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Publication numberUS1150896 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 24, 1915
Filing dateJan 23, 1913
Priority dateJan 23, 1913
Publication numberUS 1150896 A, US 1150896A, US-A-1150896, US1150896 A, US1150896A
InventorsThomas L Smith
Original AssigneeT L Smith Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Concrete-mixer drum.
US 1150896 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. L. SMITH.

CONCRETE MIXER DRUM.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 23, 1913.

1,150,896. Patented Aug. 24, 1915.

' T a I A? V I5 I; WW I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

THOMAS L. SMITH, 0F MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, ASSIG-NOR TO THE '1. L. SMITH ('10., OF MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION OF WISCONSIN.

v CONCRETE-MIXER DRUM.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Aug. 24, 1915'.

T 0 all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS L. SMITH, a citizen of the United States, residing at Milwaukee, in the county of Milwaukee and State of Wisconsin, have invented a new the drums for concrete mixers and more-par-' ticularly to the blade arrangement in drums that are .tilted to discharge.

The objects of my improvement are to increase the mixing efficiency and the uni-- formity of the discharged product and incidentally to reduce the waste of material splashing out of-the drum. I attain these objects by the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure 1 shows a central longitudinal section of the drum. 7 Fig. 2 shows a transverse section ,of the drum on the line 22.of'Fi'g.

1 looking toward theleft, and Fig. 3 shows diagrammatically the arrangement of one set of blades.

Similar reference numerals refer 'to similariparts throughout the several views.

I The drum here shown is of a type Well known in the art of concrete mixing. The feed and discharge openings are at the "respective ends of the drum, concentric with its axis. mixing machine that it is maintained vin horizontal position during the feeding of the batch to the drum and during the mixing of the batch, and is tilted to an inclined position during the discharge of the batch, the rotation of the drum being constant and uninterrupted during the successive performances of these various operations.

-The mixing of the ingredients of which the concrete is composed, sand, stone, water and Portland cement, is effected by the blades attached to the interior surfaces of the drum.

.10 is the feed opening through which the batch is introduced to the drum, and 11 is the discharge opening through which the I concretemakes its'exit whenthe axis of the drum is in inclinedposltion.

A series of -bl'adesiI2;:{1s*placed, in the re ceiving end ofutheidruxm and acorrespond ing series ofbla'des' 'flg{isfplacedinthe dis"- charge end.--These--bl'adesg12 and 13 are The drum is so mounted in the.

in Figs. 1 and 3, and are all inclined rela tive to the drums axis as shown in Figs. 1

and 2. Each pair of blades converges toward the medial cross plane of the drum, the. blades of each pair being spaced apart leavmg a comparatively narrow opening 14 betweenthem. The ends of the,blades forming thls opening being parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the axis of the drum. The blades are substantially triangular in shape, varying in width radially of the drum from the deep edge formlng the opening 14 to nothing as the feed and discharge openings --'are approached' The drum is to be rotated in the direction of the arrows 15 of Figs. 2- and 3, that is, with the points of the blades which are near the ends of the drum in advance and the opening 14 following in, the direction'of rotation. The blades therefore tend constantly to force the material contained in the drum, toward the median'plane thereof and away from the ends thus preventing the waste of material due to splashing through the open ends of the drum. Also, as each pair of blades progresses upward on the as- 'cending side of the drums the material is 1 of the drum auxiliary blades 16 are attached, extending across the openings 14 near the interior surface of the drum.

These auxiliary'blades'also are triangular in shape having their broad sides attached-to the blades 12 and their points directedtowardthe discharge end of the drum. They are also placed at an angle'relat'iveto the drums axis in such. manner as to tend to throw. the material toward the discharge end Their function is two fold. First to ,eifecta turningover and anendwise moveiiient of heavy portions of the material that might otherwise continually roll around at the la'rgest diameter of the drum and placedopposite each other'in pairs'a'sshownthrough the openings 14 without being which kind. of concrete 1s particularly (sticky and apt to form balls of the size of the openings 14. In such case these. balls will be disintegrated by the blades 16 and their contents thrown into the path of blades 13. The second function of these auxiliary blades is to equalize the kinds of material in the discharge when the concrete which is being produced is off the kind known as sloppy concrete which contains an abundance of water. In mixing this kind of concrete without the'blades 16, the larger and heavier stones are apt to gather at the bottom of the drum and will be retarded in discharge when the drum is tilted, the more fluid part of the mixture flowing out first carrying most of the stone with it, but still leaving quite a residue of the largest pieces of stone to form the last of the discharge. These auxiliary blades .16 not only prevent the stone accumulating in the bottom of the drum, but also, by their.

inclination, start what stone happens to be there toward the discharge opening on the first movement of discharge. The eflt'ect is that the stone in sloppy concrete passes out in its proper proportion to the other ele ments and there isno more stone in the last part of the discharge than in the first. This movement toward the discharge end of the drum is also facilitated by the blades 13 on the discharge side of the drum being a little shorter than the blades 12 on the feed side as-shown in'Fig. 3.- The portion of the blades 12- which extends beyond the blades 13 will assist iii 'this impulse toward -,the discharge opening.

- The various details of construction and arrangement .here shown as anexemplification of this invention may be changed without departing from the spirit or scope thereof as defined by the claims.

What I claim as my invention, is y 1 A rotary drum for mixing concrete composed of two frustums of cones attached together at the larger diameters and having 7 axial feed and discharge openings at their smaller diameters; a plurality of pairs of blades attached to the interior of the drum,

one blade of each pair being attached to each cone opposite to the other member of the pair, the blades of each pair lying in planes which are equally and oppositely inclined to each other and to the axis of the drhm similar to the letter V, the adjacent edges of each pair of opposing blades being spaced apart at the medial plane of the drum, the opposed edges of the blades at the opening between them being substantially radial of the drum, and auxiliary blades of comparatively small width radially of the drum attached to said radial edgesof the blades on the feed side of the .drum and extending across the intervening space between the opposed blades, said auxiliary blades being also inclined to the axis of the drum in the same direction as the blades on the feed side of the drum.

2. A rotary drum for mixing concrete composed of two frustums of cones attached together at the larger diameters and having axial feed and discharge openings at their smaller diameters; a plurality of pairs of blades attached to the interior of the drum,

one blade of each pair being attached to each cone opposite to the other member of the pair, the blades of each pair lying in planes rhich are equally and oppositely inclinef ,to each other and to the axis of the drum similar to the letter -V; the adjacent edges of each pair of opposing blades being spaced apart at the medial plane of the drum, the opposed edges of the blades at the opening between them being radial of the dr im, said'edge on the blades on the the opposed edge of the blades on the discharge side of the drum as referred to the direction of rotation of the drum, and auxiliary blades attached to said radial edges of the blades on the feed side and extending across the intervening opening between the feed side of the drum being slightly behind opposed edges, said auxiliary blades being a 0 materially less height radially of the drum than the main blades and inclined to the axis of the drum in the same direction as the blades on' the feed side thereof; all of the blades being substantially tri-angular inform; r

- THOMAS L. SMITH.

Witnesses:

' CHARLES F. SMITH,

E. O. MANKTELOW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3232586 *Aug 22, 1960Feb 1, 1966William J MccliveSingle-wheeled concrete mixer and vehicle hitch therefor
US3438353 *Oct 4, 1967Apr 15, 1969Carla PellegriniCandying apparatus for coated confectionery
US4504151 *Sep 9, 1983Mar 12, 1985Michigan Disposal, Inc.Apparatus for the treatment of waste sludge
US4756623 *Nov 14, 1986Jul 12, 1988Bishop Robert JCollapsible mixing drum
Classifications
U.S. Classification366/57
Cooperative ClassificationB28C5/2054