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Publication numberUS1163247 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 7, 1915
Filing dateMay 29, 1915
Priority dateMay 29, 1915
Publication numberUS 1163247 A, US 1163247A, US-A-1163247, US1163247 A, US1163247A
InventorsJohn L Mcgrew
Original AssigneeJohn L Mcgrew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Head-guard.
US 1163247 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. L. McGREW.

HEAD GUARD.

APPLICATION FILED MAY 29. I915.

Patented Dec. 7, 1915. I

COLUMMA PLANOGRAPH CO" WASHINGTON. D c.

UNITE STATES 'ATENT @FFTQE.

JOHN L. MGGREW, OF WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF GQLUMZBIA.

HEAD-GUARD.

T) allwhomitmag concern:

Belt known that 1, JOHN L. MoGRnw, a citizen of the United States, residing in Washington, District of Columbia, have invented certa-in new and useful Improve ments in Head-Guards, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in apparel, and more specifically to head guards.

Theobject of my invention is to provide a guard primarily for the protection {of the head, though having wings adapted to protect the shoulders of the wearer from pro jectiles which might otherwise inflictserious injury were my guard not worn. VVhilemy guard may be used for a variety of purposes, yet it has been designed as a protection for bowling alley pin boys who must, of necessity, occupy a position of danger in connection with their work of'setting up the pins in the game known as duck pins. Inthis game, both the pins and balls used are quite small, and'th e balls are thrown with such force as to cause both the balls and pins to be hurled through the air in all directions. Itis a well known fact that the boys engaged in resetting'the pins after they have been knocked down are frequently struck by the pins or balls, and that where the injury inflicted is not positively serious or dangerous, itis at least painful. This constant danger ofbeing struck by flying pins and balls, and the necessity for dodging them by reason of the fear of being struck, greatly affects the efficiency of the boys. My device is :therefore designed to overcome this danger by amply protecting those parts of the body most exposed in this particular line of work, and also most vulnerable to serious injury.

A further object of my invention is to' provide a head guard that will be light in construction, durable, so cool that it may be worn for long periods without discomfort, and with wings, for the protection of the shoulders, that are so constructed as to permit absolute freedom of motion of the arms and shoulders.

Other objects of this invention not at this time more particularly enumerated, will be clearly understood from the detailed description and drawings forming a part of this specification.

Furthermore, this invention consists in the novel arrangements and combination of parts more particularly described in the fol- 7 Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed May 29, 1915. Serial No. 31,171.

' part of this application.

Patented Dec. ,7, 1915;

lowing specification and embodied in the claims appended hereunto and forming a "Referring now'to the drawings, which are merely illustrative of my invention, Figure l is a front elevation of my guard showing the operative positions of the parts indotted the inwardly projectingstops and the outer covering.

Referring further to the drawings, wherein similar reference characters designate similar parts throughout the respective v1ews, 1 designates a substantially spherical member, formed of'wire mesh and divided into two equal parts vertically thereof, said parts being hinged together at 2 at the top thereof. Said spherical member is provided with a collar 3 around the lower edge there- Y of, said collar being formed of two semi maintained in spaced apart relation thereto by means of a plurality of stops generally designated by Said stops are formed of a wire having a screw-threaded stem 6, and having the other end bent in a circle 7 disposed at right angles with respect to-said stem. The circular portion of said stop is covered with a padding 8 which is adapted of said spherical member toward the center thereof, and may be adjusted with respect to the head of the wearer by means of the screw-threaded mounting. I

Outwardly extending wings 10 are formed of wire mesh and are mounted upon opposite sides of said collar at the bottom edge thereof. Said wings are mounted upon said collar by means of hinges 11 having a limited downward movement. Said wings are adapted to cover the shoulders of the wearer, and the particular form of hinges are adapted to maintain the wings in spaced apart relation with respect to the shoulders of the wearer and at the same time pernnt freedom of movement in raising the arms and shoulders.

- It is obvious from the construction as described that the two halves of the spherical member may be swung apart on the hinged mounting, as shown in Fig. 1, in order to place the guard over the head of the wearer, and that it is locked in position by means of the catches a.

The utility, adaptability, and advantages of my improved form of head guard being obvious, it is unnecessary to further enlarge upon the same herein.

Having now described and pointed out the new and useful features of my invention, I do not limit myself to the shape of certain parts where the shape is not essential, nor do I restrict myself to the exact details of construction shown and described, but mean and intend to claim all equivalents and variations thereof not departing in principle from my invention, and falling within the purview of the appended claims.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. In a head guard, the combination with a wire mesh head covering, of wings independently hinged upon both sides of said 7 covering.

2. In a head guard, the combination with a wire mesh head covering, of means mounted upon said covering whereby it will be retained in spaced apart relation with respect to the head of the wearer, and vertically movable wings independently mounted upon both sides of said covering.

8. In a head guard, the combination of a substantially spherical wire mesh member, said member being formed in sections, said sections being hingedly secured together, and wire mesh wings independently hinged upon both sides of said member.

4. In a head guard, the combination of a substantially spherical wire mesh member, said member being formed in sections, said sections being hingedly secured.- together,

means mounted upon said sections whereby they may be locked together, and wire mesh wings independently hinged upon both sides of said member.

'5. In a head guard, the combination of a substantially spherical wire mesh member, said member being formed in sections, said sections being hingedly secured together, means mounted interiorly of said member whereby the same may be retained in spaced. apart relation with respect to the head of a wearer, and wire mesh wings independently hinged upon both sides of said member.

6. In a guard of the character described, the combination of a pair of semi-spherical head coverings, said coverings being hingedly secured together at the top thereof, independently movable shoulder guards pivoted to said coverings, and means whereby said coverings are held spaced apart from v the head of the wearer.

7. In a guard of the character described,

the combination of a pair of semi-spherical head coverings, means whereby said coverings are spaced apart from the head of the wearer, a pair of independently movable shoulder guards pivoted to said coverings, and means for holding said guards spaced apart from the shoulder of the wearer.

8. A head guard consisting of a substantially spherical wire mesh member, said member being formed in sections hingedly secured together at the top thereof, a plu-v rality of independently mounted stop mem' bers projecting centrally from the interior wall of said spherical member, a pad secured upon the free end of each of said stop members, means mounted upon said sections whereby they may be locked together, and, wire mesh wings independently hinged upon said spherical member adapted to protect the shoulders of the wearer.

In testimony whereof I ELffiX my signature hereto.

JOHN L. McGrREW.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3423763 *Jul 15, 1966Jan 28, 1969Countess Natalie IncWind protective headgear
US5553330 *Mar 7, 1994Sep 10, 1996Carveth; William H.Protective hockey helmet
US5765234 *Mar 24, 1997Jun 16, 1998ZedelProtective helmet with positioning knobs adjustable to the head size
US6370698 *May 12, 2000Apr 16, 2002Henry L. AhlAnti-suffocation helmet
US6385781 *Mar 23, 2000May 14, 2002Carl Martin RoseAdaptive, energy absorbing shoulder pad mounted head cage
US6565461 *Nov 25, 1998May 20, 2003Stuart E. ZatlinMethod and apparatus for reducing the likelihood of head injury from heading a soccer ball
US7120941Nov 5, 2004Oct 17, 2006Ken GlaserCrash helmet assembly
US8621672May 6, 2011Jan 7, 2014John CHUBACKHead and neck protection apparatus
US20100033814 *Jul 31, 2007Feb 11, 2010David Ilich PitskhelauriSurgery microscope control device
WO2010058229A1 *Nov 20, 2008May 27, 2010Quesada Fernandez Jose FrancisVentilated head and neck protector with rings
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/414, 2/424, 2/11, 2/417, 2/425
Cooperative ClassificationA42B3/127