US 1165984 A
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A. B LEFLER.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 10, 1915.
1,165,984. 7 Patented Dec.28,1915.
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% PATENT @FFllQE ALBERT B. LEFLER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
Application filed April 10, 1915.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALBERT B. LEFLER, a citizen of the United States, and residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Game Devices, of which the following is a specification, such as will enable those skilled in the art to which it appertains tomake and use the same.
This invention relates to game devices and particularly to devices of the class designed to'imitate the games of pinochle and dominoes, and will therefore be known as pinochle-dominoes.
The invention is fully disclosed in the following specification, of which the accompanying drawing forms a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which Figure 1 is a plan view showing the separate parts of my improved game device, a part of which is only partially shown; and, Fig. 2 a diagrammatic view illustrating the method of playing one game.
The herein described game of pinochledominoes is so called for the reason that the said game is a combination of pinochle and dominoes and, in the practice of my invention, I employtwenty-eight blocks or cards, the same as in the game of dominoes, but instead of providing said blocks or cards with dots, I provide the same with the figures and characters of a complete pinochle deck. In other words, eight aces, eight kings, eight queens, eight jacks, eight tens and eight nines, and as in dominoes eight blanks, and it will be seen that the said figures and charactors are so arranged as to-produce one of every possible pinochle combination.
In Fig. 1, I'have shown at a; the ace combinations, as for. example, double ace, ace king, ace queen, etc. to ace blank, and at Z), .0, (Z, 6 and f I have shown the king, queen, jack, ten and nine combinations, some of which also appear in a part of the other combinations, as for example, ace nine, which is shown adjacent to the lower left hand corner of the drawing is a nine combination as well as an ace combination, as
will be readily understood, and at g I have shown a double blank, the other blank c'o mbinations being shown in connection with Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 28, 1915. Serial No. 20,374.
the ace, king, queen, jack, etc., combinations.
It will be seen on a careful examination of Fig. 1 that the figures and characters are arranged in pairs on a single block or card as the dots are arranged in the game of dominoes and on siX of these blocks or cards, the figures and characters of each pair are alike, as for example, double ace, double king, double queen, double jack. double ten and double nine, and these doubles, as shown, are all of the same suit, namely, hearts but this is not absolutely necessary as it may be found more practical to combine two contrasting suits as hearts and clubs or diamonds and spades.
In Fig. 2 of the drawing, I have illustrated by a diagrammatic View the method of playing the game to be known as pinochle-dominoes, and in order to properly describe the game as shown played in said figure, it will be. necessary to describe some rules or methods of playing the aforesaid game which are as follows :-The game may be played along the lines or according to the rules of the game of dominoes. The game may be played by two or more players, seven blocks or cards being drawn by each player when not more than three players are playiug, when four or more players are playing the number of blocks or cards are proportionally drawn.
In pinochle-dominoes there is a double point count, a pinochle count and a domino count, the domino count being five or multiples of five on what are known as ends like in dominoes, while the pinochle count is counted as in the game of pinochle when pinochle combinations appear as ends in the playing of the game, as for example, ace, king, queen, jack, ten, regardless of suit appearing on five ends will count 150, while 150 straight pinochle combination, or ace, king, queen, jack ten of a common suit will count double 150 or 300. Four aces regardless of suitlOO, in four different suits 200. Four kings regardless of suit 80 and four different suits 160. 'Four queens regardless of suit 60, in four different suits 120. Four jacks regardless of suit 40, in four different suits 80. Kings and queens of a common suit 40, of different suits 20. (queenof spades and. jack of diamonds 40. Two queens of spades and two jacks of diamonds 800. It will be understood that either or both of the above point counts may be used in playing the game.
The domino point counts are as follows: ace 11, king l, queen 8, jack 2, ten 10. The
blanks are played as in dominoes, while the nines are played as nines and regarded as blanks but count ten when exposed on ends, as hereinafter described. The above point counting, or the face values of the different figures or characters is the same as in the old or original pinochle game, known as Bezique, but it will be understood that the present or ordinary pinochle count may be used, if desired, as for example, ace 10, ten 10, king 5, queen 5, the jacks and nines not counting, but it is believed that the former point counts are preferred.
The player having the lowest double plays first and unless double 9 or ten is played, which count 20, there is no count on the first play. The rest of the game proceeds as in dominoes, each player playing in turn and if unable to play is obliged to draw from the pool or blocks or cards remaining on the table, until able to play. The player playing the last block or card dominoes and is entitled to the count held by his opponent or opponents, which is counted as in dominoes. In the case of a draw or when all players are unable to play, the player holding the lowest domino count receives the count of his opponent or opponents.
The object of the game is to so play the blocks or cards as to secure the highest pinochle and domino count as well as to we I vent the opponent or opponents from playing or scoring 500 or a 1000 points will be regarded as a game.
The game is opened by the playing of the lowest double and after the first hand, or after one player has dominoed, the said player opens his privilege to play any block or card, preferably a block or card that will perfect his hand and need not be a double, and it will be seen that it will be possible to obtain domino or pinochle count by the first play, as for example, ace-king would count domino; king-queen would count pinochle, etc.
In the game, as shown played, in Fig. 2, We will suppose that two players are engaged in playing the game, the blocks or cards, twentyeight in number, are laid on the table, the faces on which the figures or characters appear directly downwardly, after which the said blocks 01' cards are mingled 0r shuffled in the usual manner, each player then draws seven blocks or cards and the player having the lowest double plays first, and this play is shown at it in said figare and is double queen, this play counting nothing. The second play is shown at 11.
the following hand, and it is and is queen of diamonds, ace of clubs, this also has no count. The third play is shown at it and is queen of diamonds, king of clubs, counting 15 domino. The fourth play is shown at if and is king of spades, nine of diamonds, counting 10 in view of the fact that the nine of diamonds is exposed on an end. The fifth play is shown at and is nine of clubs, queen of spades and counts nothing. The sixth play is shown at it and is queen of clubs, ten of diamonds and counts nothing. The seventh play is shown at 7L7 and is ace of hearts, ace of hearts, counting domino. The eighth play is shown at it and is ten of spades, king of diamonds, counting 20 pinochle The ninth play is shown at h and is ace of diamonds, ten of spades, counting 20 pinochle The tenth play is shown at it and is ace of clubs, king of diamonds, counting i0 pinochle The eleventh play is shown at h and is king of clubs, jack of diamonds, counting pinochle. The twelfth play is shown at h" and is ace of diamonds, jack of clubs, counting 60 pinochle. The thirteenth play is shown at h and is jack of spades, blank, counting 60 pinochle The fourteenth play is shown at h and is queen of spades, blank, counting 60 pinochle, and the fifteenth play is shown at 71. and is blank, ace of spades, counting 150 pinochle and 30 domino It will be understood that during the playing of the above described game two blocks or cards have been drawn from the pool and the player dominoing gets the count on his opponents block or card as in the game of dominoes.
In the game shown played in Fig. 2 both doubles are played from on all four sides which give six ends to play from, and when the game is so played 150 will counters in the game of pinochle, or ace, king, queen, jack and ten, but it will be understood that only one double may be played from on all four sides, if desired, as in the game of dominoes in which event there are only four ends to play from and, therefore, 150 would count for the ace, king, queen and'jack appearing on the four ends,and it is believed that the latter method of playing the game will be found to be more successful and interesting as it complicates the playing of the game and avoids the great amount of count- The first double played in any particular hand is known as the spinner and is played on its four sides. There can be but one spinner in a single hand.
It will be understood that when a nine combination is played and the nine exposed the player playing the same is credited with ten points, but any count either pinochle or domino, or both remaining on the other is not counted, while if a blank combination is played and the blank exposed any pinochle or domino count, or both remaining on the other ends, is credited to the player playing said blank combination. It will be understood that when double nine is played on an end, the count will be 20.
It will be readily understood that the hereinbefore described game pinochledominoes may be played as described, or may be modified to any desired extent within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of my invention or sacrificing its advantages.
In Fig. 1 of the accompanying drawing the court blocks or cards are provided with pictures of kings, queens and jacks only at one end thereof, or said pictures are not fully shown on the cards in the usual manner. or at both ends thereof, and it will be understood that the said pictures may be fully shown on said cards, or at both ends thereof in the manufacture thereof in the usual manner, but in my improved game it is not necessary to fully illustrate the blocks Jacks, eight tens, eight nines and eight blanks.
2. A game device comprising twenty-eight blocks or cards bearing the characteristics of a pinochle deck and eight blanks, said characteristics and blanks being combined on each of said blocks or cards differently and so as to produce seven doubles.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name in presence of the subscribing witnesses this 8th day of April, 1915.
ALBERT B. LEFLER. Witnesses:
CATESBY AP C. JONES, H. C. THOMPSON.
Gonies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.