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Publication numberUS1160449 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 16, 1915
Filing dateJul 11, 1914
Priority dateJul 11, 1914
Publication numberUS 1160449 A, US 1160449A, US-A-1160449, US1160449 A, US1160449A
InventorsAnton Rossmanith
Original AssigneeAnton Rossmanith
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Newspaper-vending machine.
US 1160449 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' A. ROSSMANITH.

NEWSPAPER VENDING MACHINE. APPLICATION man JULY 11, 1914.

I Patented Nov. 16, 1915.

A. ROSSMANITH.

NEWSPAPER VENDING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED JULY 11. mm

5 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

Patented Nov. 16, 19,15.

A-ROSSMANITH. NEWSPAPER VENDING MACHINE.

\ 1. ,AFPLICATIbN FILE D JULY I1. 1 91-4- LIOAQQ.

' 5 SHEETSSHEET 3.

Pdtented Nov. 16, 1915.

A. BOSSMANITH.

NEWSPAPER VENDING MACHINE.

APPLICATION FILED JULY 11. 19 14.

' 1 160fi49, Patented Nov. 16, 1915.

5 SHEETSSHEET 4.

ref.

I NEWSPAPEB'VENDING MACHINE.

me ian.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed July 11, 1914. Serial No. 850,299. i

To all whom it may concern of my invention is to provide a machine of this class that can be thoroughly relied upon to operate when, required and one which does not necessitate special folding of the newspapers contained therein.

In carrying out the objects of my invention I provide a spring-pressed elevator'arranged to carry the newspapers and hold them against a stop at the top of the 11121.-

chine, the elevator moving up one step after each paper has been taken from the top of the stack. Mounted above the stack of newspapers and arranged to engage the uppermost paper Iprovide lifting arms adapted when actuated to grasp the uppermost paper and feed it to a setof rollers situated at the front of the machine. From these rollers the paper is passed out through one of the walls of the machine, where it may be taken by the operator.

My invention will be more clearly understood by referring to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is an elevational view of the machine of my invention, some of the parts being broken away to more clearly reveal the construction; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken through the line 2, 2

of Fig. 1 and looking in the direction indicated by the arrows; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the roller mechanism employed, this view being taken along the line 3, 3 of Fig. 2 and looking in the direc tion indicated by the arrows;,Fig. 4 is a detail view of the cam mechanism employed in operating the jaw members, this view being taken along the line l, 4 of Fig. 1 and looking in the direction indicated by the arrows: Fig. 5 isa view similar to Fig. 4,

showing the cam mechanism for operating the jaws. This view shows the mechanism in one of its positions for feeding the news papers to the rollers; Fig. 6 is a View similar to Fig. 5, showing onev of the lifting arms in-its non-operating position; Fig. 7 is a sideelevational view of a lifting foot employed in connection with the lifting arms asshown inFig. 6; Fig. 8 is afront elevational view of the lifting foot shown in Fig. 7; Fig. 9 is a crosssectional view'of the cam mechanism for controlling the jaw members, this view being taken along the line 9, 9 of Fig. 4 and looking in the direction-indicated by the arrows; Fig. 10 is a detail view of the coin-operated mechanism, some of the parts being removed to more clearly reveal the construction thereof; and Fig. 11 is a sectional view of the coin-operated mechanism, this view being taken along the line 11, 11 of Fig. 10 and looking in the direction indicated by the arrows;

Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings, I have illustrated a casing comprising side walls 12 and 13, end walls 14 and 15, and a top Inemberlfi. The wall 12 may, if desired, be provided with a door 14 so that access to the interior of the casing may be had. Secured to each one of the end walls 14 and 15 is a rack 17 and 18. Engaging each one of these racks is a pinion 19 and 20 mounted upon the shaft 21, extending transversely of the casing. Secured to the shaft 21 is a bevel gear 22 meshing with a bevel gear 23 mounted upon a shaft 2-1 secured in bearings 25 and 26, The bearings 25 and 26 are supported from the under side of an elevator 27, which, as will readily be explained, is arranged. to travel up and down within the casing. l /lounted within the bearings 25 and 26 is a coiled spring.

28, having one end thereof rigidly secured to the shaft 24, and the other end permanently secured to a bolt 29 fixed in the bearings 25 and 26. Mounted upon the front end of the shaft 24 is a ratchet wheel 30 arranged to cooperate with a: pawl 31 pivoted on the front bearing plate 25. The

shaft 24 may, if desired, be provided with a squared portion, as shown so that a crank 32 may be utilized for placing the spring 28 under tension. Secured under the elevator 27 at each end thereof is a bracket 33 which provides a bearing 34 for the shaft Patented Nov. 16, 1915. 1

guides 35 and 36 cotiperating with a guide rod 37.

- From the description thus far given it will be seen that if the spring is placed under tension and the pawl 31 placed in its non-operating position as shown in the dotted lines, the shaft 24 will tend to rotate the shaft 21, due to the bevel gears 22 and 23, tomove the elevator'in an upward I v to the shaft 24 is not essential, in-that' the operator may, if desired,lmerely by pressing on the elevator 27, bring it down to its original position shown in Fig.1, again placing "a tension on the spring.

As willbe seen in Fig. 2, a space is provid'ed at 38 between thewalls 13 and 39 for y ond gear-wheel 42 mounted in the sideof the I machine. Rigidly secured to the shaft 40 is v .shaft 67 (Fig. and fixedv thereto is a the reception of' mechanism subsequently to? be described A similar space is prov ded at each side of .the machine. Extending transversely ofthe machine and'near the top thereof is -a'sh aft 40;, which has rigidly'secured thereto ateach end a gear wheel L1, one of said gear wheels meshing with aseea pair of cam wheels 42, which; are preferably. positioned at each side of the machine. as is most clearly shown' in Fig. 1.1 A third 7 cam wheel shown? at 43 is also rigidly'se c'ured to the shaft lO; J

I Cooperating, with each I or camwheels 1 12" is a lifting'arm 44: pivotedt'o'ia lever" "Clesc ilbed willenable the rollers 61 an'd62 4 5 securedto the shaft46,-extending trans ;versely' of the machine" and-bearing in sidewalls thereof. Aweight 47 may be se j cured-totheliftingarm so that the arm'is'. '35

Fig. 2.- coiiperating with the cam 43 -isi-a held by 'gravity in the posi'tion illustrated in lever 48"a1so pr'ovidedwith a weight- 49,this

' lever being rigidly, secured to the shaft 46.-

vProvidedin'the wall 13-is an aperture 50 and secured'to thiswall: guiding means 151, this Yguidingfineansactmg as'a guide for. the newspaper.or articlei to-be vended andals'o as. a preventive [of the insertion of instrumentsior toolsofyanyfkind into the. casing- Extending across the casing and in proximity t6 the-aperture 50 are shafts .52 i and :58, the shaft 52*.being supported in' bearings 54. The shaft 5'3'issupported in a l plurality of bearings- 55, each of which is pivoted at 56 toiabracket 57 supported from 'the .wall 13.'The bearing 551s provided;

I I with a rod .58 extending up through an aperft ure' in the bracket. 57. r A shoulder portion 59, is provided'on' the rod 58 and a spring 6'0 interposed betweenthe bracket 57 and" the projection 59. Mounted HPOII the Slfaft 52 otally mounted on each of the j awmembers 84. Each of the cam blocks 94 is provided with a recessed portion v95",'in whichextends a somewhat circular cam.member .9 6 whichis 'a pliirality' of rollers 61. engaging a plu may of rollers 62 mounted upon the shaft 53. "Each'of the rollers 61 may, if desired;

be -provide d with a "series of prongs as shown, and each \of the; rollers 62- provided with a groove 63 for accommodatingithe prongs in .the rollers 61. It will be. seen .will presently, be-described.

shaft 77.

enough to properly operate the rollers.

Rigidly mounted upon the shaft 52 bymeans of a collar 64 is a sprocket wheel .65.- Mount shaft 67 whichhas slidabl'y mounted thereon a. collar 69 rigidly connected to a sprocket wheel 7 0, a chain/71 serving to connect this sprocket wheel 'with .the sprocket wheel 66 mounted upon the shaft 52. M Rigidly mounted upon the shaft 67 is a ratchet wheel' 72,. preferably placed adjacent the sprocket wheel 0. Secured to the sprocket wheel 70 1s a pawl 73 cooperati-ngjwith thev ratchet wheel 72, this pawl {I'atchet-meChanis'm' ed in the side. wall l l'andl bearing '66 is a I "iti serving to prevent rotation of the shaft 5 2 in a 'counter clockwise direction, but-permitting rotation ofthe' same i'naclock-wise direction. The utility of this arrangement- I. Mounted upon the: left-hand end of the I sprocket wheel 7 4,- said sprocket wheel being driven by a, chain 7 5 cooperating with a-second sprocket wheel 7 6 mounted upon .a short I A gear wheel178 also mountedupon the-shaftl77 meshes'with' the g'ear42;

It will be seen that the constructionthu's far to be rotated upon rotation of the gear 42 '81 is guide .83=..and extending through an aperture. in this guide is-a second jaw mem-' ber8l, extending through a guide 85 mounted upon the first, jaw. member 81. The

lower end-,ofithe rod 84 is provided with a projection86, between which and the guide '85 a spring 87-is interposed;- fThe upper end of the member .54: is also provided with a toothed portion shownat 88', the. spring 87 I tending to .bring the jaw members 82, and 88 into engagement with each other; Secured to both of the rods 84 is a pair of links SQ'pi'votallyhiounted at 90. to-apair of legrooves 93 in eachof the gears 41. Mount.-

"ed' in the side walls 14: and'15 and in prox imityv to each of the jaw members is a cam block 94 cooperating with a roller 95 pivis pivotally securedto the block 94 by means of the. screw 97 The cam member 96 has a .115 ver's 91, pivoted at 9l, providedwith ro11-- .z rs 92 'cooper'ating-lwith peculiar shaped will presently be described. Extending under each of the cam projections 97 is a ledge 98 having its right end extendingiipwardly, as illustrated. The recess 95 is enlarged at 98' to permit a slight angular movement of the cam 96.

The operation of the cam mechanism just described is as follows: Assuming the gear. 41 to be rotated in the direction indicatedby the arrows, the lever 91. will be swung to the .left (Fig. 4), due to the cooperation of the roller 92 mounted thereon and the groove 93, causing the jaw member to be swung toward the left upon its pivot 79.

gear- 11 continues to rotate the lever 91 is again swung to its original position to the right, thereby swinging the jaw members to their normal position, the roller riding up the inclined planeof the ledge 98. In riding up the inclined ledge 08 the roller engages the cam 97 but due to the recess 98 the cam 'is'allowed an angular movement, permitting the roller. to ride up past the cam and in the position illustrated in Fig. 1. After the roller is in the position shown in this figure, the cam 9 7 again falls to its original position, permitting the second series of operations similar to the one just described. The gear 12, meshing with one of the gears -11, is slidably mounted upon the shaft 100, mounted in the hearing 101 secured in the side wall of the cas-' ing. Mounted upon the right-hand end of the shaft 100 (Fig. 11) is a cam wheel 102, the other end of said shaft being connected with a crank 103 arranged to be operated from the outside of the machine. 'The gear 4-2, as is clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 11, is

dish-shaped so as toaccommodate the earn 102 and also a locking lever 103 pivoted at 104. Secured to the locking lever 103-is a pin 105 extendingthrough a slot 106 in the gear'4t2. A plate 107, secured to the wall of the machine is provided with flanges 10S and 109, supporting springs 110 and y 111. Pivoted immediately beneath the gear 42 at 112 is a coin-actuated lever 113 provided with a weighted portion 114 at its right end (Fig. 1) and having its left end terminating in a hook 115 extending into a coin chute 110 secured to the side of the machine. The weighted portion 114: may be changed so that the lever will be actuated for coins of any desired denomination.

The operation of the mechanism cooperating with the gear 12 is as follows: A coin of a predetermlneddenomination 1s dropped in thechute 116 and engages the lever 113, tending to turn the same in a counter-clockwise direction. The rotation of this lever 113 is, however, prevented at this time due to the engagement of the right-hand end of the lever with the pin 105 of the locking lever 103, the locking lever 103 being prevented from moving to its locking position on account of the engagement of it with the cam 102. As the operator rotates the crank 103 and the shaft 100, the portion 117 of the cam 102 will come into register with the locking lever 103, in which position the lever 103- will be allowed to swing in a counter-clockwise direction to the position indicated at a in Fig. 4, the right-hand end of the lever 113 forcing the locking lever 103' into engagement with the notch 117. As the shaft 100 continuesto rotate, the gear 12 is also rotated,

due to the connection just made. between the cam 102 and gear 42. In order to retain the locking lever 103? in engagement'with the cam 117. during one complete revolution of the gear 12, applicant hasprovided the springs 110 and 111 which engage the pin 105 and serve to positively hold the locking lever 103 in engagement with the notch. After the revolution of the gear-12 has been completed, a' means is provided for releasing the lever 108 so that the gear and cam are disconnected, this means being shown at 118 in the form of a bellcrank lever,

its right-hand end beingnveighted at 119 v to retain it in the position illustrated. The left-hand end of the lever 118 is provided with a beveled portion 120 and spacedat each side of the left-hand end are stop pins 121, 121 serving to limit the movement of the bell crank lever.

It will be seen that as the gear 42 and lever 103 are rotated in the direction 1I1(ll cated by the arrow thepin will, at the end of one complete revolution of the gear 42, come into engagement with the beveled portion 120 of the bell crank lever 118, the bell crank lever. 118 then swinging on its pivot and forcing the locking lever back to its normal position out of engagement with the cam 102. The position of the coin-eontrolled lever 113 when the locking lever is moved to locking position is illustrated at min Fig. 10, the weight of the coin retain ing the right-hand end in engagement with the pin 105, and it is prevented from further rotation on account of this engagement. The pin 105 is, however, moved from this position due to the rotation of the shaft 100, allowing the coin-controlled lever 113 to move to the position illustrated at Z), in which position the coin is permitted to pass on down the chute into a box or other receptacle provided for the purpose. The side wall supporting the coin chute is provided with a plurality of openings from which lead coin guides, each guide bei11 of a size to ermit the assa e of a coin Either one oi these. I

of one denomination.

slides may be used as desired, the other one of said slides-being put out of commission. 4 I will now describe the operation of the lifting arms'a-nd the mechanism employed in conjunction therewith.

The conformation, of each of the lifting" arms isbest illustrated in Fig.5. Secured to. the free end of each of the lifting arms i'sa footl22, shown in detail in Figs; 7 and 8. E'Xtending'through the foot in an'oblique cured to it's cooperating 1ifting .-arm by means of the screw 125, so'that the feet may a direction is a p'ai'r of screws or needles 123.

' Set screws 124 may be employed for holding the needles 123 in any position desired. Each one of. the lifting feet 122 may be sebe' easilyremoved' in case repair is necessary.

. The newspapers or other"; articles to be vended are placed upon the elevator 27, as

shownin Fig. 2, and the pawl 31 disengaged fromits cooperatingratchet 30, allowing the elevator to move'upwardly. Afstop 126 in the form of a roller mounted uponthe V sl1aft '127 serves to holdthe elevator and" papers mounted thereon in 'the position 1 shown in this figure; -Aweight 128 pivot any secured ,to the shaft 127by means of a pair of arms 12-9 "serves asa guiding means when; the paper is being fedto. the rollers I "as will be seen; I-As the gear-42 is rotated,

due to its connection with the crank shaft. L

1Q0, the gear il an'd shaft upon'which-it is mounted are rotated in the direction indi mountedupon the lever 48. The operation f of this cam will cause the lever. 18 to move. upwardly, turning the, shaft 46 in acounten 'clockwise direction. This counter-clockwise cated, the cam 43 engaging a roller I130 movement of the shaft-'46 will cause the levers 45 Y secured thereto to swing inya counter-clockwise. direction, the arms #44 moving to theright, asshown in Fig. 2.; I This'movementto the right Will cause each} of thedifting feet-secured to the arms-tofl' penetrate* the" uppermost article, As; the shaft 40 continues t'orotate,'feach of' the cams i2 .WiIPeIigage a roller 131 secured to the arm 4-1, causing-the arm to swing tothe position illustrated in Fig. 5. At 'thistime the lever 91 iseaused' to actuatethejaw members as has previously-been described,

- said jaw members being here shown in their lockingv position. As the j-awjme'mbers are moved to their normal position, thenewspaper is fed betweenthe rollers til and 62-, disengaging the-liftingfeet 122. The rollers continue to operate until the newspaper is in the position'shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2, in which posltion the operatingcrank will be disengaged fromthe mechanismdue to the operation of, the bell crank lever 118.

The newspaper maythen be grasped by the operator and pulled out, the pawl and ratchet mechanism mounted on the shaft 67 allowing the roller to' rotate:

While I haveillustra-ted my invention in v the particular embodiments herein shown, I

do not-wish to-be limited to these constructions, but desire to claimiany equivalent constructi'ons' coming .within' the terms and spirit of the appended elaims.-

W'hat claim fas new and desire tolsecure by-Letters Patent of the United States is:

1." A vending machine comprising in combination a casing provided with an outlet,

an elevator in said casing, arranged tocarry articles to be vended, a stop carried by said casing, means tending to move, theelevator" toward 'sald stop, and llftlng-arms carried by said casing for feeding art cles to said outlet. v

2. A vending machine comprlsing a 'casiing. providedwith an outlet, an elevator'in said casing, arranged to carry articles to be e 1 vended, rollers married by said casing disposed in proximity'to said outlet, lifting arms for feeding said articles to said rollers,

and imechanism for operatingsaid lifting.

arms and rollers. Y 3. A vending machine comprlsrng acasing provided withan outlet,'an elevator in said casing, arranged to (carry; articles 'to be,

vended, rollers carried by said casing 'disandsmeans. tending toturn said "shaft to m ve'the-elevatqr-"I 5.'A ,-ven ding machine comprising a.cas-

ing provided with an outlet, an elevator in said casing, arrangedto carry. articlesto be vended, a stop carried by said-casing, a.-

shaft .c'arriedflby the elevator, a P1111011 mounted on said shaft, a rack carried by said casing cooperatingwith said pinion,

and means -,.tending to turn" said shaft-to move the elevator toward sa'idstop;

p6. A'vendingmachine comprising a cas- 'ing, provided with anoutlet, elevator in' said casing, arranged tov carry articles tobe vended, a shaft securedto isaid elevator, a I

pinion mounted on said shaftfa rack'carried by said casing engaged byfsaid: pinion, and spring means tending togtur'n said shaft-to move theelevator toward said.stop,,- 1

"7. A vending-machinecomprising a. cas-j 'ing'providedgwith anfloutle't, said casing arranged to; carry articles to be 'ven ded, 1ifting arms supported by said'basing, engagingdevices carried by said arms, and cam 1,1e0,44.e I

8. A vending machine comprising a cas-.

ing provided with an outlet, said casing ar ranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms supported by said casing, and jaw members carried by said casing for feeding said articles from said lifting arms to said outlet.

9. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms supported by said casing, rollers in proximity to said outlet, and jaw members carried by said casing for feeding said articles from the lifting. arms to said rollers.

10. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arn'is'supported by said casing, rollers in proximity to said outlet, jaw members carried by said casing for feeding said articles from the lifting arms to said rollers, and a common actuating means for said arms, rollers and jaw members.

11. A vending machine comprising a cas ing provided with an outlet, said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms supported by said casing, rollers in proximity to said outlet, "jaw members carried by said casing, and cam mechanism for operating said jaw members to clamp the article and feed the same to the rollers, said jaw members being arranged to release the article when said article engages the rollers.

12. A vending machine comprising a casi-ng provided with an outlet, said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms supported by said casing, rollers in proximity to said outlet, jaw members carried by said casing, cam mechanism for operating said jaw members to clamp the article and feed the same to the rollers, said jaw members being arranged to release the article when said article engages the rollers, and a common actuating means for said arms, rollers and cam mechanism.

13. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, two sets of rollers disposed adjacent the outlet, the sets being positioned parallel to each other to re' ceive between them and deliver to the outlet an article to be vended, driving means for said rollers, ratchet devices connecting said rollers and driving means adapted to permit the .rollers to be operated in advance of the driving means, and means for automatically preventing operation of the rollers after the driving means has been operated a certain predetermined amount, which amount of operation of the driving means imparts rotation to the rollers which is not sufhcient to cause the article to pass entirely through the rollers. i

14. A vending machine'comprising'acasing provided with an outlet, said casing be ing arranged to'carry articles to be vended, rollers disposed in proximity to said outlet for feeding the articles to the outlet, driving means for said rollers,'devices connecting said rollcrs'and driving means adapted to permitthe rollers to be operated in advance of the driving means, said driving means being arranged when fully actuated to operate the rollers an amount not suflicient to cause the articles to pass entirely through the rollers. i

15. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, an elevator in said casing, arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms .supported by said casing, rollers in proximity'to said outlet,

jaw members carried by said casing, and

cam mechanism for operating said jaw members to clamp the article and feed the same to said rollers, said jaw members being arranged to release the article when said article engages the rollers.

'16. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, an elevator in said casing, arranged to carry articles to be vended, a stop carried by said casing,means tending to move said elevator toward said step, lifting means supported by said casing, rollers in proximity to said outlet, jaw members carried by said casing, and cam mechanism for operating said jaw members to clamp the article and feed the same to said rollers, said jaw members being arranged to release the article when said article engages the rollers.

17. A vending machine, comprising a casing provided with an outlet, said casing be "ing arranged to carry an article to be vended, lifting arms for feeding the article to the outlet, oblique engaging devices carried by the arms, mechanism for moving said arms and devices in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of the article so as to embed the engaging devices in the article,

and means for lifting said arms to feed the article to the outlet. I

18. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with anoutlet, said casing being arranged to carry an article to be vended, lifting arms for feeding the article to the outlet, oblique needles carried by the lifting arms, mechanism for moving said arms and needles in a plane substantially parallel to the plane of the article so as to embed the needles in the article, and means Y for lifting said arms to feed the article to the outlet. 1 V

19. A vending machine comprising a casing provided with an outlet, an elevator in said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended, lifting arms for feeding the uppermost article to the outlet oblique engaging devices carried by the arms, mechanism for moving said arms and devices in a plane article so as to'embed' the engaging devices 1 casing provided With an outlet,jsaid casing in the article, and means for lifting said arms to feed the-article to the outlet.

20. A vending machine comprising a" casing provided ithan outlet, an elevator in said casing arranged to carry articles to be vended,-lif t'ing arms for feeding the up permost article to the outlet, oblique needles .parallel to the cam shaft, anarm for fe'ed-- ing the, uppermost article to theoutlet -eccencarried by'thearms, mechanism for moving said arms and needlesina plane substan tially'parallel'to the plane 'ofthe article so as to embed the needles-in the article, and means'for' lifting said arms to feed the article to the outlet. f

21. A vending IIIBClIlHSfCOIHPIlSlIlg a being arranged vto carry an article' to be vended, a camshaftextending over the article, an arm shaft: disposed substantially parallel to the cam shaft, an arm fori feeding the article to the outlet eccentrically connected with the arm shaft and'extending over the cam. shaft tobe Vertically moved thereby, a lever'rigidly connected with the arm shaft adaoted to bejoperated -by the; oam shaft. to cause oscillation of the arm devices-carried by the arm..- 7 22. A vending machine comprising a shaft and thusthe-arm, and article engaging V 0 casing provided'with an. outlet, an elevator, in said casing arranged to carry articles to" be vended, a cam shaft extending over the articles, an arm shaft disposed substantially iththe arm shaft adaptedto beoPerated by the camshaft to cause oscillation of the arm shaft and thus thezarm, and article engaging devices'carried by the arm.

In witnessl whereoflql hereunto subscribe m name this,=8rddayfof July, A. 111 4.

v ssesf I 4 FRANK SrneREsT,

FERDINAND G N

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2612426 *Jun 18, 1947Sep 30, 1952Hawks Clarence LNewspaper vending machine
US4802606 *Nov 12, 1987Feb 7, 1989Daniels Duane DNewspaper dispenser
Classifications
U.S. Classification221/40, 221/232, 221/213, 221/225
Cooperative ClassificationG07F11/045