US 1151609 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
l. F. PETERS 611. W. DUDGEON.
APPL1cAT1oN F1151) sEPT.14.1914.
1,151,609. Pmemed Aug. 31, 1915.
@Hoz-nud BEST AVAILABLE COPY UNITED sTA'rEs PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES vF. PETERS,`OF LIGONIER, AND JAMES W. DUDGEON, 0F PITTSBURGH,
T 0 all 'w/Lomv t may concern.'
Be it known that we, JAMES F. PETERS' and JAMES` W'. 'DUDGEoN, citizens of the United States, residing, respectively, at Ligonier, in the county of Westmoreland and State of Pennsylvania, and Pittsburgh, in the county of Allegheny and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Insoles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to insoles.
One object of the present invention is to provide a sanitary insole composed prefer'- ably of chamois skin and adapted to be worn either inside or outside the hose and when worn inside particularly serviceable to prevent contracting rheumatism and colds.
Another object resides in the provision of an insole preferably of soft, pliable, spongylike material so as to act in the nature of a cushion between the foot andthe shoe and which does not create heat incident to friction but which will keep the users foot cool in summer and warm in winter and which may be easily washed or rinsed in cold or other water when necessary or advisable to clean the sam@ without destroying the soft or spongy-like nature of the material of which the insole may be composed.
A still further object is to provide an insole which is provided at the instep portion thereof with means to effect a free and constant circulation of fresh air under the wearers instep and around the foot incident to walkin(T or running action so as to keep the wearer foot cool and protected against heat which latter causes the foot to become irritated and sore.
A still further object resides in the provision of an insole, composed of material suitable to cushion the wearers foot throughout its length so as to avoid friction and consequent heat and to insure perfect ':irculati m of blood in thev wearers foot and thereb \v prevent Aswelling` of the foot and a consequent unpleasant tired feeling which always accompanies hot feet.
ll'ith the above and other objects in view, the, 'present invention consists in the combination and arrangement of parts hereinaller more fullyv describcwl. illustrated in the acconlprnving drawings. and particularly pointed ont in the appended clain'is, it being speicaaon of Letters rama. Patented Aug, 31, 191,51 Application led September `14, 19.14. Serial No. 861,665.
understood that changes may be made in the form, proportions, size and minor details without departing from the spirit or sacriiclng any of the. advantages of the invent1on.
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 1s a perspective view of one form of the invention. Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of another form of the invention. Fig. 4L is a transverse sectional view of the second form of theinvention.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings, the reference character5 indicates an insole conforming to the shape of' a foot and which is preferably formed of chamois skin or other spongy-like material. The chamois skin being of spongy-like material gives a cushioning effeet to the foot and prevents friction as distinguished from an insole composed of hard, sti material. Where there is friction there is heat and the present invention is designed to overcome the disadvantages nuring from hot feet and to prevent unnecessary irritation and soreness and to cure irritated and sore feet in its use.
The present insole may he worn inside or outside of the hose, and if desired, it may be provided with perforations 6 throughout its entire surface, as shown.
At that portion of the insole which is adapted to fit under the instep of the wearer there may be disposed an auxiliary cushioning member 7, preferably in the form of a chamois or other suitable strip of soft, pliable, spongy-like material whose side edges may be stitched or otherwise secured to the side edges of the instep portion of the insole. The ends of the cushioning member 7 are preferably free of the insole to permit of and to cause the free and constant passage of air through the space or passage between the same and the insole from 'end to end of y the space or passage. In other words, as the w rarer walks or runs, the auxiliary cushioning member 7 b v virtue of each step of the wearer creates a suction of air into the passage and a discharge of the air therefrom, maintaining the wearer-"s foot cool in the summer and warm and comfortable .in the winter.
The auxiliary cushioning n'uunber 'T ob` viates the necessityof a partiulariform of` instep support, and if desired, it may be pro- `vided with 'apertures 8, but in the use of our inventionwe contemplate using the insole i .without thesel p erforations 8.
. If desired, we may provide the insole with an upwardly directed extensionwhich forms an air passage leading tothe underside of the insole to provide for further circulation of air, if desired. This passage-extension may be formed in one way by extending the auxiliary cushion 7 beyond one side of the insole, as at 9. To the side edges of this extension, a piece of chamois skin or other similar spongy-like material 10 may be sewed, as at 11, to the extension 9. This extension preferably tapers, as shown, and is open at the top and bottom, providing passage to insure a free circulation of air under the insole Whether the form of the invention employing this side extension be worn either inside or outside the hose of the wearer.
The upper end of thel extension 9-10 is preferably notched, as at 12, providing Short projections 1 3 on'opposite sides of 'the air passage by which the insole may be stitched or otherwise secured to the inside offthe shoe (notshown), if desired.
The present insole is adapted to be worn inside of the hose or outside thereof, `in either levent being disconnectedfrom the shoe. It is arranged. looselywithin the hose or the shoe of the wearer and, therefore, gives a free movement of the 4foot and it also insures a circulation of air in the shoe. At each step in walking shoes break at their arches on both sides thereof admitting air and the foot moves up anddown from the ball of the foot and constantly furnishes air to the inside of the shoe. In the present instance, the insole being loose and under the arch being formed of two pieces arranged with each other as described, results in the formation of a passage which receives and discharges air toward the forward part of the foot. When the foot bends in walking, the body material 5 stretches and the upper piece is caused to contract or wrinkle, thereby providing a space or air passage which becomes filled with air and when the foot flattens out the air is discharged toward the toe and heel of the shoe. The perforations,
,if employed in the body 5 and shorter piece of. material '7, aid materially in the movement of the air and also serve to prevent adhesion.
From the foregoing it will be apparentthat we have produced a simple, inexpensive,
durable and efficient insole and one which* .and thereby form a BEST AVAILABLE coPv may be readily and conveniently carried When not in use.k Y
What is claimed is: f
1. .As anew' article of manufacture, an insole consisting of a body composed of soft material and a relatively short piece of similar material connected at its edges to and intermediate the ends of the latter, said to contract' the shorter piece of material assage between the pieces of material for air to pass toward both ends of the body material.
the upper `face of the, body at the edges of i 2. As a new article of manufacture, an
insole consisting-of a body` composed of soft material and a relatively short piece of similar material connected at itsedges to the upper face of the body at the edges of and intermediate the ends of the` latter, said body material being capable of stretching to contract-the shorter piece of material and thereby form a passage between the pieces of material for air to pass toward both ends of the body material, said shorter piece of material being extended atone end beyond the corresponding side edge of the body, and a piece of material secured at its edges to the .extended portion of said shorter piece of material and beingdisconnected at its ends from the latter so as to provide an air passage adapted to'communicate with the underside of the body.
3. AS a new article of manufacture, an insole consisting of a body composed of soft material provided with a plurality of perforations, anda relatively short piece of similar material connected to opposite edges of the body material and having perforations therein, said body being capable of stretching to contract the shorter piece of material and thereby form an air passage and an air cushion on the upper side of the body, and means providing an air passage connected to one side of the body intermediate the ends of the latter to direct air under the body.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto aiiix my Signature in the presence of two witnesses. JAMES F. PETERS. Witnesses:
JAS. T. HUGHES, ORA M. YINGLING.
JAMES W. DUDGEON. Witnesses:
.J. G. VVILKINS,
E. P. SCHAEFER.