US 1153152 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
dzaasa- F. BRUCKER ROOFIING. APPLICATION FILED DEC. 9. 1914.
1,153,152, PQH'QIIMdSBLJT, T, 1915 a5 nares.
FRANCIS BRUCKEB, 0F LAN-SING, MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. "2', 129415.
Application filed December 9, 1914. Serial No. 876,251.
' of which the following is a specification.
more and more coming into use.
Owing to the'constantl'y increasing price pf lumber, the ordinary wooden shingles are soexpensive that substitutes therefor are Slate is used to a considerable extent, and asphalt shingles (composed, for example, of fiber and asphalt or other binder with a covering .of ground slate or stone) are very largely coming into use. The ordinary method of nailing used 'n connection ,with wooden shingles is undesirable or inefiective with owing. to the liathese shingle substitutes, bility of breakage of slate, and the tendency of the asphalt or like shingles. to curve or The present invention has, therefore, for its object to provide means by which the shinglesmay be clamped and securely held by-their edges, and so that breaking or warping thereof will not be possible. My improved fastening means also tends to pro vide. a more water-tight roof, and enables the roof to be more expeditiously laid, as less nails are required than with the ordinary nailing method, and the use of a chalk line as a guide for each course is rendered unnecessary.
My invention also effects a saving in cost of roofing as the shingles may be laid with a greater proportion of their surface eX-.
posed to the weather, thereby requiring a less number to cover a given area.
While I have referred to my invention as of particular advantage in connection with slate or composition shingles, it will be obvious that it may be desirable for use in connection with wooden shingles or any other material.
My said invention includes the novel constructionhereinafter described and particu-' larly defined by the appended claims.
An embodiment of my invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a roof having my improved fastening devices applied thercto; and Figs. 2 and 3 are detail views of one of the fastening de vices. Fig. 4 is a cross section of the same.
past the upper end Referring by reference characters to this drawing, the numerals 2, 2, designate the courses of asphalt or other shingles, and 1,
1, my improved holding clamps. Each. of
these clamps comprises a channel shaped piece of sheet metal, preferably of a noncorrosive nature, or provided with a protecting coating which -may be-colored to harmonize with the shingles, The side portions 1 are raised above the central portion 1 a distance approximately equal. to the thickness of the shingle, and in laying the shingles of each course they are placed a distance apart approximately equal to the width (if the portion 1, so that the side portions 1% overlap the side edges of the shingles and hold them firmly in position.
The fastening devices need be only a little longer than the exposed portions of the shingles. For example, asphalt shingles are usually made in sizes eight inches 'wide by thirteen inches long and one-eighth of an inch thick, and are generally laid one-half an inch apart and four inches to the weather. With my improved fastening device, applied as shown in the drawing, the same sized shingles can be laid with five and a half inches exposed to the weather, since the. water, instead of dropping from the shingle above into the crack between the shingles of the course below, passes into the trough'ofthc clamp and is conducted thereby onto the center of the shingle of the second lower course. i
Each champ is provided at a suitable distance from the end intended to serve as the with a nail hole a, this distance being suiiiciently remote from the to cause the headof the nail to be covered by the lower portion of the shingle of the course next above;
.I prefer to die out the depression at the upper end of the clamp, that is, to raise the bottom of the depression so as to make it flush with the side portions 1, as indicated at 1, so that this raised surface fits snugly against the under surface of the superimposed shingle, and prevents any possibility of water being driven up the channel and thereof.
It will be noticed that th e nail holding each clamp having its edges held by the shingle clamp,
in position passes directly through the underlying shingle, so that each lower end a nail passing directly through the body thereof, but in such a manner as to absolutely preclude any possibility of leakage.
In order to facilitate the laying of the shingles without necessitating the use of a chalk line, I may provide each clamp with an indicating mark as at b to form a gage or guide to show how much is to be laid'to the weather. I also find it desirable in some cases to slightly crown or curve the clamps, so that the two ends will tend to press more tightly upon the shingles when the nail is driven home.
Having thus described my invention What I claim is:
1'. The herein described combination roofing consisting of a series of courses of flexible shingles, and a series'of supplementary by the overlying shingles-of the next upper course, the portion of each of said strips exposed to the weather being imperforate.
2. The herein described combination roofing consisting of a series of courses of shingles, and' a series of supplementary narshingles, saidstrip having at its upper end I shingles in place comprising a strip of sheet sides thereof.
row metallic strips of trough form, one of said strips being placed with its trough portion between the adjacent edges of the shingles of each course, and with its edges overlapping the adjoining edges of the a' portion of the trough raised flushwith the 3. A fastening device for securing of the channel a distance approximating the thickness of the shingle, a portion of thetrough at one end of the strip being raised flush with the sides thereof.
' 4. -A. combination of roofing consisting of i a a series of lapped courses of flexible shingles,
and a series of supplementary rigid metallic strips constructed to overlap the lateral edges of the shingles and to close the space between adjacent shingles, said strips having their upper ends secured by nails whose heads are covered by the overlying shingles of the next upper course.
5. A combination roofing comprising a series of lapped courses of flexible shingles and a series of metallic strips each having a vertical dimension substantially equal to the thickness of the shingles, said strips being interposed between adjacent shingles and extending under the overlapping shingles of the next upper course and there secured, and having portions overlapping the lateral edges of the exposed portions-of the shingles between which they lie.
6. A fastening device for securing shingles in place comprising a metal strip having a shoulderconstruction presenting laterally projecting flanges adapted to over- I lap the edges of adjacent shingles, the upi right portion of the shoulder being of a height substantially equal to the thickness of the shingle, and means for securing said strip at one end.
In testimony whereof I aiiix my signature in presence of two witnesses;
j FRANCIS BRUCKER- Witnesses:
H. H. PULVER, A. R. HARDY.