US 1159535 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED MAY 13. 1914.
Patented Nov. 9, 1915.
nna onrion JOHN SCHUT, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 9, 1915.
Application filed May 13, 1914. Serial No. 838,348.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN SoHUT, citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pocket CoinReceptacles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to pocket coin receptacles, and has as its object to provide a device of this class adapted to contain a maximum number of coins of the same denomination, for example five-cent pieces, and to be capable of operation to discharge the coins one at a time. i
The invention is designed more especially for use by persons who have occasion to ride frequently in pay-as-youentefi cars where it is desirable to have at hand the eXact fare.
One feature of the inventionresides in so constructing the device that it may be manipulated with one hand to discharge the coin and may be held over the fare box or in position to discharge the coin into the conductors hand.
Incidentally the invention contemplates a construction in which the devicemay be actuated readily and conveniently even if the user is at the time wearing gloves.
Another aim of the invention is to so construct the actuating means that it will not be liable to he accidentally operated by coming into contact with clothing or the lining of the pocket in which it is carried.
Further the invention aims to provide a device of this class whichwill be simple in construction and so compact as to permit of its being carried in the pocket in the same manner as a watch.
In the accompanying drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of the coin receptacle embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse sectional view therethrough; Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken in a plane at right angles to the plane of thesec- 'tion of Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the coin holding and ejecting disk.
In the drawings, the device is illustrated as including a casing preferably comprising two counter-part sections, indicated by the nu Ineral 1, connected in any suitable manner, either permanently or detachably, and provided at its upper side with a ring 2 whereby the casingmay be connected with a chain or the like.
In order to permit of the coins contained within the receptacle being discharged therefrom, in a manner which will be presently explained, one of the sections of the casing at its lower side has its rim'cut away or recessed as at 3, and the other section has its rim and a portion of its face cut-away as indicated at i. The recess 3 of the firstmentioned section extends only to the margin of the face of said section, while, as stated, the recess 4 is formed not only in the rim but also in the face of the section, and the purpose of this construction will be presently pointed out.
The coin holding and ejecting disk, mentioned above, is indicated by the numeral 5 and is rotatably mounted upon a short shaft 6 secured at its ends in openings 7 in the sections 1 of the casing. Not only are the coins contained within the receptacle intended to be discharged through the opening formed by the matching recesses 3 and 4, but they are also to be inserted into the receptacle through the said opening.
In order that pockets may beprovided for the reception of the coins, the disk 5 is formed with radial slots 8 and the material between the walls of the slots is stamped to form radially extending flanges 9 which alternately project from opposite faces of the said disk, in the manner clearly shown in F ig. 4 of the drawings. In other words, each side of the disk 5 is provided with a set of flanges 9, the set of flanges upon one side of the disk being disposed instaggered relation to the set of flanges upon the other sidethereof. These flanges may project at right angles from the faces of the disk, or at any other desired angle, but in any event they are so proportioned that their longitudinal edges will be located close to the inner faces of the casing sections 1 so that coins inserted within the receptacle will not be likely to become wedged between the edges of the flanges and the said flanges of the casing sections. At this point it may be stated that coins are to be inserted alternately at opposite sides of the disk 5, or in other words one coin is to be inserted between one face of this disk and the opposing casing section, and the next coin inserted is to be disposed between the other face oft-he said disk and the other casing section.
As a means for successively bringing the coins into position opposite the opening formed by the recesses 3 and 4c, a spring 10 is secured at one end to the shaft 6 and at its other end, as at 11, to one face of the disk 5 and is adapted to be tensioned when the disk is rotated in one direction and when relieved of tension to rotate the disk in an opposite direction. This tensioning of the spring is accomplished by rotating the disk in the first-mentioned direction as the coins are successively inserted into the casing, and means which will now be described, is provided for'holding the disk against back ward rotation but is capable of actuation to allow the disk to rotate in a step by step manner to successively discharge the coins.
The means above-mentioned consists of two pawls which are arranged to cooperate with ratchet teeth formed at the periphery of the disk. The ratchet teeth are indicated by the numeral 12 and correspond in number to the flanges 9 so that, as the disk rotates the distance of one tooth, two adjacent ones of the flanges 9 at one side or the other of the disk will be brought into position opposite the opening in the lower side of the casing, or in other words substantially to the position shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings.
In order to accommodate the pawls abovementioned, the casing is bulged, preferably at opposite sides as indicated at 13, and fixed within each bulged portion of the easing is a short shaft or pin 1% upon which the pawl, indicated in general by the numeral 15, is mounted for rocking movement. Each pawl has a finger 16 projecting in one direction from the pin 14 and provided at its extremity with a tooth 17 arranged to engage against the abrupt faces of the ratchet teeth 12. A detent finger 18 projects in an opposite direction from the pin 14 and is arranged to perform a function to be presently stated. The finger 18 of each pawl carries a finger button 19, the shank of which projects through a slot 20 formed in the respective bulged portions of the easingn In order to hold each pawl in position for cooperation with the ratchet teeth 17, leaf springs 21 are secured within the easing and rest at their free ends against the fingers 16 in the manner shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings.
In filling the receptacle with coins, the coins are alternately inserted at opposite sides of the disk 5 in the manner heretofore explained, and as each coin is inserted the disk is rotated backwardly a distance equal to the length of one of the ratchet teeth 12.
Such rotative movement of the disk will result in the winding up of the spring 10, as will be readily understood. When it is desired to discharge a coin from the receptacle, the finger buttons 19 of the two pawls are simultaneously pressed inwardly, thereby moving the teeth of the pawls out of engagement withthe ratchet teeth of the disk. Such movement of the pawls will bring their fin-.
gersls into position to form abutments for the next adjacent ratchet teeth 12, and upon release of the finger buttons the fingers 18 will be moved through the action of the springs 21 out of engagement with the ratchet teeth, and the fingers 16 will be returned to their normal position and the teeth which have previously been in engagement with the ends of the fingers 18 will then rest in engagement with the teeth 17 of the pawls. It will be understood, of course, that during this manipulation of the finger buttons, the disk 5 will have been rotated a distance equal to the length of one of the ratchet teethand the coin, which will then be in the position occupied by the'coin a in Fig. 2, will be permitted to drop through the opening in the bottom of the casing.
It will be apparent that by providing two of the pawls there is little likelihood of the finger buttons being accidentally pressed inwardly simultaneously by engagement with the lining of the pocket in which the device is carried, and inasmuch as pressure against a single one of the buttons will not release a coin, loss of coins contained within the receptacle is not likely to result from ordinary use or. handling of the device. It will be understood, of course, that inasmuch as the recess 4 extends into the face of the section in which it is formed, coins may be readily introduced into the receptacle and the coin carrying disk may be readily rotated. It is preferable that a numeral be marked upon each tooth 12, as clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the draw ings, so that the user of the device may tell at a glance the number of coins contained within the receptacle.
Having thus what is claimedas new, is
1. A device of the class described, including a casing, a coin holding disk rotatably mounted in the casing, outstruck coin confining flanges projecting alternately from the plane of the body of the disk upon opposite sides thereof, the casing having an outlet for the coins, means arranged to'rotate the disk to successively bring the coins carried thereby into position for discharge through the outlet, and means normally restraining the disk against rotative movement and operable to release the disk for step by step rotative movement.
2. In a device of the class described,ya
casing, a coin carrier arranged withinthe casing, the casing being provided with a coin outlet, and the carrier being movable to suecessively bring the coins to position for dis? charge through, the outlet, and means nor mally restraining the carrier from such movement and including elements each pro vided with a finger piece projecting extedescrlbed the invention,
riorly of the casing and arranged, When simultaneously actuated by said finger pieces, to release the carrier for such movement.
A device of the character described including a casing having a coin outlet, a coin carrying disk mounted for rotation Within the casing and provided with ratchet teeth, said disk being formed with coin receiving pockets alternated at opposite sides of the disk, means for rotating the disk in one direction whereby to successively bring the coins into position for discharge through the outlet, a pawl mounted in the casing and having a tooth normally cooperating with the ratchet teeth to hold the disk against such movement, the said pawl having a finger arranged to constitute an abutment for engagement by one of the teeth upon disengagement of the tooth of the pawl from the ratchet, and a leaf spring secured at one end to the casing and having its opposite end engaging the paWl to return the pawl to normal position upon movement to bring the said finger into operative position and releasethe disk for such movement.
4:. A device of the character described including a casing, a coin holding disk rotatably mounted in the casing, a set of out struck radially disposed coin confining flanges projecting laterally from each side of the disk, the set upon one side of the disk being disposed in staggered relation to the set upon the other side of the disk, said casing being provided with an outlet for the coins, means arranged to rotate the disk to successively bring the coins carried thereby into position for discharge through the outlet, and means normally restraining the disk against rotative movement.
5. A device of the character described including a casing having a coin outlet, a coin holding disk rotatably mounted in the casing, outstruck coin confining flanges projecting laterally from opposite sides of the disk, adjacent flanges upon each side of the disk providing a coin receiving pocket disposed laterally upon one side of the plane of the body of the disk, and means arranged to rotate the disk to successively bring the coins carried thereby in position for discharge through the outlet.
In testimony whereof I afliX my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JOHN soHUT. a s.]
C. M. BROWN, H. W. BROWN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0.