|Publication number||US1165880 A|
|Publication date||Dec 28, 1915|
|Filing date||Apr 12, 1913|
|Priority date||Apr 12, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1165880 A, US 1165880A, US-A-1165880, US1165880 A, US1165880A|
|Inventors||Albert F Horton|
|Original Assignee||Heywood Brothers & Wakefield Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A. F. HORTON.
CAR SEAT ANDSECURING MEANS THEREFOR. APPLICATION FILED APR. 1;,4913.
1,165,880.. Patented Dec. 28, 1915.
ALBERT F. HORTON, OF WAKEFIELD, IVIASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR TO I-IESZ WOOD BROTHERS & \VAKEFIELD COMPANY, OF WAKEFIELD, IYLASSACHUSETTS, A COR- PORATION OF NEW JERSEY.
CAR-SEAT AND SECURING MEANS THEREFOR.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 28, 1915.
Application filed April 12, 1913. Serial NO. 760,69.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ALBERT F. HORTON, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Wakefield, in the county of MiddleseX and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Gar-Seats and Securing Means Therefor, of which the following is a specification.
Railroad passenger cars, according to modern methods, are constructed of structural and sheet steel, and the floors thereof are cement concrete with a corrugated sheet steel foundation.
In practice car furniture is manufactured by others than those by whom the cars are built, but is installed by the railroads or car builders after the car has been com- The equipment of such cars with seats presents its peculiar problems, and the present invention has for its object a simple solution of such problems. That is to say, the employment of a corrugated cement-covered foundation practicallypre eludes the attachment of the seats directly to the foundation in such way that the seats will be accurately spaced and that they may be easily removed or replaced. Specifically, therefore, this invention contemplates attaching appliances by which the seats may be removably secured to the metallic foundation of the floor in regularly spaced order, and which may be furnished to the car builder to be placed in the car during the building thereof so as to form, as it were, a part of the car construction.
On the drawing, the illustrated embodiment of the invention comprises a fiat base which may be permanently secured to the corrugated foundation of the floor, and which has a shallow recess to receive and initially center the seat pedestal and a split clamping ring to embrace and overlap the base flange of the seat pedestal and which may be detachably secured to the base so as to removably clamp the seat thereto and thereon.
Referring to said drawings,-Figure 1 represents a perspective view of a portion of a car seat and the attaching means therefor. Fig. 2 represents a section through the pedestal or standard of the seat, the car floor and the attaching means. Fig. 3 represents a plan view of the attaching appliances. Fig.
1 illustrates the split clamping ring. Fig. 5 illustrates the superimposed apertured plate. Fig. 6 represents the base plate.
As previously stated, the floor of the car or supporting structure for the seat is formed of a corrugated metallic sheet or plate, as indicated at 10. This plate is covered with a layer of concrete cement or other fireproof material, as indicated at 11, which fills the grooves in the plate or foundation, as shown 1n Flg. 2. The seat is indicated generally at 12 and is provided with a pedestal or standard 13 which is extended laterally at 1ts lower end to form what may be termed a base flange 14 in the usual way. In plan viewthe base flange is substantially elliptical but may be circular or have any other desired shape. The attaching appliances comprise a base plate 15 which plate is illustrated as rectangular, and, during the construction of the car, it and a superimposed plate 16 are secured permanently by rivets, belts or other like fastenings to the foundation or corrugated plate 10, said two plates constituting a flat base. As shown, these two plates 15 and 16 are provided at or near their corners with apertures 17 18, respectively, through which such fastenings may be passed. The superimposed plate 16 is provided with an aperture to receive the base flange 14 of the standard or pedestal of the seat, in consequence of which the base may be considered as having a shallow recess. The aperture or recess is indicated at 19 and it is somewhat larger than the base flange, so that, when the pedestal is set therein, a space is left between the edge of the flange and the perpendicular wall of the. aperture or recess as shown in Fig. 2. The split clamping ring comprises two sections 20, 21, each section having at its outer edge or margin a downwardly extending flange 22. The ring is of such dimension that it will fit accurately Within the aperture 19 formed in 2, that there is a space between the edge of the base flange 14 and the marginal flange 22 of the split clamping ring. This provides for a slight adjustment of the pedestal laterally in any direction so that the seats may be properly alined and regularly spaced in the car, and so that the standard of each seat may be accurately located with respect to the wall fixture to which the wall end of the seat is secured.
To the car builder may be sent the fasten ing appliances comprising the two plates 15 and 16 and the clamping ring. During the construction of the car, the two plates may be rigidly and permanently secured to the foundation 10 of the floor and the floor covered with cement or other fireproof material, the surface'of which is preferably made flush with the surface of the superimposed plate 16. lVhen the car is completed, the equipment thereof with seats is easily accomplished, each standard or pedestal being located in the aperture 19 in the plate 16 provided for its reception,
after which the split clamping ring is placed about each pedestal and is secured in place by easily removable screws 25. These screws are located outside of the outer margin of the base flange of the pedestal, and, when they are driven home, they force the body portion of the split ring downwardly so as to firmly clamp the base flange of the pedestal against the base plate 15. It is evident that, instead of constructing the two plates 15 and 16 as separate parts or elements, they might be made in one piece or.
casting which would have in its upper face a shallow recess corresponding to that at 19 to receive the base of the pedestal and the split clamping ring. lVhile that is a possible construction which would be included within the spirit and scope of the invention, yet ordinarily I prefer to employ the two plates as they can becut or stamped from sheet steel of the proper thickness at a relatively smaller cost. Preferably the sections of the split clamping ring are also stamped or died out of sheet steel though they could be in the form of castings. By reason of the construction described, the seat pedestal or standard may be formed of relatively thin sheet metal, since the clamping ring provides a continuous hearing around the entire margin of the base flange, thereby affording greater strength than where screws or other fastenings are passed through apertures in said flange. In the latter case, sudden strains might tear the flange from the floor, whereas, according to the construction herein described, the strain would be distributed throughout a large portion of the flange.
Having thus explained the nature of my said invention and described away of constructingand using the same, although withsaid base flan e, and a split clamping ring overlapping said base flange and adapted to be detachably secured to said base.
52. The combination with a seat pedestal having a base flange, of a flat base having in its upper face a shallow recess, arranged to receive the base flange of the pedestal, a split clamp for removably clamping said base flangeto saidbase, and means for securing the marginal portion of said clamp to said base.
3. The combination with a seat pedestal having a base flange, of a flat base adapted to be secured upon a car floor, and having a shallow recess to receive the base flange of a seat pedestal, a split clamp arranged to overlap such base flange and permit lateral adjustment thereof, and fastenings for securing said clamp to said base after such adjustment of such base flange.
4. Means for securing a car seat to its supporting structure, comprising a flat base adapted to be secured upon such structure, said base having a shallow recess to receive the base flange of a seat pedestal, a sectional clamping ring adapted to overlap such base flange and having on its under side a marginal downwardly projecting flange to fit in said recess,and fastenings for securing the sections of said ring to said base.
5. Means for securing a car seat to its supporting structure, comprising a flat base having a shallow recess, means for permanently securing said base to such structure, a sectional clamp located within said recess and adapted to overlap the base flange of a seat pedestal, and removable fastenings for securing said sectional clamp to said base.
6. The combination with a pedestal provided with a base flange, of a flat base having a shallow recess to receive said flange but diametrically larger than said base flange to permit lateral adjustment of the latter, a split clamping ring overlapping sald base flange and fitting in said recess, and fasteners passed through said ring into said base to clamp said flange between said ring and the bottom of said recess.
7. The combination with a pedestal provided with a base flange, of a base plate and a superimposed plate, the latter having an aperture for receiving the base flange of the pedestal, means for securing the said plates to a supporting structure, and a clamp for clamping thebase flange against the base plate.
8. The combination with a pedestal having a continuous base flange, of a base having a shallow recess, a clamp for said base flange having a substantially continuous bearing surface to overlap said flange, and means for securing said clamp to said base within said recess.
9. The combination with a pedestal having a base flange, of a base having a shallow recess to receive said pedestal but late ally larger than said base flange to permit a limited lateral adjustment of said pedestal, a sectional clamping ring seated in said recess and overlapping said base flange and having a downwardly projecting marginal flange, and fastenings passed through said ring into said base and located outside the perimeter of said base flange and within said marginal flange so as not to materially interfere with said adjustment of the pedestal.
10. The combination with a support, of means for securing a pedestal thereto comprising a base plate, a split clamping ring detachably and rigidly secured to said base plate and having at its margin a downwardly projecting flange, and fasteners passing through said clamping ring inside of said flange for securing the said ring to said base plate.
11. The combination With a seat pedestal having a base flange, a supporting base plate, a split ring overlapping said base flange, and fasteners passing through the ring into said base plate outside the margin of said base flange, for causing the split ring to clamp the base flange to said base plate.
In testimony whereof I have aflixed my signature, in presence of two Witnesses.
ALBERT F. HORTON.
CARL WV. SUNMAN.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.
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