|Publication number||US1165133 A|
|Publication date||Dec 21, 1915|
|Filing date||Nov 26, 1913|
|Priority date||Nov 26, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1165133 A, US 1165133A, US-A-1165133, US1165133 A, US1165133A|
|Inventors||Bror Max Schauman|
|Original Assignee||William A Cameron|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
B. M. SCHAUMAN. CARRIER FOR EGGS OR THE LIKE.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 25, 1913.
Patented Dec. 21, 1915.
Fig- 3 m M m @M 'BROR MAX SCHAUMAN, OF NEW' YORK, N. Y., ASSIGIIOR TQXVILLIAM A. CAMERON, OF
NEW YORK, N. Y.
CARRIER FOR EGGS OR THE LIKE.
I To all whom it may concern:
j (whose post-office address is No. 330 East One Hundred and Fifty-fourth street, New
.York, N. 'Y.,) have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Carriers for "so constructed that candling of the con- Eggs or the like, of which the following is a specification.
' This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in carriers for eggs and the like articles, and has for oneoflts ob ects to provide such a carrier Which is very simple in its construction and economical to manufacture. a
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the kind described, of which a plurality are adapted to bepacked in the ordinary box, and which will hold the 'containedeggs securely against the likelihood of breakage.
Still another object is to provide a holder of the kind referred to which will takea plurality of eggs or the like and which is tained eggsmay be accomplished without removing the eggs from the holder.
Other objects and aims of the invention,
more or less broad than'those stated above, 1 together with the advantages inherent, will be in part obvious and in part specifically referred to in the course of the'following descriptio-nof the elements, combinations,
arrangements of parts, and applications of H principles constituting the invention; and
' the scopeof protection contemplated will appear from the claim. y
In the accompanying drawings,which are to be taken as a part of this specification,
and wherein I have shown a form of embodiment of the invention as at present preferred: Figure 1 is a side elevation of a container; Fig. 2 1s a top plan view of the same; and Fig.3 is a topplan view of a box containing a plurality of 'myholders,
. with parts broken away.
Referring to the numerals on the drawings,'there are shown at 4 and 5 a pair of- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed November 26, 19-13. Serial No. 803,188.
"similar strips of fiber or the like material of sufiicient stiffness, which strips are laid together in superposed face-to-face relation,
as indicated by the dotted lines'in Fig. 1. In order to form egg or article holding pockets, these strips are fastened together at thelr edges, andfor reasons which will appear hereinafter, the fastenings along one longitudinal edge are different from those along the otherlongitudinal edge; as appears in Fig. 1, along the upper edges of the strips there is a row of staples 6, disposed at regular intervals, while along the lower edges there is arow of pairs of staples 7, one pan in'vertical alinement with each single staple 6 in the upper row. The
members of each pair of staples 7 are disposed longitudinally side side. The result of so stapling the strips is that pockets are formed between the strips, which pockets at their upper ends are defined by the distance between adjacent single sta- Y ples, and at their lower ends by the distance between the adjacent staples of twoadjacent pairs. The result is that the pocket is larger at the top than it is at the bottom,
and consequently may be made small enough toprevent the dropping therethr'ough of an egg, while the top opening is large enough to perm t the ready insertion of the egg into the pocket. When all of the pockets of a strip such as the one shown in Fig. 1 are loaded with eggs as indicated in Fig. 2, the
strips willbe bowed into-the form shown in full lines in'Fig. 1, and if the strips with the contained eggs be straightened out again to the'dotted line position in Fig. 1, it will be evident that the upward mouths of the pockets will close up, thereby to hold the eggs securely in place within the pockets.
.The wall of each strip'forming any particular pocket is provided as shown with an opernng 8, these openings in the two strips be ng in registry, and radiating out from this openlng 8 is a plurality of slits 9, each slit terminating in a rounded punched-out aperture, the purpose of this latter of course being to minimize tear. By this arrangement it is evident that there is provided a plurality of tongues 11, the tips of which surround and in fact define the opening 8. When an egg is put into the pocket so formed between the strips, the tongues 11 are free to yield to such'anextent asmay be necessary, and theywill at the sa'me time afiorda cushion for the egg against blows from outside. Furthermore, .by'reason of the fact that the openings .8 are 1n registry, as are also preferably the slits 9 on opposite sides of the pocket, eggs contalned 111' a strip of pockets such as shown in Fig. 1,
may be candled, without the necessity ofremoving them from the holder. In pract ce,
7 I make up these strips of pockets in denominations of three and four (thisarrangement of course being merely arbitrary and to be varied as necessaryor desired), and at the and having a plurality of V-shaped parts 16 joinedby a straight part 17, whereby recesses are formed between adjacent V-shaped parts. This fender extends through the whole depth of the box, and there is a similar tender against the opposite wall of the box, the recesses and V-shaped portions of the opposite fenders being respectlvely in. alinement. I now take one of the loaded four pocket holders and place it on edge on V the floor of the box, with the bulging pocket of the first holder, as shown in Fig. ,3-
' form shown in Fig. 1.
parts of the fenders. Upon this piece 18 as" parts extending into the recesses between the V-shapedparts of the tender and with the points of the V-shaped parts engaging the" holder between pockets, the holder being of such a length that its endsrl2 fit snugly within the end walls of the box. Next I take a three pocket holder and place it on edge on the floor, with its pocket parts nested in the spaces between the pocketparts Next I vtake another 'four pocket "holder,
then a three-pocketholder and so on, nesting 1 them as shown in Fig. 3, and finally a fourpocket-holder engaging with the opposite fender 15. This makes the firstlayer, and if the holders have been placed in position so that they rest on their lower edges (Fig.
1), all of the holders will have the bowed Over this first layer I now place a flat piece of cardboard indicated by the numeral 18, which is ofsufficient dimensions to substantially cover the eggs in the bottom layer of holders, this flat piece 18 having preferablv ofiset parts to enter the recesses between the V-shaped a floor a second layer of loaded holders is now placed in position, nested in the same way as the bottom layer, and so on. until the crate is filled to the top. It'lis best to of the last layer of holders will project slightly, so that when the cover; is put into place it will exert pressure upon the upper edges of the holders of the upper section.
have the box of such depth that the edges 7 This will have the eiiect of straightening out these holders to the dotted line form shown in Fig. 1, and this pressure being transmitted to the holders of-all thelayers below the top, these holders. will be likewise. straightened out, so that all the pockets will be closed up a littlermore at their upper ends, thereby to hold theeggs the more securely.
It will be evident that I have provided a form-of holder which has many advantages of simplicity and cheapness, andthe use of which will eliminate considerable handling of the eggs, because, as will-be apparent, in-
stead of having to remove eggs from indi-,
vidual cells by hand, a plurality of eggs may be handled at one time by simply taking out a whole strip of pockets. In fact, the eggs might even be sold by the dozen without removing them from theircont-ainers. I also;
contemplate that the individual holders may have a line of perforations, running between pockets, as indicated by the numeral 20 in Fig. 1,'so that one or more pockets may be torn ofi from a strip. Asv beforev noted, a V
strip of-eggs,so to speak, may. be candled withoutremoving them from the holder. I
And when a plurality of these holders. are
packed in a box infsome such manner as has been described, it is evident that the pack-f vingis most economical of space, considering the protection that is afforded against break I age due to the ordinary shocks and handling of transportation. 7
Inasmuch as many changes could be made in the above construction, and many apparently widely different embodiments of my invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intendedthat all or shown in the accompanying .drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense. Itis alsolto be understood. that the language used in the following claim is intended to cover all the generic and spe- I matter contained in the above description i cific features of the invention herein de scribed and all statements of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to tall therebetween.
'Having described my'invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentisz' Q r A device of the'kind described comprising ,a pairof flat strips in superposed relation and joined together at intervals along their edges to form pockets, the parts of the strips registering openings and with slits radiatadjacent slits, along a line joining the outer ends of said slits, is facilitated.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto signed my ndine in the resence of two witnesses. BR R MAX SCHAUMAN. In presence of- :MARY H. LEWIS, ALDA L. MILLER.
Gopies of this gatent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. 0;
forming the pockets being provided with ing from such openings, each slit terminating at its outer end in an enlarged opening extending laterally from the slit on both sides, whereby tearing of the slit toward its outer end is prevented, and at the same time the bending of the tongue formed between
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4397902 *||Mar 21, 1979||Aug 9, 1983||Ronald D. Resch||Construction-element|