|Publication number||US1150784 A|
|Publication date||Aug 17, 1915|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1914|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1150784 A, US 1150784A, US-A-1150784, US1150784 A, US1150784A|
|Original Assignee||Levi Mcmillan|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
APPLICATION man Aus.22. 1914.
Patented Aug. 17, 1915.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
wuwaowo L. MCMILLAN.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.22,1914.
1,150,784. Patented Aug. 17, 1915.
6 SHEETSSHEET 2.
'1, w fix w w W a! menu,
- APPLICATION F|LED AUG-22 1914.
6 SHEETSSHEET 3.
Patented Aug. 17, 1915.
APPLICATION FILED AUG-22, 1914. 1,150,784. Patented Aug. 17,1910.
6 SHEETS-SHEET 4.
APPLlCATiON FILED AUG.22, m4.
1,159,784. PatentedAug. 17, 1915.
APPLICATION FILED AUG.22, 1914v 1, 1 5G,?84; lutenmd Aug. 17, 1915.
6 SHEETS-SHEE16v may a rvv A fi htin Isis. E
ADDRESSING-MACHINE Application filed August 22, 31 1.
T0 aZZ whom it may concern Be it known'that I, Luv: MGMILLAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Wilmington, in the county of New Hanover and State or" North Carolina, have invented certain new and useful improvements in Addressing-Machines, of which the iollovving is a specification.
An object of my invention is to provide a machine which is so constructed that catalogues, magazines, letters, circular letters, cards or like publications to be addressed and to be sent to a compiled mailing list can be placed in quantities in a common receptacle and will be taken separately from the receptacle, carried to a point Where the name is imprinted thereon and will then be dis charged from the machine.
A further object is to arrange the carrying and printing mechanism in such cooperative relation that the printing mechanism.
is operated only during the necessary intervals to accomplish the printing action.
A still further object is to provide a label applying mechanism in a relation to attach a label to the publication prior to the printing action at the point at which the address is to be placed.
Another object is to construct the feeding, label appliance, and printing mechanisms in such a manner that the parts thereof can be adjusted to use various mailing lists, to treat labels of various characters andto act upon publications of a large or small size with equal facility.
Yet another object is to so construct and arrange the several parts of the mechanism that the operation thereof is automatic the parts come into operative relation in the proper intervals Without ma nual adjustment or manipulation.
lVith other objects in view, which will be referred to, invention consists in the peculiar combination and novel arrangement of parts, such as will he hereinafter more fully described in connection with the accompanying drawings and more particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
ln'the drawings: l igure l is a view side elevation of my improved mechanism with parts shown in section. Fig. 2 is longitudinal, vertical sectional View through the machine. Fig. 3 is a view in top pan of the structure disclosed in Figs. 1 and 2. Fig. l is a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the line of Fig. 2 looking in Specification of ietters Ice/cent.
FE tented Aug. 1?, 1915.
Serial r10. 853.135.
the direction oi the arrow. Fig. 5 is a fragpientary sectional view taken on the line 9-5 of Fig. 2-. Fig. 6 is a view .in perspective of the roll by which the labels are sev ered from the main label strip preparatory to the attachment to the publication. Fig. 7 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective view to better illustrate the structure of the severing knife. Fig. 8 is a view in perspective of section of the name stamp carrying tape. Fig. 9 is a view in perspective to illustrate the cooperative placing of the rolls adapted to feed the tape for each printing operation. 10 is aside elevation the mechanism adapted to stop the feed or". e naine stamp carrying tape prior to the printing action.
lg. is a view in perspective of the roll by which the glue or other adhesive material is applied to the labels. Fig. 12 is a fraginentary perspective view of a portion of the label strips with a severed label illustrated as turned face down to show the application of the adhesive thereto. Fig. 13 is detail elevation of the stop for the label feed mechanism. Fig. 1% is a view in top plan of the receptacle in Wnich the publications are placed to be fedto the operating mechanism. Fig. 15 is a view in front elevation of the disclosure in Fig. 14, With portions of the structure illustrated in section. Fig. 16 is a transverse sectional view taken vertically through the receptacle as illustrated in Figs. 1a and 15.
My invention embodies a machine Which is constructed that any desired publication. as for ins catalogue, magazine, cards, or other siu' a like nature of which niber are to be ressed c the name of a 314: e M C(liiiiJliELl ma i rat lino ted the-.eon :eptacle in a and N151 be over 'manis n which aiiixes have the carr ing" t adjacent a the address is then being '--matter being upon is 311 he end of the tab and is then inroa mail bag or other suitable or it might be discharged to a r publication, a prod-st I time wou d be honoiodor wrapped in packages for ready hand'ir 3 by which the LOG Also it is a purpose of my invention that cation of othermailing lists and further to so arrange the several parts that an adjust.-
, Inent thereof may be made to accommodate sprocket chain 7 passes over this sprocket wheel and over a wheel 8 mounted on the of the drive. pulley various subject matters to betreated and at the same time the automatic operation is not interfered with.
To accomplish the purpose as is hereinbe-v fore set forth, my machine consists of the frame which comprises a base 1 having a superstructure or frame 2 mounted thereon. A power shaft 3 is mounted trans- 'versely across the frame 2 in suitable bearings provided at one end thereof and a belt pulley/1 is carried by the power shaft 3 to receive driving motion from any suitable source, not shown. Avshaft 5 is journaled at the opposite end of the frame 2 from the disposition of the shaft 3 to extend in a line parallel therewith and to be preferably in the same horizontal 'plane. A. sprocket wheel 6 is secured on the power shaft and a shaft 5, and an arcuated track 9 is disposed beneath the upper extent of the sprocket chain 7 to give this chain a slight rise from the wheel 8 to sprocket wheel 6, the rotation 4 being as indicated by the arrow ih Fig. 1 and the direction of movement of the chain also in a clockwise direction in the disclosure in Fig.1.
. the table.
A- table 10 is positioned between the'side members of the frame 2 and this table, as better illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, is made to be adjustable, a hinge connection 11 being provided between the members 10 and 12 of the table and the yoke members 13 and 14 mounted to be capable of vertical adjustment to raise and lower the two members of These yoke members 13 and 14 each have a stem 15 formed as a part thereof to extend downwardly to a point adjacent the base member 1, the adjusting levers are pivoted near their centers on 16 and 17 base member 1 and at their one end have a pivotal connection with the stem 15 of the yokes l3 and 14, respectively. The scrcwthreaded bolt members 18 and 19 are connected with the free ends of these adjusting levers and extended up through the floor of the base member 1 to pass through the brackets 20 and 21, and the hand wheels 22 and 23 are swiveled to these brackets 20 and 21 and have screw threaded orifices through the centers thereof in which the bolts 18 and 1 9 are received and which parts are so arranged that the turning of the hand wheels 22 and 23 in the one direction or the other causes an extension of the bolts 18 and 19 discharge end where the hopper this publication will Guideways2 and 25 are provided longitudinally through the table members 10 and 12 adjacent the edges thereof and to extend parallel to each other and to the side members of the frame 2 and the conveyor chains 26 and 27 are received to work in these guide ways, the sprocket wheels 28 and 29 being provided on the power shaft 3 to cause a carrying motion of the conveyer chains and the wheels 30 and 31 mounted on the shaft 5 to have the conveyer chains passed thcreover and to support the chains at the feed end of the machine.
hopper or receptacle 32 is mounted at and adjacent thelpoint at which the shaft 5 the proper dimension to receive the booklets isa the feed end of the machine on'the frame 2 or other publications which are indicated at V 33 and to embrace these publications suflici ently closely that they will be centrally spaced from side to side with respect to the "conveyer chains 26 and 27. Asthese conveyer chains 26 and 27 are mounted over the sprocket wheels. 28 and 29 secured directly on thepower shaft 3, a constant motion is transmitted thereto and stops 3% are provided on certain of the links of each of these conveyerchains toengage With-the lowermost publication contained Within the hopper 32 and move this publication over the table and through the machine to the publication is discharged from the machine over the power shaft 3 and over the sprocket wheels 28 and 29. As the stops or lugs 34 are carried by certain of the links of the conveyor chain, the distance at which these stops are placed apart may be varied and adjustedto fit the requirements of use and operate upon pub lications of various sizes by shifting the linksrin their disposition along the lengths of the chain, and thus the conveyer may be adjusted to take large or small publications or to advance or retard the time at which thel publicationsare taken from the receptac e. By the mechanism as hereinbefore described, the publication may be placed in the receptacle or hopper 32 in a considerable number, stacked one upon the other, and as each of the stops or lugs 3% of the conveyor chains 26 and 27 comes into engagement with one of the publications contained within the be taken from the forward end of H2; eceptacle 32 and will be moved over the table member 10 and from this member onto the table member 12, the adjustable feature of these two members 10 and 12 being to accommodate pubhcations of various thicknesses. The bracket members are secured to the side members of the frame 2 ,and these bracket members are branched out to form two arms as better illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2, each of these arms having a bearing 35 provided at the upper end thereof. The spindle shafts 37 and 38 are mounted across the brackets 35 within the bearing 36 on the arms thereof and the bearings 36 are so formed that these spindle shafts may be readily mounted and removed.
The name stamps are made in the form of the usual rubber stamp as better illustrated in Fig. 8 and these name stamps 39 are to be attached to a carrying tape 40 and when compiled upon this tape will bemounted and at predetermined spaced points apart. A storage reel ll is provided to have the tape 40 wound thereon and to be fitted on the spindle shaft 37 carried by the brackets 35 and a winding reel 42 is provided to be received on the spindle shaft 38 to turn therewith, a grooi pulley 43 being mounted on this spindle shaft 38 and connected to receive power from the drive shaft 3 by a belt 44 which is mounted over a pulley 45 secured on the shaft 3.
As the publications are carried over the table 12 above which the printing is done "cause the name stamps 39 only in a spaced apart relation, it is preferable that an intermittent movement be transmitted to the tape 40 to bring the name stamps 39 into the proper relation for the printing action and thus it is possible to place these name stamps upon the tape in a much closer relation than would otherwise be possible. A tape propelling or carrying roll 46 is mounted across the bracket member 35 on a shaft '-l7 and this roll 46 has the sprocket teeth 48 positioned around the periphery thereof at points spaced apart on 'the longitudinal extent of the roll to be adjacent the side edges'of the tape 40 in its passage over this roll, the tape having the edges thereof perforated as at d9 to receive the sprocket teeth 48 and the idler roll 50 is mounted to maintain the tape in the proper relation upon the carrying roll 46 being providedwith orifices therein to receive the endsof the sprocket teeth as they project through the perforations provided in the tape. An inlr roll 51 is mounted across the brackets 35 to extendparallel with the spindle shaft 37 and to be in proximity thereo,-a pressure roll 52 being provided to havethe tape '40 passed there-around and to tape to come to a bearing relation against 'the ink roll 51 ,as the tape is carried forward by the turning movement of the carrying Wheel 46, an ink fount 53 being provided at secured on this suitable points to supply ink to the roll 51. A bearing roll 54: is revolubly mounted beneath the tablesection 12 and this roll is connected to be adjusted upwardly and downwardly with the movement of the table to permit a regulation of the pressure ex erted against the name stamps to accomplish the printing action, a printing roll 55 which is cut away to provide bearing faces at opposite points thereon being mounted at a point directly above the bearing roll 5i to have the tape 40 passed thereover and this printing roll 55 is of such a size that in its revolution the name stamps 39 will come to a position over the bearing faces provided upon the roll and will be carried down to cause the imprint against the publication passing the bearing roll 5% by which the pressure exerted upon the type of the name stamps is attained and maintained.
It is preferable that an intermittent movement be transmitted to the carrying roll 46 to carry the tape 40 forward the required distance prior to printing action and in consequence it is necessary that a like movement be imparted to the printing roll 55. Toaccomplish this purpose, the gear wheel 56 is mounted on the shaft 57 by which the printing roll 55 is carried and this gear wheel 56 meshes with a gear 58 mounted to revolve with the carrying roll e5. Certain of the links of the sprocket chain 7 have teeth 59 provided on the outer'faces thereof and due to the engagement of said chain in its upper extent with the arc-uated track 9, a rack'like structure is provided as. the chain passes beneath the gear wheel 56 and the engagement of the teeth 59 with the teeth of this gear wheel causes the printing roll 55 to be turned. Through the meshing of the gear wheel 58 with the gear 56 a rotary motion is transmitted to the carrying Wheel 46 and the tape is wound from the reel 41 past the ink roll 51 Where ink is applied. to the type of the name stamps 39. The stamps are engaged on the reverse side by the bearing faces of the printing roll 55 and are brought into contact with the subject-matter to be printed upon and which is held in the proper relation by bearing roll 5+2. In this way the address is printed and the tape is carried forward until the links of the chain '7 having the teeth 59 formed thereon. have passed the-location of the gear wheel 56 and are out of mesh therewith. To accomplish a better carrying action it is preferable that a gear (30 be mounted on the shaft which the roll 50 is carried to engage with the teeth of the gear wheel 58 and thus this roll 50 will be turned positively.
It is preferable that the operation of the parts of the printing mechanism be stopped immediately the printing action has been accomplished and the printing roll 55 has assumed the position illustrated in Fig. 2
Where it is a relation to accomplish the next subsequent printing action, and to ac complish this end a stop mechanism as better illustrated in Fig. 10 is provided. This stop mechanism comprises a disk 61 which is secured on the shaft 57 to revolve with the gear wheel carried thereby and-this disk 61 has the notches 62 provided at dia-' metrically opposite points thereon. A dog member 63 is pivoted at 64 to the bracket and a spring 65 is provided to normally hold this dog in a relation that the engaging end thereof is in a relation to fit within the notches or slots 63 of thedisk 61. As it is necessary that the printing roll I 55 make but a half revolution to accomplish tion is to take place this dog must be released from its engagement against the ten sion of the spring 65 and to accomplish this object, an arm 66 carried by the dog 63 adjacent the pivot thereof has a pinion 67 mounted on the lower end thereof to be engaged by the teeth 59 of the rack links of the sprocket chain 7 and this engagement causes movement of the dog from a locked position and permits rotation of the shaft 57 as the rack teeth 59 come into engagement with the gear wheel mounted thereon. It will be understood that the pinion 67 will pass from the rack portions of the sprocket chain before this portion has completed'its driving action upon the shaft 57 and thus the dog 63 is in the proper relation to engage with one of the notches immediately the rack teeth 59 are out of the operative relation and the stoppage of the movement of the printing mechanism is positive and immediate. The rack teeth, as is stated hereinbefore, are carried by certain of the links of the chain 7, and when it is desired to adjust the printing mechanism to be operated in a varied interval with respect to the carrying mechanism or the conveying mechanism, the links having the teeth 59 formed thereon'are mounted at a point in advance or in the rear of that shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing and in this way the engagement with the wheel 56 and also with the wheel 67- will be advanced or retarded and in consequence the printing mechanism will be brought. into operation and will be stopped at a varied interval.
The connection to the spindle shaft 38 through the belt 44 running over the belt Wheel 45 on the power shaft 3 over a belt wheel 43 on this spindle shaft 38, causes the spindle shaft to be constantly driven, and as the feed of the tape wound zonto the reel 42 carried by this spindle shaft 38is intermittent to follow the movement of the carrying wheel 46, it is essential that some means be provided to permit a stoppage of rotation of the spindle shaft 38 and also to cause a rotation thereof during the feeding action of the tape through the turning onto the reel through that length which has been loosened by the last carrying action,
the belt 44 will slip around the belt pulley" 43 and the spindle shaft 38 will bej'permitted to stand stillwhile the rotation of the power shaft 3 is yet continued. To adjust the parts to secure the right tention and degree of tightness of the belt 44, a belt tightener 68 is provided to work upon the belt adjacent the passage thereof over the belt pulley 43 and to permit regulation of the parts to'accommodate various operating co ditionsl VVithhe mechanism as hereinbefore described, addresses from a compiled mailing list may be printed on any desired publication which can be placed in the hopper or receptacle 32 and fed forward by the conveyer chains 26 and 27 and a very efficient action will be obtained. Howeverfit is desirable in certain classes of addressing that a label be allixed to the subject matter to be addressed and that the name be printed upon this label and I have therefore pro vided a label allixing mechanism which works cooperatively with the parts of the mechanism as hereinbefore set .forth to apply and secure a label to the subject-matter name and address thereon and which is so arranged that the labels are taken from a' and thus causing subsequent publications placed upon the label face of said publications sticking and becoming accidentally,
secured one with the other.
A'frame 69 is provided to carry the label afiixing mechanism and this frame 69 is constructed to be fitted on the frame 2 at a point between the disposition of the re-' ceptacle or hopper 32 from which the publications or other subject-matter to be addressed are taken and the printing [roll 55 where the address is imprinted thereon,
fro to be addressed prior to the, printing of the r upper portion of the frarnc ,L
'15 top of the table 76.
, extent of the table 76, the severing rolls Z 60 is subsequently the perforated if d Tl being: provided on e :traines ii d 2. respectively.
to beheld in the proper r lation by a clamp bolt 72. A. spindle T3 is mounted upon the and 80 are disposed, the one roll, as better 1llustrat/scl in Figs. 8 and 7 being provided with a serrated knife 81 and the bearing roll 80 having groove in which this serrated cutting knife forks, thus as the label strip 75 is carried forward between the rolls T7 and T it will be passed over the table top and between the severing rolls 79 and 80 Where the strip is cut into the rectangular labels as is illustrated in Fig. 12. At a point further along the extent ot the inclined table T6, the feed rolls Si and 85 are disposed to carry forward the individual labels 83 as cut from the label strip 55 and these feed. rolls 8- and pass the individual labels 0 the glue rolls S6 and ST. the structure of which is better illustrated in perspective in Fig. 11. These glue rolls comprise the pressure roll 86 and the glue a roll proper 87 and these rolls at the ends have bearing portions 8 8 and provided to contact and to hold the rollsproperly spaced apart and to also engage the edges of the individual labels and carry these labels therebetiveen in the proper rclation. The rolls 8% and 87 are cut away on their one side for a distance or perhaps one third the circumference and the roll 87 is mounted in a gl'iie pan 90 to re ave a supply of adhesive therefrom and to have the surplus adhesive wiped therefrom by a Wiper J1 disposed at the proper point to accomplish the most el'licient action. By reason of the fact that the roll 87 is, in its body portion,
'made of somewhat less extent than the superficial extent of the roll and also the transverse extent of the label strip, and by reason of the fact that approximately onethird of the circumference thereof is cut away, the glue or adhesive taken by this glue roll 87 will be applied to the label 33 only through the center portion as is illustrated in l i l2 and then when the label :LlllXECl and pressure is e.\' Ierted thereon to secure the prope' adhcsion the glue will not ooze or be pressed from beneath the edges of the label.
A drive gear 92 is mounted to be eng aged by and mesh with the teeth 59 pro- 39 to be capable o rec :l on tae'racl: links of the sprocket chain these racks or links pass adjacent thereto nd an inter-gearing is established between the several rolls mounted as a part of the label atlixing mechanism so that these rolls will all be revolved in a direction to carry the label strip and the individual labels cut therefrom in the proper course over the table 76. it will be understood that at the sanie time that the teeth 59 are engaged with the drive gear 9) a publication is being carried torn; d by the conveyer chains 26 and 27 and iitable guides 93 are provided to direct me individual labels with the adhesive applied thereto in a downward path from the rolls 8b and 87 to a position against the upper face of the publication which being carried over the table member 10 and a pressure roll which, as illustrated in Fig". 1 may have the pressure spring 95 mounted to secure the proper pressure, is positioned to bear against the labels and smooth this label upon the publication as the conveyor chains 26 and 27 move forward and the publication is carried along the table top member 10.
To secure the proper operation of the label aflixing mechanism it is essential that the glue roll 87 makes one complete revolution and to bring, the parts to a positive stop after the accomplishment of the desired movement, a stop mechanism is applied to the gear wheel 92, which stop comprises a disk 96 atiixed to turn with the gear Wheel 92 and having a single notch 97 spaced at the proper point around its periphery. A do; member 98 is pivoted at 99 and a spring 10!) holds this dog" 98 normally in a relation to engage in the notch 97 when the engaging end of the dog and this notch come into registry, a pinion 101 being provided on an man 102 carried by the dog 98 to engage with the rack teeth 59 and thus raise the dog from the engaged relation against the tension of the spring prior to the commencementof the turning, of the gear wheel 92 through the mesh of the teeth 59 therewith.
it is the purpose that the receptacle 32 in which the publications are placed shall in each adaptation of the machine be adjusted to just the right size to hold the publications properly stacked and to permit the Withdrawal of the bottommost and to allow the remainder of the publications to fall a distance equal to the distance of the publications withdrawn. The structure of this re ccptacle is better illustrated in Figs. ll. 15 and lb and this structure comprises a framework L03 which may be mounted and held on the main frame 52 in any approved manner. This fran'ievvorlc 103 the guideway or slot 104 formed in one of the bottom members thereof to extend in .a direction "fro-2n front to back of the framework, and similar guide slots, are provided in the bottommembers at the ends of the receptacle -to be preferably 'in alinement and to extend in a direction transversely of the machine. The standards 106 and 107 each have a bear- .ing foot and the clamp bolts 108 are received through the base feet'an'd through the slots or guideways 104 and 105 and thus the standardsare mounted in a relation to permit an adjustment of the confining walls within which the booklets, magazines, form letters, cards or other like publications are received and held in the proper spaced relation.
Under certain circumstances, as for instance when placing the address upon form letters, and in other connections where the sheet or publication to be addressed is thin, it will not be possible to depend upon the stops 34 to take the publications from the container, for the reason that a sufficiently fine adjustment cannot be obtained to take a single sheet of paper or a singlecard. In such connections the conveyer links carrying the projections or stops 34*are displaced by plain links and a feed roll 109 is mounted in the lower portion of the framework 103 to project in its upper extent slightly above the floor of the receptacle and thus be in a position that as the roll is turned a feeding action of the lowermost sheet contained within the receptacle is accomplished. An adjustable front 110 is mounted on a stem 111 which has a slot 112 therethrough to bereceived over a clamp bolt 113 mounted on the framework ofthe machine. The provision of this adjustment allows the front to be'moved and held in the proper relation, it being desirable that this front 110 be positioned a distance above the floor of the receptacle and above the roll 109 that but a single publication will be permitted to pass from the receptacle upon each feeding action. A strip or fingers 114 of rubber or a. like material are carried by the lower edge of the adjustable clutch in a position to exert a holding pressure against a second sheet, card, or publication if carried by the lowermost publication fed from the receptacle by the movement of the roll 109 or by the engagement of the stops carried by the conveyer chain and in a manner that the forwarfmovement will be stopped'and will not be com plated until the next interval in which apub: lication is to be discharged onto the conveyer chain. 7
While the foregoing description has set forth the feeding roll 109 as a part of the structure, it will be understood that in some connections this roll can be dispensed with and an efiicient operation of the machine will yet be obtained,- insuch instances, it being my'purposc to entirely remove the roll 109 from the receptacle and to lower the lications within the receptacle and carry" this publication to a point to discharge upon the conveyor chains and upon the table members 10. As the feed roll 109 is in operation, power to cause a proper turning thereof at the necessary is derived through a gear wheel 115 mount-, ed on the shaft by which the roll 109 is journaled and meshing with a gear Wheel 116 which is positioned on the main frame 2 or at any other suitable point to have the teeth 59- of the chain 7 mesh therewith, and thus the operation of the feed roll 109 is only during the passage of the rack teeth 59 on the chain 7 adjacent thereto and during the mesh of these teeth with the teeth of the gear wheel 115 and in this way the publications are taken 39 and are deposited on predetermined intervals from the receptacle the table top mem-. I
bers 1 0 to be taken by the conveyer chains; f
26 and 27 prior to eachlabehafiixing and printing operation.
he operation of the machine-is as folpublications 33- or other subject matter to have the address imprinted lows :A number of thereon are stacked in the hopper or receptacle 32 to be. one upon-the other and power i is transmitted to'the power shaft 3 through a proper connection with the 4, the conveyer chains 26 and 27"are carried drive pulley along in a path from the feed end of the machine to the discharge end andyas the' stops 34 engage with the publicationthis "publication is moved forward, at the same tim the label aflixin'gmechanism has been I placed in operation and the label stri been extended from the reel 74 a su cient distance and severed by the serrated knife 81 to form one of the individual labels 83, 1
the adhesive brought into operation and as the publication passes beneath the guide 93 the label is deposited thereon and the continued'travel of the con'veyer causes the publication to be carried beneath the pressure or smoothing roll 94 Where the label has the necessary-pressure exerted thereonto secure the pro er adhesion. The rack teeth 59 engagewith the. pinion 6? and the dog 63- is moved from the engagement in the notch 62 of the disk 61, thus when the teeth 59 mesh with the gear wheel mounted on the shaft 57 the printing roll 55 is turned and in a like manner revo luble movement is transmitted to theearryapplying mechanism is also ing roll 46 and the name stamp carrying' faces of the printing roll 55 to a relation that the stamp imprints the name and address upon the label aifixed to-the publicamews r tion, it being of course understood that ink is applied to the main stamp as it passes between the ink roll 51 and the pressure roll 52. Immediately the teeth 59 forming these racks pass from the power wheel 92 and from the wheel mounted on the shaft 57, the stop mechanism of these two parts will come into operation and a positive holding of the parts is accomplished so that the mechanism is in the proper relation for the next subsequent labeling and printing action and the continued movement of the conveyer chains 26 and 27 carry the publication now labeled and addressed, over the table member 12 and the publication is discharged at the lower end of the machine over the power shaft 3 where it may be received in a mail bag or other suitable receptacle, or if desired a conveyer.mechanism might be disposed to receive the publications as discharged from the table member 12 and these publications can thus be moved to any desired point or carried to a mechanism to accomplish a further handling thereof. As the chain "4' is constantly driven, the spaced-apart racks provided thereon will come successively into mesh with the gear wheel 116 by which the feed mechanism from the receptacle 32 is I operated and it is thus insured that a publication is placed for each of the subsequent printing operations or labeling and printing operations. The adjustment of the table members 10 and 12 permits the accommodation of the machine to label and address publications of various thicknesses and by varying the size of the receptacle 32 still greater latitude in the subject-matter treated can be secured, also it will be evident that variation in the disposition of the stops 3% located along the length of the conveyer chains 26 and 27 and also in the positioning of the rack links carrying the teeth can be made to accommodate various operating conditions.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I i have provided an addressing machine which is so constructed and has the parts thereof so arranged that booklets, magazines, cards and other like publications may have the addresses printed thereon from a compiled mailing list, the parts being so arsanged that a number of the booklets or other subject matter are placed in a common receptacle and will be taken separately therefrom, carried to a point where a label is atlixed thereto and then carried forward farther where the name and address are imprinted upon the labels. the forward movement being continued still further until the publication is discharged from the machine. Further it will be obvious that by slight variation in the setting of the parts of this mechanism the machine can be adapted to accommodate various forms of publications and publications of a variety of sizes, and at the same time the compiled mailing lists may be changed by the placing of other compiled lists in the form of name stamp carrying tape and in all connections the operation and successful working of the machine is automatic and is constant without the necessity of manual manipulation.
lVhile l have herein shown and described one specific form of my invention it will be understood that slight changes might be made in the form and arrangement of the several parts as hereinbefore set forth without departing from the-spirit and scope of my invention. and hence, I do not wish to be limited thereto except for such limitations as the claims may import.
l1 claim 1. An addressing machine comprising means to take the publications singly, means to be brought into operation to imprint the address upon the publications as taken, stops carried by the means to take the publications and mounted in a manner to permit adjustment of the relative positioning thereof to adapt the same to operate upon publications of various sizes. means to bring the printing mechanism to a stop subsequent to the one printing action and prior to the next successiveactimi. adjustable means to operate said printing mechanism and to also control the operation of the stop mechanisn1,'and
power means to drive the machine through with publications of various sizes and thicknesscs and to carry the same through the machine in a relation to have the label aliixed at any desired points. means to imprint an address upon the label as ailixed to the publication. power means to maintain the movement of the. conveying mechanism constant, and mechanism arranged to derive movement from the operation of said conveying mechanism to bring the label applying and printing mechanism into operation at the proper intervals.
An addressing machine comprising a frame. a convcyer means to take the publications singly and carry these publications through the machine. means to imprint the address upon the, publications in their path through the machine. means to adjust the conveyer means to operate upon publications of various sizes and thicknesses and to carry the same through the machine in a path to have the address imprinted at any desired location upon the publications, power means i i v a a i to, maintain the operation of the con%yer constant, and driving means for-said printing mechanism so arranged that driving power is transmitted from the power means at the proper intervals.
An addressing machine comprising a Supporting frame, conveyer chains mounted manner that they may be adjusted along the length of the chains to act upon publications of various sizes and to carry the publications throughthe machine in a path to have the address printed thereon at any desired point, and power means to maintain the operation of the conveyer constant and to automatically bring the printing mechanism into operation in the proper intervals and in successive operations.
5. An addressing machine comprising a supporting frame, a receptacle mounted on the frame in which publications are placed in quantities, conveyer chains mounted on the frame, means carried by the links of said conveyer chain, to take the publications singly from the receptacle and said links so connected in the chains that they may be disposed at any point along the length of said chains to act upon the publications of various'sizes, means carried by the frame. to aflix a label to each of said publications, and printing mechanism to imprint the address upon said labels.
6. An addressing machine, comprising a supporting frame, a receptacle mounted on the frame in which publications are placed in quantities, conveyor chains mounted on the frame totake the publications singly from the receptacle, means carried by the frame to alfix a. label to each of said publications, printing mechanism to imprint the address upon said lahels,'means carried by certain of the links of said conveyer chains to engage with the publications and take the same from the receptacle and said links so connected in the chain that the same may be adjusted along the length of the chain to be properly spaced to act upon publications of various sizes and to permit carrying of the publications through the machine to have the label afiixed at any desired point, and
power means to automatically carry the machine through successive operations.
7. An addressing machine comprising a frame, a receptacle carried by said frame in which publications are placed in quantitius, couveyer chains mounted on the frame to tak the publications singly from the reto imprint the address upon publications of various thicknesses.
8. addressing machine comprising a receptacle in which publications are placed in quantities, conveyors to take the publications singly from the receptacle and to carry these publications through the ma chine, means to form a label from a continuous strip of material, means to applythe label to the publications as carried through the machine, means forming a part of said conveyors to be adjustable to act upon publications of various sizes and thicknesses and to permit carrying of the publications through the machine in a relation to have the labels aflixed at any desired oint, printing mechanism to print upon the abels as applied to the publications, means to carry the machine through the successive steps of the operation, and means to form a positive stop for the label affixing and printing mechanism when not in operation.
9. An addressing machine comprising a table, a frame on which said table is mounted, carrying means by which publications are moved over the table, a printing mechanism mounted above said table at a point to imprint an address upon each of said publications in its path of travel across the table, said carrying means so constructed that publications of various sizes may be carried in the operative relation and handled to have the address imprinted thereon at any desired point, means to adjust the proximate positioning of the table with re spect to the printing mechanism, power means to transmit motion to said carrying mechanism into operation in the'proper intervals, said carrying means and power- :iiiven (in? means 106:
transmitting means so an licatiuns of various six an be operated upon, and means to i'eg'iiiate the disposition of the table with respect to the printing mechanism to permit the adaptation of die in; chine to address publications of varieus thicknesses and to accomplish the proper priming action in CGHH'LCiIIiOH.
11. An addressing machine campy supporting f1: me csn'veyers raeimied on the frame to carry pizbiieati iii maci ai siippei'tinq n the 1 'io eaa'ry pi v giy through iae machine, said cerive rers com; prising amine having si: .ps posiiionei therea=f s aced-apart inter-mis a priming i Ztfiti is in iiriniz as aaidress nae pnbhcaa -s in 1 :5 course ii i trauma; :ii'v a1 .e
the npviaiimi ifl i i cn t iii? from a ewntizumn Waeie L0 p and is i and a as 1 :aiiged that pubion or" the iahei affixing zneci'ianism to imam: an address upon said label, a sprocket in mnun'ied to derive power from the izieans transmitting powerto the comeyers, gear operating: mechanism for said printing means and said label affixing means, and gear teeth carried by certain of the links sai ji sprocket chain to mesh with said gear connection and tn e iez'ate the pariis 1%. In: midressing machine cemprising a T receptacle in which publications are placed in i' nantiiies, iabfe adjiistabiy dispnsed in eXteiid the entire length of the machine, con- \'e wmpi'ising chains pywiiieri viii. stops thereon mounted t0- cake tisns singly these piibiieaiiens aiong table, pms'ezi'i'ansmiss en .1 (111121115. means located acentrecep"'=.cie 3-? to sever a la e1 from a emi'iimim s strip and to appiy an adhesive U) s 1 abei tack the label is he piibimat means heated aim the iabie beyond a'zie dispesition of the afiixing mechanism i0 imprint an address 11110:: said label, a dria'e s rseizet chain mmmie to derive pmi'ei' 35mm means transmittin pews:- io iiie csnveyez's, gear Operating m. l
01* sad gn'inting means and said inbe ans, gear ieelh carried by certa n 0 links of said ciz'ii'e spweket chain as 'th said gear coarser mes ianism as hereiniiei'eie set i means is hoid the iai ei and printi:
i sm in the pcsition in \Yhi"? we '1 opped subsequent t0 *iae ope m r to ifiic the he i'eeegitaeie. means the giiib luzaiinns as taken flUii and in cnnvey each publication man-hiss and (2 ise iii?! diseiiai q 1 neaas t0 app a label ie-eaeii said pubiieaibmiis in its e'em-se of travel through the machine. means to mam-mi; an
ress upen the die iaiieis, power means operation of the cam'eyin t. 2121;? meeham caiiy bring the iabei appiyiz and printing she proper ininziiriiine comp i a receptacle men i a iiibh -iiians are piaceci ins 511mm on the piiiiiic itions 4 =31 the reeegiiacie mm desaid coi'iiiiyer (.ilfiiilS to be'cai'ried lhe machine. means m1 (1 by the frame. to aiiix a iabel in each of said publimitinns in its course of have: through the maviiinc, printing mechanism to imprint the address upon said labels, and power means to automatically carry the machine through successive operations.
I 17.'An addressing machine comprising a frame having a table supported thereby, a.
. receptacle in which publications are placed in quantities mounted above said table, conveyers comprising chains provided with stops thereon mounted adjacent thetable top, power-transmission means connected to give properactuating movement to said conveyers, means to take the publications singly 5 fromthe receptacle and depositjhese publito said labels, and attach the label to the cations upon the table in 'a position to be 15- taken by the conveyers, means located adjacent the receptacle to sever a label from a i continuous strip "andto apply an adhesive publications, I printing means located along the table beyond the disposition of the label- [aflixing mechanism to imprint an address upon said label, a sprocket chain mounted to derive power from the means transmittingvpower to the c0nveyers, gear operated. mechanisms for said printing means, gear -wheels mounted to drivesaid label ,afiixing means, and gear teeth carriedby certain of the links of said sprocket chain-to mesh with 4 the gear wheels and to operate the parts in WM; I'LIDE LACY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2598892 *||Jan 24, 1945||Jun 3, 1952||Glenn L Martin Co||Identification tape and method of making same|
|US2721669 *||Apr 21, 1950||Oct 25, 1955||Clifford D Keely||Machine for applying gummed tape to box blanks|
|US2771837 *||Oct 30, 1952||Nov 27, 1956||Scriptomatic Inc||Hectographic address duplicating machine|
|US2909968 *||Jul 30, 1956||Oct 27, 1959||Telemeter Magneties Inc||Collating apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||156/384, 156/522, 156/570, 112/104, 101/53|