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Publication numberUS1160690 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 16, 1915
Filing dateJul 6, 1914
Priority dateJul 6, 1914
Publication numberUS 1160690 A, US 1160690A, US-A-1160690, US1160690 A, US1160690A
InventorsRoy E Choate
Original AssigneeRoy E Choate
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
House-moving truck.
US 1160690 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented NW. 16, 1915.




HoUsE-Movme TRUCK.

Specification Letters Patent Patented Nov. 16, 1912').

Application filed July 6, 1914. Serial No. 849,158.

To all whom it may concern.

Be itknown that I, ROY E. CI-IOATE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Cedar Rapids, in the county of Linn and State of Iowa, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in House-Moving Trucks; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to .which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to trucks usedin house-moving operations; and the object of the invention is to produce a truck without wood in its construction, and by reason of its special construction being not only very strong, but also very flexible, and adapted to make short turns and run over uneven ground without varying the relative p081 tion of its load.

The nature of the invention is fully disclosed in the-description and claims following, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a front view in perspective of'a truck embodying my improvements. Fig. 2

is a rear view of the same. Fig. 3 is a central, longitudinal section throughthe bol ster, reach and connected parts. Flg. 4 is a view in perspective of the saddle for the front axle and the fifth wheel mounted thereon. Fig. 5 is a bottom view of the tongue. Fig. 6 is a top view of the bolster.

In the drawing 1 denotes the wheels,

which are of familiar construction, and are mounted on heavy steel axles 2. The rest of the device is of special design, and is de scribed as follows.

To the rear axle is attached rigidly, by clips 3. a saddle 4, which is herein made an integral part of a single steel casting in-,

cluding the reach 5. The saddle is hollowed on the under side, and 'is provided with front and rear lugsti and 7 to take bolts 8 passing through clips 3above mentioned.

' At the middle on top is a hemispherical dome 11 with a central hole therein in line the curvature of the dome.

with a corresponding hole in a web 12 connecting the side flanges of the reach at the bottom and middle. This dome serves as a support for the bolster 13, which in practice may be a casting of iron. It is provided at the center with a downwardly projecting bulge 1 1, concaved on the under side to fit I The opposite side-is convex, and in the center is a hole 15 considerably larger than the diameter of the king-bolt 16 which holds the bolster in place, the holes in the dome and web bein made to receive said king-bolt. The head of the king-bolt l'? is made large enough to overlap the hole in the bolster, and on its under side is concaved to fit-the top of the do'me-seattherein. The head of the bolt is contained in a recess 18 formed in the bolster, and a little below its top, so as not to interfere with a timber (not shown) which rests on the bolster when the truck is in use. To prevent the possibility of slippage on the part of such timber the top of the bolster is checked or corrugated, as indicated. It will be evident that this hemispherical joint will allow for universal movement of the bolster, within a certain range, and that a timber resting upon it will not be affected twistwise by any twist or unevenness in the truck. This is clearly illustrated in Fig. 1,

' to a certain extent, but it is evident that the bolster would maintain'the same level position if the rear axle were tilted instead of the front one. This figure is more particularly, intended to illustrate the peculiar action of the fifth wheel parts, which will now be described. 1

The front axle saddle 19 is attached to the dle of the front saddle is an upstanding lugv 23, with a cavity 2 1 each side to admit the twin lugs 25 of a knuckle 26. The upper part of the knuckleis expanded to form a flange 27, and in the center is a pivot-boss 28 fittin a corresponding hole in the front bottom ange of the bolster. I the knuckle fits a hole in a retaining plate 29 bolted to said bolster. A pin 30 connects the knuckle and the saddle, as shown. It

The flange of will be understood that when held in position by the retaining plate there is a little play between the top of the knuckle flange and the under side of the bolster flange, so that the knuckle is free to turn under the bolster, Whileat the same time the broad flange of the knu'ckle'serves to brace and steady the parts against the lateral strain due to the movement of the truck over the read. As will be evident, the construction provides a" universal joint for the front axle, which may accordingly turn' sidewise, or tip vertically, without affecting the position of the reach or bolster.

To strengthen the reach and rear saddle against side-strain they are connected by diagonal braces 31. These need not extend forward far enough to interfere with the forward wheels in making short turns. The possibility of making a very short turn is indeed one of the advantages that arises from the construction described, inasmuch as the steel reach may be made considerably narrower than it would be possible to make a wooden one of equal strength, and this admits of a short cramp or turn, as will be evident.

Projecting from the rear face of the reach and saddle are lugs 32, which are provided with holes 33', and by means of which the truck may be connected at the rearwith another" truck, or with thebuilding, by a link not shown.

From the foregoing-it will be vseen that wood is'entirely eliminated in'the construction of the truck, and With'it the tendency-to rot from exposure, or to split orbreak under the severe strains to which the truck is subjected. The truck herein described, While but little if any heavier than a truck with a wooden reach and other parts, is practically indestructible, besides possessing the special advantages which have been heretofore set forth.


Having thus described vmy invention, I

1. In a house-moving truck, the combina tion with the rear axle, of a saddle fitted hemispherical dome rising from the middle thereof, a bolster having a concave-convex seat resting on said dome, and a king-bolt with a head fitting the convexity of said bolster-seatpassing through the bolster and reach, the hole in the bolster-seat being large enough to permit a limited rocking movement of the bolster in any direction.

2. In a house-moving truck, a reach composed of a hollow steel casting, and having a hemispherical dome rising from the mid- 'dle thereof, a transverse web directly below pivoted to said axle so as. to turn in a vertical plane, a reach and a rear axle rigidly connected thereto, and a pivotal connection of the knuckle and reach whereby the lmuckle may turn in a horizontal plane under the front end of the reach.

{t'In a house-mc-vingtruck the combination of a front axle, a saddle fitted and clipped thereto, a knuckle pivotally connected with the saddle to turn in a vertical plane, and having an annular flange with a central pivot-boss at the top, a retaining flange-plate, and a reach having a front-end rear face of said reach andsaddle.

In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence 0 two witnesses.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2449670 *Jul 8, 1947Sep 21, 1948John RappHouse moving dolly
US2621939 *Oct 13, 1949Dec 16, 1952Tourneau Robert G LeAdapter for two-wheel scrapers
US3802003 *Oct 26, 1971Apr 9, 1974Laureti RCrib reciprocating device
US7500285Jul 20, 2006Mar 10, 2009Martin Mobile Company, LlcArticulated caster
US7506405 *Mar 27, 2006Mar 24, 2009Martin Mobile Company, LlcQuad-caster carriage with forklift attachment
U.S. Classification280/86, 280/124.115, 16/47, 280/81.1, 404/122
Cooperative ClassificationA01B73/067, B60B3/001