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Publication numberUS1166679 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 4, 1916
Filing dateDec 12, 1913
Priority dateDec 12, 1913
Publication numberUS 1166679 A, US 1166679A, US-A-1166679, US1166679 A, US1166679A
InventorsArthur E Handy
Original AssigneeOtis Elevator Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety device for conveyers.
US 1166679 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. E. HANDY.

SAFETY DEVICE FQR CONVEYERS.

APPLICATION FILED DEC. 12, 1913;

Patented Jan. 4, 1916.

WITNESSES:

W wi

ARTHUR E. HANDY, OF NEW ,YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNOR T OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.

SAFETY DEVICE FOR CONVEYERS.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented J an. 4, 1916.

Application m December 12, 1913. Serial in. 806,199.

To all-whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, ARTHUR E. HANDY,

' a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Safety Devices for Conveyers, of which the following is a specification.

freight between different elevations,' and it' is particularly adapted for use in conjunction with escalators having an electric power.

unit for driving the sam I I Under abnormal conditions, as for example, upon interruption in the source of power supply, a heavily loaded escalator claims.

will tend to run away, caused by the heavy load thereon, which tends to drive the escalator at an abnormal rate of speed and in a descending direction, and oneof the objects of this invention is to provide means operable automatically under abnormal conditions for effecting the retardation and final stopping of .the escalator, without subjecting the passengers to sudden shocks, or jar,

which might tend to throw them in a mannor to cause injury thereto.

Other objects of the invention are as follows: to associate with the safety device a means operable automaticallyto disconnect the driving unit from its source of power supply upon each operation of the safety device; and to. provide means automatically to prevent the operation ofthe escalator in a descending direction unless the safety device is in normal inoperated position.

Still other objects of the invention will appear hereinafter,the novel combinations of elements being set forth in the appended Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 shows a fragmentary side elevational view of an escalator with my invention applied thereto; Fig. 2 is a sectional front elevaoperative connection between the electrotional view of Fig. 1, taken on the line a-a lookin Y My invention is applicable to any of the types of inclined conveyors or escalators now commonly used, and therefore a general description only of the escalator proper will be given, the type herein shown bein a well know construction, and fully described in in the direction of the arrows b--b..

a patent 1,025,316.

granted to C. 'D. Seeberger, No.

A series of steps 1 are connected by links 2 to forman endless conveyen Each step is provided with an axle bar 3 carrying at each end a yoke 4, provided with bearings for the wheels 5, cooperating with the tracks 6 and 7. The links 2associated with the steps mesh with driving sprockets 10, driven by a motor M, through a worm and gear connection. .The electromagnetic brake apparatus B may be of any well known type, and in this instance comprises a brake band 11 normally applied by a spring 13 to a brake pulley 12, and released therefrom f .upon the ener 'zation of the magnet Wind'- ing 14, whic is connected in parallel through the conductors 40 and 40 the shunt terminals of the motor.

A Ssfety device S, is in the form of a shock absorber, and comprises a dog 15 keyed to a transverse shaftv 16, suitably journaled in bearings 17, formed integrallyv with guide shoes 18, adapted to be guided in their movement by guide rails 19. The dog 15, as shown in dotted line in Fig. 1 is in position to be engaged by the axle 3. An arm 20 formed integrally with the dog 15 is provided with an adjustable weight 21 Y adapted to rock the dog into-the path of movement of the axles 3, the movement of the dog to this position being limited by a stop 53. An electromagnet 22, operatively connected to a lever 23, fixed to the shaft.

16, is adapted to rock the dog 15, out of the path of movement of the axle 3, as shown in I with full lines in Fig. 1. Heavy coil springs 23 are supported by rods 54 suitably secured to plates 55' formed integrally with each one of the bearings 17. These springs are interposed between the plates 55 and the abutment 26, and are adapted to be compressed when the dog is engaged by. the

axle, and thereby retard the movement of the escalator and bring the same to a final stop. A slot 28 in, the lever 23 permits a movement of the dog without disrupting the erates, are moved out of electrical contact therewith, and the contact 28 carried by:

sa1d switch is moved into electrical engage'-' tacts 34:.

ment with contact 29, the closing of the two latter contacts being edected before the contacts 24: and 26 are open-circuited, for a purpose hereinafter described.

The various other switches, etc., shown in F ig. 1 comprises a manually operated potential switch P, having a self holding winding 30, a reversing switch R, adapted to reverse the current through the motor M in a well known manner, an electro-magnet 31. having normally open contacts 32, and provided with a dashpot 33, and normally open contacts 3%, adapted to be close circuited when the electromagnet 22 is energized. and designate a source of current supply.

The operation will now be described: The various parts as shown in Fig. 1, and with the dog in dotted line position, represents the normal positions thereof, the full line position of the reversing switch B, being for the ascending direction of travel of the escalator, and the dotted line position for descending direction of travel. The main line switch is closed manually, and a self holding circuit for the winding 30, thereof, is established as follows: through con tacts 35, conductor 36, winding 30, contacts 26 and 2d, conductors 52 and 37 to minus line. circuitfor the electromagnet 22 is also established as follows: from the juno tion 36, conductor 37, electromagnet 22, conduct-or 38, contacts 27, and 25, conductors 39,52 and 3? to minus line. The electromagnet 22 being energized will now operate and rock the dog out of the path of movement of the axles 3, and also clos the con- The switch R is thrown to dotted line position, thereby closing circuits through the armature of the motor (which is preferably a shunt field motor) shunt field, and winding is of the lorake magnet; the circuit for the armature being as follows: -I conductor through contacts 35, conductor 40, through switch to conductor 4:1, contacts 34, conductors 42 and 43, through a rheostat and the armature to conductors n and as, through switch to conductor 16, contacts 48 to minus line. The shunt field circuit is established through contacts 49 and to the minus line, and the brake circuit across the shunt field in a well known manner. t is to be here noted that in the operation of the motor to drive the escalator in a descending direction, the armature circuit is included through contacts 34., hence, the escalator cannot be started in a descending direction if the safety device is operated, but the operation thereof in an ascending direction is permissible. Continuing now with the opera-- tion, the brake will release, permitting the motor to run, to eflect the operation of the escalator in a descending direction. Say now, for example, the escalator is heavily loaded and traveling at a. rate of about 90 or 100 feet per minute, which in practice is about the average rate of speed of escalators at the present time, and if any abnormal conditions should arise, such as the one heretofore recited for example, the potential switch will open, the brake will be applied, but is not of sufiicient strength to stop the escalator under the conditions set forth, and the electromagnet 22 now being deenergized, the weights21 will now rock the dog 15 into position to be engaged by one of the axles 3, and the heavy springs 23 will now bring the escalator to a gradual stop Without shock or jar to the passengers. The initial operation of the safety device efiects the automatic operation of the switch C, toopen-' circuit contacts 24, 26, and 25 27,.respeotively. The circuit for the electro-magnet 22 being through contacts 25, and 27, it is thus soon that said electro-magnet cannot be again. energized until the safety device is in normal inoperated position, whereby the switch C is again automatically returned to normal position, and. consequently the escalator cannot be started in a descending direction, even if through error the operator tries so to do, until the electro-magnet 22 is again energized, which will eflect the closing of contacts 34, which are contained in the motor circuit, for the descending direction of c travel. of the escalator. To return the safety device to normal position the escalator is started in an ascending direction, the poten tial switch is closed and a circuit is estab lished for the winding of the electromagnet 31 as follows: conductors 36 and 40, winding 31, conductor 51,.contacts 29 and 28, conductors 52 and 37, to minus line. The electro-magnet 31 will now close contacts 32, which establish a circuit for the potential switch, and with the switch R in full line position, the brake will release and the motor will operate the escalator in an ascend.- ing direction, and the contacts 28 and 29 will maintain the circuit of the winding 31, closed, until the switch C is returned to normal position, the contacts 32 automatically maintaining the potential switch circuit therethrough during the movement of the safety device to its normal position, whereafter the contacts 24: and 26 maintain said circuit. The escalator having ascended enough to return the safety device to normal position, the contacts 25 and 27 being again in electrical engagement will again close the circuit for the electro-magnet 22 therethrough, which will operate to rock the dog out of the path of movement of the axles 3.

operation of the escalator in a descending direction after the safety operates affords absolute protection against damage to the escalator or safety device, which would re sult should the operator through oversight start the escalatorin said direction. Numerous other abnormal conditions might arise causing the safety device to operate, upon each operation of which the opening of the potential switch is automatically effected, and in this instance I provide the dashpot 33 to cause a sluggish action of the electro-magnet 31, and preventing the closing of contacts 32, while the contact 24 is'being moved out of engagement with contact 26, this lapse of time permitting the opening of the potential switch before thecontacts 32' are closed, but said contacts maintaining a closed circuit for the winding of the potential switch during the movement of the safety device Cto normal position.

It is obvious that various changes can be made in the details of construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention. I therefore wishnot to be limited to the precise details of construction and arrangement of parts herein shown and described.

What I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is z- 1. The combination with an inclined electrically driven reversible conveyer, an electrically operated bufier device adapted to be put under pressure by the conveyer for effecting-the retardation of the latter when the latter tends to run away, and automatic means for preventing the operation of the conveyer in a descending direction unless said device is in normalinoperated position.

2. The combination with an inclined electrically driven reversible conveyer, an electrically operated bufier device adapted to be put under pressure by the conveyer for effecting the retardation of the latter when the latter tends torun away, and automatic,

means actuated by said electrically controlled yielding means for preventing the operation of the conveyer in a descending direction unless said device is in normal inoperated position.

3. The combination with an inclined electrically driven reversible conveyer, an electrically' operated buffer device adapted to be .put under pressure by the conveyer for effecting the retardation of the latter when the latter tends to run away, the circuit to said buffer device being automatically broken when the butter device is operated,

thereby preventing the operation of the conveyer in a descending directlon unless said buffer device is in normal noperated position.

4. The combination with an inclined conveyer,'an electrlc power umt for drlvin the same, a source of current supply there or, a

main line potential switch, electrically controlled yielding means for efiecting the retardation of the conveyer when the latter tends to run away, and means forautomatically effecting the opening of the potential switch simultaneously with the operation of said yielding means.

5. The combination with an inclined -conveyer, an electric power unit for driving the same, a source of current supply therefor, a main line potential switch, electrically controlled yielding means for effecting the retardation of the conveyer when the latter tends to run away, and means actuated by said electrically controlled yielding means for automatically effecting the openingof the potentialswitch simultaneously with the Y operation of said yielding means. a l

6. The combination with an inclined re- .versible conveyer, an electric power unit for driving the same, a source of current supply therefor, a main line potential switch, a re versing switch for said power unit, electrl cally controlled. yielding means for elfecting the retardation of the conveyer when the latter tends to run away, means for automatically effecting the opening of the potential switch simultaneously with the operation of the yielding means, and automatic means for preventing the operation of the conveyer in a descending direction unless said yielding means are in normal position.

7. The combination with an inclined reversible conveyer, an electric power unit for driving the same, a source of current supply therefor, a main line potential switch, reversing switches for said power unit, electrically controlled yielding means for veffecting the retardation of the conveyer when the latter tends to run away, means actuated by said yleldmg means for automatically effecting the opening of the potential switch simultaneously with the operation, of the cally effecting the opening of the potential the operation of l the yielding means, and automatic means acswitch simultaneouslywit tuatedjby said yieldin' means-for preventmg the operation of t e conve er in a de scending direction unless said yielding means are in normal position.

9. The combination with an inclined reversible conveyer, an electric power unit for driving the same, a source of current supply therefor, a main line potential switch, reversing switches for said power unit, electrically controlled yielding means for effecting the retardation of the conveyer when the lat- 'ter tends to run away, means actuated by said yielding means for automatically efiecting the opening of the potential switch simultaneously with the operation of the yielding means, and automatic means actuated by said yielding means for preventing magma the operation of the conveyer in a descending direction unless said yielding means are in normal position.-

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

ARTHUR E. HANDY. Witnesses:

W. H. BRADY, EDGAR W. SMITH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2421056 *Dec 27, 1943May 27, 1947Parkersburg Rig & Reel CoConveyor control system
US3896925 *Oct 1, 1973Jul 29, 1975Hitachi LtdBraking system for an electrically-operated road such as an escalator
US4231452 *Dec 28, 1978Nov 4, 1980Westinghouse Electric Corp.Spring applied, electric released drum brake
US4276500 *Mar 28, 1979Jun 30, 1981Westinghouse Electric Corp.Braking system
Classifications
U.S. Classification198/832.3, 198/330, 198/323, 192/129.00A
Cooperative ClassificationB65G43/00