US 1163094 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION min :uw 6. 191s.
1,163,094, Patented Dec. T,
Speccaton of Letters atent.
Patented Dec. 7, 1915.
Application led July 6, 1915. Serial No. 38,391.
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JAN lic-REE, a suhject of the Emperor of Austria-hungary.
'residing at Ilvoodlavvn, in the count)Y of Beaver and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and use-ful Improvements in Shields, of which the following is a specification.
M v invention relates to shields. and more particularly to that class of shields designed to protect human beings who are exposed to danger, such as soldiers, policemen, or others of like calling, the device operatino' to defleet or stop any shot or weapon used against the same.
In constructing my invent-ion I not only make an effective shield. but the same is light, durable. mav he easily-Sand cheaply manufactured, and may he applied to' any portion of the body of the wearer Without impeding his movements and-effectiveness as a soldier.
In the drawings forming a part of this invention, and in which like s vmbols of reerence represent cor1esp,nding' parts in the several vien's-Figurc 1 is a A:front view, showing the straps in position; Fig. 2 a side view of the device, showing the straps in position: Fig. 3 an enlarged section showing` the different materials composing the invention; Fig. 4 an exaggerated detail portion of the chain: and, Fig. 5 a detail perspective vieY of the plate detached fron:l the garment.
In the drawings the numeral-ilL represents the shield; 2 the canvas covering the same; 3 and l the two sections of the metal portion composed of copper or zinc plate; 5 the hinges connecting the sections; 6 is ran' cotton or the like; and T :a burnishing chain made ot hard metal. and having the single links S and the double links 9.
10 are a series of leather sections. the same preferably composed ojdog hide or finished pig,r leather, the metal links being connected to and held in place by the same. Next lto the leather I again use raw cotton or the like, 11. For infantrj.y IA use the shield as shown, but for cavalry the lower portion designated by the line 12 is taken oil. Also when 'the invention is used on any portion of the body not rigid the metal plate may be dispensed with lvfpr the chain is strong,r enough to resist bullets and the like, the double links, as will be observed are at right angles to the face of the shield, or the leather used in the same.
My invention. as before stated, may be made without the metal plate. and the sections of leather shown. may, if desired. he composed of one piece.. Xo ordinary Weapon could penetrate the shield even Without. the plate, but the same is a necessarv precaution against powerful explosives. When the shield is struck by a missile it not onlv stops the same, but the. impact is s0 cushioned and dissipated that the vvearer receives no shock whatever.
The device is held on the wearer by means of shoulder straps 13, having a loop at me base 5.4; a bod*` strap l5, connected b v a buckle 16, and 1T isa curved shoulder portionto hold the shield-on the wearer.
18 are hinges connecting the base piece to the metal portion.
Havingr now fully described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters-Patent, is:-
1. A shield, composed of a series o materials. and a chain imbedded in the same, said chain having links and double links forming the same. the double links being at angles to the material.
2. A shield. composed of raw cotton,
leather, a chain connected to the leather, and a metallic plate.
3. A shield, composed of metal., raw cotton, a hard chain. hard leather, and a coveringr of canvas.
L A shield, composed of a chain., a leather supporting said chain, and metal hinged sections.
` 5. A shield, composed of metal hinged sections, lower detachable hinged sections, shoulder portions to rest on the shoulders of the wearer, and straps depending from the shoulder portions and loof ,l with a second strap for connecting it to the body of the wearer. i
In testimon)Y whereof I atlix my signature in presence of two witnesses'.
' 'JAN KUREK lVl'litnesses: JOHN A. SANnos,
LLro A. Donomss.