US 1165970 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED DEC. 12. 1914.
1,165,970. Patented Dec. 28, 1915.
Snowtoz EDWHRO HHRRIS COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH CDqVASIHNGTON, D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EDWARD HARRIS, OF SANTA BARBARA, CALIFORNIA.
Application filed December 12,1914.
T 0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD HARRIS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Santa Barbara, in the county of Santa Barbara and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Signaling-Gloves, .of which the following is a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings.
My invention relates to signaling devices, and particularly to a glove adapted to be used by chaufieurs, trainmen, policemen, conductors, etc, the glove being provided with a signal light whereby the motions of the hand may be readily seen at night.
The primary object of my invention is to provide a glove having mounted thereon a signal light, the glove being so constructed that the signal light be readily ill-n mined or darkened, as desired.
A further object of the invention is to so construct the glove that the signal light may be energized by a simple action of the fin gers.
A further object is to mount the light upon the back of the glove so that it will not interfere with the ordinary use of the glove, and will be displayed when the back of the hand is held toward the person signaled.
Still another object of the invention is to so construct the glove that the contacts whereby the signal light is energized are so disposed that the ordinary use of the hand will not bring the contacts together, and thus energize the light.
Other objects will appear in the course of the following description.
My invention is illustrated in the accom panying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a back view of a glove formed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 1s a diagrammatic view showing the wiring of the glove; Fig. 3 is a perspective detail view showing the pocket for the battery; Fig. is a fragmentary section through that portion of the glove which supports the electric lamp.
Fig. 5 is a sectional view on line 55 of Fig. 1.
2 designates aglove which may be made of a plurality of laminations of rubber, leather, or cloth, and which upon its back carries an electric light bulb 3 mounted in any suitable manner, but preferably so mounted that it may be readily removed Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 28, 1915. Serial No. 876,887. 7
should the filaments become broken or the lamp get out of order, or during the day when the lamp does not need to be used. To this end the lamp 3 engages in any suitable socket 4: formed in the glove. From the socket extends a wire 5 to a contact 6 which is preferably disposed on the finger of the glove opposite the thumb. A wire 7 extends to a battery terminal 8, and from the other battery terminal extends a wire 9 which leads to a contact member 10. It is to be observed that the wires 5, 7 and 9 are disposed between the laminations of the glove whereby the same are effectively protected against injury, and it is also to be perceived that the battery 11 is entirely con-fined within the pocket 12 whereby the same is also protected against injury. Thiscontaot member 10 is disposed preferably upon the inside of the thumb near the tip thereof so that when too thumb is closed against the finger of the hand the contacts 6 and 10 will engage with each other so as to complete a circuit through the battery and through the lamp, thus causing the energizing of the lamp, and when the thumb is moved away from the finger the circuit through the lamp will be broken and the lamp will become deenergized.
It will be noted from Fig. 1 and also from Figs. 2'and 3 that the contacts 6 and 10 are not disposed in such position that the nat ural. closing of the thumb against the first finger will bring the contacts into coincidence, but that if the thumb is clos d naturally against the first finger, as in Fig. 1, the contact 10 will be disposed below the con tact 6. It is therefore necessary that the hand shall be slightly flexed in order that the thumb may engage the finger contact. Thus the natural movement of the thumb closing against the fingers of the hand will not cause an energizing of the signal light, but this can only be secured by a premeditated movement of the body of the hand as well as of the thumb and first finger.
I no not wish to be limited to any particular position for the lamp, but preferably the lamp is disposed upon the back of the glove at the wrist thereof in a position where it will be least in the way and yet will be plainly visible when the hand is held up. The battery 11 is contained within a pocket 12 formed preferably upon the wrist of the glove.
As is particula y illustrated i g. 5, the
pocket 12 is formed by depressing the Wrist portion of the glove and maintaining the same in such condition through the medium of the strip 14 secured to the glove along certain of the marginal portions of the strip, a marginal portion of the strip being free so that the battery 11 may be readily inserted within the pocket. The free marginal portion of the strip let and the adjacent Wrist portion of the glove are provided with detachable locking means 13, herein disclosed as in the nature of conventional studs and sockets. It is also to be observed that the entrance of the pocketis at the inner portion thereof.
My invention is particularly useful to traflic policemen, chauffeurs, trainmen and conductors. At night it is very difiicult to see manual signals, but by the use of this lamp this difficulty is obviated, thus a chauffeur in turning to the right or left can indicate the direction in which his car is about to turn by stretching forth the hand as usual and at the same time energizing the electric light on his glove, thus giving the signal to cars following behind.
In the same manner policemen can signal for the stoppage or starting of traflic or signal the direction in which the traflic is to go. Its use by trainmen may do away to a considerable extent with the necessity of using signal lanterns. A relatively small electric light will be visible for a block or more. Of
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Washington, D. 0.
course it is possible to provide an electric light having a flattened form, but a relatively large area, which will be visible for quite a considerable distance.
While I have illustrated my invention as applied to a glove for the right hand, it is to be understood that it may also be applied to the left hand glove as well, and that the lights on both gloves will be operated in the same manner.
Having described my invention, what I claim is:
A glove comprising a plurality of laminations of material and having a wrist portion depressed, a strip overlying said depressed portion and secured to the glove to afford a pocket, a margin of the strip being free of the glove, a source of electricity adapted to be confined within the pocket, a contact mounted upon adj accnt digits of the glove, electrical conductors leading from the con tacts to the source of electrical supply, said conductors being disposed between the lami nations of the glove, and a lamp carried by the back of the glove and interposed in one of said conductors.
In testimony whereof I hereunto afliX my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
M. H. BUCK, M. A. THOMAS.