form of cartridges having certain characteristically new features, the said charges being so constructed that they may be arranged and packed in convenient form for use, a preferred arrangement of the charges and construction of the package being one wherein the package may be conveniently and comfortably carried in the pocket of the user.
The prime object of the invention is to provide the consumer with tobacco in an entirely new form, the said new form, which of course includes the general make-up of the product including its filler, being more satisfactory in many respects, and also more economical, the latter being especially true in the case of a smoking charge or cartridge made according to the invention, all as hereinafter more fully described.
Another object of the invention is to provide for the manufacture of the said smoking or chewing charges or cartridges in a simple, expeditious and inexpensive manner, whereby I am able to furnish to the consumer either the higher or the lower grades of tobacco in a convenient form and at a minimum of cost.
A further object of the invention is to provide, as a new article of manufacture, distinctly new individual smoking-0r chewing charges in cartridge form that will retain their original form and physical characteristics for a considerable period of time, and wherein no manipulation or rearrangement of the tobacco liller constituting the individual charges will be necessary in order to put the latterinto condition for use, the said charges or cartridges, when prepared for smoking purposes, preferably being made-initially of the proper size and shape for insertion within a smoking tube or pipe. A further object of the invention is to provide a tobacco charge or cartridge that is substantially free from 'so-called shorts whereby a clean, free drawing, and otherwise more satisfactory smoke, is provided, it being understood, of course, that the said charges or cartridges, when prepared for smoking purposes, will be made of such a diameter and cross-sectional shape as to more or less closely fit the bowls of smoking pipes or tubes.
I am aware that it is not broadly new, so far as the patented art is concerned, to provide separate charges or cartridges of tobacco for use in pipes or smoking tubes and for chewing purposes, but so far as I am aware, these prior described forms of charges have never gone into general use, and in fact, so far as I am aware, they have never been placed upon the market, chiefly for the reason that they are either unsatisfactory or impractical for various reasons. All of the previously proposed smoking charges or cartridges as defined in the prior art patents, so far as I am aware, havebeen described as being made up of tobacco in the form of fine strands or shreds, such as is generally employed in the manufacture of cigarettes or long-cut smoking tobacco, or in the form of flakes or granules. Tobacco in the various forms referred to, when put up in separately wrapped charges, is unsatisfactory and impractical because when in such a finely divided state or in shreds or strands, the tobacco soon dries out or loses its order, with the result that the charge not only loses its form or shape, but the tobacco readily sifts or falls from the end of the charge when the latter is made in the form of a short section. If the strands or flakes or granules are compressed or compacted to a density suflicient to retain the tobacco in charge or cartridge form, then the charge is not suitable for smoking purposes because it will not draw or burn freely when placed in a pipe or smoking implement. There are various other objections to tobaccos of the kinds referred to when put up in the form of separate charges or cartridges, which render the latter impractical from the standpoint of both the manufacturer and the user.
My improved tobacco charge orcartridge is distinguished from all prior forms of which 1 am aware, in that the filler is made up of tobacco leaves or relatively long porthin paper, preferably of a kind that may be smoked along with the tobacco constituting the charge. My improved tobacco charge or cartridge is therefore clearly (listinguished from prior charges of which I am aware, in that the tobacco filler consists of longitudinally arranged tobacco leaves or portions of leaves of substantial area, instead of the finely cut or shredded or granulated tobacco as heretofore proposed, and in that the filler is inclosed and retained Within a binder or wrapper of suitable material, so that the entire charge may be consumed according to whether it is made for smoking or chewing purposes.
I will now proceed to describe the invention in detail, a preferred embodiment thereof being illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein- Figure 1 is a perspective view showing an all-tobacco roll from which a plurality of my improved smoking or chewing charges are cut or made. Fig. 2 is a similar view of one form of tobacco package made in accordance with the invention. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one of the individual paper-wrapped charges or cartridges. Fig. 4 is a perspective view similar to Fig. 1, showing a paper wrapped roll fromwhich the charges or cartridges are cut. Fig. 5 is a perspective view on an enlarged scale of one of the individual charges cut or broken open longitudinally to show the character of the long leaf filler; and Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional View of the package of charges or cartridges shown in Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings, the reference numeral 10 designates generally one form of tobacco roll made in accordance with the present invention, and from'which the separate charges or cartridges are cut, the roll embodying a filler 12, consisting of tobacco leaves or relatively long portions of leaves of substantial area superposed and arranged longitudinally of one another and of the roll. and preferably suitably blended accord ing to the demands of the trade. The said filler is somewhat closely rolled preferably into cylindrical form and inclosed within a wrapper 13, which may consist of a selected leaf of any special kind of tobacco, as shown in Fig. 1, or the roll may have a tobacco leaf binder applied to the filler a wrapper then applied over the binder, somewhat after the manner of making cigars. In some cases, however, I may inclose the roll of long loaf fillerwvithin a binder consisting of a thin sheet-of cigarette or other suitable paper 13, as moreclearl y illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5.
As more clearly shown in Fig. 5, which-is illustrative of the character of the filler, it will be seen that the tobacco leaves or portions of leaves constituting the filler are of substantial area, and owing to themanner in. which the said leaves or portions of leaves are compacted in the formation of the roll, the said leaves or leaf portions are not only folded upon themselves, but are also in a way relatively inter-folded, and owing to the fact that the leaves or leaf portions are superposed and extend longitudinally of thech arge or cartridge, draft spaces are provided for "the free passage of air therethrough when smoking, notwithstanding the fact that the filler tobacco is more or less closely compacted.
After the tobacco roll has been formed in the manner stated and which, it will be understood, is preferably of cylindrical shape throughout its length with all portions of the roll of substantially the same diameter, it is cut transversely of its length along sep-.
arated lines, as 14, Figs. 1 and 4, to provide a plurality of separate chewing or smoking charges or cartridges 15, as shown. The cutting operation may be effected in different ways, but I preferto make a plurality of cuts simultaneously or at one operation in order to cut the roll into the desired number of charge sections or cartridges to form a package of definite quantity and quality.
Of course I do not wish to be understood as limiting myself to the number of charges that will be contained within a single package, nor to the specified manner of packing the charges, but I prefer to make a package that can be conveniently carried in the pocket of the user, and from which the in-' dividual charges or cartridges may be readily withdrawn as desired for use.
After the tobacco roll has been cut into a plurality of charges or cartridges, a certain definite number of such charges or cartridges, depending upon the size of the package desired, are inclosed within a suitable envelop or container 16, Figs. 2 and 6, consisting in the instance shown, of a sheet of air and moisture proof paper or other suitable material, or a composite sheet of foil and paper, the envelop when made in the form of a wrapper of flexible material being longer than the tobacco roll and having its free ends 17 folded over to tightly seal the package against the entrance of air and moisture in order to provide a substan-' tially hermetically sealed package.
- velop or container,
masses 1 I do not wish to be understood'as limiting myself to any particular construction of. en-
although 1 prefer one that isairand moisture proof in order that the tobacco char es or cartridges may be preserved in 00 condition for as long a timev as p'ossib e. i
- In preparing the tobacco leaves or leaf portions for the filler 12, they are first treated 'with a suitable casing or flavoring substance, the nature thereof depending upon whether the roll of charges is to be used for chewing or for smoking purposes. In some instances, the charges will be made especially-for smoking purposes; others will be made especially for chewing purposes, and in others the tobacco leaves will be so pre-, pared and treated that the charges or cartridges will be suitable for both chewing and smoking It will 'be apparent that by making charges or cartridges having long leaf fillers, as hereinbefore described, various grades of tobacco may be blended by selecting the tobacco leaves entering into the make-up of the filler, just as leaf tobacco is selected when making up different grades of cigars or different kinds of chewing tobacco. I am therefore able to provide the consumer with a short, free-drawing smok-' ing-charge, or a chewing charge made up of any grade or quality or any blend of leaf tobacco, which, so far as I am aware, has never before been proposed or accomplished, the said charges or cartridges, when made up for smoking purposes, being adapted for use in-an ordinary smoking pipe or in a smoking tube suitable for the purpose.
Inasmuch as I contemplate having each package of wrapped charges consist of short sections of a given roll, and as the tobacco for the entire roll will be previously selected as to kind and quality, it will be apparent that all of the charges of any particular package will be substantially the same as to the quality of tobacco. I am thus able to give to the consumer in convenient 'form for smoking, a short smoke of his favorite or accustomed brand of tobacco that may be completely consumed in an ordinary smoking pipe or a smoking tube made for the purpose, and without the loss usually sustained in smoking whole cigars, such loss being obviously considerable, especially in the case of the higher priced tobaccos. In the same manner I provide the consumer of chewing tobacco, who is accustomed to tobacco in this form, with convenient chewing charges of his favorite brand, the said charges be-' ing inclosed within a suitable wrapper from which they may be taken as desired and without any handling of the other charges, the package of charges in this respest being sanitary. 0
Smoking charges or cartridges made up of tobacco leaves or portions of leaves of substantial area in the manner herein described, have many advantages from the standpoint of the consumer, in that the absence of any appreciable quantity of shorts in the cartridge prevents clogging or gumming of the pipe bowl or stem, and thus obviates the formation of a soggy heel in the pipe resulting from the accumulation of fine particles of tobacco or shorts which become saturated with saliva from the mouth of the smoker.
Another advantage arising from the use of the long leaf filler in the make-up of the charges or cartridges, as herein described, is that the filler remains intact while being smoked, not only as to the tobacco itself, but also as to the resulting ash, and the tobacco does not swell up and become so loose and flufly as to fall out of the pipe when smoking, as is the case with other forms of smoking tobaccos.
Another important advantage resulting from the use of a cartridge having a binder of smokable paper, resides in the fact that when the cartridge with the paper binder thereon is smoked in a pipe or smoking tube, the burning tobacco does not seem to form a cake or crust within the pipe bowl, as the paper binder which is interposed between'the wall of the bowl and tobacco filler, prevents such formation and this not only keeps the pipe cleaner, but it prevents reduction of the effective diameter of the bore of thebowl, which is a matter of consider- 109 able importance in cases where prepared cartridges of a given diameter are provided for use in connection with a pipe or smoking tube havinga bowl bore of corresponding diameter.
I do not claim in the present application, the stick or roll from which the separate chewing or smoking charges are cut, as such stick or roll forms the subject matter of my co-pending application, Serial No. 13,978, 110 of 1915, filed March 12, 1915.
What I claim is 1. As anew article of manufacture, a tobacco cartridge for smoking or chewing, formed of a filler comprising portions of leaf tobacco of substantial area superposed and compacted into a roll. and a binder of smokable paper inclosing the filler, said cartridge being open at both ends and consumable as a whole.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a tobacco cartridge for smoking or chewing, formed of a filler comprising portions of leaf tobacco of substantial area superposed longitudinally of one another and of the cartridge, and compacted, but not solidly compressed, into a roll, the said leaf portions being folded upon themselves to provide draft spaces therebetween extending longitudinally of the cartridge, and a binder formed from of smokable material inclosing the roll and maintaining the filler in compacted condition.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a tobacco cartridge for smoking or chewing, formed of a filler comprising portions of leaf tobacco of substantial area su erposed longitudinally of one another an of the cartridge, and compacted into a roll, the said leaf portions being folded upon them selves and relatively interfolded to provide draft spaces therebetween extending longitudinally of the cartridge, and a binder of smokable material inclosing the filler.
,4. As a new article of manufacture, a tobacco package embodying a plurality of separate charges for smoking or chewin sections of a transversely d1- vided roll consisting of portions of substantial area of leaf tobacco and a binder or wrapper of smokable paper, the said sections of the roll constituting the separate charges being arranged end to end and inclosed within an envelop or container.
5. As a new product of manufacture, a
tobacco package consisting of a tobacco roll formed of a binder or wrapper of smokable material inclosing a filler consisting of sections of leaf tobacco arranged longitudinally of the roll, and said roll being divided transversely of its length to provide a plurality of separate smoking or chewing tively long sections of leaf tobacco arranged longitudinally of the roll, said roll being divided transversely of its length to provide a plurality of separate charges for chewing or smoking, said charges being of substantially uniform length and diameter and arranged end to end, and a wrapper or envelop of air and moisture proof material inclosing the said plurality of charges.
7. As a new article of manufacture, a tobacco package embodying a plurality of separate and individual charges of tobacco, each comprising a tobacco filler and a wrapper of smokable paper, each charge being open at its ends and said charges being arranged end to end to form a roll, and a protective envelop inclosing said roll.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing witnesses;
W; W. FLOWERS, F. L. FULLER.