US 1148668 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. G. EMERY.
APPLICATION FILED FEB. 15. 1911.
1,148,668. Patented Aug. 3, 1915.
ff f* MINIUIIIIII wwc" Inl/mr A flaw a. im@ W will yM, am Mwfm,
the lid and th ity or a spring D from corrosion,
5 Fig. 4f is a detail TINTTED STATES EATEE T CEETEE.
PLATO G. EMERY, 0F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Application led February 15, 1911.
To all cl2/0m t may concern.'
Be it known that I, PLATO Cr. EMERY, a citizen of the United States, residing in Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of have invented a new and useful Improvement in Closets, of which the following is a specication.
My invention relates to improvements in closets, and more particularly to means for raising of the seat with the lid.
The object of my invention is to provide a closet suitable for use in railway cars, steam boats and other places where it is desirable that the seat be caused to rise with en be capable of being` independently lowered. Closets of the kind or construction to which my invention relates have ordinarily had the lid member provided with a latch which is moved by gravinto position to engage a catch plate on the seat member, and thus cause the seat member to be lifted with the lid; but frequently in practical operation, such devices get out of order, sometimes breakage or other causes.
The object of my invention is to provide an improved construction of closet and means for raising' the seat with the lid, which will be simple in construction and positive in action. To practically accomplish this object or result, I provide the latch member with a cam or projection, which on the descent of the lid by engagement with a wall of the catch plate on the seat serves to positively move the latch into position for proper engagement with the catch.
combinations of parts and devices herein shown and described and more particularly specied in the claims.
n the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a plan view of a closet embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a vertical section on line 2`2 of Fig. 1, also showing in dotted lines, the lid and seat in raised position. Fig. 3 is a detail cross section on line 3-3 of Fig. 2 and section on line 4% of 1g. 3
In the drawing, 1 represents a closet bowl, 2 the stationary member or casing to which Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 3, 1915.. serial no. 608,751.
receive the free end of the latch, and with a catch pla-te 8 fitted in a recess 9 and having a portion 10 provided with a lip or hook member 11 which overhangs the latch recess 7 in the seat in position to be engaged by the latch. The lid 5 is alsoyprovided with a latch recess or cavity 12 to receive the latch 13 and the latch bracket 14 to the lugs 15 of which the latch 13 is pivotally conby a pin 16. The base 17 of the latch bracket 14; is secured in a recess 18 in so that the lower face of the latch t e hd 5, bracket will be flush with the lower face of the lid. The upper face of the catch plate 8 is also Hush with the upper face of the seat 3.
rThe pivoted latch 13 is furnished with a hook member 19 adapted to engage the overhanging portion of the catch plate 8.
The catch plate 8 is furnished with a slot or elongated opening` 2O to receive the pivotal latch 13, and this slot is furnished at its outer end with an enlargement 21 to permit the latch 13 to slip readily out of the The member 13 may, to assume a position which would bringl the hooked end 19 beneath the lip 11 of the catch member by mounting it eccentrically to cause it to assume such a position by gravity. This, however, is not necessary if the projection 22 be properly constructed.
ether or not the latch be mounted to bring the hook 19 beneath the lip 2O by gravity the projection 22 should be provided to positively insure proper operation. If
the parts stick, this projection will cause the end of the hook 19 to be swung over into position. Gravity alone is not dependable because of the possible sticking of the parts.
1n operation, when the seat is raised, the latch '13 by engagement with he catch 11,
divergently seat and lid are hinged from the seat, as the raised to a position somewhat past the vertical, the latch slides longitudinally in the slot of the catch plate, thus bringing its hook member opposite the enlargement 21 ot' the slot 20 in the catch plate, so that the latch may readily disengage Jfrom the catch, and the seat may then be lowered independently ot the lid. When the lid is again lowered,the projection 22 on the latch causes the latch to positively swing into proper position for engagement with the catch.
1. 1n a closet, in combination: a seat and a lid hinged on parallelaxes; and interengaging latch and catch members on the seat and lid, the latch having a hook portion and an integral projection, and the catch member having a slot provided with an enlargement adapted to permit the removal ,ot the latch member from the catch member when the seat and lid are both raised beyond the vertical position, said projection being positively operated to cause the hook portion to be moved into operative position relatively to the catch, substantially as speciied.
2. ln a closet, in combination: a seat and a lid hinged on parallel axes; and interengaging latch and catch members on the seat and lid, the latch being provided with a projection for causing it to be positively moved into operative position relatively to the latch, said catch member having a hook por- Copies o! this patent may be obtained for ive cents each, by Washington, D. C.
tion adapted to engage and cooperate with the latch and another portion opposite the hook portion :tor engaging the projection on the latch to positively operate the latter, substantially as specied.
3. 1n a closet, in combination: a seat 3 and a lid 5 hinged on parallel axes; a latch plate 10 on the seat 3 having an edge 11; and a latch 18 pivoted to the lid 5 by pin 16 and provided with a hook 19 adapted to engage said edge 11 on the latch plate 10 `and to be released therefrom by the sliding movement of the latch in respect to the catch vplate by reason of the divergent hinging of the lid and seat, said latch 1S being provided also with av cam 22 adapted to engage an edge of the plate 10 to positively throw the hook 19 to an operative position relatively to the edge 11, substantially as specified.
a. 1n a closet in combination: a seat and lid hinged on parallel axes and means connecting said seat and lid, said means comprising a latch adapted to engage said seat, and means carried by the latch to positively operate the latch and bring it into position to engage said seat when the lid is raised.
5. 1n a closet in combination: a seat an lid hinged on parallel axes and means connecting said lid and seat, said means comprising a latch and catch member, said latch having a hook portion and shaped above said hook portion for engagement with the catch member to swing the hook oppositely into position to engage said catch member.
Subscribed to in the presence of two subscribing witnesses this 8th day oit February,
PLATO G. EMERY. lNitnesses z l 'PEARL AnAMs, H. M. MUNDAY.
addressing the Commissioner of4 Patents.